O'Connell, Joan; Manson, Spero; Yi, Rong; Acton, Kelly; Wilson, Charlton (2010). "Racial Disparities in Health Status" (PDF). ... "Changing Patterns in Health Behaviors and Risk Factors Related to Cardiovascular Disease Among American Indians and Alaska ... Studies have also shown diabetes to be a major health problem in the Navajo Nation; a 1997 study released by the American ... A 2014 collaborative study released by the American Journal of Health, however, conducted a study in the Navajo Nation using a ...
"Rural Health Disparities Linked to Socioeconomic Status, Care Access". HealthItAnalytics. Retrieved 7 March 2021. Housing ... mental health, socioeconomic status, physical ability, or any other socially significant identifiers. Diversity in a rural ... Implications for rural health research and policy". SSM - population health. 6: 72-74. doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.08.009. ... The main causes for this disparity is socioeconomic deprivation, higher rates of uninsured persons, and a lack of and access to ...
Reisser, Peggy (2020-02-14). "UTHSC Researcher's Career Focused on Reducing Health Disparities in her Hometown". UTHSC News. ... "Newsletter of the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession: Board Member Biography--Shelley White-Means". ... "Investigators Earn $1.3 Million Grant for Health Disparities Research". www.uthsc.edu. December 24, 2009. Retrieved 2020-09-27 ... Shelley White-Means is an American health economist who is a Professor at The University of Tennessee Health Science Center ( ...
Segregation, health risks, and wealth disparities all relate to poverty. According to a study in the Journal of Economics, ... In 1988, disability and familial status (the presence or anticipated presence of children under 18 in a household) were added ( ... The differences in temperature contribute to health disparities and premature heat-related deaths. Neighborhood effects are ... Poor areas suffer from educational disparities, and a poor education translates into earnings disparities. Those who earn less ...
These health effects are not equally distributed across the U.S population; there are demographic disparities by race, ... Socioeconomic Status (SES) is an individual's or group's sociological and economic status in society. Low socioeconomic status ... "Socioeconomic Status". apa.org. Retrieved 2017-04-24. "Health, Income, and Inequality". www.nber.org. Retrieved 2017-04-24. ... People of lower socioeconomic status may more frequently have poor health, thus the effects of air pollution can incur ...
These health effects are not equally distributed across the U.S population; there are demographic disparities by race, ... ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and education. Air pollution has affected the United States since the beginning of the ... Used electronics are the quickest-growing source of waste and can have serious health impacts. The United States is the world ... Mine safety incidents have been important parts of American occupational safety and health history. Mining has a number of ...
Other reviews have found not enough evidence to determine if water fluoridation reduces oral-health social disparities. Health ... "The impact of socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity on dental health". Sociol Perspect. 50 (1): 7-25. doi:10.1525/sop.2007.50 ... Petersen PE (June 2008). "World Health Organization global policy for improvement of oral health--World Health Assembly 2007". ... Vargas CM, Ronzio CR (June 2006). "Disparities in early childhood caries". BMC Oral Health. 6 Suppl 1 (Suppl 1): S3. doi: ...
Health disparities[edit]. A recent study conducted by the London School of Economics revealed that Afro-Colombians are at an ... Health inequality has negatively affected many minorities in Colombia; particularly those from a very low socioeconomic status ... This reveals the health disparities among minority groups in Colombia in comparison with the rest of the population.[42] ... 74.6% of non-minorities groups characterized their health status as very good and good while 30.7% vs. 22.7% of indigenous and ...
"Environmental Health Disparities: A Framework Integrating Psychosocial and Environmental Concepts". Environmental Health ... this puts them at risk to environmentally racist practices that are detrimental to their health. Economic statuses and ... Health implications of living in proximity to mining operations include effects such as pregnancy complications, mental health ... Environmental racism impacts the health of the communities affected by poor environments. Various factors that can cause health ...
"Can neighborhood green space mitigate health inequalities? A study of socio-economic status and mental health". Health & Place ... Health disparities existing within and amongst communities make this issue of paramount importance. The correlation between ... The World Health Organization considers urban green spaces as important to human health. These areas have a positive impact on ... Kingsley, Marianne (April 2019). "Commentary - Climate change, health and green space co-benefits". Health Promotion and ...
