Copper indium gallium selenide[edit]. Main article: Copper indium gallium selenide solar cell ... Copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) is a direct band gap material. It has the highest efficiency (~20%) among all ... Typically, films with high transmittance and high electrical conductance such as indium tin oxide, conducting polymers or ... Tandem solar cells based on monolithic, series connected, gallium indium phosphide (GaInP), gallium arsenide (GaAs), and ...
Indium gallium arsenide[edit]. Indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs) is a compound III-V semiconductor. It can be applied in two ... Indium gallium arsenide antimonide[edit]. Indium gallium arsenide antimonide (InGaAsSb) is a compound III-V semiconductor. (Inx ... Indium phosphide arsenide antimonide[edit]. The InPAsSb quaternary alloy has been grown by both OMVPE and LPE. When lattice- ...
Venetskii, S. (1971). "Indium". Metallurgist. 15 (2): 148-150. doi:10.1007/BF01088126. Reich, F.; Richter, T. (1864). "Ueber ... Schwarz-Schampera, Ulrich; Herzig, Peter M. (2002). Indium: Geology, Mineralogy, and Economics. Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-43135- ... Discovery of indium by Ferdinand Reich and Hieronymous Theodor Richter 1863: First synthesis of trinitrotoluene (TNT) by Julius ... das Indium". Journal für Praktische Chemie (in German). 92 (1): 480-485. doi:10.1002/prac.18640920180. ...
Very few indium-containing minerals are known, all of them scarce: an example is indite. Indium is found in several zinc ores, ... Indium and its heavier homologues have no biological role, although indium salts in small doses, like gallium, can stimulate ... while aluminium and indium are monoisotopic, having only one, although most indium found in nature is the weakly radioactive ... Indium is not toxic and can be handled with nearly the same precautions as gallium, but some of its compounds are slightly to ...
Fluxes for indium and zinc based solders have different compositions than fluxes for ordinary tin-lead and tin-based solders, ... Molecular hydrogen can be used to reduce surface oxides of tin and indium at temperatures above 430 and 470 °C; for zinc the ... Thicker gold coatings are usually limited to use with indium-based solders and solders with high gold content.[citation needed ... "Flux-Coated Solder Preforms". Indium.com. 2011-08-15. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-08-19. Humpston ...
Indium Corporation. "- Indium Corporation Blogs". blogs.indium.com. "NanoFoil® - Indium Corporation Blogs". blogs.indium.com. ... Indium Corporation. "NanoFoil® - Indium Corporation Blogs". blogs.indium.com. Department, Internet Publishing Team, Technical ... bonding of large sputtering targets made of ceramics or refractory metals where normal indium based solders cannot be used, and ... Reactive material Nanothermite http://www.quadsimia.com/, Quadsimia Internet Solutions -. "NanoFoil made by Indium Corporation ...
http://www.quadsimia.com/, Quadsimia Internet Solutions -. "Flux and epoxy products made by Indium Corporation". Indium ... Indium Corporation. Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2018. IPC-A-610 revision E section 10.6.4 " ... http://www.quadsimia.com/, Quadsimia Internet Solutions -. "Indium Corporation Global Solder Supplier Electronics Assembly ...
"Package-on-Package Flux". Indium Corporation. Retrieved 2015-07-30. Amkor Technology. "Package on Package (PoP , PSfvBGA , ...
"49 Indium". Elements.vanderkrogt.net. Retrieved 2008-09-12. "02 Helium". Elements.vanderkrogt.net. Retrieved 2008-09-12. "31 ...
Indium Corporation Blogs". Blogs.indium.com. 24 August 2006. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2015 ... "Frome One Engineer to Another - RoHS". Blogs.indium.com. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2015. " ...
The Indium Game Contest came back for a second edition during this seventh edition of SEFFF with a selection of 18 independent ... A new independent video game contest, called Indium Game Contest, was also held during the 2013 SEFFF. For the seventh edition ... Animal of Jules Janaud and Fabrice Le Nézet Indium Game Contest The Octopix for the best game: Do Not Feed the Monkeys of ... Animal of Jules Janaud and Fabrice Le Nézet Indium Game Contest The Octopix for the best game: Backbone of EggNut The Audience ...
Indium Phosphide: These single crystals are particularly appropriate for combining optoelectronics with high-speed electronics ... "Indium Phosphide PICs". 100G Optical Components, Coherent, PIC, DWDM. Retrieved 2021-03-12. Fornari, Roberto (18 September 2018 ...
