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*  Thioredoxin reductase
Meyer Y, Buchanan BB, Vignols F, Reichheld JP (2009). "Thioredoxins and glutaredoxins: unifying elements in redox biology". ...
*  Glutaredoxin
... no oxidoreductase exists that specifically reduces glutaredoxins. Instead, glutaredoxins are reduced by the oxidation of ... Glutaredoxin has been sequenced in a variety of species. On the basis of extensive sequence similarity, it has been proposed ... Glutaredoxins are small redox enzymes of approximately one hundred amino-acid residues that use glutathione as a cofactor. ... Glutaredoxins are oxidized by substrates, and reduced non-enzymatically by glutathione. In contrast to thioredoxins, which are ...
*  Arsenate reductase (glutaredoxin)
... (EC 1.20.4.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction arsenate + glutaredoxin ⇌ {\ ... the two substrates of this enzyme are arsenate and glutaredoxin, whereas its 3 products are arsenite, glutaredoxin disulfide, ... Shi J, Vlamis-Gardikas A, Aslund F, Holmgren A, Rosen BP (1999). "Reactivity of glutaredoxins 1, 2, and 3 from Escherichia coli ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is glutaredoxin:arsenate oxidoreductase. As of late 2007, 12 structures have been ...
*  Glutaredoxin 2 (bacterial)
... the glutaredoxin 2 family is a family of bacterial glutaredoxins. Unlike other glutaredoxins, glutaredoxin 2 (Grx2) cannot ... and C-terminal domains are identical to other glutaredoxins, but there is no other similarity between glutaredoxin 2 and other ... Xia B, Vlamis-Gardikas A, Holmgren A, Wright PE, Dyson HJ (2001). "Solution structure of Escherichia coli glutaredoxin-2 shows ... compared with other glutaredoxins. The active site residues (Cys9-Pro10-Tyr11-Cys12, in Escherichia coli Grx2, which are found ...
*  GLRX2
Glutaredoxin 2 (GLRX2) is an enzyme that in humans encoded by the GLRX2 gene. GLRX2, also known as GRX2, is a glutaredoxin ... "GLRX2 glutaredoxin 2 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-21. Johansson C, Kavanagh ... Wu H, Xing K, Lou MF (October 2010). "Glutaredoxin 2 prevents H(2)O(2)-induced cell apoptosis by protecting complex I activity ... Ferri A, Fiorenzo P, Nencini M, Cozzolino M, Pesaresi MG, Valle C, Sepe S, Moreno S, Carrì MT (November 2010). "Glutaredoxin 2 ...
*  Thioredoxin domain
Holmgren A (1989). "Thioredoxin and glutaredoxin systems". J. Biol. Chem. 264 (24): 13963-13966. PMID 2668278. Holmgren A (1995 ... Thioredoxin belongs to a structural family that includes glutaredoxin, glutathione peroxidase, bacterial protein disulfide ...
*  Thioredoxin
The related glutaredoxins share many of the functions of thioredoxins, but are reduced by glutathione rather than a specific ... Holmgren A (August 1989). "Thioredoxin and glutaredoxin systems" (PDF). The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 264 (24): 13963-6 ...
*  GLRX
Glutaredoxin-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GLRX gene. GLRX has been shown to interact with Wilson disease ... "Entrez Gene: GLRX glutaredoxin (thioltransferase)". Lim, Chris M; Cater Michael A; Mercer Julian F B; La Fontaine Sharon (Sep ... 1999). "Immunolocalization of glutaredoxin in the human corpus luteum". Mol. Hum. Reprod. 5 (10): 914-9. doi:10.1093/molehr/ ... 1997). "Thioltransferase (glutaredoxin) is detected within HIV-1 and can regulate the activity of glutathionylated HIV-1 ...
*  Glutathione
... has multiple functions: It maintains levels of reduced glutaredoxin and glutathione peroxidase. It is one of the ... Grant CM (2001). "Role of the glutathione/glutaredoxin and thioredoxin systems in yeast growth and response to stress ... Other enzymes using glutathione as a substrate are glutaredoxins. These small oxidoreductases are involved in flower ... emerging functions for glutaredoxins and glutathionylation". Annual Review of Plant Biology. 59 (1): 143-66. doi:10.1146/ ...
