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*  Congenital heart defect
The septum is a wall of tissue which separates the left heart from the right heart. Defects in the interatrial septum or the ... Congenital heart defects are known by a number of names including congenital heart anomaly, congenital heart disease, heart ... A congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the ... Congenital heart defects are divided into two main groups: cyanotic heart defects and non-cyanotic heart defects, depending on ...
*  Atrial flutter
Atypical atrial flutter originating from the right atrium and heart's septum have also been described. Play media While atrial ... Prolonged atrial flutter with fast heart rates may lead to decompensation with loss of normal heart function (heart failure). ... This leads to pooling of the blood in the heart and can lead to the formation of blood clots in the heart which pose a ... Rapid heart rates may produce significant symptoms in patients with pre-existing heart disease and can lead to inadequate blood ...
*  Atrioventricular canal
The heart septum and associated valves) to create a clear division between the four compartments of the heart and ensure proper ... There is a problem when there are holes present in the walls that separate chambers (septa), as well as when valves are ... Half of the children who are untreated with this condition die during their first year due to heart failure or pneumonia. ... The structures that develop from the fusion of the endocardial cushions are: The Atrial septum- this structure divides the left ...
*  Realdo Colombo
In the Galenic tradition, blood passed between the ventricles of the heart through micropores in the heart's septum and venous ... In his model, venous blood travelled from the heart to the lungs where it was mixed with air and then returned to the heart. ... It was this severing of the conceptual link between the lungs and the heart that had existed since the time of Galen that made ... The vivisection method enabled Colombo to study the operation of the voice, the motion of the lungs, the heart and the motion ...
*  Endocardial cushions
... heart tube that will give rise to the heart's valves and septa critical to the proper formation of a four-chambered heart. A ... During heart development, the heart starts out as a tube. As heart development continues this tube undergoes conformational ... refer to a subset of cells in the development of the heart that play a vital role in the proper formation of the heart septa. ... These thickenings will go on to fuse and remodel to eventually form the valves and septa of the mature adult heart. Endocardial ...
*  Crisscross heart
Fontes VF, de Souza JA, Pontes J├╣nior SC (1990). "Criss-cross heart with intact ventricular septum". Int. J. Cardiol. 26 (3): ... Crisscross heart is a type of congenital heart defect where the right atrium is closely associated with the left ventricle in ... and it is possible for the heart to have relatively normal functioning. ...
*  OSR1
... regulates atrial septum formation in the heart. Osr1 is expressed in the dorsal atrial wall, from which the primary atrial ... Wang Q, Lan Y, Cho ES, Maltby KM, Jiang R (2005). "Odd-skipped related 1 (Odd 1) is an essential regulator of heart and ... In mammals, OSR1 is involved in the development of the kidneys, heart and in the palate and is often coexpressed with OSR2. ... septum will emerge, and later in the septum and left venous valve leaflet. It is also present in the mesothelium of the ...
*  Andreas Vesalius
Against Galen's theory and many beliefs he also discovered that there was no hole in the septum or heart. Vesalius disproved ... In his dissections of the heart, Vesalius became convinced that Galen's claims of a porous Interventricular septum were false. ... On this claim, he deduced that the heart was not a true muscle due to the obvious involuntary nature of its motion. He ... Interestingly, he also addressed the controversial issue of the heart being the centre of the soul. He wished to avoid drawing ...
*  Interventricular septum
Acyanotic heart defect Ventricular septal defect (VSD), a hole in the interventricular septum Heart normal short axis echo ... The interventricular septum (IVS, or ventricular septum, or during development septum inferius), is the stout wall separating ... and is termed the membranous ventricular septum (septum membranaceum). The muscular part of the interventricular septum derives ... It also gets attached to lower border of spiral septum or the aortico pulmonary septum. ...
*  IgG4-related disease
"IgG4-related sclerosing disease involving the superior vena cava and the atrial septum of the heart". Yonsei Medical Journal. ... American Heart Association. 125 (23): 2956-2957. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.061002. PMID 22689933. Edward M. Kobraei; Tae H ... Other affected sites, confirmed on histology to be manifestations of IgG4-RD, include: heart; hard palate, esophagus, stomach, ...
*  List of diseases (C)
Congenital heart disease radio ulnar synostosis mental retardation Congenital heart disorder Congenital heart septum defect ... Congenital l Congenital heart block Congenital heart disease ptosis hypodontia craniostosis ... ocular Colobomata unilobar lung heart defect Colobomatous microphthalmia heart disease hearing Colobomatous microphthalmia ... chorioretinal Cleft palate cardiac defect ectrodactyly Cleft palate colobomata radial synostosis deafness Cleft palate heart ...
*  Atrioventricular septum
The atrioventricular septum is a septum of the heart between the right atrium (RA) and the left ventricle (LV). Although the ... "Congenital Heart Disease". Archived from the original on 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2009-10-11. "Yale: Congenital Heart Disease: AV ... When considering only the membranous septum, it is also known as the "atrioventricular component of the membranous septum". It ... "Congenital Heart Disease - When Chambers and Valves Are in Normal Sequence and Position". Archived from the original on 2011-07 ...
*  Sirenidae
... an interventricular septum is present in the heart. At least two of the species can produce vocalizations. The structure of ...
*  Collagen
The cardiac skeleton also includes the separating septa of the heart chambers - the interventricular septum and the ... The collagenous structure that divides the upper chambers of the heart from the lower chambers is an impermeable membrane that ... Type V: cell surfaces, hair and placenta The collagenous cardiac skeleton which includes the four heart valve rings, is ... Pathology of the collagen underpinning of the heart is understood within the category of connective tissue disease. Collagen ...