"Disparities in Distribution of Particulate Matter Emission Sources by Race and Poverty Status". American Journal of Public ... "Urban Air Pollution and Health Inequities: A Workshop Report". Environmental Health Perspectives. 109 (s3): 357-374. 1 June ... Another complexity not entirely documented is how the shape of PM can affect health, except for the needle-like shape of ... Particulate mass is not a proper measure of the health hazard, because one particle of 10 μm diameter has approximately the ...
LGBT minority group health disparities Healthcare inequality LGBT people in prison#Health care Minority stress and health ... Holding the status of being not only transgender, but also Mexican and seeking asylum likely compounds health issues. Asylum ... which all contribute to health disparities. LGBT health outcomes are strongly influenced by social support networks, peers, and ... "Out for Health" Center of Excellence for Transgender Health Publications on health and social care compiled by research from ...
Research areas include Biobehavioral Sciences, Biologic Sciences, Health Disparities/Vulnerable Populations, and Health ... the school offers summer research programs and accepts applications from all qualified nursing students with junior status from ... The school is housed in the Doris and Louis Factor Health Sciences Building, known as the Factor Building, on the south end of ... In 1932 a group of public health nurses advocated for a Department of Nursing Education to be established in the College of ...
Health disparities exist between the Latino and non-Latino populations. Latinos are twice as likely as non-Latinos to say that ... including immigration status, language fluency, and cultural acceptance. In 2019, the Baltimore officials approved using funds ... "Health disparities found for Baltimore Latinos". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-05-12. "Struggling with A Population Decline ... The Highlandtown Community Health Center has a bilingual staff and provides preventative care and treatment to the Latino ...
Uninsured undocumented immigrants are ineligible for coverage options due to their immigration status. Health care access: Lack ... There are well-documented disparities in myocardial infarction survival by socioeconomic status, race, education, and census- ... World Health Organization (2008). The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update. Geneva: World Health Organization. ISBN 978-92-4- ... June 2010). "Prevention of cardiovascular disease - NICE public health guidance 25". London: National Institute for Health and ...
... and other measures of socioeconomic status). In contrast, the recent attention on decreasing health disparities uses race and ... and Health Disparities. National Academies Press. National Research Council (US) Panel on Race, Ethnicity, and Health in Later ... They argue that overemphasizing genetic contributions to health disparities carries various risks such as reinforcing ... Thus, a more fluid treatment allows for the construction of race as an achieved status rather than an ascribed status as is the ...
These indicators suggest strong gender-based disparities in areas of reproductive health, economic functioning, and overall ... In 2000, the law was amended by "The Law on Reorganization of Certain Terms and Procedures of Litigation in Personal Status ... Literacy rates for young adults (15- to 24-year-olds) show some gender-based disparity. As of 2011, overall literacy rates were ... Marriage is the formal institution wherein women's different legal status is most apparent. Official age of consent for ...
"Urbanization, urban poverty and health of the urban poor: status, challenges and the way forward." Demography India 36.1 (2007 ... Within urban environments, there are a number of disparities with regards to access to these services. For example, as of 2006 ... Economic status is highly correlated to water and sanitation service access in urban environments. But economic status is often ... "Social Determinants of Children's Health in Urban Areas in India." Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 20.4A ( ...
These disparities can be explained by factors such as socioeconomic status, air pollution, and access to health care. A birth ... "Health Science Center ranks sixth in clinical medicine". XL (7 ed.). University of Texas Health Science Center. April 3, 2007. ... "Explore Health Measures in Texas , 2017 Annual Report". America's Health Rankings. Retrieved November 13, 2018. Texas ... The Texas Department of State Health Services manages state government projects in Texas. The health insurance marketplace for ...
Mental health disorders are an important health problem for those of low socioeconomic status; they are two to five times more ... Access to health insurance and preventative medical services are one of the main reasons for socioeconomic health disparities. ... Deaths at older ages, they maintain, are more related to detrimental health-related behaviors and health status at younger ages ... Low socioeconomic status is almost universally associated with worse population health and higher death rates everywhere in the ...
