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*  Self-healing hydrogels
... biological hydrogels, and biohybrid hydrogels. Synthetic Hydrogels: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogels Poly (2-hydroxyethyl ... Self-healing hydrogels are a specialized type of polymer hydrogel. A hydrogel is a macromolecular polymer gel constructed of a ... Collagen hydrogels would be nontoxic and biocompatible. Hybrid Hydrogels: Hybrid hydrogels combine synthetic and biological ... Smart hydrogels in drug delivery: Smart hydrogels are sensitive to stimuli such as changes in temperature or pH. Changes in the ...
*  Alginic acid
Alginate may be used in a hydrogel consisting of microparticles or bulk gels combined with nerve growth factor in ...
*  Nanocomposite hydrogels
... are not to be confused with nanogel, a nanoparticle composed of a hydrogel. The synthesis of ... The responsiveness of hydrogels is a result of their molecular structure and polymer networks. Hydrogel nanoparticles have a ... Hydrogels are controlled drug delivery agents that can be engineered to have desired properties. Specifically, hydrogels can be ... The stimulus-sensitivity of hydrogels allow for a responsive release system where the hydrogels can be designed to deliver the ...
*  Hydrogel agriculture
Mohan, Vishwa (15 January 2015). "Hydrogel agriculture technology". Times of India. "Jal Nidhi More Crop Per Drop". "Hydrogel ... For example, a hydrogel based on gum tragacanth increases the water content of clay soil by up to 5.35% and of sandy loam by up ... these may be mitigated with hydrogels. Hydrogels are hydrophilic crosslinked polymers that form three-dimensional molecular ... A starch-based hydrogel is biodegradable and cheap, and can be modified to adjust its ability to hold water. Cross-linked ...
*  Hydrogel dressing
... s use a hydrogel pad in contact with the wound. The gel is mostly water, in a hydrophilic polymer matrix. They ... There exists little evidence comparing hydrogel dressing to other advanced dressings in humans.[needs update] Polymers used in ... Dumville, Jo C; O'Meara, Susan; Deshpande, Sohan; Speak, Katharine (2013-07-12). "Hydrogel dressings for healing diabetic foot ... "Ultrashort peptide nanofibrous hydrogels for the acceleration of healing of burn wounds". Biomaterials. 35 (17): 4805-4814. doi ...
*  Hydrogel encapsulation of quantum dots
... is the hydrogel viscosity Typical Rf-PEG hydrogel diffusivities for 2 nm quantum dots are on the order of 10−16 m2/s, so ... Hydrogel encapsulation of the QDs opens up a new range of applications, such as: Biosensors Enzymes and other bio-active ... The formation of hydrogels is a phenomenon observed in superabsorbent polymers, or "slush powders," in which the polymer, often ... It has been observed that a stable hydrogel can only be formed with PEG backbones weighing between six and ten thousand Daltons ...
*  3D cell culture in wood-based nanocellulose hydrogel
Hydrogel from wood-based nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) is used as a matrix for 3D cell culture. As plant based material, it ... NFC hydrogel in 3D cell culture offers a platform for various biomedical applications. Different cell lines and cell types have ... GrowDex is NFC hydrogel for 3D cell culture commercialized by UPM, Finland. NFC fiber network structure and dimensions in ... The nanocellulose hydrogel can be completely degraded by cellulase enzyme treatment while retaining the 3D cell structures. ...
*  Radical polymerization
... also aids synthesis of nanocomposite hydrogels. These gels are made of water-swellable nano-scale clay ( ... Haraguchi, K. (2008). "Nanocomposite hydrogels". Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science. 11 (3-4): 47-54. Bibcode ... Haraguchi, K.; Takehisa T. (2002). "Nanocomposite hydrogels: a unique organic-inorganic network structure with extraordinary ...
*  Hildebrand solubility parameter
Kwok AY, Qiao GG, Solomon DH (2004). "Synthetic hydrogels 3. Solvent effects on poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) networks". ...
*  Organ printing
The ability of hydrogels to be tailored to specific needs allows them to be used as an adaptable scaffold material, that are ... Hydrogel alginates have emerged as one of the most commonly used materials in organ printing research, as they are highly ... Augst, Alexander D.; Kong, Hyun Joon; Mooney, David J. (2006). "Alginate Hydrogels as Biomaterials". Macromolecular Bioscience ... "Rapid 3D printing of anatomically accurate and mechanically heterogeneous aortic valve hydrogel scaffolds". Biofabrication. 4 ( ...
*  PolyAMPS
It can form hydrogels. 2-Acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid (AMPS). ...
*  Bio-ink
Bioink compositions and chemistries are often inspired and derived from existing hydrogel biomaterials. However, these hydrogel ... These bioinks are often adopted from existing hydrogel biomaterials and derived from natural polymers such as gelatins, ... Altering the composition of these hydrogels to permit filament formation is necessary for their translation as bioprintable ... Bioinks distinguish themselves from traditional biomaterials such as hydrogels, polymer networks, and foam scaffolds due to ...
*  Gelatin microparticle
Hydrogels Microparticles Nanoparticles Kong; Li; Wang; Adhikari (2011). "Preparation of gelatin microparticles using water-in- ... "Mesenchymal stem cell and gelatin microparticle encapsulation in thermally and chemically gelling injectable hydrogels for ...
*  Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)
Cross-linked Hydrogel The reaction scheme below is a terpolymerization to form a cross-linked hydrogel. The reactant ammonium ... It forms a three-dimensional hydrogel when cross-linked with N,N'-methylene-bis-acrylamide (MBAm) or N,N'-cystamine-bis- ... PNIPA is one of the most studied thermosensitive hydrogels. In dilute solution, it undergoes a coil-to-globule transition. ... Upon heating above the LCST, the hydrogel goes from hydrophilic to hydrophobic state. This conversion results in an expulsion ...
