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*  Thyroglossal cyst
... removal of one-quarter inch of the center of the hyoid bone, closure of the cut ends of the hyoid bone, and placement of a ... between the isthmus of the thyroid and the hyoid bone or just above the hyoid bone. A thyroglossal cyst can develop anywhere ... hyoid cartilage division: In cases without mature ossification of the hyoid bone, the non-fused cartilage portion can be ... The remainder can be found as far lateral as the lateral tip of the hyoid bone. Typically, the cyst will move upwards on ...
*  Persistent thyroglossal duct
The duct then passes anteriorly to the developing hyoid bone; however, as the bone continues to grow it can continue to grow ... Over 80% of these cysts are located at or below the hyoid bone. Very rarely, the persistent duct can become cancerous, called ... is considered to be the standard procedure and involves removal of portions of the hyoid bone and core tissue of the suprahyoid ...
*  Tongue
The posterior part is, at its root, directed backward, and connected with the hyoid bone by the hyoglossi and genioglossi ... The hyoglossus, arises from the hyoid bone and retracts and depresses the tongue. The chondroglossus is often included with ... It originates near the epiglottis, at the hyoid bone, from the median fibrous septum. The inferior longitudinal muscle lines ... The four intrinsic muscles act to change the shape of the tongue, and are not attached to any bone. The four extrinsic muscles ...
*  Hyoid bone
... the single hyoid bone is an equivalent of the hyoid apparatus. Position of hyoid bone (shown in red). Shape of hyoid bone. ... The hyoid bone (lingual bone or tongue-bone) (/ˈhaɪɔɪd/; ) is a horseshoe-shaped bone situated in the anterior midline of the ... Unlike other bones, the hyoid is only distantly articulated to other bones by muscles or ligaments. The hyoid is anchored by ... The body of the hyoid bone is the central part of the hyoid bone. At the front, the body is convex and directed forward and ...
*  Hyoid bone fracture
Position of hyoid bone (shown in red). Shape of hyoid bone. Hyoid bone - anterior surface, enlarged. Anterolateral view of head ... The hyoid bone fracture is a very rare fracture of the hyoid bone, accounting for 0.002% of all fractures in humans. It is ... Hyoid bones fractures represent 0.002% of all fractures; they are rare because the hyoid bone is well-protected by its location ... 91.3% of hyoid bone fractures occur in men. Dalati, T. "Isolated hyoid bone fracture". International Journal of Oral and ...
*  Geniohyoid muscle
... slips to greater cornu of hyoid bone and Genioglossus occur. The geniohyoid muscle brings the hyoid bone forward and upwards. ... It is named for its passage from the chin ("genio-" is a standard prefix for "chin") to the hyoid bone. It arises from the ... During the first act of deglutition, when the mass of food is being driven from the mouth into the pharynx, the hyoid bone, and ... Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged. Sagittal section of nose mouth, pharynx, and larynx. Geniohyoid muscle Geniohyoid ...
*  Mylohyoid muscle
The insertion of the mylohyoid muscle on the hyoid bone. Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged. Mylohyoid muscle Drake, Vogl ... The mylohyoid muscle is a paired muscle running from the mandible to the hyoid bone, forming the floor of the oral cavity of ... The posterior fibers pass inferomedially and insert at anterior surface of the hyoid bone. The medial fibres of the two ... The mylohyoid may be united to or replaced by the anterior belly of the digastric muscle; accessory slips to other hyoid ...
*  Sternohyoid muscle
Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged. Section of the neck at about the level of the sixth cervical vertebra. Posterior ... The sternohyoid muscle is a thin, narrow muscle attaching the hyoid bone to the sternum, one of the paired strap muscles of the ... Passing upward and medially, it is inserted by short tendinous fibers into the lower border of the body of the hyoid bone. ... infrahyoid muscles serving to depress the hyoid bone. It is innervated by the ansa cervicalis. The muscle arises from the ...
*  Hyoglossus
Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged. Muscles of the neck. Lateral view. The internal carotid and vertebral arteries. Right ... The fibers arising from the body of the hyoid bone overlap those from the greater cornu. Structures that are medial/deep to the ... arises from the side of the body and from the whole length of the greater cornu of the hyoid bone, and passes almost vertically ...
*  Chondroglossus
Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged. This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's ... and arises from the medial side and base of the lesser cornu and contiguous portion of the body of the hyoid bone, and passes ...
*  Stylohyoid muscle
Left temporal bone. Outer surface. Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged. Superficial dissection of the right side of the neck ... and functions to draw the hyoid bone backwards and elevate the tongue. Its origin is the styloid process of the temporal bone. ... it is inserted into the body of the hyoid bone, at its junction with the greater cornu, and just superior the omohyoid muscle. ... It inserts on the body of the hyoid. It arises from the posterior and lateral surface of the styloid process of the temporal ...
*  Thyrohyoid muscle
Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged. The veins of the thyroid gland. Hypoglossal nerve, cervical plexus, and their branches ... and is inserted into the lower border of the greater cornu of the hyoid bone. It is innervated by the "nerve to thyrohyoid ... The thyrohyoid muscle is a small skeletal muscle on the neck which depresses the hyoid and elevates the larynx. This ...
*  Middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle
Its role in Hyoid bone syndrome: Ernest, Edwin A.; Salter, E. George (1991). "Hyoid bone syndrome: A degenerative injury of the ... The middle pharyngeal constrictor arises from the whole length of the upper border of the greater cornu of the hyoid bone, from ... Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged. Muscles of the neck. Lateral view. Middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle Middle ...
