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*  Staphylococcus rostri
... is a Gram-positive, coagulase-negative member of the bacterial genus Staphylococcus consisting of ... nov., a haemolytic bacterium isolated from the noses of healthy pigs". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary ...
*  Staphylococcus aureus
A Gram stain is first performed to guide the way, which should show typical Gram-positive bacteria, cocci, in clusters. Second ... Staphylococcus aureus (also known as golden staph) is a Gram-positive, round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the ... gram-positive coccal (round) bacterium also known as "golden staph" and "oro staphira". S. aureus is non-motile and does not ... Menichetti F (2005). "Current and emerging serious Gram-positive infections". Clin Microbiol Infect. 11 (Suppl 3): 22-8. doi: ...
*  Gram-negative bacterial infection
... but it is classified in MeSH as both gram-positive and gram-negative. It has some traits of gram-positive bacteria, but has a ... gram-negative bacteria, and certain gram-positive bacteria share a similar protein antigen". J. Bacteriol. 173 (7): 2398-400. ... Gram-negative bacterial infection refers to a disease caused by gram-negative bacteria. One example is E. coli. It is important ... it is sometimes considered separately from other gram-negative bacteria. Gardnerella is often considered gram-negative, ...
*  Ceragenix Pharmaceuticals
Active against a range of gram positive and gram negative bacteria, these agents are being developed as anti-infective medical ...
*  Anaerococcus
... is a genus of bacteria. Its type species is Anaerococcus prevotii. These bacteria are Gram-positive, anaerobic, ... Murphy, Elizabeth Carmel; Frick, Inga-Maria (2013). "Gram-positive anaerobic cocci - commensals and opportunistic pathogens". ...
*  Gram-positive bacteria
Both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria commonly have a surface layer called an S-layer. In Gram-positive bacteria, the S ... Gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly ... In general, Gram-positive bacteria are monoderms and have a single lipid bilayer whereas Gram-negative bacteria are diderms and ... Gram-negative bacteria's S-layer is attached directly to the outer membrane). Specific to Gram-positive bacteria is the ...
*  TLR4
... a component present in many Gram-negative bacteria (e.g. Neisseria spp.) and select Gram-positive bacteria. Its ligands also ... found in most gram-negative bacteria. Mutations in this gene have been associated with differences in LPS responsiveness. TLR4 ... Lorenz E, Mira JP, Frees KL, Schwartz DA (May 2002). "Relevance of mutations in the TLR4 receptor in patients with gram- ... of the TLR4 in humans have been identified and for some of them an association with increased susceptibility to Gram-negative ...
*  Bacilli
All Bacilli are gram-positive bacteria. Several related concepts make use of similar words, and the ambiguity can create ... For example, E. coli is a rod-shaped bacterium that can be described as "a bacillus", but it stains Gram-negative and does not ... does not necessarily indicate the Gram-positive staining common to class Bacilli. ... Not all members of class Bacilli are rod-shaped (Staphylococcus is spherical), and many other rod-shaped bacteria that do not ...
*  Atypical bacteria
... are bacteria that do not color with gram-staining but rather remain colorless: they are neither Gram-positive ... Gram-positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer in their cell wall, which retains the crystal violet during Gram ... Gram-negative bacteria have a thin peptidoglycan layer which does not retain the crystal violet, so when safranin is added ... Ricketsiaceae are technically Gram-negative, but are too small to stain well, so are often considered atypical. Peptidoglycans ...
*  Signal recognition particle RNA
The gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis encodes a larger 6S SRP RNA which resemble the Archaeal homologs but lacks SRP ... Some Gram-positive bacteria (e.g. Bacillus subtilis) have a longer eukaryote-like SRP RNA that includes an Alu domain. In ... In most bacteria, the SRP consists of an RNA molecule (4.5S) and the Ffh protein (a homologue of the eukaryotic SRP54 protein ... In the bacteria, genes are organized in operons and transcribed by RNA polymerase.[citation needed] The 5'-end of the small ( ...
*  Sortase
Proft T, Baker EN (February 2009). "Pili in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria - structure, assembly and their role in ... Sortases occur in almost all Gram-positive bacteria and the occasional Gram-negative (e.g. Shewanella putrefaciens) or Archaea ... Ton-That H, Marraffini LA, Schneewind O (November 2004). "Protein sorting to the cell wall envelope of Gram-positive bacteria ... Ton-That H, Schneewind O (May 2004). "Assembly of pili in Gram-positive bacteria". Trends in Microbiology. 12 (5): 228-234. doi ...
*  Class II bacteriocin
... s are a class of small peptides that inhibit the growth of various bacteria. Many Gram-positive bacteria ... that shows a broad antimicrobial spectrum against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Bacteriocin AS-48 is encoded ... and a few other Gram-positive bacteria. These peptides act as pore-forming toxins that create cell membrane channels through a ... Ennahar S, Sonomoto K, Ishizaki A (1999). "Class IIa bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria: antibacterial activity and food ...
