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*  Insulin-like growth factor 2
... (IGF-2) is one of three protein hormones that share structural similarity to insulin. The MeSH ... In mammals (mice, humans, pigs), only the allele for insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF2) inherited from one's father is active ... It is believed to be a major fetal growth factor in contrast to Insulin-like growth factor 1, which is a major growth factor in ... The major role of IGF-2 is as a growth promoting hormone during gestation. IGF-2 exerts its effects by binding to the IGF-1 ...
*  Somatotropic cell
When levels of somatotropin are low in the body, a physician may prescribe human growth hormone as a drug. Deficiency in ... They release growth hormone (GH) in response to Growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH, or somatocrinin) or are inhibited by ... When growth hormone is deficient, blood sugar is low because insulin is not opposed by normal amount of growth hormone. If ... Bovine somatotropin occurs in the pituitary of cattle and differs in structure from human pituitary growth hormone and is ...
*  Hypothalamic-pituitary-somatotropic axis
The HPS axis is involved in postnatal human growth. Individuals with growth hormone deficiency or Laron syndrome (GHR ... Other hypothalamic-pituitary hormones such as growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH; somatocrinin), growth hormone-inhibiting ... "Disorders of Growth Hormone in Childhood". PMID 25905205. Laron Z, Kauli R, Lapkina L, Werner H (2017). "IGF-I deficiency, ... is a hypothalamic-pituitary axis which includes the secretion of growth hormone (GH; somatotropin) from the somatotropes of the ...
*  Growth hormone
Genes for human growth hormone, known as growth hormone 1 (somatotropin; pituitary growth hormone) and growth hormone 2 ( ... Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone [hGH or HGH] in its human form), is a peptide ... In 1985, biosynthetic human growth hormone replaced pituitary-derived human growth hormone for therapeutic use in the U.S. and ... These cells release the peptides Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH or somatocrinin) and Growth hormone-inhibiting hormone ...
*  Insulin-like growth factor
... 1 Insulin-like growth factor 2 Growth hormone treatment HGH controversies Insulin/IGF/Relaxin family ... "Insulin-like growth factor-I receptors are overexpressed and predict a low risk in human breast cancer". Cancer Research. 53 ( ... The IGF "axis" is also commonly referred to as the Growth Hormone/IGF-1 Axis. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1, or sometimes ... Scarth JP (2006). "Modulation of the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor (GH-IGF) axis by pharmaceutical, nutraceutical ...
*  Growth hormone deficiency
Since 1985, recombinant human growth hormone (rHGH) is a recombinant form of human GH produced by genetically engineered ... Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a medical condition due to not enough growth hormone (GH). Generally the most noticeable ... Diagnosis involves blood tests to measure growth hormone levels. Treatment is by growth hormone replacement. The frequency of ... Until 1985, growth hormone for treatment was obtained by extraction from human pituitary glands collected at autopsy. ...
*  Growth hormone-binding protein
The role of human growth hormone's C-terminal disulfide bridge. Growth Horm IGF Res. 2013;23(3):62-7 Carlsson LM, Rosberg S, ... "GHR growth hormone receptor [Homo sapiens (human)]". NCBI. Fisker S (Feb 2006). "Physiology and pathophysiology of growth ... Assays estimate that growth hormone and growth hormone binding protein form a natural complex at a 1:1 ratio for transport and ... Growth hormone-binding protein (GHBP) is a soluble carrier protein for growth hormone (GH). The function of GHBP is still ...
*  Rejuvenation (aging)
There are at least eight important hormones that decline with age: 1. human growth hormone (HGH); 2. the sexual hormones: ... and homeopathic substances that claim to contain growth hormones. Authentic growth hormones are only effective when injected, ... In theory, if all or some of these hormones are replaced, the body will respond to them as it did when it was younger, thus ... Of course animal cells are not able to be included in human tissue, but they can secrete factors for rejuvenating. That's why ...