*  Rukmini Bhaya Nair
The Hyoid Bone. (Poetry in English). New Delhi: Penguin Books, India 1992. Rukmini Bhaya Nair's Web Page Rukmini Bhaya Nair's ... The Hyoid Bone, The Ayodhya Cantos and Yellow Hibiscus (Penguin, 1992, 1999, 2004). In 1990, Nair received the first prize in ...
*  Axial skeleton
6 middle ear ossicles (3 in each ear). 1 hyoid bone in neck. 33 bones of vertebral column. 1 chest bone called sternum. 24 ribs ... Sacral and coccygeal vertebras are fused and thus often called "sacral bone" or "coccygeal bone" as unit. The sacral bone makes ... the skull bones, the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone, the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column. The axial ... Appendicular skeleton Skull Middle ear ossicles Hyoid bone sternum ribs Bones Folkens, Tim D. White, Michael T. Black, Pieter A ...
*  Origin of speech
"A Middle Palaeolithic human hyoid bone". Nature. 338 (6218): 758-60. doi:10.1038/338758a0. PMID 2716823. Granat et al., Hyoid ... The hyoid bone is present in many mammals. It allows a wide range of tongue, pharyngeal and laryngeal movements by bracing ... It is attached at the rear to the hyoid bone, situated below oral level in the pharynx. In humans, the tongue has an almost ... It was claimed that they possessed a hyoid bone so high up in the vocal tract as to preclude the possibility of producing ...
*  Prehistoric music
See Darwin's Origin of Species on music and speech.) The oldest known Neanderthal hyoid bone with the modern human form has ... Using cave-bear bone accumulations to assess the Divje Babe I bone 'flute'" (Abstract). Antiquity. 72 (March): 65-79. CS1 maint ... The bone flute plays both the five- or seven-note scale of Xia Zhi and six-note scale of Qing Shang of the ancient Chinese ... They have between 5 and 8 holes each and were made from the hollow bones of a bird, the red-crowned crane. At the time of the ...
*  Neanderthal behavior
The only bone in the vocal tract is the hyoid, but being fragile, no Neanderthal hyoid was found until 1983, when excavators ... P. Lieberman (1994). "Hyoid bone position and speech: reply to Dr. Arensburg et al. (1990)". American Journal of Physical ... Arensburg B, Tillier AM, Vandermeersch B, Duday H, Schepartz LA, Rak Y (April 1989). "A Middle Palaeolithic human hyoid bone". ... Additionally the treatment of the bones was similar to that of roe deer bones, assumed to be food remains, found in the same ...
*  Origin of language
The discovery in 1989 of the (Neanderthal) Kebara 2 hyoid bone suggests that Neanderthals may have been anatomically capable of ... but the finding that the Neanderthal hyoid bone (see below) was identical to that found in Homo sapiens has weakened these ... "A Middle Palaeolithic human hyoid bone". Nature. 338 (6218): 758-760. Bibcode:1989Natur.338..758A. doi:10.1038/338758a0. PMID ... Sep 2002). "Hyoid apparatus and pharynx in the lion (Panthera leo), jaguar (Panthera onca), tiger (Panthera tigris), cheetah ( ...
*  Head and neck anatomy
... hyoid bone, auditory ossicles, and cervical spine. The skull can be further subdivided into: the cranium (8 bones: frontal, 2- ... It is attached to the hyoid bone. Terms meaning tongue include "glosso" (from Greek) and "lingual" ((from Latin). The outer ... The parietal bones, and occipital bone can overlap each other in the birth canal, and form the unusual looking "cone head" ... In a newborn, the junction of the parietal bones with the frontal and occipital bones, form the anterior (front) and posterior ...
*  Jeffrey Laitman
Lieberman, P. Laitman; Reidenberg, J.S.; Landahl, K; Gannon, P.J. (1989). "Folk physiology and talking hyoid bones". Nature. ... Reidenberg, J.S.; Laitman, J.T. (1991). "Effect of basicranial flexion on larynx and hyoid position in rats: An experimental ... Reidenberg, J.S.; Laitman, J.T. (1994). "Anatomy of the hyoid apparatus in Odontoceti: Specializations of their skeleton and ...
*  Red-bellied titi
The hyoid bone is expanded and highly convex ventrally. Groups vary in size from two to four individuals usually with an adult ...
*  Panthera
Although it has an incomplete ossification of the hyoid bone, it lacks the special morphology of the larynx. The word panther ... The primary reason for this was formerly assumed to be the incomplete ossification of the hyoid bone. However, new studies show ... All Panthera species have an incompletely ossified hyoid bone. Specially adapted larynx with proportionally larger vocal folds ...
*  Hanging
One of the hints they use is the hyoid bone. If broken, it often means the person has been murdered by manual choking. Hanging ...
*  Adam's apple
Laryngeal prominence Laryngeal prominence Laryngeal prominence Hyoid bone Larynx "Laringe". Sisbib.unmsm.edu.pe. Retrieved 2013 ... Bones, Innards, Piths, Pips, and Secret Parts, Tinctures, Tonics, and Essences; With Examples of Their Usage Foul and Savory. ...
*  Eurotrochilus
In addition, Eurotrochilus appear to have long nasal openings and large hyoid bones. The large hyoid bones are thought to ... The specimen had all of the same characteristics of E. inexpectus but also had unique proportions of bones, a coracoid that ... The maxillary processes of the palatine bones in the beaks of Eurotrochilus are widely separated, indicating the presence of ... These more primitive morphologies in Eurotrochilus include the bones of the hand (carpometacarpus and distal phalanges) being ...
*  Epiglottis
During swallowing, elevation of the hyoid bone draws the larynx upward; as a result, the epiglottis folds down to a more ... It projects obliquely upwards behind the tongue and the hyoid bone, pointing dorsally. It stands open during breathing, ...