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*  Lipolysis
The glycerol also enters the bloodstream and is absorbed by the liver or kidney where it is converted to glycerol 3-phosphate ... Hepatic glycerol 3-phosphate is converted mostly into dihydroxyacetonephosphate (DHAP) and then glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate ( ... Lipolysis /lɪˈpɒlɪsɪs/ is the breakdown of lipids and involves hydrolysis of triglycerides into glycerol and free fatty acids. ... which yields glycerol and free fatty acids. Free fatty acids released into the blood are then available for cellular uptake. ...
*  Glycerol
Some glycerol is burned for energy, but its heat value is low. Crude glycerol from the hydrolysis of triglycerides can be ... For human consumption, glycerol is classified by the U.S. FDA among the sugar alcohols as a caloric macronutrient. Glycerol is ... In adipose tissue, glycerol 3-phosphate is obtained from dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) with the enzyme glycerol-3-phosphate ... Because of the large-scale production of biodiesel from fats, where glycerol is a waste product, the market for glycerol is ...
*  Glycerol monostearate
... exists as three stereoisomers, the enantiomeric pair of 1-glycerol monostearate and 2-glycerol ... and glycerol. Glycerol monostearate occurs naturally in the body as a product of the breakdown of fats by pancreatic lipase. It ... Glycerol monostearate, commonly known as GMS, is an monoglyceride commonly used as an emulsifier in foods. It takes the form of ... Glycerol monostearate Cheminfo The British Pharmacopoeia Secretariat (2009). "Index, BP 2009" (PDF). Archived from the original ...
*  Glycerol kinase
... catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate from ATP to glycerol thus forming glycerol 3-phosphate: ATP + glycerol ... sn-glycerol 3-phosphate Adipocytes lack glycerol kinase so they cannot metabolize the glycerol produced during triacyl glycerol ... This glycerol is instead shuttled to the liver via the blood where it is: phosphorylated by glycerol kinase to glycerol 3- ... Glycerol Kinase Glycerol Kinase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) T. Selwood; E. K. Jaffe ...
*  Glycerol dehydratase
In enzymology, a glycerol dehydratase (EC 4.2.1.30) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction glycerol ⇌ {\displaystyle ... Forage RG, Foster MA (1982). "Glycerol fermentation in Klebsiella pneumoniae: functions of the coenzyme B12-dependent glycerol ... Other names in common use include glycerol dehydrase, and glycerol hydro-lyase. This enzyme participates in glycerolipid ... Schneider Z, Larsen EG, Jacobson G, Johnson BC, Pawelkiewicz J (1970). "Purification and properties of glycerol dehydrase". J. ...
*  Glycerol phenylbutyrate
... (USAN), trade name Ravicti, is a medication used in the treatment of certain inborn urea cycle ...
*  Glycerol dehydrogenase
... (EC 1.1.1.6, also known as NAD+-linked glycerol dehydrogenase, glycerol: NAD+ 2-oxidoreductase, GDH, ... As a catalyst for the conversion of glycerol to glycerone, glycerol dehydrogenase is one such enzyme being investigated for ... Glycerol dehydrogenase (NADP+) Glycerol dehydrogenase (acceptor) Notes Mallinder, Phillip R.; Pritchard, Andrew; Moir, Anne ( ... Encoded by the gene gldA, the enzyme glycerol dehydrogenase, GlyDH catalyzes the oxidation of glycerol to glycerone. Unlike ...
*  Glycerol kinase deficiency
It catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate group from an ATP to a glycerol molecule forming glycerol (3) phosphate. Then glycerol ... The enzyme glycerol kinase is encoded by the X-chromosome in humans. It acts as a catalyst in the phosphorylation of glycerol ... Glycerol Kinase Deficiency causes the condition known as hyperglycerolemia, an accumulation of glycerol in the blood and urine ... However, when suffering from a glycerol kinase deficiency many of the glycerol molecules released into the bloodstream end up ...
