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*  Lipase inhibitors
... bind to lipase enzymes in the intestine, thus preventing the hydrolysis of dietary triglycerides into ...
*  Hepatic lipase
... catalyzing the hydrolysis of fats. It is expressed in the liver and adrenal glands. One of the principal functions of hepatic ...
*  6-phosphogluconolactonase
6PGL selectively catalyzes the hydrolysis of δ-6-phosphogluconolactone, and has no activity on the γ isomer. 6PGL hydrolysis of ... 6-Phosphogluconolactonase (6PGL, PGLS) is a cytosolic enzyme found in all organisms that catalyzes the hydrolysis of 6- ... and efficient hydrolysis of 6-phosphogluconolactone by 6PGL prevents lactone accumulation and consequent toxic reactions from ...
*  Neuropathy target esterase
van Tienhoven M, Atkins J, Li Y, Glynn P (2002). "Human neuropathy target esterase catalyzes hydrolysis of membrane lipids". J ... Neuropathy target esterase is an enzyme with phospholipase B activity: It sequentially hydrolyses both fatty acids from the ...
*  Protein primary structure
Hydrolysis of the intermediate produces either asparate or the β-amino acid, iso(Asp). For asparagine, either product results ... The ester/thioester bond can be resolved in several ways: Simple hydrolysis will split the polypeptide chain, where the ... by chemical hydrolysis or by proteases). Proteins are often synthesized in an inactive precursor form; typically, an N-terminal ...
*  Hydrolysis
Acid-base-catalysed hydrolyses are very common; one example is the hydrolysis of amides or esters. Their hydrolysis occurs when ... The aqua ions undergo hydrolysis, to a greater or lesser extent. The first hydrolysis step is given generically as M(H2O)nm+ + ... Strong acids also undergo hydrolysis. For example, dissolving sulfuric acid (H2SO4) in water is accompanied by hydrolysis to ... Hydrolysis of sucrose yields glucose and fructose. Invertase is a sucrase used industrially for the hydrolysis of sucrose to so ...
*  Hydrolysis constant
A hydrolysis constant is an equilibrium constant for a hydrolysis reaction. For example, if a metal salt such as AlCl3 ... Definition of hydrolysis_constant - Chemistry Dictionary Research and Education Association. The best test preparation for the ... Al3+ + 2H2O → AlOH2+ + H3O+ The hydrolysis constant for this reaction is as shown: Khydrolysis = [H3O+] * [AlOH2+] / [Al3+] In ... a more generalized form, the hydrolysis constant can be described as: Ka = [H3O+] * [A−] / [HA] where A− represents any base, ...
*  Acid hydrolysis
... does not usually refer to the acid catalyzed addition of the elements of water to double or triple bonds by ... In organic chemistry, acid hydrolysis is a process in which a protic acid is used to catalyze the cleavage of a chemical bond ... The term is also applied to certain nucleophilic addition reactions, such as in the acid catalyzed hydrolysis of nitriles to ...
*  Thermal hydrolysis
... is a process used for treating industrial waste, municipal solid waste and sewage sludge. Thermal hydrolysis ... A thermal hydrolysis system produces biogas from the food waste, which provides fuel for the city bus system and is also used ... Sewage treatment plants, such as Blue Plains in Washington, D.C., USA, have adopted thermal hydrolysis of sewage sludge in ... The full-scale commercial application of thermal hydrolysis enables the plant to utilize the solids portion of the wastewater ...
*  Alkaline hydrolysis
Saponification Acid hydrolysis Enzymatic hydrolysis McMurry, John (1996). Organic Chemistry (4th ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: ... In the alkaline hydrolysis of esters and amides the hydroxide ion nucleophile attacks the carbonyl carbon in a nucleophilic ... Alkaline hydrolysis, in organic chemistry, usually refers to types of nucleophilic substitution reactions in which the ...
*  ATP hydrolysis
Under certain conditions, high levels of ATP hydrolysis can contribute to lactic acidosis. Hydrolysis of the terminal ... ATP hydrolysis is the reaction by which chemical energy that has been stored in the high-energy phosphoanhydride bonds in ... Due to the acid-base properties of ATP, ADP, and inorganic phosphate, the hydrolysis of ATP has the effect of lowering the pH ... As noted below, energy is released by the hydrolysis of ATP when these weak bonds are broken - requiring a small input of ...
*  Enzymatic hydrolysis
Digestion enzyme Acid hydrolysis Alkaline hydrolysis Campbell, Neil A., and Jane B. Reece. Biology. 7th ed. San Francisco: ... Enzymatic hydrolysis is a process in which enzymes facilitate the cleavage of bonds in molecules with the addition of the ... Ethanol from biomass by enzymatic hydrolysis - JD Wright - Chemical Engineering Progress, 1988 - osti.gov. ...
