Loading...
*  Amelanism
... but may also be engulfed by other cells, which are then called melanophages. Hair acquires pigment from melanocytes in the root ... Melanin is also present in the inner ear, and is important for the early development of the auditory system. Melanin is also ... Stem cells in the neural crest give rise to the cells of the autonomic nervous system, supportive elements of the skeleton such ... In humans, various mutations of the MC1R gene result in red hair, blond hair, fair skin, and susceptibility to sundamaged skin ...
*  Presbycusis
Auditory hair cell loss is permanent damage due to the inability of these cells to regenerate. Therefore, deafness due to this ... Hair cell development is mediated by Notch signaling, which exerts lateral inhibition onto hair cells. Notch signaling in ... it contains hair cells with stereocilia, which extend to the tectorial membrane. The organ's outer hair cells play a ... supporting hair cells leads to prevention of differentiation in surrounding hair cells. After identifying a potent γ-secretase ...
*  Human nutrition
Phosphorus is a component of every cell, as well as important metabolites, including DNA, RNA, ATP, and phospholipids. Also ... and hair) and form the enzymes which catalyse chemical reactions throughout the body. Each protein molecule is composed of ... reduced auditory and visual function, and impaired physical performance. The harm caused by iron deficiency during child ... disorders of cell metabolism, certain forms of cancer, symptoms of premature aging, and poor psychological health (including ...
*  Fight-or-flight response
"HOW CELLS COMMUNICATE DURING THE FIGHT OR FLIGHT RESPONSE". University of Utah. Archived from the original on 8 August 2013. ... The cat shows accelerated heartbeat, piloerection (hair standing on end, normally to dissipate heat), and pupil dilation, all ... Relaxation of bladder Inhibition of erection Auditory exclusion (loss of hearing) Tunnel vision (loss of peripheral vision) ... This boost of energy is activated by epinephrine binding to liver cells and the subsequent production of glucose. Additionally ...
*  Temporal bone
The auditory bulla is homologous with the tympanic part of the temporal bone. Two parts of the hyoid arch: the styloid process ... With air cell development, the outer part of the mastoid component grows anteroinferiorly to form the mastoid process, with the ... where grey hairs usually appear early on. Or it may relate to the pulsations of the underlying superficial temporal artery, ... One (proötic) appears in the neighborhood of the eminentia arcuata, spreads in front and above the internal auditory meatus and ...
*  Domestic pig
Pig cells have been engineered to inactivate all 62 PERVs in the genome using CRISPR Cas9 genome editing technology, and ... Pigs use auditory stimuli extensively as a means of communication in all social activities. Alarm or aversive stimuli are ... Most bristled pigs will "blow their coat", meaning that they shed most of the longer, more-coarse stiff hair once a year, ... The extent to which pigs have colour vision is still a source of some debate; however, the presence of cone cells in the retina ...
*  Limenitis arthemis
These two forelegs often have brush-like hairs, which is a key identifier of the Nymphalidae family. The Limenitidini tribe ... Lasting about 7 days, the eggs have a grey-green color with kite-shaped cells surrounding a central circular structure. Lasting ... Fullard, James H; Napoleone, Nadia (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the ... Fullard, James H; Napoleone, Nadia (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the ...
*  Drosophila melanogaster
Each photoreceptor cell consists of two main sections, the cell body and the rhabdomere. The cell body contains the nucleus, ... Lehnert, B. P.; Baker, A. E.; Gaudry, Q; Chiang, A. S.; Wilson, R. I. (2013). "Distinct roles of TRP channels in auditory ... males have a cluster of spiky hairs (claspers) surrounding the reproducing parts used to attach to the female during mating. ... Each ommatidium contains eight photoreceptor cells (R1-8), support cells, pigment cells, and a cornea. Wild-type flies have ...
