*  Phylogenetic network
Network generates evolutionary trees and networks from genetic, linguistic, and other data. Phylogeny programs, some of which ... They are employed when reticulation events such as hybridization, horizontal gene transfer, recombination, or gene duplication ... hybridization networks, usually built from rooted trees, recombination networks from binary sequences, median networks from a ...
*  Comparative genomic hybridization
Fiorentino F (2012) Array comparative genomic hybridization: its role in preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Current Opinion in ... Array comparative genomic hybridization (also microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization, matrix CGH, array CGH, aCGH) ... After hybridization, digital imaging systems are used to capture and quantify the relative fluorescence intensities of each of ... Although CGH has proven to be a useful and reliable technique in the research and diagnostics of both cancer and human genetic ...
*  Molecular phylogenetics
The advantage claimed for using hybridisation rather than gene sequencing was that it was based on the entire genotype, rather ... In a molecular systematic analysis, the haplotypes are determined for a defined area of genetic material; a substantial sample ... In the period of 1974-1986, DNA-DNA hybridization was the dominant technique. Every living organism contains DNA, RNA, and ... An older and superseded approach was to determine the divergences between the genotypes of individuals by DNA-DNA hybridisation ...
*  Transgressive segregation
Environmental Other than the genetic factors solely causing transgressive segregation, environmental factors can cause genetic ... "Fitness consequences of hybridization between ecotypes of Avena barbata: hybrid breakdown, hybrid vigor, and transgressive ... Genetic There are many causes for transgressive segregation in hybrids. One cause can be due to recombination of additive ... Transgressive segregation can be seen as genetic engineering in the way that the goal for each of these events is to create an ...
*  Molecular cloning
The first is alteration of germ cells, that is, sperm or eggs, which results in a permanent genetic change for the whole ... This may be accomplished through a very wide range of experimental methods, including the use of nucleic acid hybridizations, ... Experimental scientists deal with this issue through a step of artificial genetic selection, in which cells that have not taken ... Gene therapy involves supplying a functional gene to cells lacking that function, with the aim of correcting a genetic disorder ...
*  Leishmania donovani
They are also capable of sexual reproduction by genetic hybridisation in the sandfly gut.) They then migrate back towards the ... L. donovani and L. infantum diverged ~1 Mya, with further divergence of infraspecific genetic groups between 0.4 and 0.8 Mya. ... "Genomic confirmation of hybridisation and recent inbreeding in a vector-isolated Leishmania population". PLoS Genet. 10 (1): ...
*  Hyalomma
They are very difficult species to identify due to its hybridization, genetic variation and morphological variations. All these ...
*  Banksia oblongifolia
... but occasionally plants that resembled one parent had some degree of genetic hybridisation. Furthermore, there were a few ... Genetic analysis showed generations of crossing and complex ancestry. Morphology generally correlated with genetic profile, ... A study of an area of extensive hybridization between the two near Darkes Forest on the Woronora Plateau south of Sydney ... An episode of recruitment in a Banksia hybrid zone demonstrates continuing hybridization and phenotypic plasticity". Annals of ...
*  Molecular diagnostics
In 2012, molecular diagnostic techniques for Thalassemia use genetic hybridization tests to identify the specific single ... suggested a prenatal genetic test for Thalassemia that did not rely upon DNA sequencing-then in its infancy-but on restriction ... Genetic testing is ethically complex: patients may not want the stress of knowing their risk. In countries without universal ... Genetic identification can be swift; for example a loop-mediated isothermal amplification test diagnoses the malaria parasite ...
*  Pinus ponderosa
Conkle, MT; Critchfield, WB (1988). "Genetic variation and hybridization of ponderosa pine". In Baumgartner, DM; Lotan, JE. ... Van Haverbeke, DF (1986). Genetic variation in ponderosa pine: A 15-Year Test of provenances in the Great Plains. USDA Forest ... ISBN 90-04-13916-8. Haller, JR (1962). Variation and hybridization in ponderosa and Jeffrey pines. University of California ...
*  Mallard
Mank, Judith E.; Carlson, John E.; Brittingham, Margaret C. (2004). "A century of hybridization: decreasing genetic distance ... hybridisation must have occurred to some extent. Mallards are causing severe "genetic pollution" to South Africa's biodiversity ... Genetic analysis has shown that certain mallards appear to be closer to their Indo-Pacific relatives while others are related ... Complete hybridisation of various species of wild duck gene pools could result in the extinction of many indigenous waterfowl. ...
*  American black duck
Mank, Judith E.; Carlson, John E.; Brittingham, Margaret C. (2004). "A century of hybridization: Decreasing genetic distance ... leading to the high levels of hybridization now observed. However, rates of past hybridization are unknown in this and most ... argue that this is in error as the extent of hybridization alone is not a valid means to delimitate Anas species. It has been ... Hybridization itself is not a major problem; natural selection makes sure that the best-adapted individuals have the most ...
*  Functional cloning
In the second case, words and genes are selected for position regardless of their function." Genetic screen Hybridization probe ... Rand EB (1998). "The Genetic Basis of the Alagille Syndrome". Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition. 26 (2): 234- ...