*  PolyAPTAC
It can form hydrogels. PolyMAPTAC, or poly[(3-(methacryloylamino)-propyl] trimethylammonium chloride), is similar.. ...
*  Resilin
Hydrogels in Cell-Based Therapies. The Royal Society of Chemistry. Gosline, John; Lillie, Margo; Carrington, Emily; Guerette, ... Like other biomaterials, resilin is a hydrogel, meaning it is swollen with water. The water content of resilin at neutral pH is ... In particular, hydrogels composed of recombinant resilins have been utilized as tissue engineering scaffolds for mechanically- ... During its study, pure resilin was synthesized into 20% protein-mass hydrogel and was cross-linked with ruthenium-catalyzed ...
*  Two-dimensional materials
Gaharwar, AK; Peppas, NA; Khademhosseini, A (March 2014). "Nanocomposite hydrogels for biomedical applications". Biotechnology ... values make them useful for improving the mechanical properties of biomedical nanocomposites and nanocomposite hydrogels, even ...
*  Agarose
These carboxylated agarose hydrogels can be then covalently bond to peptides to form hydrogel on which cells can adhere. These ... Because agarose forms a non-cytotoxic hydrogels, it can be utilized to reproduce the natural environment of cells in the human ... Mixing of fully carboxylated agarose with natural agarose can be used to make hydrogels that span a whole range of mechanical ... However, agarose forms a stiff inert hydrogel that do not carry any biological information, thus the human and animal cells can ...
*  Tissue engineering
While these hydrogels have a superior biocompatibility, they lack the structural integrity of PLA, PCL, and PGA. By combining ... Moreover, these hydrogel scaffolds have shown superiority in in vivo toxicology and biocompatibility compared to traditional ... Assembly of microscale hydrogels, cells, neuron-seeded micro-carrier beads, cell spheroids into various symmetrical and ... Each 'layer' of the microfluidic device (cells seeded in ECM, a hydrogel sheath, and finally a calcium chloride solution). The ...
*  Gel
Common uses for hydrogels include: Scaffolds in tissue engineering. When used as scaffolds, hydrogels may contain human cells ... Hydrogel-coated wells have been used for cell culture Environmentally sensitive hydrogels (also known as 'Smart Gels' or ' ... Nanocomposite hydrogels are also known as hybrid hydrogels, can be defined as highly hydrated polymeric networks, either ... Hydrogels are highly absorbent (they can contain over 90% water) natural or synthetic polymeric networks. Hydrogels also ...
*  Temperature-responsive polymer
Klouda, Leda (2015-11-01). "Thermoresponsive hydrogels in biomedical applications: A seven-year update". European Journal of ... Klouda, Leda; Mikos, Antonios G. (2008-01-01). "Thermoresponsive hydrogels in biomedical applications". European Journal of ... The use of thermoresponsive hydrogels for on-off release of molecules, Journal of Controlled Release, 1995, Volume 36, pp 221- ... hydrogels". Langmuir. 23 (11): 6391-6395. doi:10.1021/la700338p. PMID 17441745. Roongnapa Suedee; Vatcharee Seechamnanturakit; ...
*  Xian Jun Loh
"Injectable hydrogels for precise chemotherapy - Advanced Science News". Wiley-VCH. Retrieved 2017-05-01. Wu, Y.-L., Wang, H., ... He also designed injectable supramolecular hydrogels based on MPEG-PCL-PEI/α-CD for the sustained delivery of a genetic ... Polymeric and Self Assembled Hydrogels : From Fundamental Understanding to Applications; Editors: Xian Jun Loh, Oren A. ... "Polymeric and Self Assembled Hydrogels". 19 November 2012. doi:10.1039/9781849735629. "In-Situ Gelling Polymers - For ...
*  Four-dimensional printing
Temperatures above that start to dehydrate the hydrogel and cause it shrink, thus achieving shape transformation. Hydrogels ... This new type of 4D printed hydrogel is more mechanically robust than other thermally actuating hydrogels and shows potential ... This hydrogel is then paired with a pNIPAM network for toughening and thermal actuation. In lab testing, this gel showed a ... A hydrogel of pNIPAM becomes hydrophilic and swollen in an aqueous solution of 32 °C, its low critical solution temperature. ...
*  Supramolecular polymers
Li, J.; Li, X.; Ni, X.; Wang, X.; Li, H.; Leong, K. W., Self-assembled supramolecular hydrogels formed by biodegradable PEO-PHB ... Appel, E. A.; del Barrio, J.; Loh, X. J.; Scherman, O. A., Supramolecular polymeric hydrogels. Chemical Society Reviews 2012, ... Small 2008, 4 (5), 561-5. Kameta, N.; Yoshida, K.; Masuda, M.; Shimizu, T., Supramolecular Nanotube Hydrogels: Remarkable ...
*  List of soft contact lens materials
Newer soft lens materials include silicone-hydrogels to provide more oxygen to your eye while you wear your lenses. The U.S. ... "Editorial - Should Silicone Hydrogels be Placed in a Separate FDA Soft Contact Lens Category?". www.siliconehydrogels.org. ... "Looking at Silicone Hydrogels Across Generations". www.optometricmanagement.com. Optometric Management. Retrieved 18 June 2016 ... There are three generations of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials: Denise Hampton, Ph.D (13 May 2014). "Contact Lens ...