*  Glycerol (data page)
log10 of Glycerol vapor pressure. Uses formula: log e ⁡ P m m H g = {\displaystyle \scriptstyle \log _{e}P_{mmHg}=} log e ⁡ ( ... This page provides supplementary chemical data on glycerol. The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions ... Freezing Points of Glycerine-Water Solutions Dow Chemical Lane, Leonard B. (September 1925). "Freezing Points of Glycerol and ... Freezing Points of Glycerine-Water Solutions Dow Chemical or Freezing Points of Glycerol and Its Aqueous Solutions . Lange's ...
*  Glycerol dehydrogenase (NADP+)
In enzymology, a glycerol dehydrogenase (NADP+) (EC 1.1.1.72) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction glycerol + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is glycerol:NADP+ oxidoreductase. This enzyme is also called glycerol dehydrogenase ( ... Kormann AW, Hurst RO, Flynn TG (1972). "Purification and properties of an NADP+-dependent glycerol dehydrogenase from rabbit ... Toews CJ (1967). "The kinetics and reaction mechanism of the nicotinamide-adinine dinucleotide phosphate-specific glycerol ...
*  Glycerol dehydrogenase (acceptor)
In enzymology, a glycerol dehydrogenase (acceptor) (EC 1.1.99.22) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction glycerol + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is glycerol:acceptor 1-oxidoreductase. This enzyme is also called glycerol:(acceptor) ... the two substrates of this enzyme are glycerol and acceptor, whereas its two products are glycerone and reduced acceptor. This ... purification and properties of membrane-bound glycerol dehydrogenase from Gluconobacter industrius". Agric. Biol. Chem. 49: ...
*  Glycerol-2-phosphatase
In enzymology, a glycerol-2-phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.19) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction glycerol 2-phosphate + ... the two substrates of this enzyme are glycerol 2-phosphate and H2O, whereas its two products are glycerol and phosphate. This ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is glycerol-2-phosphate phosphohydrolase. Other names in common use include beta- ...
*  CDP-glycerol glycerophosphotransferase
In enzymology, a CDP-glycerol glycerophosphotransferase (EC 2.7.8.12) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction CDP- ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is CDP-glycerol:poly(glycerophosphate) glycerophosphotransferase. Other names in ... teichoic acid glycerol transferase, glycerophosphate synthetase, and CGPTase. BURGER MM, GLASER L (1964). "THE SYNTHESIS OF ... the two substrates of this enzyme are CDP-glycerol and (glycerophosphate)n, whereas its two products are CMP and ( ...
*  Glycerol 1-phosphate
sn-Glycerol 1-phosphate is a phosphoric ester of glycerol, which is a component of archea-specific ether lipids. Equally ... From a historical reason, it is also known as L-glycerol 1-phosphate, D-glycerol 3-phosphate, and D-α-glycerophosphoric acid. ... Glycerol 1-phosphate is synthesized by reducing dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), a glycolysis intermediate, with sn-glycerol- ... DHAP and thus glycerol 1-phosphate is also possible to be synthesized from amino acids and citric acid cycle intermediates via ...
*  Glycerol 3-phosphate
CoA Glycerol-1-phosphatase removes the phosphate group of glycerol 3-phosphate to generate glycerol, allowing glycerol ... Glycerol 1-phosphate, sometimes called as D-glycerol 3-phosphate, is an enantiomer of glycerol 3-phosphate. Most organisms use ... sn-Glycerol 3-phosphate is a phosphoric ester of glycerol, which is a component of glycerophospholipids. Equally appropriate ... From a historical reason, it is also known as L-glycerol 3-phosphate, D-glycerol 1-phosphate, L-α-glycerophosphoric acid. It ...
*  Glycerol-1-phosphatase
Other names in common use include alpha-glycerophosphatase, alpha-glycerol phosphatase, glycerol 3-phosphatase, glycerol-3- ... In enzymology, a glycerol-1-phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.21) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction glycerol 1-phosphate + ... 2 February 2001). "The Yeast Glycerol 3-Phosphatases Gpp1p and Gpp2p Are Required for Glycerol Biosynthesis and Differentially ... the two substrates of this enzyme are glycerol 1-phosphate and H2O, whereas its two products are glycerol and phosphate. This ...
