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*  Plant disease resistance
Non-host plant species are often said to express non-host resistance. The term host resistance is used when a pathogen species ... Disease outcome is determined by the three-way interaction of the pathogen, the plant and the environmental conditions (an ... The causes of host resistance and non-host resistance can overlap. Pathogen host range is determined, among other things, by ... Pathogen host range can change quite suddenly if, for example, the pathogen's capacity to synthesize a host-specific toxin or ...
*  Host-pathogen interaction
Depending on how the pathogen interacts with the host, it can be involved in one of three host-pathogen interactions. ... Virus-Host protein-protein interaction Networks knowledgebase PHI-base - Pathogen-Host Interaction Database Virus Human ... The host-pathogen interaction is defined as how microbes or viruses sustain themselves within host organisms on a molecular, ... As we learn more about the host-pathogen interaction and the amount of variability within hosts, the definition of the ...
*  Cell wall associated kinase
Plant J. 60 974-982 Yamazaki N., Fry S. C., Darvill A. G., Albersheim P. (1983). Host-pathogen interactions: XXIV. Fragments ... The interaction of pectin polyanion with the cell wall or plasmalemma could induce conformational changes in the pectin ... The interaction between WAK1 and pectins (Pectins are complex oligopolysaccharides formed a hydrophilic gel-like matrix between ... Six cysteins (located in the EGF repeats) positions are well-kept in all the five WAKs, however, protein-protein interactions ...
*  Lyme disease
Hovius JW, van Dam AP, Fikrig E (September 2007). "Tick-host-pathogen interactions in Lyme borreliosis". Trends Parasitol. 23 ( ... Wodecka B, Rymaszewska A, Skotarczak B (Apr 2014). "Host and pathogen DNA identification in blood meals of nymphal Ixodes ... doi:10.1016/S0934-8840(98)80121-7. Wodecka, B., Rymaszewska, A., & Skotarczak, B. (2013), Host and pathogen DNA identification ... Host Interaction and Pathogenesis. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-58-5. Cutler SJ, Ruzic-Sabljic E, Potkonjak A ( ...
*  Arturo Casadevall
1999, with Liise-anne Pirofski, Host-pathogen interactions: redefining the basic concepts of virulence and pathogenicity , in: ... Casadevall, Arturo; Pirofski, Liise-anne (1999). "Host-pathogen interactions: redefining the basic concepts of virulence and ... Casadevall, Arturo; Pirofski, Liise-anne (2001). "Host-pathogen interactions: the attributes of virulence". The Journal of ... Casadevall, Arturo; Pirofski, Liise-anne (2000). "Host-Pathogen Interactions: The basic concepts of microbial commensalism, ...
*  Siderocalin
Iron serves as a key nutrient in host-pathogen interactions, and pathogens can acquire iron from the host organism via ... Doherty CP (May 2007). "Host-pathogen interactions: the role of iron". The Journal of Nutrition. 137 (5): 1341-4. PMID 17449603 ... Skaar EP (2010). "The battle for iron between bacterial pathogens and their vertebrate hosts". PLoS Pathogens. 6 (8): e1000949 ... To evade the host defences, pathogens evolved to produce structurally varied siderophores that would not be recognized by ...
*  Antigenic escape
"Host-Pathogen Interaction During Bacterial Vaccination". Current Opinion in Immunology. Barry, Alyssa; Arnott, Alicia (2014). " ... This means that the response mechanisms a host's immune system normally utilizes to recognize and eliminate a virus or pathogen ... While a host's homologous recombination can act as a defense mechanisms for fixing DNA double stranded breaks (DSBs), it can ... This results in the pathogens being able to attack targets of the immune system different than those intended to be targeted by ...
*  Dictyostelium discoideum
Clarke, Margaret (2010). "Recent insights into host-pathogen interactions from Dyctiostelium". Cellular Microbiology. 12 (3): ... Sentinel cells are present in the slug even when there are no toxins or pathogens to be removed. Sentinel cells have been ... D. discoideum is also a host for Legionella and is a suitable model for studying the infection process. Specifically, D. ... Free-living amoebae seem to play a crucial role for persistence and dispersal of some pathogens in the environment. Transient ...
