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*  Glycosaminoglycan
... hexose or hexuronic acid unit they contain (e.g. glucuronic acid, iduronic acid, galactose, galactosamine, glucosamine). They ... Examples of GAGs include: GlcUA = β-D-glucuronic acid GlcUA(2S) = 2-O-sulfo-β-D-glucuronic acid IdoUA = α-L-iduronic acid IdoUA ... Hyaluronic acid Hyaluronic acid is a major component of synovial tissues and fluid, as well as other soft tissues, and endows ... glucuronic acid or iduronic acid) or galactose. Glycosaminoglycans are highly polar and attract water. They are therefore ...
*  Uronic acid
... the uronic acid analog of glucose is glucuronic acid. Uronic acids derived from hexoses are known as hexuronic acids and uronic ... "Hexuronic acid". encyclopedia.com. Uronic Acids at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... Uronic acids (/ʊˈrɒnɪk/) are a class of sugar acids with both carbonyl and carboxylic acid functional groups. They are sugars ... while oxidation of both the terminal hydroxyl group and the aldehyde yields an aldaric acid. The names of uronic acids are ...
*  Scurvy
... "hexuronic acid". Szent-Györgyi suspected hexuronic acid, which he had isolated from adrenal glands, to be the antiscorbutic ... Because of this, hexuronic acid was subsequently renamed ascorbic acid. Rates of scurvy in most of the world are low. Those ... King's laboratory was given some hexuronic acid by Szent-Györgyi and soon established that it was the sought-after anti- ... In 1932, the connection between hexuronic acid and scurvy was finally proven by American researcher Charles Glen King of the ...
*  Ascorbic acid (molecular aspects)
Ascorbic acid is one form ("vitamer") of vitamin C. It was originally called L-hexuronic acid, but, when it was found to have ... xylonic acid, threonic acid and oxalic acid. Ascorbic acid and its sodium, potassium, and calcium salts are commonly used as ... a diastereomer of ascorbic acid. Mineral ascorbates: salts of ascorbic acid Acids in wine Safety (MSDS) data for ascorbic acid ... to produce ascorbic acid. L-Ascorbic acid has a negative feedback on L-galactose dehydrogenase in spinach. Ascorbic acid efflux ...
*  Glucuronic acid
... is a precursor of ascorbic acid (vitamin C, formerly called as L-hexuronic acid). Ascorbate can be ... Glucuronic acid is a sugar acid derived from glucose, with its sixth carbon atom oxidized to a carboxylic acid. In living ... Glucuronic acid (from Ancient Greek γλυκύς "sweet" + οὖρον "urine") is a uronic acid that was first isolated from urine (hence ... Glucuronic acid and gluconic acid are fermentation products in Kombucha tea. ...
*  Vitamin C
Haworth and Szent-Györgyi proposed that L-hexuronic acid be named a-scorbic acid, and chemically L-ascorbic acid, in honor of ... Ascorbic acid is a weak sugar acid structurally related to glucose. In biological systems, ascorbic acid can be found only at ... or start with inositol and get to ascorbic acid via L-galactonic acid to L-galactonolactone. Ascorbic acid is a common ... Szent-Györgyi isolated hexuronic acid from animal adrenal glands, and suspected it to be the antiscorbutic factor. In late 1931 ...
*  L-gulonolactone oxidase
The L-xylo-hex-3-gulonolactone (2-keto-gulono-gamma-lactone) is able to convert to hexuronic acid (ascorbic acid) spontaneously ... Ascorbic acid/Vitamin C Oxidoreductase Scurvy GULOP - iHOP Nishikimi M, Koshizaka T, Ozawa T, Yagi K (December 1988). " ... Grano A, De Tullio MC (2007). "Ascorbic acid as a sensor of oxidative stress and a regulator of gene expression: the Yin and ... However, the tissues of animal models with a GULO gene generally have high levels of ascorbic acid and so are often only ...
*  Albert Szent-Györgyi
There, Szent-Györgyi and his research fellow Joseph Svirbely found that "hexuronic acid" was actually the thus far unidentified ... "hexuronic acid", from adrenal gland tissue. He accepted a position at the University of Szeged in 1930. ... He is credited with discovering vitamin C and the components and reactions of the citric acid cycle. He was also active in the ... He received his PhD from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge in 1927 for work on isolating an organic acid, which he then called " ...