*  Otago skink
... hybridisation and genetic diversity in captive populations". PLoS One. 7 (4): e34599. Hitchmough, Rod; Anderson, Peter; Barr, ... there has been speculation as to whether they have undergone genetic divergence. A phylogeographic analysis found a separation ...
*  Pallid sturgeon
"Genetic Evidence for Hybridization of Pallid and Shovelnose Sturgeon". Journal of Heredity. The American Genetic Association. ... However, the genetic variability among pallid sturgeon was found to be far less than that between them and the shovelnose ... Hybrids are most common in the Atchafalaya River in Louisiana, and DNA sequencing in these hybrids showed a genetic distinction ... Another reason for DNA testing was to determine the rates of hybridization between pallid and shovelnose sturgeon. The southern ...
*  Capsicum
... hybridization, and genetic data. Fruits of Capsicum can vary tremendously in color, shape, and size both between and within ... Stewart Jr, C.; Mazourek, M.; Stellari, G.M.; O'Connell, M.; Jahn, M. (2007). "Genetic control of pungency in C. chinense via ... Eshbaugh, W.H. (1975). "Genetic and Biochemical Systematic Studies of Chili Peppers (Capsicum-Solanaceae)". Bulletin of the ... International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy. Descriptors for Capsicum (Capsicum spp.) from Bioversity ...
*  Neretva
Other problems include hybridization or genetic pollution with introduced, non-native trouts, illegal fishing and poor water ...
*  Patellifolia
As a result, they show only weak genetic barriers to hybridization. Patellifolia is a rather old genus; the divergence from its ... But recent molecular genetic studies by Kadereit et al. (2006) and Romeiras et al. (2016) revealed a deep genetic ... The island species evolved recently, and because of their isolation they developed only small genetic differentiation. ...
*  Pinus sibirica
Siberian pine is of great value for research into hybridisation and genetic modification to develop rust resistance in these ...
*  Pinus peuce
Macedonian pine is of great value for research into hybridisation and genetic modification to develop rust resistance in these ... 282 Pinus peuce - information, genetic conservation units and related resources. European Forest Genetic Resources Programme ( ... Alexandrov, A. & Andonovski, V. (2011), Macedonian pine - Pinus peuce: Technical guidelines for genetic conservation and use ( ... PDF), European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, p. 6 pp Søegaard, B. (1972). Relative blister rust resistance of native and ...
*  Biodiversity of New Zealand
"A review of genetic analyses of hybridisation in New Zealand". Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 39: 15. doi:10.1080 ... There is a high rate of interspecific and intraspecific hybridisation in New Zealand plants and animals. The two sources of New ...
*  Gulf menhaden
Genetic evidence for asymmetric hybridization between menhadens (Brevoortia spp.) from peninsular Florida. Journal of Fish ... Morphological and genetic investigations of two western Gulf of Mexico menhadens (Brevoortia spp.). Journal of Fish Biology 70a ... and hybridization between these species has been demonstrated using morphological and DNA evidence. Gulf menhaden also may have ... and populations of Gulf menhaden throughout the Gulf of Mexico are generally thought to comprise a single genetic stock. The ...
*  Introgression
Genetic engineering Genetic erosion Genetic pollution Transgene Transgenic plant Anderson E, Hubricht L (1938). "Hybridization ... Introgressive hybridization. New York: Wiley & Sons Harrison, R (2014). "Hybridization, Introgression, and the Nature of ... Natural Hybridization in Louisiana irises: genetic variation and ecological determinants. In: Harrison, R. G. ed. (1993). ... Introgression or introgressive hybridization is the incorporation (usually via hybridization and backcrossing) of alleles from ...
*  Cronartium ribicola
Furthermore, genetic hybridization testing has been conducted for more than half a century in order to find resistance among ... Don't Move Firewood - Gallery of Pests: White Pine Blister Rust forestpathology.org Dorena Genetic Resource Center The Sugar ... which have little genetic resistance. Mortality is particularly heavy in Western White Pine, Sugar Pine, Limber Pine and ... resistance breeding is concentrated at the United States Forest Service Dorena Genetic Resource Center in Oregon. Some limited ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G05)
File "2006 MeSH Trees".) MeSH G05.090.390 --- hybridization, genetic MeSH G05.090.403 --- inbreeding MeSH G05.090.403.180 --- ... genetic MeSH G05.760.200 --- conjugation, genetic MeSH G05.760.210 --- crossing over, genetic MeSH G05.760.380 --- gene ... genetic speciation MeSH G05.310.670 --- protein biosynthesis MeSH G05.310.700 --- transcription, genetic MeSH G05.310.700.500 ... genetic MeSH G05.315.207 --- epistasis, genetic MeSH G05.315.215 --- frameshifting, ribosomal MeSH G05.315.250 --- gene ...
*  Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src
A common mechanism is that there are genetic mutations that result in the increased activity or the overexpression of the c-Src ... 1977). "Detection and enumeration of transformation-defective strains of avian sarcoma virus with molecular hybridization". ...
*  Central Zoo Authority of India
... which caused inbreeding and hybridization (genetic pollution, as in one case where an Asiatic lion were cross-bred with an ...