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*  List of MeSH codes (B03)
... gram-negative aerobic rods and cocci MeSH B03.440.400.425.100 --- acetobacteraceae MeSH B03.440.400.425.100.100 --- Acetobacter ... gram-positive asporogenous rods MeSH B03.510.460.400.400 --- gram-positive asporogenous rods, irregular MeSH B03.510.460.400. ... gram-negative anaerobic cocci MeSH B03.440.425.400.500 --- Megasphaera MeSH B03.440.425.400.750 --- Thiocapsa MeSH B03.440. ... gram-negative anaerobic straight, curved, and helical rods MeSH B03.440.425.410.096 --- acidaminococcaceae MeSH B03.440.425.410 ...
*  Clindamycin
Most aerobic Gram-negative bacteria (such as Pseudomonas, Legionella, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella) are resistant to ... Anaerobic, Gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria, including some Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, and Prevotella, although resistance is ... It is most effective against infections involving the following types of organisms: Aerobic Gram-positive cocci, including some ... 64 μg/ml When testing a Gram-positive culture for sensitivity to clindamycin, it is common to perform a "D-Test" to determine ...
*  Anaerobic infection
The routine use of an aminoglycoside or another second agent effective against gram-negative facultative and aerobic bacilli is ... The clinically important anaerobes in decreasing frequency are: 1. Six genera of Gram-negative rods (Bacteroides, Prevotella, ... Gram-negative cocci (mainly Veillonella spp.) . The frequency of isolation of anaerobic bacterial strains varies in different ... Gram-positive cocci (primarily Peptostreptococcus spp.); 3. Gram-positive spore-forming (Clostridium spp.) and nonspore-forming ...
*  Paracoccus denitrificans
... is a gram-negative, coccus, non-motile, denitrifying (nitrate-reducing) bacterium. It is typically a rod-shaped bacterium but ... While these features are found randomly distributed in other species of aerobic bacteria, to date all of these are only found ... Like all gram-negative bacteria, it has a double membrane with a cell wall. Formerly known as Micrococcus denitrificans, it was ... Metabolically Paracoccus denitrificans is very flexible and has been recorded in soil in both aerobic or anaerobic environments ...
*  Burkholderia mallei
... is a Gram-negative, bipolar, aerobic bacterium, a Burkholderia-genus human and animal pathogen causing ... its shape is something between a rod and a coccus measuring some 1.5-3.0 μm in length and 0.5-1.0 μm in diameter with rounded ... which would partially neutralize the negative charge of the phosphate groups necessary for the interaction with the positively ...
*  Dental pellicle
After a few days anaerobic gram negative cocci, rods, and filaments begin to colonize the plaque. After several weeks the cocci ... The first bacteria to attach to these pellicle glycoproteins are gram positive aerobic cocci such as Streptococcus sanguinis. ... rods, and filaments grow together forming colonies known as corncobs. This anaerobic environment causes facultative anaerobes ...
*  Alcaligenes
... is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The species are motile with one or more peritrichous ... They are rods, coccal rods, or cocci, sized at about 0.5-1.0 x 0.5-2.6 μm. They are obligately aerobic, but some can undergo ... Gram-negative aerobe of the family Alcaligenaceae. This species is most commonly found in the alimentary tract as a harmless ...
*  Arcanobacterium haemolyticum
Organisms are Gram-positive, facultative anaerobic, catalase-negative rods (but transition to the coccal shape occurs as the ... It is catalase-negative, aerobic, beta-hemolytic, and not motile. It is part of the normal flora of the pharynx, but it may ... since Arcanobacterium is rod-shaped and Streptococcus is coccus-shaped. A. haemolyticum infection is most common in 15- to 25- ... Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, formerly known as Corynebacterium hæmolyticum, is a species of bacteria classified as a gram- ...
*  Broad-spectrum antibiotic
The most commonly encountered groupings of bacteria include gram-positive cocci, gram-negative bacilli, atypical bacteria, and ... The morphology of the organism may be classified as cocci, diplococci, bacilli (also known as "rods"), spiral-shaped or ... aerobic or anaerobic), patterns of hemolysis, or other chemical properties. ... "gram-positive," those that take up the counterstain only are "gram-negative," and those that remain unstained are referred to ...
*  Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus
Vampirovibrio chorellavorus is a 0.6 µm pleomorphic cocci with a gram negative cell wall, and is one of the few known predatory ... Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus is a gram-negative obligate aerobic and epibiotic parasitic bacterium with a curved comma shape. ... and vibrio referring to the bacterial genus of curved rod bacterium. Chlorellavorus is named for the host of the bacterium ( ... such as gram-negative bacteria. In a subsequent experiment, chickens, highly susceptible to cecal or gut infections, were used ...
