*Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

... and glycerolphosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH). However, glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is not the same as glyceraldehyde 3- ... Older terms for glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase include alpha glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (alphaGPDH) ... "Kinetic regulation of the mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by the external NADH dehydrogenase in Saccharomyces ... Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase consists of two protein domains. The N-terminal domain is an NAD-binding domain, and the C- ...

*Aldolase A

Vértessy BG, Orosz F, Ovádi J (1991). "Modulation of the interaction between aldolase and glycerol-phosphate dehydrogenase by ... Ovádi J, Mohamed Osman IR, Batke J (1983). "Interaction of the dissociable glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and fructose-1,6- ...

*List of MeSH codes (D08)

... glycerolphosphate dehydrogenase MeSH D08.811.682.047.150.700.400.500 --- glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (nad+) MeSH D08.811 ... acyl-coa dehydrogenases MeSH D08.811.682.660.150.100 --- acyl-coa dehydrogenase MeSH D08.811.682.660.150.150 --- acyl-coa ... 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 MeSH D08.811.682.047.436.174.600 --- 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 ... l-lactate dehydrogenase MeSH D08.811.682.047.551.500 --- l-lactate dehydrogenase (cytochrome) MeSH D08.811.682.047.605 --- ...

*Pyruvate carboxylase

MacDonald MJ, Tang J, Polonsky KS (Nov 1996). "Low mitochondrial glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase and pyruvate carboxylase in ... "Normalization by insulin of low mitochondrial glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase and pyruvate carboxylase in pancreatic islets of ... As such OAA is converted into malate by mitochondrial Malate dehydrogenase (MDH). After export into the cytosol, malate is ...

*Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1

The encoded cytosolic protein and mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase also form a glycerol phosphate shuttle that ... Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPD1 gene. This gene encodes a member of the ... Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1". Retrieved 2017-03-23. Gudayol M, Vidal J, Usac EF, Morales A, Fabregat ME, Fernández- ... "Crystal structures of human glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (GPD1)". J. Mol. Biol. 357 (3): 858-69. doi:10.1016/j.jmb. ...

*Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+)

L-alpha-glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase, L-alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, L-glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase, L- ... alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+), glycerol 1-phosphate dehydrogenase, glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+), ... glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, NAD+-alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, NAD+-dependent glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase, ... Other names in common use include alpha-glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+), ...

*Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+)

... glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, (phosphate)), glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+), ... In enzymology, a glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+] (EC 1.1.1.94) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ... Kito M, Pizer LI (1969). "Purification and regulatory properties of the biosynthetic L-glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase from ... Kinetic characterization of wild type and feedback-resistant forms of the biosynthetic sn-glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase". ...

*Glycerol-3-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase (NADP+)

Other names in common use include glycerol phosphate (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate), dehydrogenase, L-glycerol 3 ... NADPH-dependent glycerin-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and glycerol-3-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase (NADP+). Glushankov PE, Epifanova ... In enzymology, a glycerol-3-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase (NADP+) (EC 1.1.1.177) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ... "Pentose phosphate pathway of carbohydrate metabolism and NADP-dependent glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in some ...

*Glycerol phosphate shuttle

February 2006). "Involvement of a glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in modulating the NADH/NAD+ ratio provides evidence of a ... In this shuttle, the enzyme called cytoplasmic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (GPDH-C) converts dihydroxyacetone ... gets converted back to dihydroxyacetone phosphate by an inner membrane-bound mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2 ...

*Adenosine triphosphate

Another malate dehydrogenase-catalyzed reaction occurs in the opposite direction, producing oxaloacetate and NADH from the ... the glycerol-phosphate shuttle) because the inner mitochondrial membrane is impermeable to NADH and NAD+. Instead of ... In the mitochondrion, pyruvate is oxidized by the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex to the acetyl group, which is fully oxidized ... transferring the generated NADH, a malate dehydrogenase enzyme converts oxaloacetate to malate, which is translocated to the ...

*Malate-aspartate shuttle

... mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase and cytosolic malate dehydrogenase. The two malate dehydrogenases are differentiated by ... Glycerol phosphate shuttle Mitochondrial shuttle Lu, M; Zhou, L; Stanley, WC; Cabrera, ME; Saidel, GM; Yu, X (2008). "Role of ... The primary enzyme in the malate-aspartate shuttle is malate dehydrogenase. Malate dehydrogenase is present in two forms in the ... First, in the cytosol, malate dehydrogenase catalyses the reaction of oxaloacetate and NADH to produce malate and NAD+. In this ...

*Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (quinone)

... glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase, glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase (acceptor), glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase (FAD), glycerol ... L-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, mGPD, mitochondrial glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase, NAD+-independent glycerol phosphate ... Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.5.3, alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase ( ... MacDonald, M.J.; Brown, L.J. (1996). "Calcium activation of mitochondrial glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase restudied". Arch. ...

*Histidine

Glutamate can then be deaminated by glutamate dehydrogenase or transaminated to form α-ketoglutarate. The histidine amino acid ... His7 splits phosphoribulosylformimino-AICAR-P to form D-erythro-imidazole-glycerol-phosphate. After, His3 forms imidazole ...

*Cellular respiration

Lactate formation is catalyzed by lactate dehydrogenase in a reversible reaction. Lactate can also be used as an indirect ... if glycerol phosphate shuttle transfers hydrogen atoms) or 2 × 2.5 ATP (malate-aspartate shuttle) 2 NADH+H+ from the oxidative ... Pyruvate is oxidized to acetyl-CoA and CO2 by the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). The PDC contains multiple copies of ... H+ to mitochondrial FAD by the glycerol phosphate shuttle located in the inner mitochondrial membrane. 2.5 in case of malate- ...

*Fructolysis

NADP+-dependent malate dehydrogenase, citrate lyase, acetyl CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, as well as pyruvate ... and to fat cells where it is metabolized primarily to glycerol phosphate for triglyceride synthesis as well as energy ... dehydrogenase. Although not a consistent finding among metabolic feeding studies, high refined fructose diets have been shown ... 3-phosphate by triosephosphate isomerase or undergo reduction to glycerol 3-phosphate by glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase. ...

*Biosynthesis

Aspartate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase catalyzes the reduction reaction by dephosphorylation of aspartyl-β-phosphate to yield ... all of these steps are catalyzed by the glycerol phosphate acyltransferase enzyme. Phospholipid synthesis continues in the ... Aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of aspartyl phosphate to yield aspartate ... The other pathway for incorporating nitrogen onto the α-carbon of amino acids involves the enzyme glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH ...

*List of EC numbers (EC 2)

3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)) kinase EC 2.7.11.5: (isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+)) kinase EC ... glycerol-phosphate) a-glucosyltransferase EC 2.4.1.53: poly(ribitol-phosphate) b-glucosyltransferase EC 2.4.1.54: undecaprenyl- ... acetoin dehydrogenase EC 2.3.1.191: UDP-3-O-(3-hydroxymyristoyl)glucosamine N-acyltransferase EC 2.3.1.192: glycine N- ... pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)) kinase EC 2.7.11.3: dephospho-(reductase kinase) kinase EC 2.7.11.4: ( ...

*Glycolysis

In the glycerol phosphate shuttle electrons from cytosolic NADH are transferred to dihydroxyacetone to form glycerol-3- ... Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase NAD++ Pi NADH + H+ NAD++ Pi NADH + H+ 2 × 1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate 2 × Phosphoglycerate ... They are the malate-aspartate shuttle and the glycerol phosphate shuttle. In the former the electrons from NADH are transferred ...