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*  Bovine coronavirus
The haemagglutination inhibition test can be used to establish the strain of coronavirus. Animals should be treated ... In respiratory disease, diagnosis is confirmed by performing a direct fluorescent antibody test on nasal washes - which ...
*  Blue eye disease
Serological testing via virus neutralization and haemagglutination inhibition testing can be performed to diagnose the disease ... General biosecurity protocols including adequate quarantine, testing, and disinfection can help prevent the entry or spread of ...
*  Mycoplasma gallisepticum
... test, hemagglutination inhibition test (HI), or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The SPA test is more commonly used ... Many serology tests can be performed to diagnose M. gallisepticum: serum plate agglutination (SPA) ...
*  Jamestown Canyon virus
... infections performed by most state diagnostic laboratories were complement-fixation test and hemagglutination inhibition tests ... The test is automatically done on all samples testing positive or equivocal for La Crosse Virus IgM antibodies by ELISA. In ... JCV-antibody testing has only been available at the CDC and the New York State Department of Health. The CDC has used plaque ... JCV disease most likely has a broader distribution, but is unidentified and under-reported, because testing is not considered ...
*  Arbovirus
... neutralization test, and hemagglutination-inhibition test. Vector control measures, especially mosquito control, are essential ... Mettler, N. E.; Clarke, D. H.; Casals, J. (1971). "Hemagglutination Inhibition with Arboviruses: Relationship Between Titers ... "Arbovirus Antibodies Test". Medical Health Tests. March 27, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2013. Huang, C.; Slater, B.; Campbell, W ... "Arboviral Diagnostic Testing". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Retrieved April 17, 2013. " ...
*  Alphavirus
... are the targets of numerous serologic reactions and tests including neutralization and hemagglutination inhibition. The ...
*  Influenza A virus subtype H7N9
... close contacts of the infected patients did not become ill and they all tested negative for haemagglutination inhibition ... Adjuvants are being tested with the vaccine to determine if an adequate immune response can be produced. In addition, during a ... A health department notice suggested that a 4-year-old boy had no clinical symptoms and was tested during surveillance of high- ... CDC.GOV H7N9 Portal Roos, Robert (April 5, 2013). "CDC working on vaccine, tests for novel H7N9 virus". CIDRAP News. NIH.gov/ ...
*  Carl Axel Gemzell
In 1960 Gemzell and Leif Wide presented a pregnancy test based on in-vitro hemagglutination inhibition, a first step away from ... This test initiates a series of improvements in pregnancy testing leading to the contemporary at-home testing. Gemzell was a ... ISBN 978-0-470-16927-8. Wide L (2005). "Inventions leading to the development of the diagnostic test kit industry--from the ... Wide, L; Gemzell, C. A. (1960). "An immunological pregnancy test". Acta Endocrinologica. 35: 261-7. doi:10.1530/acta.0.xxxv0261 ...
*  Pregnancy test
... pregnancy tests were introduced in 1960 when Wide and Gemzell presented a test based on in-vitro hemagglutination inhibition. ... False negative readings can occur when testing is done too early. Quantitative blood tests and the most sensitive urine tests ... such as agglutination-inhibition-based assays and sandwich ELISA, used in modern home pregnancy tests. Tests are now so cheap ... the test was positive. This was called the Bufo test, named after the toad genus Bufo, which was originally used for the test. ...
*  Porcine parvovirus
Several parameters of the hemagglutination (HA) test-such as the temperature of incubation, the species of erythrocyte used, ... and hemagglutination inhibition (HI). The biophysical and biochemical properties of PPV have been extensively studied and are ... The SN test has been reported to be more sensitive than the HI test. A microtechnique for application of the SN test has been ... Tests The HI test is frequently used for detection and quantitation of humoral antibody for PPV. Antibody sometimes can be ...
*  Influenzavirus C
Diagnosis is by virus isolation, serology, and other tests. Hemagglutination inhibition (HI) is one method of serology that ... ELISA was shown to have higher sensitivity to the HEF than the HI test. Because only influenza virus C produces esterase, In ... Situ Esterase Assays provide a quick and inexpensive method of detecting just type C. If more individuals were tested for ...
*  Oropouche fever
... hemagglutination inhibition), NT (neutralization test), and CF (complement fixation test) tests and in-house-enzyme linked ... Nevertheless, clinics in Brazil may not have adequate testing reliability as they rely on symptoms rather than PCR viral ...
*  Avian infectious bronchitis
Antibodies to IBV may be detected by indirect immunofluorescent antibody test, ELISA and Haemagglutination inhibition ( ...