Gershoff, E.T. & Font, S.A. (2016). "Corporal punishment in U.S. public schools: Prevalence, disparities in use, and status in ... A position paper of the Society for Adolescent Medicine". J Adolesc Health. 13 (3): 240-6. doi:10.1016/1054-139X(92)90097-U. ... Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health". Pediatrics. 101 (4 Pt 1): 723-8. doi:10.1542/peds.101.4.723. ... "Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health Position Statement on corporal punishment" (PDF). November 2009. Lynch, M. ( ...
"Work, Stress and Health & Socioeconomic Status". www.apa.org. Retrieved 2019-11-22. Cohen, Sheldon; Janicki-Deverts, Denise ( ... "Do Daily Stress Processes Account for Socioeconomic Health Disparities?". The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. 60 (Special_ ... Low status groups do have a poorer diet, and they do experience more stress compared to high status groups. On average, low ... Vlismas, K.; Stavrinos, V.; Panagiotakos, D. B. (2009). "Socioeconomic status, dietary habits and health-related outcomes in ...
Thus, improvements in the socioeconomic status and the decrease in disparity and health inequality are detrimental if the ... Health issues affecting Aboriginal Australians, including the incidence of type 2 diabetes, are often likened to disparities in ... has led to disparity and inequity of health between Aboriginal people and non-Aboriginal people. The history of Aboriginal ... this has seen a rapid decline in their health status. Forced to assimilate into a white, European Society, Aboriginal people ...
Socioeconomic status is the interaction between social and economic factors. It has been demonstrated that sociodemographic ... This has many downstream effects, but the most prominent of these is the toll on cardiovascular health. Metabolite profiles of ... LGBT elders face numerous disparities as they approach end-of-life. The transgender community fears the risk of hate crime, ... This may be because families of higher socioeconomic status are equipped to provide their children with resources early on to ...
At King's College, Hatch has studied urban mental health, health inequalities and disparities in how people access mental ... TIDES evaluates how various protected characteristics (socioeconomic status, gender, ethnicity, migration status) create ... Her research consider urban mental health and inequality in mental health provision. Hatch studied psychology at Indiana ... Hatch also looked at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adult mental health, showing that the lockdown and associated ...
... but also gender status. For example, in China, health disparities have distinguished medical treatment for men and women due to ... "Health Gradient , EuroHealthNet". "A Nation Free of Disparities in Health and Health Care" (PDF). U.S. Department of Health and ... on Minority Health and Health Disparities Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved Understanding Health Disparities ... Health equity, sometimes also referred to as health disparity, is defined as differences in the quality of health and ...
Ethnic disparities in health statuses among different communities is also a cause of concern. Community coalition-driven ... Community health agent Community mental health service Online health communities Prison reform University of Community Health, ... Community health can also be improved with improvements in individuals' environments. Community health status is determined by ... Community health, even population health, is not encouraged as health sectors in developing countries are not able to link the ...
Women are given equal rights under the Constitution of Ghana, yet disparities in education, employment, and health for women ... The status of women in Ghana and their roles in Ghanaian society has changed over the past few decades. There has been a slow ... implications for health promotion". BMC Women's Health. 18 (1): 129. doi:10.1186/s12905-018-0621-1. ISSN 1472-6874. PMC 6108099 ... The Ministry of Health and the Ghana AIDS Commission have helped to create policy to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Studies ...
Despite the overall good status of health, the disparities occurring in the Australian healthcare system are a problem. The ... and listings of health services Health care in Australia Immigrant health in Australia Indigenous health in Australia Child ... "The health status of a country incorporates a number of different measures to indicate the overall level of health. It is more ... Australia is a high income country, and this is reflected in the good status of health of the population overall. In 2011, ...
... occupational health and safety standards, complaint procedures, rules governing status of employees including promotions, just ... "A 2011 study drew a link between the decline in union membership since 1973 and expanding wage disparity. Those trends have ... This lack of status can range from non-recognition of a union to political or criminal prosecution of union activists and ... A union may acquire the status of a "juristic person" (an artificial legal entity), with a mandate to negotiate with employers ...