*  EGR2
"Scientists find skin cells at the root of balding, gray hair". UT Southwestern Medical Center. Retrieved 9 May 2017. Rangnekar ... and auditory (VII) nerves, the proximal nerve roots coming off of these ganglia were disorganized and intertwined among one ... It is later expressed in the neural crest derived cells of the cranial ganglion. The protein encoded by Krox20 contains two ... Unoki M, Nakamura Y (April 2003). "EGR2 induces apoptosis in various cancer cell lines by direct transactivation of BNIP3L and ...
*  List of alien races in Marvel Comics
A humanoid race with yellow skin and toe-less, flat feet, no hair, four lungs, and special glands in the stomach. They have the ... Exposure to Earth's yellow sun grants them super-powers, as their cells have the ability to absorb and metabolize solar energy ... A semi-humanoid race that possess telepathic abilities enabling them to understand any auditory language and translate it ... A humanoid race with yellow skin and orange or yellow hair. They are governed by local military dictatorships, tend to be ...
*  Glossary of bird terms
Prior to fertilization, the yolk is a single cell ovum or egg cell; one of the few single cells that can be seen by the naked ... Stiff, hair-like, tapering feathers with a large rachis but few barbs found around the eyes and the base of the beak of some ... doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1941.tb00620.x. Power, D. M. (1966). "Antiphonal duetting and evidence for auditory reaction time in ... These consist of pits in the bill's surface lined with cells that sense pressure changes. The assumption is that these cells ...
*  House mouse
They have short hair and some, but not all, sub-species have a light belly. The ears and tail have little hair. The hind feet ... Nyby JG (2001). "Auditory Communication among Adults". In Willott JF. Handbook of Mouse Auditory Research: From Behavior to ... of mice is basically similar to that of humans but differs in that they are dichromats and have only two types of cone cells ... The tail, which is used for balance, has only a thin covering of hair as it is the main peripheral organ of heat loss in ...
*  Glutamate transporter
... underlies nonsyndromic deafness DFNA25 and inner hair cell dysfunction in null mice". American Journal of Human Genetics. 83 (2 ... in auditory system, the VGluT3 is involved in fast excitatory glutamatergic transmission very similar to the another two ... We found that EAAT3 and DAT are expressed in the same cells, as well as in axons and dendrites. However, the subcellular co- ... When glutamate is taken up into glial cells by the EAATs, it is converted to glutamine and subsequently transported back into ...
*  Hemoencephalography
The PFC is an ideal target for HEG due to both its location on the scalp (behind the forehead, where there is no hair to ... Photoelectric cells in a spectrophotometer device worn on the forehead measure the amount of each wavelength of light reflected ... red/infrared light refraction is displayed as a visual signal on a computer monitor and may also be translated into an auditory ... Due to interference from hair, only the forehead or bald regions of the scalp can be trained using current technology, whereas ...
*  Trigona spinipes
This conflict may explain why Trigona spinipes, unlike honeybees, lay male and female eggs in identical cells. This makes it ... Their main weapon against predatory animals, including human beings, is to entangle themselves in the victim's hair and buzz ... They will also aggressively penetrate human bodily openings such as nasal and auditory orifices when in attack mode. T. ...
*  Calcium in biology
Gillespie, P. G.; Cyr, J. L. (2004). "Myosin-1c, the hair cell's adaptation motor". Annual Review of Physiology. 66: 521-45. ... Ca2+ ion flow regulate several secondary messenger systems in neural adaptation for visual, auditory, and the olfactory system ... "Cell Biology by the Numbers: What are the concentrations of different ions in cells?". book.bionumbers.org. Retrieved 24 March ... Ca2+ ions are an essential component of plant cell walls and cell membranes, and are used as cations to balance organic anions ...
*  Snake
"Progressive Loss of Function in a Limb Enhancer during Snake Evolution". Cell. 167: 633-642.e11. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2016.09.028 ... Medusa is described as a hideous mortal, with snakes instead of hair and the power to turn men to stone with her gaze. After ... Friedel, P; Young, BA; van Hemmen, JL (2008). "Auditory Localization of Ground-Borne Vibrations in Snakes". Phys. Rev. Lett. ... The thymus is located in fatty tissue above the heart and is responsible for the generation of immune cells in the blood. The ...