*  List of MeSH codes (E01)
... hemagglutination inhibition tests MeSH E01.450.495.735.550 --- neutralization tests MeSH E01.450.495.735.550.750 --- skin test ... hemagglutination tests MeSH E01.450.495.735.050.375.150 --- coombs test MeSH E01.450.495.735.050.450 --- latex fixation tests ... schilling test MeSH E01.450.495.100 --- basophil degranulation test MeSH E01.450.495.150 --- cell migration inhibition MeSH ... leukocyte adherence inhibition test MeSH E01.450.495.505 --- monitoring, immunologic MeSH E01.450.495.620 --- pregnancy tests, ...
*  H5N1 clinical trials
... based on hemagglutination inhibition assay (HAI) at all doses tested. The unadjuvanted vaccine at the 45-microgram dose yielded ... Still, such a vaccine is years away from full testing, approval, and use." As of July 2007, phase I clinical trials on humans ... That exceeds the European Union's requirement of an acceptable response (a hemagglutinin-inhibition titer of 40 or more) in 70 ... Study start: October 2005; Study completion: January 2007 This Australian study will test the safety and immunogenicity of an ...
*  Influenza research
Immunogenicity was assessed by microneutralization and hemagglutination-inhibition assays with the use of the vaccine virus, ... MedImmune Press release MedImmune and National Institutes of Health Begin Clinical Testing of a Live, Attenuated Intranasal ... has evidence of inhibition of multiple subtypes of influenza A virus in cell culture with Morpholino oligomers from the results ... Lupfer, C; Stein DA; Mourich DV; Tepper SE; Iversen PL; Pastey M (2008). "Inhibition of influenza A H3N8 virus infections in ...
*  H5N1 vaccine
Immunogenicity was assessed by microneutralization and hemagglutination-inhibition assays with the use of the vaccine virus, ... Some vaccines also exist for use in humans, and others are in testing, but none have been made available to civilian ... although a subgroup of samples were tested with the use of the wild-type influenza A/Vietnam/1203/2004 (H5N1) virus." The ... are being refined and tested; and do have some promise both in furthering research and preparedness for the next pandemic. ...
*  Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia
... direct and indirect fluorescent antibody tests, complement fixation tests (CFT), indirect haemagglutination test (IHA), ELISA ... Other procedures used for diagnosis include growth inhibition disc tests (GI), ...
*  George Hirst (virologist)
... prevent them from crosslinking red blood cells and so inhibit hemagglutination. This hemagglutination inhibition assay (HIA) ... Hannah Hoag, writing in Nature Medicine in 2013, describes the assay as "the gold-standard serologic test to type influenza ... J Virol 73: 3520-3523 (text) Racaniello V. Influenza hemagglutination inhibition assay (27 May 2009) (accessed February 19, ... and adapting it into the hemagglutination inhibition assay, which measures virus-specific antibodies in serum. He was the first ...
*  Laboratory diagnosis of viral infections
http://www.virology.ws/2009/05/27/influenza-hemagglutination-inhibition-assay/. ... In the past nucleic acid tests have mainly been used as a secondary test to confirm positive serological results. However, as ... Both types of antibodies are measured when tests for immunity are carried out. Antibody testing has become widely available. It ... it remains the gold standard for identifying viruses that do not show up on routine diagnostic tests or for which routine tests ...
*  Paramyxoviridae
These possess both haemagglutination and neuraminidase activity, which cleaves sialic acid on the cell surface, preventing ... If the viral genome follows a multiple promoter model, the level inhibition of transcription should correlate with the length ... observed as an ability to cause red blood cells to clump in laboratory tests. HN (Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase) attachment ... When paramyxovirus genome was exposed to UV light, the level of inhibition of transcription was proportional to the distance ...
*  Orthoreovirus
There are various tests that can be done on these samples to see if a person is infected. Viral antigen can be detected by ... The inhibition of the innate immune response has also been seen in mammalian and avian orthoreoviruses. Other strains of the ... and was found to cause high levels of syncytium formation but did not cause hemagglutination in human red blood cells (RBCs). ... downregulates HIF-1a in hypoxic prostate tumor cells via RACK-1-mediated proteosomal degradation and translational inhibition ...
*  Influenza vaccine
... a broader panel of antigenically distinct viral isolates compared to other vaccines in the hemagglutination-inhibition assay ( ... with plant-based influenza vaccines being tested in clinical trials. According to the CDC: "Influenza vaccination is the ... A meta-analysis of test-negative design case-control studies". The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 14 (12): 1228-39. doi:10.1016/ ... neither commercially available nor experimentally tested vaccines have been shown so far to fulfill all of these requirements ...
*  Toxoplasmosis
... the indirect hemagglutination assay, the indirect fluorescent antibody assay (IFA), the direct agglutination test, the latex ... Thus, chronic cocaine, or prolonged HDAC inhibition, induces several GABAA receptor subunits in NAc, which is associated with ... Serological testing can detect T. gondii antibodies in blood serum, using methods including the Sabin-Feldman dye test (DT), ... The most commonly used tests for the measurement of IgM antibody are double-sandwich IgM-ELISA, the IFA test, and the ...