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*  Arieh Ben-Naim
... aqueous solutions and hydrophobic-hydrophilic interactions. He is mainly concerned with theoretical and experimental aspects of ... 1974, ISBN 030630774X (out of print). Hydrophobic Interactions. 1980, ISBN 978-0-306-40222-7. Molecular Theory of Solutions. ...
*  Micellar liquid chromatography
Additionally, the hydrophilic/hydrophobic interactions of the micelles are similar to that in the polar regions of a membrane. ... Micelles are composed of surfactant, or detergent, monomers with a hydrophobic moiety, or tail, on one end, and a hydrophilic ... Hydrophilic drugs are often unretained using conventional HPLC, are retained by MLC due to solubilization into the micelles. ... Too high a concentration of the organic may cause the micelle to disperse, as it relies on hydrophobic effects for its ...
*  Mesoporous organosilica
... basic hydrolytic conditions typically produce a periodic structure because of hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions between ... The hydrophobic nature of the PMO walls allow for better control in drug release. In this respect, it is not just the ... The theory was that the π-π interaction between the aromatic analytes and the phenylene bridge of the PMO framework leads to ... interactions among solvent evaporation, micelle formation/packing and sol condensation". RSC Advances. 1: 401-407. Asefa, ...
*  Biomolecule
... hydrophobic interactions, hydrophilic interactions, van der Waals force etc. When two or more polypeptide chains (either of ... Another biological role is energy storage (e.g., triglycerides). Most lipids consist of a polar or hydrophilic head (typically ... For lipids present in biological membranes, the hydrophilic head is from one of three classes: Glycolipids, whose heads contain ... apparently because of both positive and negative interactions of the extra OH on the ribose. Structured RNA molecules can do ...
*  Molecular mimicry
Similarly, there has been evidence that even gross features such as acidic/basic and hydrophobic/hydrophilic interactions have ... Despite dissimilar sequence homology between self and foreign peptide, weak electrostatic interactions between foreign peptide ... binding grooves can do such things as create C-terminal bulges in particular peptides that can greatly increase the interaction ...
*  Spray drying
Partly because of the high surface tension of water and partly because of the hydrophobic/hydrophilic interactions between the ...
*  Thermoresponsive polymers in chromatography
A single stationary phase can accomplish pharmaceutical separations based on hydrophobic interactions, hydrophilic interactions ... Hydrophobic interaction chromatography requires high concentration salt elutions and eluent cleaning to remove the salt. To ... This is a strong indication that electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions can be similarly affected by changes in temperature ... Modification had also been extended past hydrophobic and hydrophilic attachments, charged compounds have also been introduced ...
*  Tofu
... strength and become unevenly distributed among soluble and particulate fractions due to hydrophilic and hydrophobic interaction ... Upon denaturation, β-conglycinin and conglycinin unfold and expose the hydrophobic acidic amino acid side chains to promote ... the soymilk is the most important step in tofu making process but is complicated as the process depends on complex interactions ...
*  David Allen Laird
... which amphipathic molecules interact with substrates by both hydrophobic-hydrophobic and hydrophilic-hydrophilic interactions. ... Investigations in organic matter interactions with clay minerals led to the development of the idea of dual mode bonding in ... Laird's contributions to soil science have provided insight into understanding soil organic matter and clay interactions and, ...
*  Katchalski-Katzir algorithm
... for example due to unfavourable electrostatic interactions or hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups facing each other. This is not ... or where the shape of the target changes because of the interactions (induced fit). Programs that implement the Katchalski- ...
*  Thermodynamics of micellization
The interaction between the hydrophilic heads and the hydrophobic tails play a part, as well as the concentration of salt ... Surfactants are composed of a polar head group that is hydrophilic and a nonpolar tail group that is hydrophobic. The head ... Compared to the increase of entropy of the surrounding water molecules, this hydrophobic interaction is relatively small. The ... the cross sectional area of the hydrophilic head group, and the length of the hydrophobic chain. Things that can affect these ...
*  Alpha helix
Hydrophobic vs hydrophilic amino acids are always distinguished, as the most important property governing helix interactions. ... helix-membrane interactions as quantified by the helical hydrophobic moment, or protein-protein interactions. Various utilities ... one containing predominantly hydrophobic amino acids oriented toward the interior of the protein, in the hydrophobic core, and ... These hydrophobic residues pack together in the interior of the helix bundle. In general, the fifth and seventh residues (the e ...
*  Hormone receptor
... hydrophilic, or hydrophobic residues. Upon binding, the receptor often undergoes a conformational change and may bind further ... This interaction allows the hormone receptor to produce second messengers within the cell to aid response. Second messengers ... Hormone receptor proteins bind to a hormone as a result of an accumulation of weak interactions. Because of the relatively ... These domains and ligands are hydrophobic and are able to travel through the membrane. The movement of macromolecules and ...
*  Essential fatty acid interactions
The plasma membranes of cells contain phospholipids, which are composed of a hydrophilic phosphate head and two hydrophobic ... are best characterized by their interactions; they cannot be understood separately. Arachidonic acid (AA) is a 20-carbon ω-6 ...
