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*  Ventrolateral preoptic nucleus
Orexin neurons in the posterior of the hypothalamus excite brain nuclei in the arousal system and help keep you awake. Orexin ... Orexin neurons are located in the lateral hypothalamus. They are organized in a widely projecting manner, much like the ... During NREM sleep, the VLPO area neurons start inhibiting the orexin neurons of the lateral hypothalamus. Consequently, the ... is a small cluster of neurons situated in the anterior hypothalamus, sitting just above and to the side of the optic chiasm in ...
*  Proopiomelanocortin
In some tissues, including the hypothalamus, placenta, and epithelium, all cleavage sites may be used, giving rise to peptides ... gland Neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus Smaller populations of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus and ...
*  Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis
The hypothalamus is located in the brain and secretes GnRH. GnRH travels down the anterior portion of the pituitary via the ... When the egg is released, the empty follicle sac begins to produce progesterone to inhibit the hypothalamus and the anterior ... The hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (HPG axis) refers to the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and gonadal glands as if these ... In oviparous organisms (e.g. fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds), the HPG axis is commonly referred to as the hypothalamus- ...
*  Shivering
Located in the posterior hypothalamus near the wall of the third ventricle is an area called the primary motor center for ...
*  Lateral hypothalamus
The orexinergic projections from the lateral hypothalamus innervate the entirety of the remainder of the hypothalamus, with ... melanin-concentrating hormone in the lateral hypothalamus and with pre-pro-orexin in the ventromedial hypothalamus (Inui, 1999 ... The lateral hypothalamus, also called the lateral hypothalamic area, contains the primary orexinergic nucleus within the ... Two of the most commonly noted functions of orexin peptides in the lateral hypothalamus are the promotion of feeding behavior ...
*  Melanin-concentrating hormone
MCH expressing neurons are located within the lateral hypothalamus and zona incerta. Despite this restricted distribution MCH ...
*  Gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist
... a hormone made by neurons in the hypothalamus) but that have an antagonistic effect. These GnRH antagonists are peptide ...
*  Preoptic anterior hypothalamus
"Hypothalamus" at the BrainMaps project The Hypothalamus and Pituitary at endotexts.org Hypothalamus Preoptic area ... POAH is an acronym for preoptic anterior hypothalamus, the part of the brain that senses core body temperature and regulates it ... to about 36.8 °C (98.6 °F). U.S. Patent 6,188,930 -- Method for Heating the Preoptic Anterior Hypothalamus Stained brain slice ...
*  Paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus
The paraventricular nucleus (PVN, PVA, or PVH) is a nucleus in the hypothalamus. It is a group of neurons that can be activated ... Argiolas A, Melis MR (May 2005). "Central control of penile erection: role of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus ... which project to many points in the hypothalamus and limbic system, as well as to the brainstem and spinal cord (these are ...
*  Posterior nucleus of hypothalamus
The posterior nucleus of the hypothalamus is one of the many nuclei that make up the hypothalamic region of the brain. Its ...
*  Ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus
The ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN, also sometimes referred to as the ventromedial hypothalamus, VMH) is a ... "The ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) is a distinct morphological nucleus involved in feeding, fear, thermoregulation, and sexual ... Lesions to VMH along with the hippocampus, amygdala, the cerebellum, and the lateral hypothalamus are all linked to reduced ... Lesions in the hypothalamic area, particularly the region of the ventromedial hypothalamus interrupts a large number of the ...
*  Amenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhoea (menstrual cycles ceasing) is often caused by hormonal disturbances from the hypothalamus and the ... hypothalamus. Pituitary and hypothalamic causes are often grouped together. Women who perform considerable amounts of exercise ...
*  Wernicke's encephalopathy
Hypothalamus. Medulla: dorsal nuc. of vagus. - Autonomic dysfunct.: temperature; cardiocirculatory; respiratory. Medulla: ... Lesions are usually symmetrical in the periventricular region, diencephalon, the midbrain, hypothalamus, and cerebellar vermis ...
*  Grey matter
... hypothalamus; subthalamus, basal ganglia - putamen, globus pallidus, nucleus accumbens; septal nuclei), cerebellar (deep ...
