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*  Obstetric ultrasonography
Doppler sonography can be used to evaluate the pulsations in the fetal heart and bloods vessels for signs of abnormalities. ... In most countries, routine pregnancy sonographic scans are performed to detect developmental defects before birth. This ... and to assess for congenital malformations and multiple pregnancies (i.e. twins). Additionally, the ISUOG recommends that ... When attempting to obtain fetal heart rate with a diagnostic ultrasound system, the AIUM recommends using M-mode at first ...
*  Congenital heart defect
Congenital heart defects are known by a number of names including congenital heart anomaly, congenital heart disease, heart ... A congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the ... Congenital heart defects are divided into two main groups: cyanotic heart defects and non-cyanotic heart defects, depending on ... not all heart murmurs are caused by congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are associated with an increased ...
*  Hypoplastic right heart syndrome
... is a congenital heart defect in which the right atrium and right ventricle are underdeveloped ... Any disturbances of such processes may lead to various congenital heart diseases and defects that could be initiated by various ... Young individuals who have undergone reconstructive surgery must refer to a cardiologist who is experienced in congenital heart ... Hypoplastic right heart syndrome is less common than hypoplastic left heart syndrome which occurs in 4 out of every 10,000 ...
*  Fetal echocardiography
Early prenatal diagnosis of major congenital heart defects. Carvalho JS. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Apr;13(2):155-9. Review ... Knowledge of complex congenital heart disease before delivery allows therapeutic interventions to begin immediately after birth ... Today, a dedicated fetal echocardiogram can detect nearly 100% of serious congenital heart disease. Yet most pregnant women do ... In both of these examples, knowledge about the presence and severity of congenital cardiac defects facilitated management of ...
*  Complications of pregnancy
... pre-existing disorders which can reduce a woman's physical ability to survive pregnancy include a range of congenital defects ( ... It increases the risk of congestive heart failure, heart arrhythmias, thromboembolism, and cardiac arrest. Hypothyroidism (also ... Peripartum cardiomyopathy is decrease in heart function which occurs in the last month of pregnancy, or up to 6 months post- ... The infant may be seriously affected and have a variety of birth defects. Many women with Hashimoto's disease develop an ...
*  Nasiriyah Heart Center
... treating heart conditions like ischemic heart diseases, congenital heart defects, and heart valvular malfunction. The facility ... The building is composed of 3 floors: the ground floor contains an outpatient clinic, the congenital heart defects department, ... It consists of 4 departments: a cardiology department, congenital heart defects department, anesthesia department, and cardiac ... and repair of congenital heart defects. The department also has teams that help with surgeries and staff development. The ...
*  Choanal atresia
Sometimes babies born with choanal atresia also have other abnormalities: coloboma heart defects mental retardation growth ... the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, Vijaya Kancherla, University of Iowa, 2010. Sadek SA (January 1998). "Congenital ... Choanal atresia is a congenital disorder where the back of the nasal passage (choana) is blocked, usually by abnormal bony or ... However, the only definitive treatment is surgery to correct the defect by perforating the atresia to create a nasopharyngeal ...
*  Pulmonary atresia
... there is uncertainty as to what instigates this congenital heart defect. Potential risk factors that can cause this congenital ... Another example of preliminary treatment is heart catheterization to evaluate the defect or defects of the heart; this ... "Facts about Pulmonary Atresia , Congenital Heart Defects , NCBDDD , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-24. "Pulmonic Valve ... In a normal functioning heart, the opening to the pulmonary valve has three flaps that open and close In congenital heart ...
*  Mustard procedure
Congenital Heart Defects, Simplified. Midwest EchoSolutions. pp. 63-. ISBN 978-0-9822709-0-5. Love, Barry A; Mehta, Davendra; ... Supporting ADULTS born with TGA that have had a Mustard, Senning, Rastelli or Nikaidoh Heart Procedure Congenital heart disease ... developed an alternative and simplified technique to the Senning procedure which was used to correct a congenital heart defect ... The defect causes blood from the lungs to flow back to the lungs and blood from the body to flow back to the body. This occurs ...
