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*  Skull fracture
CT in Head Trauma" Head Trauma at Emedicine.com Skull Fractures at MedPix After the Injury- Children's Hospital Of Philadelphia ... It can be caused during an assault with a weapon where the initial blow penetrates the skull and the underlying meninges and, ... rock or getting kicked in the head. These types of fractures-which occur in 11% of severe head injuries-are comminuted ... Thus they are rare, occurring as the only fracture in only 4% of severe head injury patients. Basilar fractures have ...
*  Spinal cord injury
Injuries or fractures in the head, neck, or pelvis as well as penetrating trauma near the spine and falls from heights are ... sports injuries involving the head or neck, and diving injuries are other mechanisms that indicate a high SCI risk. Since head ... this can coexist with or cause injury to the spinal cord, but each injury can occur without the other. Spinal cord injury ... In 44% of SCI cases, other serious injuries are sustained at the same time; 14% of SCI patients also suffer head trauma or ...
*  Complications of traumatic brain injury
As many as 50% of people with penetrating head injuries will develop seizures. People with early seizures, those occurring ... the more severe the head injury, the greater the risk of developing AD. Some evidence indicates that a head injury may interact ... Most of these injuries develop within a few weeks of the initial trauma and result from skull fractures or penetrating injuries ... van der Naalt J (2001). "Prediction of outcome in mild to moderate head injury: A review". Journal of Clinical and Experimental ...
*  Traumatic brain injury
... closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). Head ... All traumatic brain injuries are head injuries, but the latter term may also refer to injury to other parts of the head. ... However, the terms head injury and brain injury are often used interchangeably. Similarly, brain injuries fall under the ... Levin HS, Benton AL, Grossman R (1982). "Historical review of head injury". Neurobehavioral Consequences of Closed Head Injury ...
*  Post-traumatic epilepsy
About 50% of patients with penetrating head trauma develop PTE, and missile injuries and loss of brain volume are associated ... Seizures that occur after head injury are not necessarily due to epilepsy or even to the head trauma. Like anyone else, TBI ... The nature of the head trauma also influences the risk of PTE. People who suffer depressed skull fractures, penetrating head ... Since head trauma is fairly common and epilepsy can occur late after the injury, it can be difficult to determine whether a ...
*  Penetrating head injury
A penetrating head injury, or open head injury, is a head injury in which the dura mater, the outer layer of the meninges, is ... penetrating head trauma does. A person with a penetrating head injury may be evaluated using X-ray, CT scan, or MRI (MRI can ... similar to the course of cellular and metabolic events that follow other head injuries may follow penetrating head injuries. ... a perforating head injury is a wound in which the object passes through the head and leaves an exit wound. In penetrating ...
*  Penetrating trauma
The prognosis for penetrating head injuries varies widely. Penetrating facial trauma can pose a risk to the airway and ... penetrating injuries may be associated with secondary injuries, due for example to a blast injury. High-velocity objects are ... While penetrating head trauma accounts for only a small percentage of all traumatic brain injuries, it is associated with a ... Injuries from firearms are the leading cause of TBI-related deaths. Penetrating head trauma can cause cerebral contusions and ...
*  Head injury
... head injury is where the dura mater remains intact. The skull can be fractured, but not necessarily. A penetrating head injury ... A head injury is any injury that results in trauma to the skull or brain. The terms traumatic brain injury and head injury are ... brain injury Canadian CT Head Injury/Trauma Rule New Orleans/Charity Head Trauma/Injury Rule PECARN Pediatric Head Injury/ ... Head injuries include both injuries to the brain and those to other parts of the head, such as the scalp and skull. Head ...
*  Causes of mental disorders
Head trauma is classified as either open or closed head injury. In open head injury the skull is penetrated and brain tissue is ... either open head injury or closed head injury)and the amount of tissue destroyed. Symptoms of closed injury head trauma tend to ... Closed head injury is more common, the skull is not penetrated but there is an impact of the brain against the skull which can ... Symptoms of open injury head trauma tend to be the experience of classic neuropsychological syndromes like aphasia, visual- ...