*  Zebrafish
The transparent early life stages are well suited for in vivo imaging and genetic dissection of host-pathogen interactions. ... Meijer, A.H.; Spaink, H.P. (2011). "Host-pathogen interactions made transparent with the zebrafish model". Curr Drug Targets. ... "Macrophage-pathogen interactions in infectious diseases: new therapeutic insights from the zebrafish host model". Dis Model ... Meijer, AH; van der Vaart, M; Spaink, HP (2013). "Real-time imaging and genetic dissection of host-microbe interactions in ...
*  Serial analysis of gene expression
"Gene expression analysis of plant host-pathogen interactions by SuperSAGE". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. ... The cDNA is bound to Streptavidin beads via interaction with the biotin attached to the primers, and is then cleaved using a ...
*  Asthma-related microbes
Coombes, Brain K (2002). "Cellular and Molecular Host-pathogen Interactions during Chlamydia Pneumoniae Infection". Open Access ... It is an extracellular, host-associated bacterium that lacks a cell wall and is unable to survive outside of a host due to ... it is entirely dependent on energy produced by their host. Reinfection of the host with C. pneumoniae is common because the ... The injury of host epithelial cells caused by M. pneumoniae adhesion is thought to be due to the production of highly reactive ...
*  Paired-end tag
Gene expression analysis of plant host-pathogen interactions by SuperSAGE. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 100:15718-15723. McKernan et ... ChIA-PET is an unbiased way to analyze interactions and higher-order chromatin structures because it can detect interactions ... In contrast, 3C and 4C methods are used to detect interactions involving a specific target region in the genome. ChIA-PET is ... The first ChIA-PET was developed by Fullwood et al.. (2009) to generate a map of the interactions between chromatin bound by ...
*  Vesicle (biology and chemistry)
In host-pathogen interactions, gram negative bacteria produce vesicles which play roles in establishing a colonization niche, ... Kuehn, Meta J.; Kesty, Nicole C. (2005-11-15). "Bacterial outer membrane vesicles and the host-pathogen interaction". Genes & ... Bleb (cell biology) DODAB Host-pathogen interface Membrane contact sites Membrane nanotube Membrane vesicle trafficking Micelle ... carrying and transmitting virulence factors into host cells and modulating host defense and response. Ocean cyanobacteria have ...
*  Digestion
Kuehn, M. J.; Kesty, N. C. (2005). "Bacterial outer membrane vesicles and the host-pathogen interaction". Genes & Development. ... It was discovered in Agrobacterium tumefaciens, which uses this system to introduce the Ti plasmid and proteins into the host, ... PLoS Pathogens. 4 (1): e8. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.0040008. PMC 2211552 . PMID 18208324. Miserez, A; Li, Y; Waite, H; Zok, F ( ... pestis and showed that toxins could be injected directly from the bacterial cytoplasm into the cytoplasm of its host's cells ...
*  Secretion
Kuehn, M. J.; Kesty, NC (2005). "Bacterial outer membrane vesicles and the host-pathogen interaction". Genes & Development. 19 ... Bacterial effector protein Bacterial outer membrane vesicles Host-pathogen interface Membrane vesicle trafficking Secretomics ... The Hrp system in plant pathogens inject harpins and pathogen effector proteins through similar mechanisms into plants. This ... and are deployed for membrane vesicle trafficking to manipulate environment or invade at host-pathogen interface. Vesicles from ...
*  PinT small RNA
"Dual RNA-seq unveils noncoding RNA functions in host-pathogen interactions". Nature. 529 (7587): 496-501. doi:10.1038/ ...
*  Jörg Vogel
CRISPR RNA maturation and host-pathogen interactions. Jörg Vogel received the VAAM Research award (2010) and the DGHM Senior ... "Dual RNA-seq unveils noncoding RNA functions in host-pathogen interactions". Nature. 529 (7587): 496-501. doi:10.1038/ ... RNA localization as well as microRNAs and long non-coding RNAs in infected eukaryotic hosts. Jörg Vogel has contributed to over ... "CRISPR RNA maturation by trans-encoded small RNA and host factor RNase III". Nature. 471 (7340): 602-607. doi:10.1038/ ...
