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*  Glyoxylate oxidase
In enzymology, a glyoxylate oxidase (EC 1.2.3.5) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction glyoxylate + H2O + O2 ⇌ {\ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is glyoxylate:oxygen oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and ... displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } oxalate + H2O2 The 3 substrates of this enzyme are glyoxylate, H2O, and O2, whereas its two ...
*  Glyoxylate cycle
The two cycles differ in that in the glyoxylate cycle, isocitrate is converted into glyoxylate and succinate by ICL instead of ... isocitrate undergoes cleavage into succinate and glyoxylate (the latter gives the cycle its name). Glyoxylate condenses with ... The glyoxylate cycle bypasses the steps in the citric acid cycle where carbon is lost in the form of CO2. The two initial steps ... Glyoxylate is subsequently combined with acetyl-CoA to produce malate, catalyzed by MS. Malate is also formed in parallel from ...
*  Glyoxylate reductase
Glyoxylate is an important component of the glyoxylate cycle, a variant of the citric acid cycle, whereby acetyl-CoA is ... Glyoxylate is important in the plant cell as it can deactivate RUBISCO and inhibit its activation. Hence, glyoxylate levels are ... Glyoxylate reductase uses NAD(P)H to reduce an oxoacid (glyoxylate) to its corresponding α-hydroxy acid (glycolate). This class ... Glyoxylate reductase (EC 1.1.1.26), first isolated from spinach leaves, is an enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of glyoxylate ...
*  Glyoxylate dehydrogenase (acylating)
In enzymology, a glyoxylate dehydrogenase (acylating) (EC 1.2.1.17) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is glyoxylate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (CoA-oxalylating). This enzyme participates in ... H+ The 3 substrates of this enzyme are glyoxylate, CoA, and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are oxalyl-CoA, NADPH, and H+. This ... glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. Quayle JR; Taylor GA (1961). "Carbon assimilation by Pseudomonas oxalaticus (OX1). 5. ...
*  Glyoxylate reductase (NADP+)
Other names in common use include NADPH-glyoxylate reductase, and glyoxylate reductase (NADP+). This enzyme participates in ... glyoxylate + NADPH + H+ Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are glycolate and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are glyoxylate ... In enzymology, a glyoxylate reductase (NADP+) (EC 1.1.1.79) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction glycolate + NADP+ ... Cartwright LN; Hullin RP (1966). "Purification and properties of two glyoxylate reductases from a species of Pseudomonas". ...
*  Serine-glyoxylate transaminase
In enzymology, a serine-glyoxylate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.45) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-serine + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase. This enzyme participates in glycine, serine ... King J, Waygood ER (1968). "Glyoxylate aminotranferases from wheat leaves". Can. J. Biochem. 46 (8): 771-9. doi:10.1139/v68-127 ... Smith IK (1973). "Purification and characterization of serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase from kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris ...
*  Kynurenine-glyoxylate transaminase
In enzymology, a kynurenine-glyoxylate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.63) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L- ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-kynurenine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (cyclizing). This enzyme is also called ... the two substrates of this enzyme are L-kynurenine and glyoxylate, whereas its two products are 4-(2-aminophenyl)-2,4- ... kynurenine + glyoxylate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 4-(2-aminophenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate + glycine Thus, ...
*  Alanine-glyoxylate transaminase
In enzymology, an alanine-glyoxylate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.44) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-alanine + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase. Other names in common use include AGT, ... Noguchi T, Okuno E, Takada Y, Minatogawa Y, Okai K, Kido R (1978). "Characteristics of hepatic alanine-glyoxylate ... Thompson JS, Richardson KE (1967). "Isolation and characterization of an L-alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase from human ...
*  Methionine-glyoxylate transaminase
In enzymology, a methionine-glyoxylate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.73) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L- ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-methionine:glyoxylate aminotransferase. Other names in common use include ... the two substrates of this enzyme are L-methionine and glyoxylate, whereas its two products are 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate and ... methionine + glyoxylate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate + glycine Thus, ...
*  Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
... describes a variety of reactions involving glyoxylate or dicarboxylates. Glyoxylate is ... "Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism". at KEGG. "Subsystem: Glyoxylate bypass". National Microbial Pathogen Data Resource. ... and threonine metabolism which provides hydroxypyruvate and glyoxylate, purine metabolism which provides glyoxylate, pyruvate ... The glyoxylate cycle describes an important subset of these reactions involved in biosynthesis of carbohydrates from fatty ...
*  Aromatic-amino-acid-glyoxylate transaminase
In enzymology, an aromatic-amino-acid-glyoxylate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.60) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is aromatic-amino-acid:glyoxylate aminotransferase. Harada I, Noguchi T, Kido R (1978 ... the two substrates of this enzyme are aromatic amino acid and glyoxylate, whereas its two products are aromatic oxo acid and ... "Purification and characterization of aromatic-amino-acid-glyoxylate aminotransferase from monkey and rat liver". Hoppe-Seyler's ...