*  The Quality of Life Assessment of Growth Hormone Deficiency in Adults Measure
"Evidence and interpretation". Human growth hormone (somatropin) in adults with growth hormone deficiency. National Institute ... in adults with growth hormone deficiency by normative reference limits: Data of the German KIMS cohort". Growth Hormone & IGF ... The score of the QoL-AGHDA is used to determine the extent to which growth hormone deficiency has affected the patient's ... The QoL-AGHDA addresses seven different areas of concern for growth hormone deficient (GHD) patients. They are: body image and ...
*  Tom Perls
"Sentencing of human growth hormone offenses". Thomas Perls. 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2013. "Provision or Distribution of Growth ... "Anti-Aging Quackery: Human Growth Hormone and Tricks of the Trade-More Dangerous Than Ever". Oxford Press. 2004. Retrieved 18 ... "Committee holds hearing on myths and facts about human growth hormone, B12, and other substances". U.S. House of ... "Growth hormone and anabolic steroids:athletes are the tip of the iceberg=2009". Drug Testing and Analysis. Wiley Interscience. ...
*  Ibutamoren
List of growth hormone secretagogues Roy G. Smith; Michael O. Thorner (28 January 2000). Human Growth Hormone: Research and ... "Growth hormone-releasing hormone and growth hormone-releasing peptide as therapeutic agents to enhance growth hormone secretion ... and non-peptide agonist of the ghrelin receptor and a growth hormone secretagogue, mimicking the growth hormone (GH)- ... Stimulation of the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor I axis by daily oral administration of a GH secretogogue (MK- ...
*  Expression vector
Examples from the past include prion contamination in growth hormone extracted from pituitary glands harvested from human ... ISBN 978-0-471-21386-4. Alexander Dorozynski (2002). "Parents sue over contaminated human growth hormone". British Medical ... These peptide and protein pharmaceuticals may be hormones, vaccines, antibiotics, antibodies, and enzymes. The first human ... Cultured mammalian cell lines such as the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO), COS, including human cell lines such as HEK and HeLa may ...
*  Han Chinese
Choh Hao Li discovered human growth hormone (and subsequently used it to treat a form of dwarfism caused by growth hormone ... Maugh II, Thomas (2 December 1987). "Discovered Human Growth Hormone : Choh Hao Li, 74; Endocrinologist at UC". Los Angeles ... follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone (the key hormone used in fertility testing, an example is the ovulation ... Baofu, Peter (2012). The Future of Post-human History: A Preface to a New Theory of Universality and Relativity. Cambridge ...
*  Paul Byrd
25,000 worth of human growth hormone and syringes from a Florida anti-aging clinic that was targeted by law enforcement for ... "Cleveland pitcher spent thousands on human growth hormone". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 21, 2007. Paul Byrd, the ... Williams, Lance; Mark Fainaru-Wada (October 22, 2007). "Indians pitcher Byrd says growth hormone was prescribed by doctor". San ...
*  Doping in the United States
He covers the effects of steroids on the human body. He also touches on human growth hormone effects. He reports on baseball's ... Players are also subject to announced blood tests for the use of human growth hormone (HGH) during the season, off-seasons, and ... Starting in 2011 the NFL implemented random blood test for the use of the human growth hormone (HGH). NFL sanctions include a ... specifically as it relates to testing for human growth hormone (HGH). The collective bargaining agreement that ended the NFL ...
*  Prolactin
Friesen H, Guyda H, Hardy J (Dec 1970). "The biosynthesis of human growth hormone and prolactin". The Journal of Clinical ... Human prolactin receptors are insensitive to mouse prolactin. Prolactin levels may be checked as part of a sex hormone workup, ... The structure of prolactin is similar to that of growth hormone and placental lactogen. The molecule is folded due to the ... Discovered in non-human animals around 1930 by Oscar Riddle and confirmed in humans in 1970 by Henry Friesen prolactin is a ...
*  Itabaianinha
"Human Growth Hormone: Not a Life Extender After All?". Johns Hopkins Medicine. 26 January 2010. Paolini, Giulia Valentina; ... "Familial growth hormone deficiency with mutated GHRH receptor gene: clinical and hormonal findings in homozygous and ...