*  Blalock-Taussig shunt
Congenital Heart Defects, Simplified. Midwest EchoSolutions. pp. 65-. ISBN 978-0-9822709-0-5. Retrieved 24 June 2011. Partners ... had observed that children with a cyanotic heart defect and a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) lived longer than those without ... is a surgical procedure used to increase pulmonary blood flow for palliation in duct dependent cyanotic heart defects like ... as was the 2003 public television documentary Partners of the Heart. Blalock Taussig Shunt - Right Subclavian artery to right ...
*  Senning procedure
This congenital heart defect caused babies to "turn blue" due to the lack of oxygen flowing through the blood. Before this ... In this common congenital heart defect, the venous circulation drains into the right ventricle but from this chamber, blood is ... "The Mustard and Senning Procedure for Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)". Congenital Heart Defects UK. In the Footsteps ... Adult Congenital Heart Association. Retrieved February 24, 2017. Surgery for congential heart disease Long-term results of ...
*  Tetralogy of Fallot
Congenital heart defects are now diagnosed with echocardiography, which is quick, involves no radiation, is very specific, and ... "Types of Congenital Heart Defects". NHLBI. 1 July 2011. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016 ... Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart defect that is present at birth. Symptoms include episodes of bluish color to ... It is the most common complex congenital heart defect. It was initially described in 1671 by Niels Stensen. A further ...
*  Glenn procedure
ISBN 1-4160-2450-6. Yuan SM, Jing H (2009). "Palliative procedures for congenital heart defects". Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 102 (6-7 ... Downs Heart Group. "Blalock, Glenn & Fontan Procedures - Down's Heart Group". Bonita F. Stanton; Kliegman, Robert; Nelson, ... It is also part of the surgical treatment path for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. This procedure has been largely replaced by ...
*  Angiocardiography
... can be used to detect and diagnose congenital defects in the heart and adjacent vessels. The use of ... ISBN 0-7817-5098-9. Stark, Jaroslav; De Leval, Marc; Tsang, Victor T. (2006). Surgery for congenital heart defects (3rd ed.). ... Angiocardiography is contrast radiography of the heart and great vessels. A liquid radiocontrast agent, typically containing ... ISBN 0-7817-4868-2. Selzer, Arthur (1992). Understanding heart disease. University of California Press. p. 43. ISBN 0-520-06560 ...
*  Catherine Neill
Her primary interest was congenital heart defects; she discovered one type of defect, scimitar syndrome, in 1960. Catherine ... where she worked alongside Helen Mackay and developed an interest in congenital heart defects. She travelled to Canada in 1950 ... which studied the genetic and environmental factors in 5000 infants with congenital heart defects. Neill discovered and named ... She co-authored two books: The Heart of a Child (1992), aimed at parents, and The Developing Heart - A "History" of Pediatric ...
*  Ductus arteriosus
In some types of congenital heart defect (e.g., transposition of the great arteries), prostaglandins may be administered to ... "Congenital heart defects: Prostaglandins and prostaglandin inhibitors". Healthwise. My Health Alberta. Anonucci, R; Zaffanello ... in the presence of a congenital defect with impaired lung perfusion (e.g. Pulmonary stenosis and left-to-right shunt through ... Heart Circ. Physiol. 280 (5): H2342-9. PMID 11299240. Gruzdeva, A; Nguyena, M.; Kovarovob, M.; Koller, B (March 2012). "PGE2 ...
*  Young-Madders syndrome
Young, I. D.; Madders, D. J. (1987). "Unknown syndrome: holoprosencephaly, congenital heart defects, and polydactyly". Journal ... Hennekam, R. C. M.; Van Noort, G.; De La Fuente, A. A. (1991). "Familial holoprosencephaly, heart defects, and polydactyly". ... cardiac lesions and other heart defects. In one case in 1991 and another in 2000 the condition was found in siblings who were ... a spectrum of defects or malformations of the brain and face. Facial defects which may manifest in the eyes, nose, and upper ...
*  MAP3K7IP2
Mutations in MAP3K7IP2 have been associated with human congenital heart defects. MAP3K7IP2 has been shown to interact with: ... "Haploinsufficiency of TAB2 causes congenital heart defects in humans". Am J Hum Genet. 86 (6): 839-49. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg. ...
