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*  GPX2 (gene)
"A human cDNA sequence of a novel glutathione peroxidase-related protein". Nucleic Acids Res. 18 (15): 4619. doi:10.1093/nar/ ... on 14q24.1 by in situ hybridization". Genomics. 32 (2): 272-6. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0115. PMID 8833155. Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo- ... "3'UTRs of glutathione peroxidases differentially affect selenium-dependent mRNA stability and selenocysteine incorporation ... Price TO, Ercal N, Nakaoke R, Banks WA (2005). "HIV-1 viral proteins gp120 and Tat induce oxidative stress in brain endothelial ...
*  MicroRNA
... and Hydration Effects for the Incorporation of Locked Nucleic Acid Nucleotides into DNA Duplexes". Biochemistry. 45 (23): 7347- ... HMGA proteins are polypeptides of ~100 amino acid residues characterized by a modular sequence organization. These proteins ... Lagendijk AK, Moulton JD, Bakkers J (2012). "Revealing details: whole mount microRNA in situ hybridization protocol for ... binding protein], PACT (protein activator of the interferon-induced protein kinase), the SMN complex, fragile X mental ...
*  Nucleic acid analogue
... for the site-specific incorporation of non-standard amino acids into proteins. In 2006, they created 7-(2-thienyl)imidazo[4,5-b ... 2008). "Fluorescence and hybridization properties of peptide nucleic acid containing a substituted phenylpyrrolo-cytosine ... Artificial nucleic acids include peptide nucleic acid (PNA), Morpholino and locked nucleic acid (LNA), as well as glycol ... locked nucleic acid (LNA) or bridged nucleic acid (BNA), morpholino, and peptide nucleic acid (PNA). Although these ...
*  Transgene
Fusion protein Gene pool Gene flow Introgression Nucleic acid hybridization Mouse models of breast cancer metastasis A. J. ... This was the first report of the introgression-the stable incorporation of genes from one gene pool into another-of an ... a protein coding sequence (usually derived from the cDNA for the protein of interest), and a stop sequence. These are typically ... This non-native segment of DNA may either retain the ability to produce RNA or protein in the transgenic organism or alter the ...
*  Transformation (genetics)
The recombinant DNA may also be detected using other methods such as nucleic acid hybridization with radioactive RNA probe, ... It has been found that growth of Gram-negative bacteria in 20 mM Mg reduces the number of protein-to-lipopolysaccharide bonds ... In molecular biology, transformation is the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the direct uptake and incorporation of ... Klein RM, Wolf ED, Wu R, Sanford JC (1992). "High-velocity microprojectiles for delivering nucleic acids into living cells. ...
*  DUT (gene)
Nucleic Acids Research. 37 (1): 78-95. doi:10.1093/nar/gkn910. PMC 2615606 . PMID 19015155. Takatori H, Yamashita T, Honda M, ... The encoded protein forms a ubiquitous, homotrimeric enzyme that hydrolyzes dUTP to dUMP and pyrophosphate. This reaction ... Elevated levels of dUTP lead to increased incorporation of uracil into DNA, which induces extensive excision repair mediated by ... 1 by fluorescence in situ hybridization". Genomics. 40 (1): 213-5. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.4540. PMID 9070952. Ladner RD, ...
*  Q-FISH
Pepsin is a protease and acts to digest proteins into peptides. A small volume of the hybridization mixture is placed onto a ... In Q-FISH, the technique uses labelled (Cy3 or FITC) synthetic DNA mimics called peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligonucleotides to ... This method involves the selective removal of newly replicated strands of DNA (through the use of BrdU incorporation), ... Following hybridization, thousands of cells can be analyzed on a flow cytometer in a relatively short time. However, Flow-FISH ...
*  H2AFZ
Nucleic Acids Research (Epub ahead of print)Bargaje R, Alam MP, Patowary A, et al. (October 2012). "Proximity of H2A.Z ... Histone H2A.Z is a protein that in humans is encoded by the H2AFZ gene. Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are ... 41, 941-945 and Genes Dev., 21, 1519-1529) have shown that incorporation of H2A.Z in nucleosomes, when it co-occurs with H3.3, ... "Chromosomal mapping of the human histone gene H2AZ to 4q24 by fluorescence in situ hybridization". Genomics. 20 (2): 333-5. doi ...
*  POLD1
Motif A has 11 amino acids that are important in nucleotide incorporation and formation of the phosphodiester bond. Tyrosine ... "Database of Protein, Chemical, and Genetic Interactions , BioGRID". thebiogrid.org. Retrieved 2016-04-25. "POLD1 protein (Homo ... Nucleic Acids Research. 42 (16): 10331-50. doi:10.1093/nar/gku696. PMC 4176359 . PMID 25106871. Song N, Zhu X, Shi L, An J, Wu ... "Human DNA polymerase delta gene maps to region 19q13.3-q13.4 by in situ hybridization". Genomics. 14 (1): 205-6. doi:10.1016/ ...
