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*  Ibotenic acid
However, due to Ibotenic acid's reactivity with glutamate receptors such as the NMDA receptor, Ibotenic acid lesioning does ... ibotenic acid's psychoactive effects are not known independent of it serving as a prodrug to muscimol. Ibotenic acid is an ... Ibotenic acid or (S)-2-amino-2-(3-hydroxyisoxazol-5-yl)acetic acid, also referred to as ibotenate, is a chemical compound and ... Ibotenic acid is one of the most site-specific; however, less-damaging alternatives are presently sought. Quisqualic acid Tommy ...
*  Amanita muscaria var. guessowii
guessowii contains ibotenic acid and muscimol. The amount varies from mushroom to mushroom. http://www.amanitaceae.org/?Amanita ...
*  Muscimol
Ibotenic acid, a neurotoxic secondary metabolite of Amanita muscaria, serves as a prodrug to muscimol when the mushroom is ... G. A. R. Johnston; D. R. Curtis; W. C. de Groat; A. W. Duggan (1968). "Central actions of ibotenic acid and muscimol". ... and ibotenic acid. A. muscaria and A. pantherina should be eaten with caution and prepared properly to lessen effects of nausea ... Ibotenic acid Gaboxadol Thiomuscimol CI-966 The Merck Index, 12th Edition Chilton, WS; Ott, J (1976). "Toxic metabolites of ...
*  Mushroom poisoning
Amanita muscaria (fly agaric) - Contains the psychoactive muscimol and the neurotoxin ibotenic acid. Ibotenic acid ... It is also found in A. muscaria, although it is now known that the main effect of this mushroom is caused by ibotenic acid. ... Ibotenic acid: Decarboxylates into muscimol upon ingestion. The effects of muscimol vary, but nausea and vomiting are common. ... Amanita pantherina, while containing the same hallucinogens as Amanita muscaria (e.g., ibotenic acid and muscimol), has been ...
*  Homoquinolinic acid
Aspartate Ibotenic acid Tetrazolylglycine T. W. Stone (1989). Quinolinic acid and the kynurenines. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493- ... "THE ENDOGENEOUS AGONIST QUINOLINIC ACID AND THE NON ENDOGENOUS HOMOQUINOLINIC ACID DISCRIMINATE BETWEEN NMDAR2 RECEPTOR ... Homoquinolinic acid (HQA) is a potent excitotoxin which is a conformationally-restricted analogue of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA ... It is approximately equipotent to NMDA and about five times more potent than quinolinic acid as an agonist of the NMDA receptor ...
*  Psychoactive Amanita mushroom
They contain isoxazoles like muscimol and/or ibotenic acid. Isoxazoles has been identified not only in Amanitas but also in ... "Erowid Psychoactive Amanitas Vault : Info on Ibotenic Acid & Muscimol". www.erowid.org. "Amanita pantherina var. pantherina - ...
*  Legal intoxicant
Amanita muscaria contains the active chemicals ibotenic acid and muscimol. It is usually boiled before being eaten and has been ...
*  Muscazone
Ibotenic acid Muscimol Merck Index, 12th Edition, 6390 Robert Alan Lewis (1998). Lewis' Dictionary of Toxicology. CRC Press. p ... It is an amino acid found in European fly agaric mushrooms. Consumption causes visual damage, mental confusion, and memory loss ...
*  Amanita persicina
This species contains variable amounts of the neuroactive compounds ibotenic acid and muscimol. Amanita muscaria var. persicina ...
*  Amanita strobiliformis
ISBN 0-8166-1407-5. In Japan, Amanita strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Bertillon is reported to contain ibotenic acid ( ... It contains ibonetic acid or muscimol like Amanita muscaria and Amanita pantherina. The species can be found in light woods or ... ISBN 978-0-7216-0639-2. Ammirati Joseph F., Traquair James A.; Paul A. Horgen (1985). "11 (Ibonetic acid-muscimol)". Poisonous ...
*  Freezing behavior
The rats were lesioned with ibotenic acid, and were tested against a control group. They first investigated changes from ...