*  Tracheal intubation
Damage to the brain (such as from a massive stroke, non-penetrating head injury, intoxication or poisoning) may result in a ... Severe blunt or penetrating injury to the face or neck may be accompanied by swelling and an expanding hematoma, or injury to ... A history of previous surgery (e.g., previous cervical fusion), injury, radiation therapy, or tumors involving the head, neck ... Under certain emergency circumstances (e.g., severe head trauma or suspected cervical spine injury), it may be impossible to ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C10)
... head injuries, penetrating MeSH C10.900.300.837 --- intracranial hemorrhage, traumatic MeSH C10.900.300.837.150 --- brain ... post-head injury MeSH C10.900.300.218 --- cranial nerve injuries MeSH C10.900.300.218.150 --- abducens nerve injury MeSH ... optic nerve injuries MeSH C10.900.300.350 --- head injuries, closed MeSH C10.900.300.350.300 --- brain concussion MeSH C10.900. ... abducens nerve injury MeSH C10.292.262.500 --- facial nerve injuries MeSH C10.292.262.750 --- optic nerve injuries MeSH C10.292 ...
*  Decompressive craniectomy
2010 to assess the optimal management of patients with medically refractory ICP following diffuse non-penetrating head injury. ... showing that the study cannot be generalized to all patients with severe non-penetrating brain injury. Lastly, despite being ... "Aspects on decompressive craniectomy in patients with traumatic head injuries". Journal of Neurotrauma. 23 (10): 1502-9. doi: ... "Outcome following decompressive craniectomy for malignant swelling due to severe head injury". Journal of Neurosurgery. 104 (4 ...
*  Closed head injury
A mechanism-based TBI classification system divides traumatic brain injuries (TBI) into closed and penetrating head trauma; ... Closed head injury is a type of traumatic brain injury in which the skull and dura mater remain intact. Closed-head injuries ... Common closed-head injuries include: concussion - a head injury resulting in temporary dysfunction of normal brain function. ... Common symptoms of a closed-head injury include: headache dizziness nausea vomiting slurred speech Severe head injuries can ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C21)
... optic nerve injuries MeSH C21.866.915.300.450 --- head injuries, closed MeSH C21.866.915.300.475 --- head injuries, penetrating ... eye injuries, penetrating MeSH C21.866.986.500 --- head injuries, penetrating MeSH C21.866.986.900 --- wounds, gunshot MeSH ... head injuries, closed MeSH C21.866.260.538 --- head injuries, penetrating MeSH C21.866.260.616 --- intracranial hemorrhage, ... post-head injury MeSH C21.866.260.237 --- cranial nerve injuries MeSH C21.866.260.237.162 --- abducens nerve injury MeSH ...
*  Axotomy
A traumatic brain injury is defined as a blunt non-missile penetrating or missile injury to the head. It has been shown that ... Inflammation of the head is often slow to onset after injury, and can lead to a fatal rise in cerebral pressure. A recently ... In: Reilly PL, Bullock R (eds) Head injury. Pathophysiology and management. Hodder Arnold, London, pp 41-72] [ Chan, Julie L., ... Upon injury of a peripheral axon, the entire neuron immediately reacts in order to regenerate the axon. This reaction requires ...
*  Cycling in London
... other chest injury, not bruising; deep penetrating wound; fracture; deep cuts/lacerations; other head injury; crushing; burns ( ... severe head injury, unconscious; severe chest injury, any difficulty breathing; internal injuries; multiple severe injuries, ... injuries to casualties who die 30 or more days after the accident from injuries sustained in that accident. Barclays Cycle Hire ... Fatality and serious injury figures from Transport for London. Transport for London uses the Department for Transport's ...
*  Tactical combat casualty care
Penetrating head trauma (if present, administer antibiotics) Assume a spinal (neck) injury until cleared If impending ... Penetrating Eye Trauma - If penetrating eye injury is noted or suspected: Perform a rapid field test of visual acuity and ... assessing for traumatic brain injury or head injuries, treating burns, spling fractures, and dressing non-life-threatening ... Encourage, reassure, and explain care Communicate with next level of care and relay mechanism of injury, injuries sustained, ...
*  Death of Linda Norgrove
... "penetrating fragment injuries to the head and chest."[dead link] In February 2011 the coroner recorded a narrative verdict ... They subsequently located Norgrove, badly wounded in a nearby gully, and she died later from her injuries. Initial reports said ... A joint official investigation by the United Kingdom and the United States later concluded that her fatal injuries were ... Head of Joint Force Support, UK Forces Afghanistan) were appointed to lead a joint UK and US investigation. It was reported on ...