*  Chimeric RNA
... this hypothesis given that the four bases of RNA are hydrophilic and that many amino acids prefer interactions with hydrophobic ...
*  Protein aggregation
Thus, the exterior of a protein is typically hydrophilic, whereas the interior is typically hydrophobic. Protein structures are ... The non-covalent interactions include ionic interactions and weak van der waals interactions. Ionic interactions form between ... Van der waals interactions include nonpolar interactions (i.e. London dispersion forces) and polar interactions (i.e. hydrogen ... This folding process is driven by the hydrophobic effect: a tendency for hydrophobic (water-fearing) portions of the protein to ...
*  Wenxiang diagram
... its hydrophobic side is in red and its hydrophilic side in blue. Wenxiang diagrams have been used to study helix-helix ... Kurochkina N (May 2010). "Helix-helix interactions and their impact on protein motifs and assemblies". J. Theor. Biol. 264 (2 ... interactions and protein-protein interactions. Chou KC, Zhang CT, Maggiora GM (May 1997). "Disposition of amphiphilic helices ... "The disposition of the LZCC protein residues in wenxiang diagram provides new insights into the protein-protein interaction ...
*  Cell membrane
... exterior heads and a hydrophobic interior where proteins can interact with hydrophilic heads through polar interactions, but ... Hydrophobic interactions (also known as the hydrophobic effect) are the major driving forces in the formation of lipid bilayers ... An increase in interactions between hydrophobic molecules (causing clustering of hydrophobic regions) allows water molecules to ... The arrangement of hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails of the lipid bilayer prevent polar solutes (ex. amino acids, nucleic ...
*  Phospholipid
... phospholipids are driven by hydrophobic interactions that result in the fatty acid tails aggregating to minimize interactions ... Lipid bilayers occur when hydrophobic tails line up against one another, forming a membrane of hydrophilic heads on both sides ... The structure of the phospholipid molecule generally consists of two hydrophobic fatty acid "tails" and a hydrophilic "head" ... they are hydrophobic and avoid interactions with water. When placed in aqueous solutions, ...
*  Plant lipid transfer proteins
The outer surface of the protein is hydrophilic allowing the complex to be soluble. The use of hydrophobic interactions, with ... The structure forms an internal hydrophobic cavity in which 1-2 lipids can be bound. ... very few charged interactions, allows the protein to have broad specificity for a range of lipids. Plant lipid transfer ...
*  Ethanol-induced non-lamellar phases in phospholipids
MD simulations may observe interactions between targeted lipids, proteins, hydrocarbons, water, hydrophilic/hydrophobic regions ... It is important to consider the size of the hydrophilic region versus the hydrophobic region. For example, if the hydrophilic ... which are amphiphilic molecules that have hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. The hydrophilic region contains the polar head ... Ethanol's hydrophobic properties are limited and primarily binds close the hydrophilic region of the phospholipid. This bonds ...
*  Noncovalent solid-phase organic synthesis
This bond may consist of an induced dipole interaction between a hydrophobic matrix and a hydrophobic anchor. As long as the ... reaction medium is hydrophilic (polar) in nature the anchor will remain on the solid phase. Switching to a nonpolar solvent ... In one experimental setup the hydrophobic matrix is RP silica gel (C18) and the anchor is acridone. Acridone is N-alkylated and ... synthesis whereby the organic substrate is bonded to the solid phase not by a covalent bond but by other chemical interactions ...
*  Langmuir-Blodgett film
Similarly, since the heads are hydrophilic, the head-water interaction is more favourable than air-water interaction. The ... Langmuir-Blodgett films are inherently 2D-structures and can be built up layer by layer, by dipping hydrophobic or hydrophilic ... Surfactants (or surface-acting agents) are molecules with hydrophobic 'tails' and hydrophilic 'heads'. When surfactant ... with a hydrophilic head and a hydrophobic tail (example: fatty acids) or nowadays commonly of nanoparticles. Langmuir-Blodgett ...
*  Scoring functions for docking
These interactions terms of the function may include for example: hydrophobic - hydrophobic contacts (favorable), hydrophobic ... hydrophilic contacts (unfavorable) (Accounts for unmet hydrogen bonds, which are an important enthalpic contribution to binding ... Empirical - based on counting the number of various types of interactions between the two binding partners. Counting may be ... Scoring functions have also been developed to predict the strength of other types of intermolecular interactions, for example ...
*  Heteroscodratoxin-1
... serves as a binding site for Hmtx-1 forming both hydrophobic and hydrophilic bonds. Interaction between the toxin and the ...
*  Metabolism
Lipids are usually defined as hydrophobic or amphipathic biological molecules but will dissolve in organic solvents such as ... and hydrophilic groups such as phosphate as in phospholipids. Steroids such as cholesterol are another major class of lipids. ... of the metabolic networks in cells that contain thousands of different enzymes is given by the figure showing the interactions ...