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*  Long-term nonprogressor
HIV uses CCR5 to enter these cells. It is believed that the Δ32 (delta 32) variant of CCR5 impairs HIV ability to infect cells ... 2005). "HIV controllers: a homogeneous group of HIV-1-infected patients with spontaneous control of viral replication". ... Michael Carter Published: 12 January 2009 (2009-01-12). "HIV & AIDS Information :: HIV non-progressor status established soon ... "Elite control of HIV Infection: implications for vaccines and treatment". Top HIV Med. 15 (4): 134-6. PMID 17720999. O'connell ...
*  Chumani Maxwele
... first democratic elections in 1994 he moved to the Cape Town township of Delft where he spent time volunteering for an HIV ... Retrieved 1 February 2016. Isaacs, Lisa (16 September 2015). "Maxwele beats UCT in court". IOL News. Retrieved 1 February 2016 ... Retrieved 1 February 2016. Eve Fairbanks (18 November 2015). "Why South African students have turned on their parents' ... Retrieved 1 February 2016. Moaga, Vincent (7 July 2011). "Chumani Maxwele's rights were violated - SAHRC". politicsweb. ...
*  José Esparza
Contributing to the development of ethical guidelines of conduct for HIV-vaccine trials. Leadership to ensure that future HIV ... He then joined the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation(Seattle) from 2004 to 2014, first as senior adviser on HIV Vaccines, and ... He is known for his efforts to promote the international development and testing of vaccines against HIV/AIDS. During 17 years ... "Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise". www.vaccineenterprise.org/. Retrieved July 7, 2014. "Distinguished Alumni". www.bcm.edu. ...
*  HIV-1 protease
Without effective HIV protease, HIV virions remain uninfectious. Thus, mutation of HIV protease's active site or inhibition of ... With its integral role in HIV replication, HIV protease has been a prime target for drug therapy. HIV protease inhibitors work ... Management of HIV/AIDS Discovery and development of HIV-protease inhibitors The MEROPS online database for peptidases and their ... making HIV protease inhibition the subject of considerable pharmaceutical research. HIV protease's protein structure has been ...
*  Broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies
The discovery of bNAbs has led to an important area of research, namely, discovery of a vaccine, not only limited to HIV, but ... Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies (bNAbs) are neutralizing antibodies which neutralize multiple HIV-1 viral strains. bNAbs ... The following table shows the characteristics of various HIV-1 bNAbs Recent years have seen an increase in HIV-1 bNAb discovery ... Online databases like bNAber and LANL constantly report and update the discovery of new HIV bNAbs. ^ Eroshkin AM, Leblanc A, ...
*  Zinc finger transcription factor
2004). "Attenuation of HIV-1 replication in primary human cells with a designed zinc finger transcription factor". J. Biol. ... HIV-1). Artificial transcription factor, of which the ZF-TF is a type Gene therapy Zinc finger proteins Zinc finger chimera ...
*  CXCR4
... is one of several chemokine receptors that HIV can use to infect CD4+ T cells. HIV isolates that use CXCR4 are ... HIV-1". Current Biology. 6 (9): 1051-3. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(02)70661-1. PMID 8805353. Broder CC, Dimitrov DS (1996). "HIV ... Gallo SA, Finnegan CM, Viard M, Raviv Y, Dimitrov A, Rawat SS, Puri A, Durell S, Blumenthal R (July 2003). "The HIV Env- ... It is unclear as to whether the emergence of CXCR4-using HIV is a consequence or a cause of immunodeficiency. CXCR4 is ...
*  FDA warning letter
Violations relating to HIV and HCV lookback; and Violative inspections of manufacturers of human cell, tissue, and cellular and ... anti-HIV-1); [Certain] Violations relating to drug CGMP...; Violative inspections of federal government agencies; Violative ... This procedure applies to warning letters issued on or after September 1, 2009. Warning letters are available under the Freedom ... FDA: Regulatory Procedures Manual, "Exhibit 4-1 Procedures for Clearing FDA Warning Letters and Untitled Letters" Accessed 06 ...
*  Raghavan Varadarajan
"HIV-1 Envelope Based Fragments". Patents Encyclopedia. 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2016. "Summary of Achievements" (PDF). ... his team developed a number of immunogens which have been demonstrated to have positive effect as HIV-1 vaccines and he holds ... he heads The Varadarajan Laboratory of IISc which has research interests in the design of HIV-1 and influenza immunogens. He ... "Glycosylation of the core of the HIV-1 envelope subunit protein gp120 is not required for native trimer formation or viral ...
*  Suvizumab
It binds to HIV-1. "Proposed List number 102 of International Nonproprietary Names" (PDF). WHO Drug Information. Geneva: World ...