*  Amanita gemmata
Toxicity is suspected to be due to the presence of muscimol and ibotenic acid. Generally, symptoms of poisoning appear within ...
*  Isoxazole
... rings are found in some natural products, such as ibotenic acid and muscimol[citation needed]. Isoxazoles also form ...
*  Nicandra
... traditional recipes from Slovenia and their efficacy in the extraction of ibotenic acid". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 187: 1- ...
*  Tricholoma muscarium
... contain ibotenic acid, and tricholomic acid and is considered to be an edible mushroom in Japan. "Amanita ...
*  Hartmut Geerken
The hallucinogens muscarine and ibotenic acid in the middle Hindu Kush". The Vaults of Erowid. p. 1997. Retrieved 15 September ...
*  Amanita regalis
Chemical analysis has shown that this species contains ibotenic acid and muscimol, the same toxic constituents as Amanita ...
*  Edible mushroom
Although present in A. muscaria, ibotenic acid is not in high enough concentration to produce any physical or psychological ... and pantothenic acid (24-33% DV), with lower moderate content of phosphorus (table). Otherwise, raw white mushrooms generally ...
*  Methods used to study memory
The neurotoxic lesion technique uses neurotoxins such as ibotenic acid to selectively disrupt or kill specific neural tracts in ...
*  Metabotropic glutamate receptor 4
Hermit MB, Greenwood JR, Bräuner-Osborne H (Aug 2004). "Mutation-induced quisqualic acid and ibotenic acid affinity at the ... Cinnabarinic acid, a tryptophan metabolite LSP1-2111: agonist LSP4-2022: agonist Foliglurax (PXT-002331, DT-1687) Tricyclic ... "Cinnabarinic acid, an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway, activates type 4 metabotropic glutamate receptors". ... metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 4: ligand selectivity results from a synergy of several amino acid residues". The ...
*  Hemiballismus
... worked on this perplexing disorder and have found that the symptoms can be induced by injecting kainic acid or ibotenic acid ...
*  Smooth pursuit
PMID 1552317 Newsome WT, Wurtz RH, Dursteler MR, Mikami A. Deficits in visual motion processing following ibotenic acid lesions ...
*  GABA receptor agonist
Barbiturates (in high doses) Bamaluzole GABA Gabamide GABOB Gaboxadol Ibotenic acid Isoguvacine Isonipecotic acid Muscimol ... valeric acid, valerenic acid) Volatiles/gases (e.g., chloral hydrate, chloroform, diethyl ether, sevoflurane) 1,4-Butanediol ... There are three receptors of the gamma-aminobutyric acid. The two receptors GABA-α and GABA-ρ are ion channels that signal ... Baclofen GABA Gabamide GABOB gamma-Butyrolactone (GBL) gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) gamma-Hydroxyvaleric acid (GHV) gamma- ...
*  Elizabeth A. Buffalo
... like ibotenic acid, that took place at the hippocampus demonstrated impairments of recognition memory, as assessed using the ...
*  List of psychedelic drugs
... the active constituents of certain Solanaceae species Ibotenic acid # and Muscimol #, the active constituents of Amanita ... 6-nor-Lysergic acid diethylamide, also known as 'PARGY-LAD' Lysergic acid ethylamide, also known as 'LAE-32' Lysergic acid α- ... Lysergic acid 3-pentyl amide, also known as 'LSP' Lysergic acid methyl ester, also known as 'LSME' Lysergic acid 2,4- ... Lysergic acid diethylamide, also known as 'LSD' & 'Acid' Lysergic acid amide #, also known as 'LSA' & 'Ergine'; the primary ...
*  NMDA receptor
... endogenous glycine site agonist Homocysteic acid - endogenous glutamate site agonist Ibotenic acid - naturally occurring ... prodrug of 7-chlorokynurenic acid 7-Chlorokynurenic acid - glycine site antagonist Agmatine - endogenous polyamine site ... The discovery of NMDA receptors was followed by the synthesis and study of N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) in the 1960s by Jeff ... N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA), which the NMDA receptor was named after, is a partial agonist of the active or glutamate ...