*  Jumping spider
In addition to receptor cells, also red filters have been detected, located in front of the cells that normally register green ... Unlike females, males possess plumose hairs, colored or iridescent hairs (particularly pronounced in the peacock spiders), ... It has also recently been discovered that many males have auditory signals as well. These amplified sounds presented to the ... Physiological experiments have shown they may have up to four different kinds of receptor cells, with different absorption ...
*  Arthropod
The cuticle may have setae (bristles) growing from special cells in the epidermis. Setae are as varied in form and function as ... but are connected directly to nerves rather than to auditory ossicles. The antennae of most hexapods include sensor packages ... after the highly irritant hairs - the spider's main defense system - are removed. Humans also unintentionally eat arthropods in ... Each ommatidium is an independent sensor, with its own light-sensitive cells and often with its own lens and cornea. Compound ...
*  Methadone
... expressed in human embryonic kidney cell lines. Methadone has a slow metabolism and very high fat solubility, making it longer ... Suicidal ideation Susceptibility to cravings Depression Spontaneous orgasm Prolonged insomnia Delirium Auditory hallucinations ... in retaining people in treatment and in the reduction or cessation of heroin use as measured by self-report and urine/hair ...
*  ICD-9-CM Volume 3
Hair transplant (86.65) Heterograft to skin (86.66) Homograft to skin (86.7) Pedicle grafts or flaps (86.8) Other repair and ... Reconstruction of external auditory canal (18.7) Other plastic repair of external ear (18.71) Construction of auricle of ear ( ... 1 bacterial smear 2 culture 3 culture and sensitivity 4 parasitology 5 toxicology 6 cell block and Papanicolaou smear 9 other ... Bone marrow or hematopoietic stem cell transplant (41.1) Puncture of spleen (41.2) Splenotomy (41.3) Diagnostic procedures on ...
*  Gluten-sensitive enteropathy-associated conditions
Mäkelä M, Oling V, Marttila J, Waris M, Knip M, Simell O, Ilonen J (2006). "Rotavirus-specific T cell responses and cytokine ... auditory, schizophrenia, epilepsy, dementia. The problem is that while these are found increased in GSE, the cause of these ... no effect of a gluten-free diet on hair growth". Dermatology. 200 (2): 108-10. doi:10.1159/000018340. PMID 10773696. Bondavalli ... RCD 1 involves precancerous tissues in which transformed T-cells continue to produce a response even though gluten is no longer ...
*  Outline of human anatomy
Auditory ossicles Stapes Incus Malleus Articulations of auditory ossicles Ligaments of auditory ossicles Muscles of auditory ... Integumentary system Skin Epidermis Dermis Hairs Downy hair (Lanugo) Skin glands Sweat gland Sebaceous gland Nail Lunule Breast ... the study of cells). Human body Anatomy Gross anatomy Microscopic anatomy Cytology Histology The following list of human ... Auditory ossicles - see sense organs) Vertebral column Vertebral canal Vertebra (this category contains parts of a vertebra) ...
*  Cat
Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the ... Heffner, Henry E. (May 1998). "Auditory awareness". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 57 (3-4): 259-268. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591 ... and Light-adapted Cat Retinal Ganglion Cells". Journal of Neuroscience. 13 (4): 1543-1550. PMID 8463834. Heffner, Rickye S. ( ...
*  Mitogen-activated protein kinase
... inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase protects against both aminoglycoside and acoustic trauma-induced auditory hair cell death ... The latter phosphorylate a number of substrates important for cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, cell division and ... They regulate cell functions including proliferation, gene expression, differentiation, mitosis, cell survival, and apoptosis. ... Cell. 136 (6): 1085-97. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2009.01.049. PMC 2777755 . PMID 19303851. Gustin MC, Albertyn J, Alexander M, ...