*  HIV Rev response element
The HIV-1 Rev response element (RRE) is a highly structured, ~350 nucleotide RNA segment present in the Env coding region of ... Ahmed, Y F; Hanly, S M; Malim, M H; Cullen, B R; Greene, W C (1990). "Structure-function analyses of the HTLV-I Rex and HIV-1 ... In the presence of the HIV-1 accessory protein Rev, HIV-1 mRNAs that contain the RRE can be exported from the nucleus to the ... The HIV-1 genome contains a single promoter and uses multiple reading frames and alternative splicing to encode 15 proteins ...
*  Simian immunodeficiency virus
HIV-2 was more similar to the then-known SIV strains than to HIV-1, suggesting for the first time the simian origin of HIV. ... Further studies indicated that HIV-2 is derived from the SIVsmm strain found in sooty mangabeys, whereas HIV-1, the predominant ... resulting in HIV-2 and HIV-1 respectively, the two human immunodeficiency viruses. The most likely route of transmission of HIV ... Unlike HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections in humans, SIV infections in their natural African simian non-human hosts appear in many ...
*  HIV/AIDS in the United States
HIV-infected blood samples have been found from as early as 1959 in Africa (see HIV main entry), and HIV has been shown to have ... of new HIV cases and 83% of the estimated new HIV diagnoses among all males aged 13 and older, and an estimated 92% of new HIV ... www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/group/msm/cdc-hiv-msm.pdf "Estimating HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors of Transgender Persons in the ... HIV-2 is common in West Africa, but is much rarer in the United States than HIV-1, which is more virulent and progresses more ...
*  CD8A
HIV Res. 4 (1): 57-64. doi:10.2174/157016206775197583. PMID 16454711. Nakayama K, Kawachi Y, Tokito S, Minami N, Yamamoto R, ... Li L, Li HS, Pauza CD, Bukrinsky M, Zhao RY (2006). "Roles of HIV-1 auxiliary proteins in viral pathogenesis and host-pathogen ... Stove V, Verhasselt B (2006). "Modelling thymic HIV-1 Nef effects". Curr. ... 10 (1): 23-31. doi:10.1016/0169-328X(91)90052-Y. PMID 1676132. Moebius U, Kober G, Griscelli AL, Hercend T, Meuer SC (1991). " ...
*  Micrococcus
Smith K, Neafie R, Yeager J, Skelton H (1999). "Micrococcus folliculitis in HIV-1 disease". Br J Dermatol. 141 (3): 558-61. doi ... such as HIV patients. It can be difficult to identify Micrococcus as the cause of an infection, since the organism is a ... 43 (1): 69-73. doi:10.1007/s002840010262. PMID 11375667. Sims GK, O'loughlin EJ (1992). "Riboflavin Production during Growth of ... Micrococci often carry plasmids (ranging from 1 to 100 MDa in size) that provide the organism with useful traits. Some species ...
*  Amplicon
... which has the capacity to recognize HIV in plasma; the HIV-1 QT (NASBA), which is used to measure plasma viral load by ... Consumer Affairs Branch (2010-08-17). "Roche Amplicor HIV-1 Monitor Test". FDA. Retrieved 2012-10-16. Gill, Peter; Ivanov, ... Examples include the Amplicor HIV-1 Monitor Assay (RT-PCR), ... O'Connor, T M (1 November 2000). "The ligase chain reaction as ... ISBN 1-56081-925-1. Walsh, PS; Metzger, DA; Higuchi, R (1991). "Chelex 100 as a medium for simple extraction of DNA for PCR- ...
*  Bee sting
Hood, J. L.; Jallouk, A. P.; Campbell, N; Ratner, L; Wickline, S. A. (2013). "Cytolytic nanoparticles attenuate HIV-1 ... in-vitro proof of concept has demonstrated that isolated melittin may attenuate the infectivity of two specific HIV strains, ... ISBN 978-1-4665-5341-5. Meier J, White J (1995). Clinical toxicology of animal venoms and poisons. CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-4489- ... Retrieved 1 September 2015. "Insect Bites and Stings". patient.info. Retrieved 15 February 2015. Glaser, David. "Are wasp and ...
*  VAV1
Anderson JL, Hope TJ (2005). "HIV accessory proteins and surviving the host cell". Current HIV/AIDS reports. 1 (1): 47-53. doi: ... HIV Res. 4 (1): 57-64. doi:10.2174/157016206775197583. PMID 16454711. Katzav S (2007). "Flesh and blood: the story of Vav1, a ... This particular GEF has been identified as the specific binding partner of Nef proteins from HIV-1. Coexpression and binding of ... Greenway AL, Holloway G, McPhee DA, Ellis P, Cornall A, Lidman M (2004). "HIV-1 Nef control of cell signalling molecules: ...
*  Complementary DNA
An example of this first step from viral DNA to cDNA can be seen in the HIV cycle of infection. Here, the host cell membrane ... cDNA is also produced naturally by retroviruses (such as HIV-1, HIV-2, simian immunodeficiency virus, etc.) and then integrated ... Altfeld, Marcus; Jr, Michael Gale (2015-06-01). "Innate immunity against HIV-1 infection". Nature Immunology. 16 (6): 554-562. ...