*  RNA hydrolysis
OH group and thus is not susceptible to base-catalyzed hydrolysis. RNA hydrolysis occurs when the deprotonated 2' OH of the ... RNA hydrolysis is a reaction in which a phosphodiester bond in the sugar-phosphate backbone of RNA is broken, cleaving the RNA ... Auto-hydrolysis or self-cleavage reactions take place in basic solutions, where free hydroxide ions in solution can easily ... This process is known as an auto-hydrolysis or a self-cleavage reaction. Spontaneous cleavage in an RNA molecule is much more ...
*  Supercritical hydrolysis
... is a chemical engineering process in which water in the supercritical state can be employed to achieve ... Supercritical hydrolysis can be considered a broadly applicable green chemistry process that utilizes water simultaneously as a ... A private company, Renmatix, based in King of Prussia, PA, has developed a supercritical hydrolysis technology to convert a ... Application of the process to biomass provides simple sugars in near quantitative yield by supercritical hydrolysis of the ...
*  Geminal halide hydrolysis
... is an organic reaction. The reactants are geminal dihalides with a water molecule or a hydroxide ion ... Further hydrolysis yields carboxylic acids. Stephen aldehyde synthesis Marvel, C. S.; Sperry, W. M. (1928). "Benzophenone". ... HCl Other functional groups can undergo similar hydrolysis reactions. For instance, geminal trihalides (e.g. benzotrichloride) ...
*  Fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis
Fluorescein diacetate (FDA) hydrolysis assays can be used to measure enzyme activity produced by microbes in a sample. A bright ... Assay for Fluorescein Diacetate Hydrolytic Activity for soil samples Fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis as a measure of microbial ...
*  Alkaline hydrolysis (body disposal)
Alkaline hydrolysis has been used for cadavers donated for research at the University of Florida since the mid 1990s and at the ... Alkaline hydrolysis has also been adopted by the pet and animal industry. A handful of companies in North America offer the ... Alkaline hydrolysis is also used in the agricultural industry to sterilize animal carcasses that may pose a health hazard ... When alkaline hydrolysis was proposed in New York state the New York State Catholic Conference condemned the practice, stating ...
*  Field Deployable Hydrolysis System
The Field Deployable Hydrolysis System (FDHS) is a transportable, high throughput neutralization system developed by the U.S. ... "The Field Deployable Hydrolysis System" (PDF). CBIRR News. Edgewood Chemical Biological Center. 1 (8 (Special Edition)). August ...
*  Asymmetric ester hydrolysis with pig-liver esterase
PLE hydrolyses are typically carried out with a phosphate buffer to maintain the pH between 7 and 8. As solubility of the ... Asymmetric ester hydrolysis with pig liver esterase is the enantioselective conversion of an ester to a carboxylic acid through ... 10) Enantioselective hydrolysis of a conjugted diester followed by ozonolysis affords the skeleton of ribose. The resulting ... A key serine residue in the active site promotes hydrolysis, but the substrate must present an ester group to this residue ...
*  Granite
"Hydrolysis". Geological Society of London. Retrieved 10 July 2014. Marsh, William M.; Kaufman, Martin M. (2012). Physical ... alter feldspar in a process called hydrolysis. As demonstrated in the following reaction, this causes potassium feldspar to ...
*  Jundiz recycling plant
Through hydrolysis the complex organic molecules are broken down into simple sugars, acids and fatty acids. Acetate and ... Therefore hydrolysis of these high molecular weight polymeric components is the necessary first step in anaerobic digestion. ... The process of breaking these chains and dissolving the smaller molecules into solution is called hydrolysis. ... Hydrolysis 2. Acidogenesis 3. Acetogenesis 4. Methanogenesis In most cases biomass is made up of large organic polymers. In ...
*  Biobattery
Materials can be converted into glucose through the process of enzymatic hydrolysis. Enzymatic hydrolysis is the process in ... "Enzymatic Hydrolysis". Biology-Online.org. "Bio-Battery: Clean, Renewable Power Source". CFD Research Corporation. Archived ...
*  Phoebus Levene
Ammonia Hydrolysis" (PDF). J. Biol. Chem. 40 (2): 415-424. National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir. ...
*  Diagnostic microbiology
The Hippurate hydrolysis pathway, capable by organisms with the necessary enzymes, produces glycine as a byproduct. Using the ... "Gelatin Hydrolysis Test". www.vumicro.com. Retrieved 2017-04-03. "Enzyme Substrate Test - Gonorrhea - STD Information from CDC ... an enzyme capable to digesting urea in carbon dioxide and ammonia through hydrolysis. Because ammonia is alkaline, the media ...
*  1P-LSD
P. Linda; A. Stener; A. Cipiciani; G. Savelli (January-February 1983). "Hydrolysis of amides. Kinetics and mechanism of the ... basic hydrolysis of N-acylpyrroles, N-acylindoles and N-acylcarbazoles". Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry. 20 (1): 247-248. ...