*  Moniliophthora perniciosa
... extensive knowledge of the genetics of specific host-pathogen interaction is required. Host-pathogen interaction for M. ... Moniliophthora perniciosa can infect a number of hosts. Generally, M. perniciosa infects tropical host plants, and host plants ... The pathogen has four different biotypes (C, H, L and S) that determine which hosts they infect. The C-biotype infects species ... And the fourth biotype, the S-biotype, infects a variety of hosts within the Solanaceae family. The main host of M. perniciosa ...
*  Pneumolysin
A double-edged sword during the host-pathogen interaction". Current Molecular Medicine. 8 (6): 497-509. doi:10.2174/ ... during invasion by damaging host cells, and during infection by interfering with the host immune response. The presence of ... Released pneumolysin will aid the bacteria during colonization, by facilitating adherence to the host, ...
*  Parvovirus B19
... diagnosis and host-pathogen interactions of parvovirus B19". J Med Microbiol. 53 (Pt 6): 459-75. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.05485-0. ... Like other nonenveloped DNA viruses, pathogenicity of parvovirus B19 involves binding to host cell receptors, internalization, ... translocation of the genome to the host nucleus, DNA replication, RNA transcription, assembly of capsids and packaging of the ...
*  Actin assembly-inducing protein
Ireton K, Cossart P (1997). "Host-pathogen interactions during entry and actin-based movement of Listeria monocytogenes". ... May 1992). "A novel bacterial virulence gene in Listeria monocytogenes required for host cell microfilament interaction with ... ISBN 978-0-387-49373-2. Welch MD, Rosenblatt J, Skoble J, Portnoy DA, Mitchison TJ (July 1998). "Interaction of human Arp2/3 ... Expression of ActA is induced only after entering a mammalian host cell. Actin filament assembly generates the force that ...
*  Phagocyte
Bozzaro S, Bucci C, Steinert M; Bucci; Steinert (2008). "Phagocytosis and host-pathogen interactions in Dictyostelium with a ... Sansonetti P (December 2001). "Phagocytosis of bacterial pathogens: implications in the host response". Semin. Immunol. 13 (6 ... Urb M, Sheppard DC (2012). "The role of mast cells in the defence against pathogens". PLoS Pathogens. 8 (4): e1002619. doi: ... A pathogen is only successful in infecting an organism if it can get past its defenses. Pathogenic bacteria and protozoa have ...
*  Leucobacter chromiireducens
solipictus to Caenorhabditis elegans: characterization of a novel host-pathogen interaction." Applied and Environmental ...
*  CD8A
"Roles of HIV-1 auxiliary proteins in viral pathogenesis and host-pathogen interactions". Cell Res. 15 (11-12): 923-34. doi: ... CD8 antigen is a cell surface glycoprotein found on most cytotoxic T lymphocytes that mediates efficient cell-cell interactions ...
*  Cyclin-dependent kinase 1
"Roles of HIV-1 auxiliary proteins in viral pathogenesis and host-pathogen interactions". Cell Res. 15 (11-12): 923-934. doi: ... Zhao RY, Bukrinsky M, Elder RT (2005). "HIV-1 viral protein R (Vpr) & host cellular responses". Indian J. Med. Res. 121 (4): ... Azzi L, Meijer L, Reed SI, Pidikiti R, Tung HY (1992). "Interaction between the cell-cycle-control proteins p34cdc2 and ... evidence for cyclin mRNA and protein regulation in the cell cycle and for interaction with p34cdc2". Cell. 58 (5): 833-846. doi ...
*  Black yeast
... and may occur as opportunistic pathogens of vertebrate hosts, such as Exophiala (Wangiella) dermatitidis. Several species are ... Insights into a newly discovered world of symbiotic interactions". Fungal Biology. 115 (10): 1077-91. doi:10.1016/j.funbio. ... Gostinčar, C.; Grube, M.; Gunde-Cimerman, N. (2011). "Evolution of Fungal Pathogens in Domestic Environments?". Fungal Biology ... "A rock-inhabiting ancestor for mutualistic and pathogen-rich fungal lineages". Studies in Mycology. 61: 111-9. doi:10.3114/sim. ...
*  RAD17
"Roles of HIV-1 auxiliary proteins in viral pathogenesis and host-pathogen interactions". Cell Res. 15 (11-12): 923-34. doi: ...