Thus, in order to break down the racial disparities these schools were intended to dismantle, magnet school programs have to be ... DeBakey High School for Health Professions in Houston, Texas is a magnet school specializing in medical sciences ... The Missouri Board of Education voted unanimously to withdraw the district's educational accreditation status from January 1, ...
Eron, Carol (1979). "Women in Medicine and Health Care". In O'Neill, Lois Decker. The Women's Book of World Records and ... Historians accept Moravian as the oldest-though not continuously operational because of its current co-ed status-specifically ... Girls only needed to read (especially religious materials). This educational disparity between reading and writing explains why ... "homemaking to the status of a respectable--though definitely female--occupation."[33] Social work, child development, and ...
The U.S. Sentencing Commission first called for reform of the 100:1 sentencing disparity in 1994 after a year-long study on the ... Bill Summary & Status - 111th Congress (2009-2010) - S.1789 - CRS Summary, thomas.loc.gov, accessed October 10, 2010. ... public health data has found that two-thirds of crack users are white or Hispanic. Third, the Act does not reduce sentences for ... The law also contained minimum sentences and other disparities between the two forms of the drug. In the three decades prior to ...
Hilliard JW, Johnson ME (2004). "State practice acts of licensed health professions: scope of practice". DePaul J Health Care ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ a b c d Haynes MJ, Vincent K, Fischhoff C, Bremner AP, Lanlo O, Hankey GJ ... there seems to be a disparity between some schools and available evidence regarding the aspect of radiography for patients with ... Mainstream health care and governmental organizations such as the World Health Organization consider chiropractic to be ...
Education and health[edit]. Main articles: Education in Brazil and Health care in Brazil ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ a b Japan Bank for International Cooperation report, November 2005, " ... Schooling among women 25-29 years has shown an even greater disparity. Among the less educated, 16.3% had no children, while ... and also public health institutions personnel and health students. The study showed that Brazilians from different regions are ...
Powell, M.L. Status and Health in Prehistory: A Case Study of the Moundville Chiefdom. Washington, DC: Smithson Inst., 1988. ... and that this disparity increases as societies become more unequal. Some status differences in society do not necessarily mean ... Dental hypoplasias provide an indicator of health status during the time in childhood when the enamel of the tooth crown is ... Higher rates of cribia orbitalia among females may indicate lesser health status, or greater survival of young females with ...
1.2 Health effects of nuclear testing. *1.3 Current status of U.S. nuclear testing ... Further evidence of sex-based disparities in radiation-induced cancers was published in the 2006 report by the National ... Overview of Hanford and Radiation Health Effects - Hanford Health Information Network - WA State Dept. of Health Archived ... Health effects of nuclear testing[edit]. The earliest concerns raised about the health effects of exposure to nuclear fallout ...
"Exploring the Intersection of Mental Health and Release Status with Recidivism" (PDF), Justice Quarterly, 31: 746-766, doi: ... Hartney, C. and Vuong, L. "Created Equal: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the US Criminal Justice System" (2009). ... "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08.. ... "Evid Based Mental Health. 12 (2): 33-36. doi:10.1136/ebmh.12.2.33. Archived from the original on 2014-05-27.. ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ Johnson, S., 2004. An empirical examination of union density in six ... "A 2011 study drew a link between the decline in union membership since 1973 and expanding wage disparity. Those trends have ... health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a ... This lack of status can range from non-recognition of a union to political or criminal prosecution of union activists and ...
Committee on Lesbian Health Research Priorities; Neuroscience and Behavioral Health Program; Health Sciences Policy Program, ... As equality was a priority for lesbian-feminists, disparity of roles between men and women or butch and femme were viewed as ... and used their outlaw status to form social circles in Paris and Berlin. Lesbian began to describe elements of a subculture.[18 ... Neuroscience and Behavioral Health Program [and] Health Sciences Policy Program, Health Sciences Section, Institute of Medicine ...