*  Homeobox protein Nkx-2.5
Scientists See Root Of 2 Heart Defects". Wall Street Journal. Fugate E. "Developing Genetic Therapies for Congenital Heart ... "GATA4 mutations cause human congenital heart defects and reveal an interaction with TBX5". Nature. 424 (6947): 443-7. doi: ... Mutations in expression are associated with congenital heart disease (CHD) and related ailments. Patients with NKX2-5 mutations ... Mutations in tinman result in loss of heart formation in the embryo, suggesting that tinman is essential for Drosophila heart ...
*  Primidone
25% of the thirty-two cases had congenital heart defects; the reported rate in cleft lip and palate was 3-5%. Meadow emphasized ... Additionally, a coagulation defect resembling Vitamin K deficiency has been observed in newborns of mothers taking primidone. ... Five years earlier, folic acid deficiency was linked to birth defects in rats. Primidone was seen by some as too valuable to ... Elevated levels of homocysteine have been linked to coronary heart disease. In 1985, both drugs were also reported to increase ...
*  Robinow syndrome
About 15% of reported patients suffer from congenital heart defects. Though there is no clear pattern, the most common ... Webber S, Wargowski D, Chitayat D, Sandor G (1990). "Congenital heart disease and Robinow syndrome: coincidence or an ... Female genital defects may include a reduced size clitoris and underdeveloped labia minora. Infrequently, the labia majora may ... Genital defects characteristically seen in males include a micropenis with a normally developed scrotum and testes. Sometimes, ...
*  Persistent left superior vena cava
Incidence, associated congenital heart defects and frontal plane P-wave axis in a paediatric population with congenital heart ... It is more frequent in patients with congenital heart defects. If an anomaly is detected during a routine ultrasound, a fetal ... Freedom RM, Culham JAG, Moes CAF (1984). Angiography of Congenital Heart Disease. New York: Macmillan Publishing. Berg C, ... ventricular septal defect, atrioventricular septal defect) that have a significant mortality and morbidity. ...
*  Trilogy of Fallot
... right ventricular hypertrophy and atrial septal defect. This disease is 1.6-1.8% of all congenital heart defects.[citation ... The trilogy of Fallot is a congenital heart disease consisting of the following defects: pulmonary valve stenosis, ... 1999). "Open-heart surgery in 48 patients via a small right anterolateral thoracotomy". Tex Heart Inst J. 26 (2): 124-8. PMC ... However, the tetralogy has a ventricular septal defect instead of an atrial one, and it also involves an overriding aorta. ...
*  Cecilia Lo
Her research focuses on the study of congenital heart defects. Lo received her bachelor's degree in biology in 1974 from the ... Lo's research focuses on the genetics and developmental biology of congenital heart defects. Her research group relies on mouse ... "Pitt Team Part of $100 Million NHLBI 'Bench to Bassinet' Effort in Congenital Heart Disease". www.upmc.com. Retrieved 2017-05- ... "Pitt Team Identifies Genes that Play Critical Role in the Development of Congenital Heart Disease". www.upmc.com. Retrieved ...
*  Honorary Marine
Jacob lost a 13-year fight with congenital heart defects. As of October 2014, there have been fewer than 100 Honorary Marine ...
*  Charles Mullins (pediatric cardiologist)
He is known for advancing cardiac catheterization techniques to treat congenital heart defects. Mullins was born in Washington ... Mullins authored Cardiac Catheterization in Congenital Heart Disease: Pediatric and Adult in 2006. The book was reviewed in the ... "Mullins Lecture to focus on innovation in stenting for congenital heart disease". Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and ... Mullins worked to advance interventional cardiology, using cardiac catheterization to repair heart defects. University of ...
*  Circulatory collapse
... some untreated congenital heart defects; failed heart transplant) Superior mesenteric artery syndrome Drugs that affect blood ... Heart Disease (myocardial infarction- heart attack; acute or chronic congestive or other heart failure, ruptured or dissecting ... Acute collapse can result from heart failure causing the primary vessels of the heart to collapse, perhaps combined with ... Ghuran, A (2000). "Recreational drug misuse: issues for the cardiologist". Heart. 83 (6): 627-633. doi:10.1136/heart.83.6.627. ...