*  Dental plaque
... more complex flora with rods, filamentous forms 7-14 days: Vibrio species, spirochetes, more Gram-negative organisms Dental ... primarily Gram-positive cocci Older biofilm (3-4 days): increased numbers of filaments and fusiforms 4-9 days undisturbed: ... It is made up of mostly aerobic bacteria, meaning these bacteria need oxygen to survive. If plaque remains on the tooth for a ... Redox reactions are carried out by aerobic bacteria. This keeps the oxygen levels in the mouth at a semi-stable homeostatic ...
*  Neisseria bacilliformis
N. bacilliformis is nonmotile and it undergoes aerobic respiration. It stains Gram negative and has been successfully cultured ... With the exceptions of N. elongata and N. weaveri, most members of the genus Neisseria have a cocci or diplococci cellular ... Bovre, K; Holten E (January 1970). "Neisseria elongata sp.nov., a Rod-shaped Member of the Genus Neisseria. Re-evaluation of ... It tests positive for the oxidase test and negative for indole production. No acid is produced in the presence of dextrose, ...
*  Gut flora
Gram-positive cocci and rod-shaped bacteria are the predominant microorganisms found in the small intestine. However, in the ... Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative spiral organism that establishes on gastric mucosa causing chronic gastritis and peptic ... Aerobic bacteria can make an infection worse by using up all available oxygen and creating an environment favorable to ... Negative effects from this have led to interest in selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD), a treatment to kill only ...
*  Mesophile
Escherichia coli is a gram-negative, rod-shaped facultative anaerobic bacterium that does not produce spores. The bacterium is ... Aerobic respiration requires the use of oxygen and anaerobic does not. There are three types of anaerobes. Facultative ... There are three basic shapes of mesophiles: coccus, bacillus, and spiral. The habitats of mesophiles can include cheese and ... Mesophiles belonging to the domain Bacteria can either be gram-positive or gram-negative. Gram-positive bacteria have a cell ...
*  Bacteria
... gram-positive cocci, gram-positive bacilli, gram-negative cocci and gram-negative bacilli). Some organisms are best identified ... Most bacterial species are either spherical, called cocci (sing. coccus, from Greek kókkos, grain, seed), or rod-shaped, called ... In aerobic organisms, oxygen is used as the electron acceptor. In anaerobic organisms other inorganic compounds, such as ... called Gram-positive and Gram-negative. The names originate from the reaction of cells to the Gram stain, a long-standing test ...
*  Halobacterium
In shape, they may be either rods or cocci, and in color, either red or purple. They reproduce using binary fission (by ... of eukaryotic-like RNA polymerase II and translational machinery that are related to Escherichia coli and other Gram-negative ... They grow on amino acids in their aerobic conditions. Their cell walls are also quite different from those of bacteria, as ... Halobacterium species are rod-shaped and enveloped by a single lipid bilayer membrane surrounded by an S-layer made from the ...
*  Bacterial taxonomy
... includes a monophyletic Gram negative clade, a monophyletic Gram positive clade, and a polyphyletic Archeota derived from Gram ... gram stain, aerobic conditions and motility. This system changed with the study of metabolic phenotypes, where metabolic ... The main ones being: Bacteria were at first classified based solely on their shape (vibrio, bacillus, coccus etc.), presence of ... plural "Moneres") in German Bacillus-a genus of spore-forming rod shaped bacteria first described in 1835 Spirochaeta-thin ...
*  Magnetotactic bacteria
Commonly observed morphotypes include spherical or ovoid cells (cocci), rod-shaped (bacilli), and spiral bacteria of various ... all MTB studied so far are motile by means of flagella and are Gram-negative bacteria of various phyla: Despite the majority of ... These conclusions are also supported by the fact that MTB cultured in aerobic conditions (and thus nonmagnetic) contain amounts ... mainly the magnetotactic cocci-are polar magneto-aerotactic. These magnetotactic bacteria will travel along the lines of the ...
*  Candidate division TM7
... a rod occurring in short chains, a thick filament and cocci; the former may be the cause of Eikelboom type 0041 (bulking ... The majority of bacterial phyla are Gram-negative diderms, whereas only the Firmicutes, the Actinobacteria and Chloroflexi are ... Xie, S.; Sun, W.; Luo, C.; Cupples, A. M. (2010). "Novel aerobic benzene degrading microorganisms identified in three soils by ... In a recent study, the first cultivated TM7 (TM7x) from the human oral cavity revealed that TM7 is an extremely small coccus ( ...