*  Thioredoxin fold
SCOP thioredoxin superfamily CATH glutaredoxin topology. ...
*  GRXCR1
Glutaredoxin domain-containing cysteine-rich protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRXCR1 gene. This gene is ... glutaredoxin, cysteine rich 1". Retrieved 2011-08-30. Schraders M, Lee K, Oostrik J, Huygen PL, Ali G, Hoefsloot LH, Veltman JA ...
*  Wilson disease protein
Lim CM, Cater MA, Mercer JF, La Fontaine S (Sep 2006). "Copper-dependent interaction of glutaredoxin with the N termini of the ... ATP7B interacts with Glutaredoxin-1(GLRX). Subsequent transport is promoted through the reduction of intramolecular disulphide ...
*  Glutathione disulfide
... such as glutaredoxins, generate glutathione disulfide through thiol-disulfide exchange with protein disulfide bonds or other ... "Thiol redox control via thioredoxin and glutaredoxin systems". Biochem. Soc. Trans. 33 (Pt 6): 1375-7. doi:10.1042/BST20051375 ...
*  GLRX5
Glutaredoxin 5, also known as GLRX5, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the GLRX5 gene located on chromosome 14. This ... "GLRX5 glutaredoxin 5 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-26. Ye H, Jeong SY, Ghosh ... Davis DA, Newcomb FM, Starke DW, Ott DE, Mieyal JJ, Yarchoan R (Oct 1997). "Thioltransferase (glutaredoxin) is detected within ... glutaredoxin GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000182512 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000021102 - ...
*  Glutathione-ascorbate cycle
Rouhier N, Gelhaye E, Jacquot JP (2002). "Exploring the active site of plant glutaredoxin by site-directed mutagenesis". FEBS ... emerging functions for glutaredoxins and glutathionylation". Annu Rev Plant Biol. 59: 143-66. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant. ... such as glutathione S-transferase omega 1 or glutaredoxins. In plants, the glutathione-ascorbate cycle operates in the cytosol ... which use thioredoxins or glutaredoxins as reducing substrates, also contribute to H2O2 removal in plants. Antioxidant ...
*  RoGFP
The specificity of roGFP2 for glutathione is further increased by linking it to the human glutaredoxin 1 (Grx1). By expressing ... roGFP2 preferentially interacts with glutaredoxins and therefore reports the cellular glutathione redox potential. ...
*  ATP7A
Glutaredoxin-1 (GRX1) has is also essential for ATP7A function. It promotes Cu(I) binding for subsequent transport by ...
*  PRDX5
Rouhier N, Gelhaye E, Jacquot JP (April 2002). "Glutaredoxin-dependent peroxiredoxin from poplar: protein-protein interaction ...
*  Chloride channel
CLICs 1, 2 and 4 demonstrate typical glutaredoxin-like activity using 2-hydroxyethyl disulfide as a substrate. This activity ... demonstrated that CLIC proteins have glutaredoxin-like glutathione-dependent oxidoreductase enzymatic activity. ... fold with an active site exhibiting a conserved glutaredoxin monothiol motif, similar to the omega class GSTs. Al Khamici et al ... "Members of the chloride intracellular ion channel protein family demonstrate glutaredoxin-like enzymatic activity". PLoS One. ...
*  Peroxiredoxin
The kinetics of thioredoxin and glutaredoxin reactions in a systems biology context". Biochem. J. 417 (1): 269-75. doi:10.1042/ ...
*  NAD+ kinase
Furthermore, NADPH is required for the antioxidant activities of thioredoxin reductase and glutaredoxin. Thionicotinamide and ...
*  Glutathione amide-dependent peroxidase
It contains a peroxiredoxin-like N-terminus and a glutaredoxin-like C terminus. Vergauwen, B.; Pauwels, F.; Jacquemotte, F.; ...
*  Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath
"Regulation of DJ-1 by glutaredoxin 1 in vivo - implications for Parkinson's disease". Biochemistry. 55: 4519-32. doi:10.1021/ ...
*  Ars operon
ArsC forms an active quaternary complex with GSH, arsenate, and glutaredoxin 1 (Grx1). The three ligands must be present ...
*  GLRX3
Glutaredoxin-3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GLRX3 gene. GLRX3 has been shown to interact with PRKCQ. GRCh38: ...