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*  Methylidynephosphane
... is the phosphorus analogue of hydrogen cyanide, with the nitrile nitrogen replaced by phosphorus. ... substituted for the hydrogen atom, are much more stable, and are useful reagents for the synthesis of various organophosphorus ...
*  Pseudohalogen
... such as cyanide ion; inorganic acids, such as hydrogen cyanide; as ligands in coordination complexes, such as ferricyanide; and ... Pseudohalides are the univalent anions (or functional groups) which form hydracids with hydrogen and form insoluble salts with ... Well-known pseudohalogen functional groups include cyanide, cyanate, thiocyanate, and azide. Many pseudohalogens are known by ... Ag(Silver) such as cyanides, cyanates, isocyanates, rhodanides (i.e. thiocyanates and isothiocyanates), selenocyanogens, ...
*  Cyanohydrin
... which involves treating a ketone or an aldehyde with hydrogen cyanide (HCN) in the presence of excess amounts of sodium cyanide ... thereby regenerating the cyanide anion. Cyanohydrins are also prepared by displacement of sulfite by cyanide salts: ... Treatment of this cyanohydrin with lithium hydride affords anhydrous lithium cyanide: Mandelonitrile, with the formula C6H5CH( ...
*  Dhurrin
Lethal dosage of dhurrin in humans and other mammals is theoretically high as one molecule of hydrogen cyanide is produced per ... Upon hydrolysis of the glycosidic bond, the aglycone of dhurrin rapidly degrades to form hydrogen cyanide which is then ... Discovered in multiple sorghum varieties in 1906 as the culprit of cattle poisoning by hydrogen cyanide, dhurrin is most ... would contain a lethal dosage of dhurrin for their respective species and can result in animal loss due to hydrogen cyanide ...
*  Nitrile
The first compound of the homolog row of nitriles, the nitrile of formic acid, hydrogen cyanide was first synthesized by C. W. ... He determined the structure by comparing his results to the already known synthesis of hydrogen cyanide by heating ammonium ... dead link] Gay-Lussac produced pure, liquified hydrogen cyanide in: Gay-Lussac (1811) "Note sur l'acide prussique" (Note on ... Mandelonitrile, a cyanohydrin produced by ingesting almonds or some fruit pits, releases hydrogen cyanide and is responsible ...
*  Calcium cyanide
... hydrolyzes readily to form hydrogen cyanide gas. The presence of acid accelerated evolution of hydrogen cyanide ... It is also used in the making of hydrogen cyanide, ammonium cyanide, and ferrocyanides. Like other cyanide salts, this compound ... to release hydrogen cyanide. Like other similar cyanides it is very toxic. Calcium cyanide can be prepared by treating powdered ... "CALCIUM CYANIDE FOR CHINCH-BUG CONTROL" UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS Agricultural Experiment Station. 1924. Hydrogen Cyanide and ...
*  Hydrogen cyanide
... forms in at least limited amounts from many combinations of hydrogen, carbon, and ammonia. Hydrogen cyanide is ... Hydrogen cyanide gas in air is explosive at concentrations over 5.6%. This is far above its toxicity level. "Hydrogen Cyanide ... ISBN 0-07-049439-8. "Hydrogen cyanide". NIST Chemistry WebBook. "Hydrogen cyanide". Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health ... liquified hydrogen cyanide. In 1815, Gay-Lussac deduced Prussic acid's chemical formula. The radical cyanide in hydrogen ...
*  Sean Spicer
"Hydrogen Cyanide". Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Archived from the original on June 21, 2010. Retrieved ... hydrogen cyanide, the active component of Zyklon B, which was used to kill people in Hitler's gas chambers, is identified as a ...
*  QMC@Home
19b Hydrogen cyanide; 19 Benzene/hydrogen cyanide; 20 Benzene dimer; 21 Indole/benzene; 22a Phenol; 22 Phenol dimer For a list ...
*  Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide
... it gives off poisonous hydrogen cyanide fumes and dimethylamidophosphoric acid. Organophosphate poisoning Hydrogen cyanide. ... Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide could be prepared by reacting Dimethylamidophosphoric dichloride with sodium cyanide. This ...
*  Adenine
I. Adenine from hydrogen cyanide". Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 94 (2): 217-27. doi:10.1016/0003-9861(61)90033-9. ... In DNA, adenine binds to thymine via two hydrogen bonds to assist in stabilizing the nucleic acid structures. In RNA, which is ... have shown that a large quantity of adenine can be synthesized from the polymerization of ammonia with five hydrogen cyanide ( ... so removing the hydrogen. The remaining structure is called an adenine residue, as part of a larger molecule. Adenosine is ...
*  Abiogenesis
Sutherland and others found that a network of reactions beginning with hydrogen cyanide and hydrogen sulfide, in streams of ... Formamide is ubiquitous in the Universe, produced by the reaction of water and hydrogen cyanide (HCN). It has several ... Purine intermediates from hydrogen cyanide". Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier. 96 ... Oró, Joan (16 September 1961). "Mechanism of Synthesis of Adenine from Hydrogen Cyanide under Possible Primitive Earth ...