*  Tracheobronchial injury
Laryngotracheal injuries occur in 8% of patients with penetrating injury to the neck, and TBI occurs in 2.8% of blunt chest ... Spinal cord injury, facial trauma, traumatic aortic rupture, injuries to the abdomen, lung, and head are present in 40-100%. ... of the penetrating injuries to the neck that cause tracheal injury. Throughout most of history the mortality rate of TBI was ... A crush injury of the larynx or cervical trachea can occur in head-on collisions when the neck is hyperextended and strikes the ...
*  Expert Field Medical Badge
... a penetrating chest wound Perform needle chest decompression Treat an open abdominal wound Treat a casualty with an open head ... injury Immobilize a suspected fracture of the arm Treat eye lacerations/contusions/extrusions Medical and Casualty Evacuation ... self from chem/bio contamination with protective mask Decontaminate self with chemical decon kits Protect self from CBRN injury ...
*  Major trauma
... sometimes is classified by body area; injuries affecting 40% are polytrauma, 30% head injuries, 20% chest trauma, ... Intentional injury is a common cause of traumas. Penetrating trauma is caused when a foreign body such as a bullet or a knife ... Injury prevention strategies are commonly used to prevent injuries in children, who are a high risk population. Injury ... The healing time of an injury depends on various factors including sex, age, and the severity of injury. The symptoms of injury ...
*  Subdural hematoma
Imaging in Subdural Hematoma at eMedicine Penetrating Head Trauma at eMedicine Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) - Definition, ... Chapter 5, "Pathology of brain damage after head injury" Cooper P and Golfinos G. 2000. Head Injury, 4th Ed. Morgan Hill, New ... Concussion Diffuse axonal injury Epidural hematoma Extra-axial hemorrhage Intra-axial hemorrhage Head injury Subarachnoid ... Acute subdural hematomas that are due to trauma are the most lethal of all head injuries and have a high mortality rate if they ...
*  Formula 1 Powerboat World Championship
Neck Restraint device similar to that worn by their Formula One automobile racing counterparts to combat head and neck injuries ... Potential future safety features include collapsible bows that would deform rather than penetrate another hull.[citation needed ... Matters came to a head when, in an attempt to extract an even greater advantage, Renato Molinari turned up with two engines on ... F1 drivers now also wear a HANS Head and ... "another death or serious injury, and they were out". OMC were ...
*  Memory disorder
... and may lead to cases of amnesia depending on the severity of the injury. Head injury can give rise to either transient or ... but this is often more common in cases of penetrating lesions. Damage to the frontal or anterior temporal regions have been ... "Post-traumatic stress disorder following minor and severe closed head injury: 10 single cases". Brain Injury. 10 (10): 749-58. ... As a result, recent controversy has emerged about whether severe head injury and amnesia exclude the possibility of post- ...
*  Cerebral contusion
Chapter 5, "Pathology of Brain Damage After Head Injury" Cooper P and Golfinos G. 2000. Head Injury, 4th Ed. Morgan Hill, New ... "Penetrating Head Trauma." Emedicine.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-10. http://kobiljak.msu.edu/CAI/Pathology/Trauma_F/Trauma_3.html ... Often caused by a blow to the head, contusions commonly occur in coup or contre-coup injuries. In coup injuries, the brain is ... Contusion occurs in 20-30% of severe head injuries. A cerebral laceration is a similar injury except that, according to their ...
*  Sasha Hammer
Following Norman Osborn's fall from power, Hammer reappears out in the open alongside her mother Justine as the heads of Hammer ... thoracic or corticospinal injuries. Weighing four and a half tons, the "oversized" Detroit Steel towers over Iron Man, at ... which can penetrate Iron Man's Bleeding Edge Armor. There are rocket-powered munitions on the suit's shoulders. The rotary ...
*  Post-traumatic amnesia
About a third of patients with mild head injury are reported to have "islands of memory", in which the patient can recall only ... the inability of vasopressin to penetrate the blood brain barrier when administered as a nasal spray, inadequate dosing and ... This idea is supported by the fact that there is an increase in acetylcholine concentrations in the brain after head injury. ... van der Naalt J (2001). "Prediction of outcome in mild to moderate head injury: A review". Journal of Clinical and Experimental ...