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*  Hapten
... inhibition or "semi-hapten" is the inhibition of a type III hypersensitivity response. In inhibition, free hapten ... The concept of haptens emerged from the work of Karl Landsteiner who also pioneered the use of synthetic haptens to study ... Sometimes the small-molecule hapten can even block immune response to the hapten-carrier adduct by preventing the adduct from ... Once the body has generated antibodies to a hapten-carrier adduct, the small-molecule hapten may also be able to bind to the ...
*  Dextran 1
... is a hapten inhibitor that greatly reduces the risk for anaphylactic reactions when administering dextran. Dextran 1 ... Ljungstrom, K.; Willman, B.; Hedin, H. (1993). "Hapten inhibition of dextran anaphylaxis. Nine years of post-marketing ...
*  Squaric acid
A. M. Holzer; L. L. Kaplan; W. R. Levis (2006). "Haptens as drugs: contact allergens are powerful topical immunomodulators". J ...
*  Keyhole limpet hemocyanin
... and abundance of lysine residues for coupling haptens allows a high hapten:carrier protein ratio, increasing the likelihood of ... Haptens are substances with a low molecular weight such as peptides, small proteins and drug molecules that are generally not ... Haptens can be coupled to KLH using several methods. A simple one-step coupling can be performed using the carbodiimide ... A sulfhydryl-containing hapten can then be reacted with the KLH to complete the immunogen without causing polymerization. The ...
*  Immunogen
The hapten-carrier complex, unlike free hapten, can act as an immunogen and can induce an immune response. Until 1959, the ... An explicit example is a hapten. Haptens are low-molecular-weight compounds that may be bound by antibodies, but cannot elicit ... Consequently, the haptens themselves are nonimmunogenic and they cannot evoke an immune response until they bind with a larger ... OVA is soluble in Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO), which enables the conjugation of haptens that are not soluble in aqueous buffers. ...
*  Dinitrophenyl
It is a hapten used in vaccine preparation. Dinitrophenyl does not elicit any immune response on its own and it does not bind ...
*  Computational immunology
Singh MK, Srivastava S, Raghava GP, Varshney GC (January 2006). "HaptenDB: a comprehensive database of haptens, carrier ... proteins and anti-hapten antibodies". Bioinformatics. 22 (2): 253-5. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/bti692. PMID 16443637. Wang X, ...
*  SNP genotyping
The assay uses hapten-labelled nucleotides in a primer extension reaction. The hapten label is recognized by anti-bodies, which ...
*  Illumina Methylation Assay
Hybridization is followed by single-base extension with hapten-labeled dideoxynucleotides. The ddCTP and ddGTP are labeled with ... Fluorescence staining and scanning of chip After incorporation of these hapten-labeled ddNTPs, multi-layered ...
*  Urushiol
Hapten, small molecules that can elicit an immune response under certain conditions. Mango trees, which may cause cross- ... Instead, it attaches to certain proteins of the skin, where it acts as a hapten, leading to a type IV hypersensitive reaction. ...
*  Folate targeting
Yi YS, Ayala-López W, Kularatne SA, Low PS (July 2009). "Folate-targeted hapten immunotherapy of adjuvant-induced arthritis: ... comparison of hapten potencies". Mol. Pharm. 6 (4): 1228-36. doi:10.1021/mp900070b. PMID 19374407. K.Viveksarathi et al., ...
*  Chromosome combing
DNA regions of interest are observed by hybridising them with probes labelled by haptens like biotin; this can then be bound by ...
*  Warm antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia
There are two models for this: the hapten model and the autoantibody model. The hapten model proposes that certain drugs, ... especially penicillin and cephalosporins, will bind to certain proteins on the red cell membrane and act as haptens (small ...
*  Tetrafluorophenyl esters
Tetrafluorophenyl (TFP) esters chemistry typically used to attach fluorophores or haptens to the primary amines of biomolecules ...
*  Antigen
A hapten is a small molecule that changes the structure of an antigenic epitope. In order to induce an immune response, it ...
*  Globoside alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
"Biosynthesis of Forssman hapten from globoside by alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase of guinea pig tissues". Biochem. ...
*  Immunotransplant
Treatment of metastatic melanoma with autologous, hapten-modified melanoma vaccine: regression of pulmonary metastases. Int J ...
*  Immune tolerance
Repeated administration of antibiotics, which can form haptens to cause allergic reactions, can also reduce antibiotic ...
*  Stomatitis
Finally, there is substantially less keratin in oral mucosa, meaning that there is less likelihood that haptens will form. ... Allergens, which may be different for different individuals, combine with epithelial-derived proteins, forming haptens which ...
*  Immunolabeling
The hapten is covalently linked to the primary antibody by succinyl imidesters or conjugated IgG Fc-specific Fab sections. ... Secondly, haptenylated primary antibodies can be used, where the secondary antibody can recognize the associated hapten. ...
*  Avax Technologies
... then treated with the hapten 2,4-Dinitrophenol. When reinjected back into the patient, the hapten will cause an enhanced immune ...
*  Alfred Nisonoff
This research took advantage of the technique of quantitative hapten inhibition, originally developed by Karl Landsteiner. ...
*  Ulrich von Andrian
His laboratory has also identified a subset of natural killer cells that acquires antigen-specific memory to haptens and ...
*  Immune network theory
I. Differential suppressive effect of carrier-primed T cells on hapten-specific IgM and IgG antibody responses". J. Exp. Med. ...
*  Senescence
... haptens) to biopolymers. Under normal aerobic conditions, approximately 4% of the oxygen metabolized by mitochondria is ...