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*  Neanderthal
... being able to use social networks to acquire resources from a greater area. They found that in both the Late Middle ... because they would have had little if any immunity to the African pathogens. More recent historical events in Eurasia and the ... which in primates is always maternally transmitted. This observation has prompted the hypothesis that whereas female humans ... which brought and introduced foreign diseases when he and his crew arrived to a native population who had no immunity. ...
*  Chimera (genetics)
The higher rates of autoimmune diseases due to the presence of maternally-derived cells is why in a 2010 study of a 40-year-old ... This condition is either inherited or it is acquired through the infusion of allogeneic hematopoietic cells during ... sharing markers of immunity with both sheep and goats) was able to survive implantation in either of its parent species.[ ... were thought to be maternally-derived. However, his form of microchimerism was found to be due to a vanished twin, and whether ...
*  Chloroplast
Because the cell acquiring a chloroplast already had mitochondria (and peroxisomes, and a cell membrane for secretion), the new ... Flowering plants were once thought to only inherit chloroplasts maternally. However, there are now many documented cases of ... and the Nucleus in Driving Plant Innate Immunity". Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 23 (11): 1368-80. doi:10.1094/MPMI-05- ... Angiosperms, which pass on chloroplasts maternally, have many ways to prevent paternal inheritance. Most of them produce sperm ...