*  John Leonora
Hypothalamus. This was the beginning of a decades-long collaborative journey. John Leonora first suggested that none of the ... This confirmed that the site of action was within the central nervous system-namely the hypothalamus. Effect of carbamyl ... Quickly they found that infusing rats with a crude extract from rabbit hypothalami triggered increased DFT activity. This, ... Neural stimuli of the hypothalamus. The next question was, what physiological factors normally stimulate the secretion of the ...
*  Brain
The hypothalamus is a small region at the base of the forebrain, whose complexity and importance belies its size. It is ... The hypothalamus is a collection of small nuclei, most of which are involved in basic biological functions. Some of these ... The hypothalamus is engaged in additional involuntary or partially voluntary acts such as sleep and wake cycles, eating and ... The SCN projects to a set of areas in the hypothalamus, brainstem, and midbrain that are involved in implementing sleep-wake ...
*  The Silent Wedding
"Threshold - "For The Journey" Tour 2014". Hypothalamus (in German). 14 November 2014. Archived from the original on 21 April ...
*  Lateral grey column
... nerve cells also receive signals from the brainstem and from neurons in the hypothalamus, a brain area ... "Hypothalamus," Neuroscience Coursebook. University of Wisconsin. January 21, 2005. Web. http://www.neuroanatomy.wisc.edu/ ...
*  Corticotropin-releasing hormone
In addition to being produced in the hypothalamus, CRH is also synthesized in peripheral tissues, such as T lymphocytes, and is ... CRH is secreted by the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus in response to stress. Increased CRH production has ... Kimball JW (2006-06-15). "Hormones of the Hypothalamus". Kimball's Biology Pages. Retrieved 2008-08-03. Lye S, Challis JR (2001 ... CRH is produced by parvocellular neuroendocrine cells within the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus and is released at ...
*  Free-running sleep
The Pineal Gland and Pineal Tumours". Neuroendocrinology, Hypothalamus, and Pituitary,. Endotext.com. pp. an E-book edited by ...
*  Seasonal breeder
The hypothalamus is considered to be the central control for reproduction due to its role in hormone regulation. Hence, factors ... "An Overview of the Hypothalamus". EndocrineWeb. Retrieved 2017-01-26. L. Senger, Phillip (2005). Pathways to Pregnancy and ... breeder through changes in melatonin secretion by the pineal gland that ultimately alter GnRH release by the hypothalamus. ...
*  Testosterone
Finally, increasing levels of testosterone through a negative feedback loop act on the hypothalamus and pituitary to inhibit ... Kelly MJ, Qiu J, Rønnekleiv OK (2005-01-01). "Estrogen signaling in the hypothalamus". Vitamins and Hormones. 71: 123-45. doi: ... Estradiol rather than testosterone serves as the most important feedback signal to the hypothalamus (especially affecting LH ... Studies have also found that testosterone facilitates aggression by modulating vasopressin receptors in the hypothalamus. The ...
*  Prince Paul production discography
"Open Your Mouth (Hypothalamus)" 04. "You Made Me (A.K.C.)" 05. "Vexual Healing (Vacillation)" 06. "To Get a Gun" 07. "J.O.B. - ...
*  Dopamine
The posterior hypothalamus has dopamine neurons that project to the spinal cord, but their function is not well established. ... The zona incerta, grouped between the arcuate and periventricular nuclei, projects to several areas of the hypothalamus, and ... The arcuate nucleus and the periventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus have dopamine neurons that form an important projection ... the posterior hypothalamus (group 11); the arcuate nucleus (group 12); the zona incerta (group 13) and the periventricular ...
*  Goulstonian Lecture
Besser, G M (1974). "Hypothalamus as an endocrine organ. II". BMJ. 3 (5931): 613-5. doi:10.1136/bmj.3.5931.613. PMC 1611623 . ... The Hypothalamus as an Endocrine Organ 1975 Alasdair Breckenridge, Oral Anticoagulants 1976 1977 Anne Ferguson, Lymphocytes and ...