*  Starvation response
Felig P, Marliss EB, Cahill GF (February 1971). "Metabolic response to human growth hormone during prolonged starvation". J. ... This response is extremely important in human evolution and allowed for humans to continue to find food effectively even in the ... The human starvation response is unique among animals in that human brains do not require the ingestion of glucose to function ... Because the human brain can use ketone bodies as major fuel sources, the body is not forced to break down skeletal muscles at a ...
*  Hep G2
HepG2 will respond to stimulation with human growth hormone.[citation needed] HepG2 cells are a suitable in vitro model system ... and lipids in human hepatocytes in vitro. This can be important for the study of human liver diseases that are caused by an ... Hep G2 is a human liver cancer cell line. Hep G2 is a perpetual cell line which was derived from the liver tissue of a 15-year- ... Mersch-Sundermann, V.; Knasmüller, S.; Wu, X. J.; Darroudi, F.; Kassie, F. (2004). "Use of a human-derived liver cell line for ...
*  Retinol
Vitamin A affects the production of human growth hormone. When referring to dietary allowances or nutritional science, retinol ... Raifen, R.; Altman, Y.; Zadik, Z. (1996). "Vitamin a levels and growth hormone axis". Hormone Research. 46 (6): 279-281. doi: ... Estimates have changed over time of the rate at which β-carotene is converted to vitamin A in the human body. An early estimate ... It or other forms of vitamin A are needed for eyesight, maintenance of the skin, and human development. It is converted in the ...
*  Kurt Angle
... a human growth hormone, was found in his car; Angle maintained that he had a prescription for the drug. On September 15, a ... In the 2013 film Pro Wrestlers vs Zombies, he plays himself as both a human and a zombie. Angle also had a small role in the ... The magazine alleged that Angle had received prescriptions for trenbolone (which is not approved for human use by the FDA) and ...
*  Burn
Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in those with burns that involve more than 40% of their body appears to speed healing ... ISBN 978-1-4377-2786-9. Breederveld, RS; Tuinebreijer, WE (15 Sep 2014). "Recombinant human growth hormone for treating burns ...
*  Turner syndrome
Bolar K, Hoffman AR, Maneatis T, Lippe B (2008). "Long-term safety of recombinant human growth hormone in Turner syndrome". J. ... Growth hormone, either alone or with a low dose of androgen, will increase growth and probably final adult height. Growth ... Human growth hormone injections during childhood may increase adult height. Estrogen replacement therapy can promote ... "Growth hormone treatment of early growth failure in toddlers with Turner syndrome: a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial ...
*  Accredo
SHS distributed Protropin, a human growth hormone, and clotting factor. Accredo Health, Inc. was organized in 1996. The ... Tamara Lytle (March 1, 2014). "Soaring Specialty Drug Costs Require HR Response". Society for Human Resource Management. ...
*  Hugo Barrera Saldaña
Extrapituitary growth hormone synthesis in humans. Growth hormone & IGF research: official journal of the Growth Hormone ... "The human growth hormone locus: Nucleotide sequence, biology, and evolution". Genomics. 4 (4): 479-497. doi:10.1016/0888-7543( ... among which stand out his publications about the Growth Hormone family, human genome sequencing and development of HPV ... Barrera-Saldaña, Hugo A (April 1998). "Growth hormone and placental lactogen: biology, medicine and biotechnology". Gene. 211 ( ...
*  Development of the reproductive system
The prepuce in both sexes is formed by the growth of a solid plate of ectoderm into the superficial part of the phallus; on ... This is due to the production of Anti-Müllerian hormone by the Sertoli cells of the testes. In the female the paramesonephric ... Keith L. Moore, T. V. N. Persaud, Mark G. Torchia, The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology 10th Ed. Elsevier ... The labia minora, in contrast, arise by the continued growth of the lips of the groove on the under surface of the phallus; the ...
*  Doping in baseball
On January 10, 2013, MLB and the players union reached an agreement to add remdom, in season human growth hormone testing and a ... He estimates that "six or seven" pitchers on every team were at least experimental users of steroids or human growth hormone, ... The notebooks he kept made it clear that he supplied human growth hormones, anabolic steroids, and performance-enhancing drug ... He later admitted to using human growth hormone, steroids, and amphetamines. According to court documents, Grimsley failed a ...