... www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/drugs-linked-to-brain-damage-30-years-ago-2127504.html ... RONI CARYN RABIN, "Disparities: Study Finds Risk in Off-Label Prescribing"[1] ... Sorel L; Mechler L; Harmant J. (1981). "Comparative trial of intravenous lorazepam and clonazepam im status epilepticus". 》Clin ... Evidence-Based Mental Health》 8 (1): 7. doi:10.1136/ebmh.8.1.7. PMID 15671498.. ...
"Disparities in Abortion Rates: A Public Health Approach". American Journal of Public Health. 103 (10): 1773. doi:10.2105/ajph. ... Current legal statusEdit. Federal legislationEdit. Since 1995, led by congressional Republicans, the U.S. House of ... Legal in case of danger to woman's health (2). Legal in case of danger to woman's health, rape or incest, or likely damaged ... "Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, a publication of the Guttmacher Institute: Digests. 36 (3): 133. doi:10.1111/j. ...
Health problems with the highest disparity (compared with the non-Indigenous population) in incidence[220] are outlined in the ... The Tent Embassy was given heritage status in 1995, and celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2012,[92] making it the longest, ... HealthEdit. Further information: Indigenous health in Australia. Indigenous Australians were twice as likely to report their ... In health services, Kelvin Kong became the first Indigenous surgeon in 2006 and is an advocate of Indigenous health issues.[251 ...
Gold D.R., Wright R. (2005)։ «Population disparities in asthma»։ Annu Rev Public Health 26: 89-113։ PMID 15760282։ doi:10.1146/ ... 101,0 101,1 Shah R., Saltoun, C. A. (May-Jun 2012)։ «Chapter 14: Acute severe asthma (status asthmaticus)»։ Allergy and Asthma ... 30,0 30,1 editors Andrew Harver, Harry Kotses (2010)։ Asthma, health and society a public health perspective։ New York: ... American Lung Association (June 2001)։ «Urban air pollution and health inequities: a workshop report.»։ Environmental Health ...
Public healthEdit. Further information: Sanitation § Health_aspects. The negative public health impacts of open defecation are ... Legal statusEdit. In certain jurisdictions, open or public defecation is a criminal offense which can be punished with a fine ... and large disparities between rich and poor.[3](p11) ... Wikipedia's health care articles can be viewed offline with the ... Research from India has shown that detrimental health impacts (particularly for early life health) are even more significant ...
The LCME cited curricular issues as a central feature that prompted the probationary status [39] ... MESA: Center for Health Disparities. *Nathan Shock Center of Excellence in the Basic Biology of Aging ... The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, d/b/a UT Health San Antonio is an institute of health science ... UT Health San Antonio is the largest health sciences university in South Texas. UT Health San Antonio serves San Antonio and ...
Social issues such as racial profiling,[123] the racial disparity in sentencing,[124] higher rates of poverty,[125] lower ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Kim Pearson *^ "Root shock: The consequences of African American ... As a result, more health-conscious African Americans are using alternative methods of preparation, eschewing trans fats in ... "Racial Disparity in Sentencing: A Review of the Literature" (PDF). The Sentencing Project. Archived from the original (PDF) on ...
National Health Interview SurveyEdit. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) provides information on the health status of ... disparities in the use and quality of care; and diffusion of health care technologies, including drugs, surgical procedures, ... NHIS is the Nation's largest in-person household health survey, providing data on health status, access to and use of health ... and health-related behaviors. National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyEdit. The National Health and Nutrition ...
"Two questions can reveal mobility problems in seniors - Harvard Health Blog - Harvard Health Publications". Health.harvard.edu ... In the Modern period, the "cultural status" of old people has declined in many cultures.[103]:7 Joan Erikson observed that " ... In most parts of the world women live, on average, longer than men; even so, the disparities vary between 12 years in Russia to ... Audiometric results from the 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey". Health Reports. 26 (7): 18-25. PMID 26177043.. ...
Public health also takes various actions to limit the health disparities between different areas of the country and, in some ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). *^ "The Top 10 Global Health Issues to Watch in 2013". Intrahealth.org. ... Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, and occupational health are also important areas of public health. ... Mental health. Main article: Mental health. The World Health Organization describes mental health as "a state of well-being in ...