*  The Lincolnshire Poacher
The melody is used in Harold Baum's "The Glyoxylate Cycle" in The Biochemists' Songbook, and in the 1950 novelty song "The ... "The Biochemists' Songbook MP3 Files , The Glyoxylate Cycle mp3". csulb.edu. Retrieved 11 December 2014. Marching band sample ...
*  AGXT2
It catalyzes the conversion of glyoxylate to glycine using L-alanine as the amino donor. "Entrez Gene: Alanine--glyoxylate ... Baker, P. R. S.; Cramer, S. D.; Kennedy, M.; Assimos, D. G.; Holmes, R. P. (2004). "Glycolate and glyoxylate metabolism in ... The human AGXT2 gene encodes the protein Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase 2. The protein encoded by this gene is a class III ... Rodionov, R. N.; Murry, D. J.; Vaulman, S. F.; Stevens, J. W.; Lentz, S. R. (2009). "Human Alanine-Glyoxylate Aminotransferase ...
*  Lewis acid catalysis
Enantioselective Catalysis of the Glyoxylate−Ene Reaction". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 120 (23): 5824-5825. doi: ... 2-butene and methyl glyoxylate. Lewis-acid catalyzed carbonyl addition reactions are routinely used to form carbon-carbon bonds ...
*  Bisoxazoline ligand
Enantioselective Catalysis of the Glyoxylate−Ene Reaction". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 120 (23): 5824-5825. doi: ... Catalytic Enantioselective Anti Aldol Additions of Enolsilanes to Glyoxylate and Pyruvate Esters". Journal of the American ...
*  Isocitrate lyase
... threo-Ds-isocitrate glyoxylate-lyase, and isocitrate glyoxylate-lyase. This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate ... In the glyoxylate cycle, malate synthase then catalyzes the condensation of glyoxylate and acetyl-CoA to form malate so the ... More research is needed to identify inhibitors that selectively target enzymes in the glyoxylate cycle. Glyoxylate cycle ... is an enzyme in the glyoxylate cycle that catalyzes the cleavage of isocitrate to succinate and glyoxylate. Together with ...
*  Tartronate-semialdehyde synthase
... and glyoxylate carboxy-lyase (dimerizing). This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. It has 2 ... In enzymology, a tartronate-semialdehyde synthase (EC 4.1.1.47) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 2 glyoxylate ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is glyoxylate carboxy-lyase (dimerizing tartronate-semialdehyde-forming). Other names ... GUPTA NK, VENNESLAND B (1964). "GLYOXYLATE CARBOLIGASE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI: A FLAVOPROTEIN". J. Biol. Chem. 239: 3787-9. PMID ...
*  GRHPR
Glyoxylate reductase/hydroxypyruvate reductase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GRHPR gene. This gene encodes an ... "Entrez Gene: GRHPR glyoxylate reductase/hydroxypyruvate reductase". Takaoka N, Takayama T, Miyazaki M, Nagata M, Ozono S (Dec ... Booth MP, Conners R, Rumsby G, Brady RL (2006). "Structural basis of substrate specificity in human glyoxylate reductase/ ... "Identification and expression of a cDNA for human hydroxypyruvate/glyoxylate reductase". Biochim Biophys Acta. 1446 (3): 383-8 ...
*  3-ethylmalate synthase
... and 3-ethylmalate glyoxylate-lyase (CoA-butanoylating). This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is butanoyl-CoA:glyoxylate C-butanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 1- ... and glyoxylate, whereas its two products are 3-ethylmalate and CoA. This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, ... glyoxylate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 3-ethylmalate + CoA The 3 substrates of this enzyme are butanoyl-CoA, H2O, ...
*  Oxalyl-CoA decarboxylase
This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. It employs one cofactor, thiamin diphosphate (TPP), and ...
*  L(+)-tartrate dehydratase
This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. It has 2 cofactors: iron, and Thiol. HURLBERT RE, JAKOBY ...
*  Oxalate oxidase
This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. It has 2 cofactors: FAD, and Manganese. As of late 2007, 4 ...
*  Tartrate dehydrogenase
This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. It employs one cofactor, manganese. Kohn LD, Packman PM, ...
*  2-hydroxy-3-oxopropionate reductase
This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for ...
*  3-propylmalate synthase
This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. IMAI K, REEVES HC, AJL SJ (1963). "N-PROPYLMALATE ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is pentanoyl-CoA:glyoxylate C-pentanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 1- ... and glyoxylate, whereas its two products are 3-propylmalate and CoA. This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, ... glyoxylate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 3-propylmalate + CoA The 3 substrates of this enzyme are pentanoyl-CoA, H2O, ...