*  CD74
HIV Res. 4 (1): 57-64. doi:10.2174/157016206775197583. PMID 16454711. Riberdy JM, Newcomb JR, Surman MJ, et al. (1992). "HLA-DR ... Stove V, Verhasselt B (2006). "Modelling thymic HIV-1 Nef effects". Curr. ... 28 (1): 53-6. doi:10.1007/BF00372530. PMID 3132422. O'Sullivan DM, Larhammar D, Wilson MC, et al. (1986). "Structure of the ... 29 (1): 61-9. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(82)90090-3. PMID 6955026. Machamer CE, Cresswell P (1983). "Biosynthesis and glycosylation ...
*  CD1D
HIV Res. 4 (1): 57-64. doi:10.2174/157016206775197583. PMID 16454711. Brutkiewicz RR (2006). "CD1d ligands: the good, the bad, ... Stove V, Verhasselt B (2006). "Modelling thymic HIV-1 Nef effects". Curr. ... 8 (1): 82-8. doi:10.1016/S0952-7915(96)80109-9. PMID 8729450. Joyce S (2001). "CD1d and natural T cells: how their properties ... 200 (1-2): 149-56. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID 9373149. Kawano T, Cui J, Koezuka Y, et al. (1997). "CD1d-restricted ...
*  Akiko Iwasaki
"Innate immune recognition of HIV-1". Immunity. 37 (3): 389-398. doi:10.1016/j.immuni.2012.08.011. Iwasaki, A; Pillai, P (2014 ...
*  Protein disulfide-isomerase
... has been found to be involved in the breaking of bonds on the HIV gp120 protein during HIV ... Some studies have shown it to be available for HIV infection on the surface of the cell clustered around the CD4 protein. Yet ... Ryser HJ, Flückiger R (Aug 2005). "Progress in targeting HIV-1 entry". Drug Discovery Today. 10 (16): 1085-94. doi:10.1016/ ... 1699 (1-2): 35-44. doi:10.1016/j.bbapap.2004.02.017. PMID 15158710. Gruber CW, Cemazar M, Heras B, Martin JL, Craik DJ (Aug ...
*  CD1A
HIV Res. 4 (1): 57-64. doi:10.2174/157016206775197583. PMID 16454711. Quaranta MG, Mattioli B, Giordani L, Viora M (2006). "The ... Stove V, Verhasselt B (2006). "Modelling thymic HIV-1 Nef effects". Curr. ... immunoregulatory effects of HIV-1 Nef on dendritic cells and the pathogenesis of AIDS". FASEB J. 20 (13): 2198-208. doi:10.1096 ... 8 (1): 82-8. doi:10.1016/S0952-7915(96)80109-9. PMID 8729450. Park SH, Bendelac A (2000). "CD1-restricted T-cell responses and ...
*  Heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), member A1
Hsp90 has also been found to interact with a large number of viral proteins including those from HIV and EBOLA. This is not to ... Low JS, Fassati A (Aug 2014). "Hsp90: a chaperone for HIV-1". Parasitology. 141 (9): 1192-202. doi:10.1017/S0031182014000298. ... 562 (1-3): 11-5. doi:10.1016/s0014-5793(04)00229-7. PMID 15069952. Teng SC, Chen YY, Su YN, Chou PC, Chiang YC, Tseng SF, Wu KJ ... 1 (4): 237-50. doi:10.1379/1466-1268(1996)001. 2.3.CO;2. PMC 376461 . PMID 9222609. Lee MO, Kim EO, Kwon HJ, Kim YM, Kang HJ, ...
*  Phage display
"CDR walking mutagenesis for the affinity maturation of a potent human anti-HIV-1 antibody into the picomolar range". J. Mol. ... "Efficient neutralization of primary isolates of HIV-1 by a recombinant human monoclonal antibody". Science. 266 (5187): 1024-7 ... 16 (1): 694-709. doi:10.3390/molecules16010694. PMID 21245805. Huang J, Ru B, Zhu P, Nie F, Yang J, Wang X, Dai P, Lin H, Guo ... 300 (1): 213-9. doi:10.1006/jmbi.2000.3845. PMID 10864510. Jespers LS, Messens JH, De Keyser A, Eeckhout D, Van den Brande I, ...
*  Micrococcus luteus
Smith, K.J.R.; Neafie, J. Yeager; Skelton, H.G (1999). "Micrococcus folliculitis in HIV-1 disease". British Journal of ... 48 (1): 120-127. doi:10.1007/s00248-003-2016-5. PMID 15164240. Young M, Artsatbanov V, Beller HR, Chandra G, Chater KF, Dover ... ISBN 0-13-144329-1. Greenblatt, C.L.; Baum, J.; Klein, B.Y.; Nachshon, S.; Koltunov, V.; Cano, R.J. (2004). "Micrococcus luteus ... 1990 Mar 25;18(6):1565-1569 Biochemistry 1994,32, 11929-1 1933, http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/bichaw/1993/32/i44/f- ...