*  Nic site
Grohmann E, Muth G, Espinosa M (2003). "Conjugative Plasmid Transfer in Gram-positive Bacteria." Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 67(2): ...
*  Transfer gene
... are some genes necessary for non-sexual transfer of genetic material in both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The tra ... ISBN 0-306-44376-7. Grohmann E, Muth G, Espinosa M (2003). "Conjugative Plasmid Transfer in Gram-Positive Bacteria". ... Transposon Mutagenesis in Gram Negative Bacteria". Nature Biotechnology. 1 (9): 784-791. doi:10.1038/nbt1183-784. Clewell D, et ... Some genes are only found in a few species or a single genus of bacteria while others (such as traL) are found in very similar ...
*  Cytolysin
A wide variety of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria use cytolysin as their primary weapon for creating diseases, such as ... One specific type of cytolysin is the Cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC). CDCs exist in many Gram-positive bacteria. The ... focused on the membrane penetrating models of RTX toxins, a family of MDT secreted by many gram-negative bacteria. The ... "The cholesterol-dependent cytolysin family of gram-positive bacterial toxins." Cholesterol Binding and Cholesterol Transport ...
*  Autoinducer
Similar to Gram-negative bacteria, the autoinduction and quorum sensing system in Gram-positive bacteria is conserved, but ... Whereas Gram-negative bacteria primarily use acylated homoserine lactones, Gram-positive bacteria generally use oligopeptides ... AI-2, which is also produced and used by a number of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, is believed to be an ... Quorum sensing is a phenomenon that allows both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria to sense one another and to regulate a ...
*  New York City Agar
Vancomycin is inhibitory for gram-positive bacteria. Colistin inhibits gram negative bacteria, including Pseudomonas species, ... Colonies may be selected for Gram-staining, subculturing or other diagnostic procedures. Fauer, Weisburd, Wilson and May, 1973 ... The combination of trimethoprim and colistin acts synergistically against gram-negative bacilli. Starch neutralizes the toxic ... Med., 29, 613 MacFaddin J. F., 1985, Media for Isolation-Cultivation-Identification-Maintenance of Medical Bacteria, Vol. 1, ...
*  Periorbital cellulitis
Antibiotics are aimed at gram positive bacteria. Medical attention should be sought if symptoms persist beyond 2-3 days. ...
*  Virgisporangium
... is a genus of gram-positive bacteria. Virgisporangium are rod-shaped, motile, and form spores. They require ...
*  Microbacterium oleivorans
... is a Gram-positive and crude-oil-degrading bacterium from the genus of Microbacterium which has been ... nov., novel crude-oil-degrading Gram-positive bacteria". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55 ...
*  Brilliant green (dye)
an informal colloquialism for "the green"]. Brilliant green is effective against Gram-positive bacteria. The main advantage of ...
*  Ureibacillus
... is a genus of gram-positive bacteria. Ureibacilli are motile and form spherical endospores. The type species of ... as well as several newly discovered similar strains of bacteria. Fortina MG; Pukall R; Schumann P; Mora D; Parini C; Manachini ...
*  Cadmium resistance transporter
These proteins are found in Gram-positive bacteria. Their mode of energy coupling has not been investigated, but is ...
*  Thiostrepton
It is also active against gram-positive bacteria. It is notable that ointments for human usage contain neomycin, nystatin, and ... Thiostrepton is used in molecular biology as a reagent for both positive and negative selection of genes involved in nucleotide ... Thiostrepton has been used in veterinary medicine in mastitis caused by gram-negative organisms and in dermatologic disorders. ...
*  Daptomycin
... is bactericidal against Gram-positive bacteria only. It has proven in vitro activity against enterococci (including ... Daptomycin is approved for use in adults in the United States for skin and skin structure infections caused by Gram-positive ... LY 146032 showed promise in phase I/II clinical trials for treatment of infection caused by Gram-positive organisms. Lilly ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Tally FP, DeBruin MF (October 2000). "Development of daptomycin for gram-positive ...
*  New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 1
The most common bacteria that make this enzyme are gram-negative such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, but the ... "Dissemination of NDM-1 positive bacteria in the New Delhi environment and its implications for human health: an environmental ... a chemical compound GSK 299423 was found to significantly fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria by making such bacteria ... Bacteria that produce carbapenemases are often referred to in the news media as "superbugs" because infections caused by them ...
*  Clofoctol
It is used in the treatment of respiratory tract and ear, nose and throat infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. It is ... It is only functional against Gram-positive bacteria. It penetrates into human lung tissue. "Gramplus" (in Italian). Studio ... Combe J, Simonnet F, Yablonsky F, Simonnet G (1980). "[Clofoctol binding by the bacteria (author's transl)]". J Pharmacol (in ...