*  Miller-Urey experiment
I. Adenine from hydrogen cyanide". Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 94: 217-27. doi:10.1016/0003-9861(61)90033-9. PMID ... In 1961, Joan Oró found that the nucleotide base adenine could be made from hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and ammonia in a water ... Oró J, Kamat SS (April 1961). "Amino-acid synthesis from hydrogen cyanide under possible primitive earth conditions". Nature. ... One-step reactions among the mixture components can produce hydrogen cyanide (HCN), formaldehyde (CH2O), and other active ...
*  Polonium
By mass, polonium-210 is around 250,000 times more toxic than hydrogen cyanide (the LD50 for 210Po is less than 1 microgram for ... "Safety data for hydrogen cyanide". Physical & Theoretical Chemistry Lab, Oxford University. Archived from the original on 2002- ... Water is the only other known hydrogen chalcogenide which is a liquid at room temperature; however, this is due to hydrogen ... compared with about 250 milligrams for hydrogen cyanide). The main hazard is its intense radioactivity (as an alpha emitter), ...
*  PAH world hypothesis
I. Adenine from hydrogen cyanide". Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 94: 217-27. doi:10.1016/0003-9861(61)90033-9. PMID ... In 1961, Joan Oró found that the nucleotide base adenine could be made from hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and ammonia in a water ... According to the hypothesis, once the nucleobases are attached (via hydrogen bonds) to the PAH scaffolding, the inter-base ... the outer hydrogen atoms can be stripped off and replaced with a hydroxyl group, rendering the PAHs far more soluble in water. ...
*  Jatropha curcas
Flowers The species is listed as a honey plant.[citation needed] Hydrogen cyanide is present. Nuts Can be construed for home ...
*  1782 in Sweden
Hydrogen cyanide discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele. - Elisabeth Olin inducted to the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. - Elsa ...
*  Cyanide
Alkaline solutions of cyanide are safer to use because they do not evolve hydrogen cyanide gas. Hydrogen cyanide may be ... For notable cyanide deaths, see Cyanide poisoning: History. Most significantly, hydrogen cyanide released from pellets of ... Hydrogen cyanide and cyanides (CICAD 61) IPCS/CEC Evaluation of antidotes for poisoning by cyanides National Pollutant ... an air respirator supplied by an external oxygen source must be worn when working with hydrogen cyanide. Hydrogen cyanide is ...
*  Hydrocyanation
Arthur, P.; England, D. C.; Pratt, B. C.; Whitman, G. M. (1954). "Addition of Hydrogen Cyanide to Unsaturated Compounds". ... the trans effect.1 A key step in hydrocyanation is the oxidative addition of hydrogen cyanide to low-valent metal complexes. In ... Since cyanide is both a good σ-donor and π-acceptor its presence accelerates the rate of substitution of ligands trans from ... cyanide Ni(R)(CN)L2. The cycle is completed by the reductive elimination of the nitrile. Lewis acids, such as B(C6H5)3, can ...
*  Rotational spectroscopy
Simmons, James W.; Anderson, Wallace E.; Gordy, Walter (1950). "Microwave Spectrum and Molecular Constants of Hydrogen Cyanide ... Much of current understanding of the nature of weak molecular interactions such as van der Waals, hydrogen and halogen bonds ...
*  Hydrogen isocyanide
... is a chemical with the molecular formula HNC. It is a minor tautomer of hydrogen cyanide (HCN). Its ... protonated hydrogen cyanide (HCNH+), and cyanide (CN), HNC is linked to the abundances of many other compounds, either directly ... It is a zwitterion and an isomer of hydrogen cyanide (HCN). Both HNC and HCN have large, similar dipole moments, with μHNC = ... Snyder, L. E.; Buhl, D. (1971). "Observations of Radio Emission from Interstellar Hydrogen Cyanide". Astrophysical Journal. 163 ...
*  Grevillea robusta
The flowers and fruit contain toxic hydrogen cyanide. Tridecylresorcinol in G.robusta is responsible for contact dermatitis. ...
*  Killing jar
The potassium cyanide slowly decomposes, releasing hydrogen cyanide. Killing jars are only used on hard-bodied insects. Soft- ... Potassium cyanide or other cyanide compounds including calcium cyanide are also used, but only by experts due to its extreme ... It does kill rapidly and the cyanide charge will last a long time. A few drops of acetic acid will increase the cyanide gas ...
*  Triphenyltin chloride
... is as toxic as hydrogen cyanide. It also caused detrimental effects on body weight, testicular size and ...
*  Prunus laurocerasus
The seed inside the fruit (and the leaves) contain larger concentrations of hydrogen cyanide, and should never be eaten. The ... Laurel water, a distillation made from the plant, contains prussic acid (hydrogen cyanide) and other compounds and is toxic. ... The fruit contain small amounts of hydrogen cyanide; any fruit tasting bitter (which indicates larger concentrations of ... toxicity of the seed inside the fruit is similar to the cyanide toxicity of the seeds inside the common fruits apricot and ...
*  Simazine
... synthesis in a fume hood since cyanuric chloride decomposes at high temperatures into hydrogen chloride and hydrogen cyanide, ...
*  Owen Webster
... a remarkable adduct of cyanogen and hydrogen cyanide; and diazodicyanoimidazole, which cleaves to a carbene that forms a bromo ...