*  Polysulfated glycosaminoglycan
It is made of repeat disaccharide units of hexosamine and hexuronic acid, and is similar to glycosaminoglycans already present ... PSGAG inhibits many of the catabolic enzymes that degrade cartilage, proteoglycans, and hyaluronic acid. The enzymes that are ... PSGAG also stimulates the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans, hyaluronic acid, and collagen, which increase synovial viscosity. It ... where hyaluronic acid is the stem and the side chains are the bristles. When pressure is exerted on the joint, fluids move ...
*  D-Galacturonic acid
It is also a uronic acid or hexuronic acid. Naturally occurring uronic acids are D-glucuronic acid, D-galacturonic acid, L- ... Other oxidized forms of D-galactose are D-galactonic acid (carboxylic group at C1) and meso-galactaric acid (mucic acid) ( ... D-Galacturonic acid is a sugar acid, an oxidized form of D-galactose. It is the main component of pectin, in which it exists as ... iduronic acid and D-mannuronic acid. Debra Mohnen "Pectin structure and biosynthesis" Current Opinion in Plant Biology 2008, 11 ...
*  Heparan sulfate 2-O-sulfotransferase
... catalysing the transfer of sulfate to the C2-position of selected hexuronic acid residues within the nascent HS chain. Mice ...
*  Axel Holst
... hexuronic acid, later called ascorbic acid) which was ascorbutic vitamin. Throughout his career, Holst made many other ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D02)
... hexuronic acids MeSH D02.241.081.844.915.400.500 --- iduronic acid MeSH D02.241.081.901.177 --- aconitic acid MeSH D02.241. ... hexuronic acids MeSH D02.241.152.811.400.500 --- iduronic acid MeSH D02.241.223.100.054 --- aminobenzoic acids MeSH D02.241. ... hexuronic acids MeSH D02.241.511.902.915.400.500 --- iduronic acid MeSH D02.241.607.080 --- acetoacetates MeSH D02.241.607.360 ... edetic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.455 --- egtazic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.581 --- iodoacetic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.581.400 ...
*  Glucuronolactone
... which may be oxidized to glucaric acid, or isomerized to another hexuronic acid, so there is no reasonable toxicity mechanism. ... Baker EM, Bierman EL, Plough IC (1960). "Effect of D-glucuronic acid and D-glucuronolactone on ascorbic acid levels in blood ... Free glucuronic acid (or its self-ester glucuronolactone) has less effect on detoxification than glucose[citation needed], ... Glucuronic acid Glucono delta-lactone International Programme on Chemical Safety Merck Index, 11th Edition, 4362 "Bull Marketed ...
*  Vitamin
In 1931, Albert Szent-Györgyi and a fellow researcher Joseph Svirbely suspected that "hexuronic acid" was actually vitamin C, ... essential fatty acids and essential amino acids. Thirteen vitamins are universally recognized at present. Vitamins are ... For example, ascorbic acid (one form of vitamin C) is a vitamin for humans, but not for most other animals. Vitamin D is ... For example, folic acid may carry methyl, formyl, and methylene groups in the cell. Although these roles in assisting enzyme- ...
*  Norman Haworth
Haworth had been given his initial reference sample of "water-soluble vitamin C" or "hexuronic acid" (the previous name for the ... In honour of the compound's antiscorbutic properties, Haworth and Szent-Györgyi now proposed the new name of "a-scorbic acid" ... was a British chemist best known for his groundbreaking work on ascorbic acid (vitamin C) while working at the University of ... for the molecule, with L-ascorbic acid as its formal chemical name. Haworth is commemorated at the University of Birmingham in ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D09)
... hexuronic acids MeSH D09.811.922.400.500 --- iduronic acid MeSH D09.853.329.225 --- erythrityl tetranitrate MeSH D09.853. ... n-acetylneuraminic acid MeSH D09.811.922.325 --- glucuronic acids MeSH D09.811.922.325.300 --- glucuronic acid MeSH D09.811. ... sialic acids MeSH D09.067.687.668.250 --- cytidine monophosphate n-acetylneuraminic acid MeSH D09.067.687.668.550 --- n- ... sialic acids MeSH D09.811.589.668.250 --- cytidine monophosphate n-acetylneuraminic acid MeSH D09.811.589.668.550 --- ...