*  Heart septal defect
... refers to a congenital heart defect of one of the septa of the heart. Atrial septal defect Atrioventricular ... which is not technically part of the heart, they are sometimes grouped with the heart septal defects.. ... septal defect Ventricular septal defect Although aortopulmonary septal defects are defects of the aorticopulmonary septum, ...
*  Fetal circulation
... the embryonic heart has developed septa and valves, and has all four chambers. At this point, the fetal heart rate begins to ... It is the fetal heart and not the mother's heart that builds up the fetal blood pressure to drive its blood through the fetal ... Before this, the embryo possesses a tubular heart. The embryonic heart begins to beat at approximately the same rate as the ... The approximate fetal heart rate for weeks 5 to 9 (assuming a starting rate of 80): Week 5 starts at 80 and ends at 103 bpm ...
*  Prenatal cocaine exposure
Heart malformations can include a missing ventricle and defects with the septum of the heart, and can result in potentially ... Most PCE-related congenital defects are found in the brain, heart, genitourinary tract, arms and legs. Cocaine use by pregnant ... Does cocaine in utero imperil the adult heart?". British Journal of Pharmacology. 144 (7): 887-88. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0706130. ... deadly congestive heart failure. Genital malformations occur at a higher-than-normal rate with PCE. The liver and lungs are ...
*  TCF21 (gene)
... heart and spleen. Capsulin transcripts were also found to mark the spiral septum of the heart and progenitor cells that give ... TCF21 is crucial for the development of a number of cell types during embryogenesis of the heart, lung, kidney, and spleen. ... Results showed that in humans and mice, Pod-1 was most highly expressed in the kidney, lung and heart, with selective ... June 2015). "Genetic risk, coronary heart disease events, and the clinical benefit of statin therapy: an analysis of primary ...
*  Pulmonary circulation
The thick septum of the heart is not perforated and does not have visible pores as some people thought or invisible pores as ... Deoxygenated blood leaves the heart, goes to the lungs, and then re-enters the heart; Deoxygenated blood leaves through the ... The pulmonary vein returns oxygenated blood to the left atrium of the heart. The oxygenated blood then leaves the lungs through ... Colombo also viewed the lungs separately from the heart, and assigned it as having a special role in respiration. The pulmonary ...
*  Leak
A leak could even be inside a body, such as a hole in the septum between heart ventricles causing an exchange of oxygenated and ...
*  Douglas W. Owsley
The pathologists and forensic anthropologists reported that White had congenital heart disease, a ventricular septum defect ... A search of his home revealed human remains stored in acid-filled vats, a human heart in the freezer, and seven skulls ... He recorded everything that happened, noting that the heart continued beating and the lungs continued to draw breath. ...
*  ICD-9-CM Volume 3
Operations on valves and septa of heart (35.0) Closed heart valvotomy (35.1) Open heart valvuloplasty without replacement (35.2 ... Heart transplantation (37.52) Implantation of total replacement heart system Artificial heart (37.6) Implantation of heart and ... Replacement of heart valve (35.3) Operations on structures adjacent to heart valves (35.4) Production of septal defect in heart ... Other heart revascularization (36.9) Other operations on vessels of heart (37) Other operations on heart and pericardium (37.0 ...
*  List of dog diseases
... interventricular septum). It is a congenital heart disease in dogs. There usually are no signs in dogs except for a heart ... Heart valve dysplasia (including mitral and tricuspid valve dysplasia) is a congenital heart abnormality in dogs. Dysplasia of ... Heart diseases Degenerative (myxomatous) mitral valve disease* is a common cause of congestive heart failure in dogs, ... Signs depend on which side of the heart is affected. Left-sided heart failure results in rapid and/or difficulty breathing and ...
*  Foramen secundum
The septum primum is on the left side of the heart in the left atrium while the septum secundum is much thicker and is located ... The septum primum is a septum that grows down between the single primitive atrium of the developing heart to separate it into ... This defect can arise as a result of defects of the septum primium and the septum secundum. For the septum primum, the problem ... The septum primum, being much thinner, is easily pressed against the septum secundum if blood attempts to flow in the reverse ...
*  Septum
Interatrial septum, the wall of tissue that is a sectional part of the left and right atria of the heart Interventricular ... septum, the wall separating the left and right ventricles of the heart Lingual septum, a vertical layer of fibrous tissue that ... In biology, a septum (Latin for something that encloses; plural septa) is a wall, dividing a cavity or structure into smaller ... In rare instances, a septum is a cross-wall. Thus it divides a structure into smaller parts. The Septum (cell biology) is the ...
*  Atrioventricular node
... via the interatrial septum. Contraction of heart muscle cells requires depolarization and repolarization of their cell ... or AV node is a part of the electrical conduction system of the heart that coordinates the top of the heart. It electrically ... The AV node is quite compact (~1 x 3 x 5 mm). The AV node lies at the lower back section of the interatrial septum near the ... The AV node lies at the lower back section of the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus, which conducts the ...
*  Cardiac physiology
They extend throughout the myocardium from the apex of the heart toward the atrioventricular septum and the base of the heart. ... In a healthy heart, there are only two audible heart sounds, called S1 and S2. The first heart sound S1, is the sound created ... A third heart sound, S3 usually indicates an increase in ventricular blood volume. A fourth heart sound S4 is referred to as an ... Damaged hearts or those stimulated by drugs can contract at higher rates, but at these rates, the heart can no longer ...