*  Glycerol phosphate shuttle
... to glycerol 3-phosphate (1) by oxidizing one molecule of NADH to NAD+ as in the following reaction: Glycerol-3-phosphate gets ... The glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle is a mechanism that regenerates NAD+ from NADH, a by-product of glycolysis. Its importance in ... The glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle allows the NADH synthesized in the cytosol by glycolysis to contribute to the oxidative ... February 2006). "Involvement of a glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in modulating the NADH/NAD+ ratio provides evidence of a ...
*  CDP-glycerol diphosphatase
In enzymology, a CDP-glycerol diphosphatase (EC 3.6.1.16) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction CDP-glycerol + H2O ... the two substrates of this enzyme are CDP-glycerol and H2O, whereas its two products are CMP and sn-glycerol 3-phosphate. This ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is CDP-glycerol phosphoglycerohydrolase. Other names in common use include CDP- ... glycerol pyrophosphatase, and cytidine diphosphoglycerol pyrophosphatase. This enzyme participates in glycerophospholipid ...
*  Diphosphate-glycerol phosphotransferase
Other names in common use include PPi-glycerol phosphotransferase, and pyrophosphate-glycerol phosphotransferase. Stetten MR ( ... glycerol 1-phosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are diphosphate and glycerol, whereas its two products are ... In enzymology, a diphosphate-glycerol phosphotransferase (EC 2.7.1.79) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is diphosphate:glycerol 1-phosphotransferase. ...
*  Glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase
Other names in common use include glycerol phosphate oxidase, glycerol-1-phosphate oxidase, glycerol phosphate oxidase, L-alpha ... In enzymology, a glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase (EC 1.1.3.21) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction sn-glycerol 3- ... Gancedo C, Gancedo JM, Sols A (1968). "Glycerol metabolism in yeasts. Pathways of utilization and production". Eur. J. Biochem ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is sn-glycerol-3-phosphate:oxygen 2-oxidoreductase. ...
*  Glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CDP-glycerol Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are CTP and sn-glycerol 3-phosphate, whereas its two products are ... sn-glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase. Other names in common use include CDP-glycerol pyrophosphorylase, cytidine ... In enzymology, a glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.39) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction CTP ... Shaw DRD (1962). "Pyrophosphorolysis and enzymic synthesis of cytidine diphosphate glycerol and cytidine diphosphate ribitol". ...
*  Glycerol 2-dehydrogenase (NADP+)
In enzymology, a glycerol 2-dehydrogenase (NADP+) (EC 1.1.1.156) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction glycerol + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is glycerol:NADP+ 2-oxidoreductase (glycerone-forming). Other names in common use ... and glycerol 2-dehydrogenase (NADP+). This enzyme participates in glycerolipid metabolism. Ben-Amotz A, Avron M (1973). "NADP ... NADP+ ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } glycerone + NADPH + H+ Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are glycerol and ...
*  Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
Older terms for glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase include alpha glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (alphaGPDH) and ... Enhanced GPDH activity, particularly GPD2, leads to an increase in glycerol production. Since glycerol is a main subunit in ... substrate pages: glycerol 3-phosphate, dihydroxyacetone phosphate related topics: glycerol phosphate shuttle, creatine kinase, ... to sn-glycerol 3-phosphate. Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase serves as a major link between carbohydrate metabolism and lipid ...
*  Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1
The encoded cytosolic protein and mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase also form a glycerol phosphate shuttle that ... Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPD1 gene. This gene encodes a member of the ... Ou X, Ji C, Han X, Zhao X, Li X, Mao Y, Wong LL, Bartlam M, Rao Z (2006). "Crystal structures of human glycerol 3-phosphate ... Swierczynski J, Zabrocka L, Goyke E, Raczynska S, Adamonis W, Sledzinski Z (2003). "Enhanced glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase ...
*  Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase
In enzymology, an indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase (IGPS) (EC 4.1.1.48) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 1 ... Creighton TE, Yanofsky C (1966). "Indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthetase of Escherichia coli, an enzyme of the tryptophan ... glycerol 3-phosphate, CO2, and H2O. This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, to be specific, the carboxy-lyases, which ... glycerol-3-phosphate-forming]. Other names in common use include indoleglycerol phosphate synthetase, indoleglycerol phosphate ...