*  Aminoallyl nucleotide
This type of labeling allows scientists to study DNA or RNA in their structure, function, or formation with other nucleic acids ... Post-synthesis labeling avoids the problems found in direct enzymatic incorporation of Cy-labeled dNTPs by generating probes ... Soundy, P; Wheeler, C.; Latham, H. (2001). "Preparing highly fluorescent, evenly labelled probes for microarray hybridization ... "Diverse RNA-Binding Proteins Interact with Functionally Related Sets of RNAs, Suggesting an Extensive Regulatory System". PLoS ...
*  Chimeric RNA
Crick then proposed that prior to incorporation into proteins, amino acids are first attached to adapter molecules which have ... Nucleic Acids Research. 41 (D1): D142-D151. doi:10.1093/nar/gks1041. PMC 3531201 . PMID 23143107. Kim, P.; Yoon, S.; Kim, N.; ... Using Southern blotting and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on the genome, the researchers found no evidence of DNA ... Initially, it was thought that RNA served as a structural template for protein synthesis, essentially ordering amino acids by a ...
*  No-SCAR (Scarless Cas9 Assisted Recombineering) Genome Editing
The amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS)". Nucleic Acids Res. 17: 2503-2516. doi:10.1093/nar/17.7.2503. PMC 317639 ... Exo is a globular, trimeric protein that forms a ring shape with a hollow center that positions the linear DNA for cleavage. ... In this system, the red operon from bacteriophage λ is transfected into E. coli cells to facilitate incorporation of linear ... Shorter oligos have lower hybridization energies, resulting in decreased stability of the oligo to the chromosomal target. Of ...
*  NUMT
1985). "Molecular Structures of Mitochondrial-DNA-Like Sequences in Human Nuclear DNA". Nucleic Acids Res Nucleic Acids ... While hybridization of this magnitude is not unheard of among primates, its occurrence in the direct human lineage, around the ... The first step of MMEJ is done by WRN , Artemis, DNA-PK , and XRCC4 protein complexes which process the ends of DSB and mtDNA ... The rate of mtDNA incorporation into the nuclear genome can be expected to depend on the DSB number in nDNA, the activity of ...
*  Archaeogenetics
Höss, M; Pääbo, S (1993-08-11). "DNA extraction from Pleistocene bones by a silica-based purification method". Nucleic Acids ... The results showed weak ancient human-Neanderthal hybridization and strong ancient human-modern human hybridization. The human- ... Analysis of haplogroups V, H, and U5 support a "pioneer colonization" model of European occupation, with incorporation of ... This ultimately led to the disclosure of thousands of plants that contained these proteins. In order to examine racial ...
*  SNP genotyping
The amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS)". Nucleic Acids Research 17 (7): 2503-2516. doi:10.1093/nar/17.7.2503. PMC ... This is detected by the incorporation of the fluorescently labeled dNTPs onto the end of the probe. If the target DNA does not ... Dynamic allele-specific hybridization (DASH) genotyping takes advantage of the differences in the melting temperature in DNA ... For example, MutS protein from Thermus aquaticus binds different single nucleotide mismatches with different affinities and can ...
*  Genetic engineering
A, Hershey; Chase, M. (1952). "Independent functions of viral protein and nucleic acid in growth of bacteriophage" (PDF). J Gen ... on recombinant nucleic acid techniques to form new combinations of heritable genetic material followed by the incorporation of ... RNA and protein) are also used. These include northern hybridisation, quantitative RT-PCR, Western blot, immunofluorescence, ... August 2010). "TAL nucleases (TALNs): hybrid proteins composed of TAL effectors and FokI DNA-cleavage domain". Nucleic Acids ...
*  Epitranscriptomic sequencing
2008). "RNA cytosine methylation analysis by bisulphite sequencing". Nucleic Acids Research. 37 (2): e12. doi:10.1093/nar/ ... Another caveat is that position of 4SU incorporation can vary relative to any single m6A residue, so it still remains ... link) Yu, A.T.; Ge, J.; Yu, Y.T. (2011). "Pseudouridines in spliceosomal snRNAs". Protein Cell. 2: 712-725. doi:10.1007/s13238- ... cannot be detected using standard sequencing or hybridization methods. This modification is marked by the methylation of the ...
*  Bacteria
Additionally, bacteria have a multi-component cytoskeleton to control the localisation of proteins and nucleic acids within the ... Akamatsu T, Taguchi H (2001). "Incorporation of the whole chromosomal DNA in protoplast lysates into competent cells of ... genome-genome hybridisation, as well as sequencing genes that have not undergone extensive lateral gene transfer, such as the ... occurs between clusters of anaerobic bacteria that consume organic acids, such as butyric acid or propionic acid, and produce ...