In 1863, while working at the Freiberg University of Mining and Technology, he co-discovered indium with Ferdinand Reich. He ... Richter (1864). "Ueber das Indium". Journal für Praktische Chemie. 92 (1): 480-485. doi:10.1002/prac.18640920180. v t e. ... Richter (1863). "Ueber das Indium". Journal für Praktische Chemie. 90 (1): 172-176. doi:10.1002/prac.18630900122. F. Reich, Th ...
Salvato (2003) p.117 Bastow E (2011-02-28). "The Best Way To Solder Nitinol". Indium Corporation Blogs. Archived from the ...
Indium 1863 F. Reich and T. Richter 1867 T. Richter Reich and Richter First identified it in sphalerite by its bright indigo- ...
Indium. 7.31. 429.75. 2345 Iodine. 4.93. 386.85. 457.4 Tantalum. 16.654. 3290. 5731 ...
Indium. melting, wetting expensive. Lowers melting point. Improves wetting of ferrous alloys by copper-silver alloys. Suitable ... Zinc improves wetting of ferrous metals, indium as well. Aluminium improves wetting of aluminium alloys. For wetting of ...
indium 49 In tin 50 Sn antimony 51 Sb tellurium 52 Te ...
indium: indigane, InH3. *thallium: thallane, TlH3. *carbon: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and all hydrocarbons ...
Indium49In​114.82 Tin50Sn​118.71 Anti-mony51Sb​121.76 Tellur-ium52Te​127.60 Iodine53I​126.90 Xenon54Xe​131.29 ...
Indium. Enpulsion. First successful IOD of a FEEP thruster on a 3U Cubesat ...
Indium. 6993400000000000000♠4×10−7. No. 13 79. Gold. 6991300000000000000♠3×10−9. 6993200000000000000♠2×10−7. ...
Indium alloys are used for cryogenic applications, and for soldering gold as gold dissolves in indium much less than in tin. ... Indium forms intermetallics as well. Indium-gold intermetallics are brittle and occupy about 4 times more volume than the ... Indium Solder Encapsulating Gold Bonding Wire Leads to Fragile Gold-Indium Compounds and an Unreliable Condition that Results ... Forms brittle intermetallics with gold; indium-rich solders on thick gold are unreliable. Indium-based solders are prone to ...
Indium forms Zintl phases such as LiIn, Na2In and Rb2In3.[114] Indium does not oxidize in air at ambient conditions.[110] ... Indium is a soft, highly ductile metal (MH 1.0) with a low tensile strength.[109][110] It has a partially distorted crystalline ... Busev, AI 1962, The analytical chemistry of indium, Pergamon, Oxford. *Cardarelli F 2008, Materials handbook: A concise desktop ... Liang SC, King RA & White CET 1968, 'Indium', in CA Hampel (ed.), The encyclopedia of the chemical elements, Reinhold, New York ...
Paul, R. C., Sharma, R. D., Singh, S., & Verma, R. D. (1981). "Indium and thalium fluorosulphates". Journal of Inorganic and ...
Indium salts are toxic if more than few milligrams are ingested and will affect the kidneys, liver, and heart. Cisplatin (PtCl2 ... Gallium, indium, and arsenic; and copper, iridium, and platinum are used in LEDs (the latter three in organic LEDs). Niche uses ... Gold, silver, and platinum are used in jewellery as are (for example) nickel, copper, indium, and cobalt in coloured gold. Low- ... Examples include scandium (too light); vanadium to zinc (biological processes); and rhodium, indium, and osmium (too rare). ...
1863). "Ueber das Indium". Journal für Praktische Chemie. 90: 172-176. doi:10.1002/prac.18630900122.. ...
Indium forms Zintl phases such as LiIn, Na2In and Rb2In3. Indium does not oxidize in air at ambient conditions. Thallium is a ... Indium is a soft, highly ductile metal (MH 1.0) with a low tensile strength. It has a partially distorted crystalline structure ... Gallium, indium, thallium, germanium, and tin are specifically mentioned in this context. The group 12 metals are also noted as ... The tendency of indium '...to form covalent compounds is one of the more important properties influencing its electrochemical ...
It is the preferred source of indium for metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE) of indium-containing compound semiconductors ... Indium alkylates more readily than other metals, such as Mg, Pb, Bi, or Zn and does not require a promoter or organic solvent. ... Indium mediates the allylation of a wide variety of electrophiles. The examples in the following scheme illustrate the breadth ... Once the C-C bond is fully formed, the indium is released, producing the syn diol. A similar chelated structure is relevant to ...
Lee, Ning-Cheng; Hance, Wanda B. (1993). "Voiding Mechanisms in SMT". Indium Corporation Tech Paper. Retrieved 2015-12-28. ...