Resolving these problems can bring about improvement in an individual's mental health status and anxiety levels.[26][27] ... However, disparities were found among the different types of recovery workers.[214][215] The rate of probable PTSD for first ... "World Health Organization. Retrieved 15 November 2018.. *^ a b c d Brewin, Chris R.; Cloitre, Marylène; Hyland, Philip; Shevlin ... "Measuring trauma and health status in refugees: a critical review". JAMA. 288 (5): 611-21. doi:10.1001/jama.288.5.611. PMID ...
Health institutions. Baylor College of Medicine. UH College of Medicine. UTHealth. MD Anderson Cancer Center. Texas A&M Health ... Status[edit]. Being part of The University of Texas System, MD Anderson Cancer Center is managed under a nonprofit structure; ... healthcare disparities, diversity and advocacy, histotechnology, medical dosimetry, molecular genetic technology, diagnostic ... "HEALTH AFFAIRS COMMITTEE: Committee Chairman Oxford". The University of Texas System. August 9, 2001. Archived from the ...
"Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2 (1): 34-42. doi:10.1007/s40615-014-0045-z. ISSN 2196-8837. PMID 26863239.. ... AFR/RC39/R1 and AFR/RC40/R9 attempted to improve the status of mental health care in specific African regions to combat its ... U.S. Public Health Service (1999). "Overview of Mental Health Services". Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. ... "What is Mental Health and Mental Illness? , Workplace Mental Health Promotion". Workplace Mental Health Promotion.. ...
a b Gold DR, Wright R (2005). "Population disparities in asthma". Annu Rev Public Health 26: 89-113. PMID 15760282. doi:10.1146 ... a b Shah, R; Saltoun, CA (2012 May-Jun). "Chapter 14: Acute severe asthma (status asthmaticus).". Allergy and asthma ... a b editors, Andrew Harver, Harry Kotses, (2010). Asthma, health and society a public health perspective. New York: Springer. ... "Environ Health Perspect 116 (7): 845-53. PMC 2453150. PMID 18629304. doi:10.1289/ehp.10846. Cite uses deprecated parameter , ...
Health. Main article: Gender disparities in health. Although in general men suffer from many of the same illnesses as women, ... Anthropology has shown that masculinity itself has social status, just like wealth, race and social class. In Western culture, ... This article is missing information about men's clothing, education, family lives, health, history, and work. Please expand the ... "World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014.. *. Halberstam, Judith (2004). "'Female masculinity' ...
... of an individual's health status. The unique status of genetic information and inherited disease has a number of ramifications ... Cooper RS, "Genetic factors in ethnic disparities in health," in Anderson NB, Bulatao RA, Cohen B, eds., Critical perspectives ... and health outcomes. Association studies can produce spurious results if cases and controls have differing allele frequencies ... to search for interactions between particular alleles and environmental factors that might influence health.[37][38] ...
World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.11. ISBN 9283204298. *↑ ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ ۳٫۵ "Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ ... The UCSF Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment (CAPRA) score predicts both pathologic status and recurrence after surgery. It ... Disparities also extend into areas such as detection, with governments failing to fund or mandate prostate cancer screening ... World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.11. ISBN 9283204298.. *^ a b "SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Prostate Cancer". NCI. ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 April 2014 ... "Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2009: 1-5. doi:10.1155/2009/281876. PMC 2778824. PMID 19936128.. ... an intentional disparity that reflects the varying actual percentage. Until late 2010, fuel retailers were only authorized to ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ Reyes, J. W. (2007). "The Impact of Childhood Lead Exposure on Crime". ...
There is a clear pattern of the purchasing power parity method decreasing the disparity in GDP between high and low income (GDP ... These inequalities often occur on the lines of race, ethnicity, gender, religion, or other minority status within countries. ... The dimensions of the index included health, economic, workplace, income, jobs, housing, civic engagement, life satisfaction ... the evaluation framework included GDP per capita, Gini (income inequality), life satisfaction, health, freedom of life choices ...