*  Lactate dehydrogenase
This mechanism allows tumorous cells to convert the majority of their glucose stores into lactate regardless of oxygen ... The lactate-forming reaction generates cytosolic NAD+, which feeds into the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase reaction ... fasting individual who has been drinking and is dependent on gluconeogenesis to maintain blood glucose levels. Alanine and ... 8 (6): 2416-21. doi:10.1021/bi00834a025. PMID 5816379. Kanno T, Sudo K, Maekawa M, Nishimura Y, Ukita M, Fukutake K (Mar 1988 ...
*  Glucose 6-phosphatase
... resulting in the creation of a phosphate group and free glucose. Glucose is then exported from the cell via glucose transporter ... glucose, and phosphate. The main phosphatase function is performed by the glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit. In humans, ... contains structures allowing the exit of the phosphate group (T2) and glucose (T3). Glucose-6-phosphatase consists of 357 amino ... Ghosh A, Shieh JJ, Pan CJ, Chou JY (March 2004). "Histidine 167 is the phosphate acceptor in glucose-6-phosphatase-beta forming ...
*  Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
This is the 6th step in the glycolytic breakdown of glucose, an important pathway of energy and carbon molecule supply which ... As its name indicates, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) catalyses the conversion of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate ... Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (abbreviated as GAPDH or less commonly as G3PDH) (EC 1.2.1.12) is an enzyme of ~37kDa ... The first reaction is the oxidation of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) at the position-1 (in the diagram it is shown as the ...
*  Glucose 6-phosphate
Glucose Glucose 1-phosphate Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency Glycogen Pentose phosphate pathway Berg, Jeremy M.; ... After being converted to G6P, the molecule can be turned into glucose-1-phosphate by phosphoglucomutase. Glucose-1-phosphate ... The cleaved molecule is in the form of glucose-1-phosphate, which can be converted into G6P by phosphoglucomutase. Next, the ... The catalytic site is found on the lumenal face of the membrane, and removes the phosphate group from glucose-6-phosphate ...
*  Glucose-6-phosphate translocase
After hydrolysis, glucose and inorganic phosphate are transported back into the cytosol by G6PT2 and G6PT3, respectively. While ... Oct 1998). "Plasma glucose levels are reduced in rats and mice treated with an inhibitor of glucose-6-phosphate translocase". ... resulting in the release of free glucose into the bloodstream. Glucose-6-Phosphate Translocase is a transmembrane protein ... Glucose-6-Phosphate Translocase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the SLC37A4 gene. It consists of three subunits, each ...
*  Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase
Fructose-1-phosphate-aldolase enzyme, which converts fructose to glucose GPI is known to interact with: AMFR, and HER2. Click ... This gene encodes a member of the glucose phosphate isomerase protein family. The encoded protein has been identified as a ... Walker JI, Faik P, Morgan MJ (1990). "Characterization of the 5' end of the gene for human glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI)". ... Xu W, Lee P, Beutler E (1996). "Human glucose phosphate isomerase: exon mapping and gene structure". Genomics. 29 (3): 732-9. ...
*  Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
Thus, regulation of G6PD has downstream consequences for the activity of the rest of the pentose phosphate pathway. Glucose-6- ... "Entrez Gene: G6PD glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase". Tian WN, Braunstein LD, Pang J, Stuhlmeier KM, Xi QC, Tian X, Stanton RC ... Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD or G6PDH) (EC 1.1.1.49) is a cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D- ... Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency is very common worldwide, and causes acute hemolytic anemia in the presence of ...
*  Glucose-6-phosphate 1-epimerase
In enzymology, a glucose-6-phosphate 1-epimerase (EC 5.1.3.15) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction alpha-D- ... Wurster B, Hess B (1972). "Glucose-6-phosphate-1-epimerase from baker's yeast. A new enzyme". FEBS Lett. 23 (3): 341-344. doi: ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-glucose-6-phosphate 1-epimerase. This enzyme participates in glycolysis / ... beta-D-glucose 6-phosphate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, alpha-D-glucose 6-phosphate, and one product, beta-D-glucose 6 ...
*  Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (coenzyme-F420)
... at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (coenzyme-F420) (EC 1.1.98.2, coenzyme F420-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, F420 ... Purwantini, E.; Daniels, L. (1996). "Purification of a novel coenzyme F420-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from ... Purwantini, E.; Gillis, T.P.; Daniels, L. (1997). "Presence of F420-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in ...
*  Propyphenazone/paracetamol/caffeine
... glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency; acute hepatic porphyria; alcoholism; gastrointestinal ulcera or bleeding; ... pregnancy and lactation; infants and children under 6 to 12 years (varying by country). WHO comment: "Propyphenazone, a ...
*  Glutathione reductase
... of the glucose consumption may be directed to the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) for production of the NADPH needed for this ... an enzyme in their pentose phosphate pathway that reduces NADP+ to NADPH while catalyzing the conversion of glucose-6-phosphate ... Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficient individuals have less NADPH available for the reduction of oxidized glutathione via ... Thus their basal ratio of oxidized to reduced glutathione is significantly higher than that of patients who express glucose-6- ...
*  Pea
Favism, or Fava-bean-ism, is a genetic deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase that affects Jews, other ... "Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency". TheFreeDictionary.com. "favism - genetic disorder". Encyclopædia Britannica. " ...
*  Dehydroepiandrosterone
Schwartz AG, Pashko LL (2004). "Dehydroepiandrosterone, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and longevity". Ageing Res. Rev. 3 ( ... 289-. ISBN 978-1-4200-4272-6. Sudha Salhan (1 August 2011). Textbook of Gynecology. JP Medical Ltd. pp. 94-. ISBN 978-93-5025- ... 208-. ISBN 978-1-4398-3884-6. Kalimi M, Shafagoj Y, Loria R, Padgett D, Regelson W (February 1994). "Anti-glucocorticoid ... DHEA itself is 5,6-didehydroepiandrosterone or 5-dehydroepiandrosterone. A number of naturally occurring isomers also exist and ...
*  Fluasterone
603-. ISBN 978-0-08-055811-0. Schwartz AG, Pashko LL (2004). "Dehydroepiandrosterone, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and ... 170-. ISBN 978-3-527-63397-5. Alain Tressaud; Günter Haufe (6 June 2008). Fluorine and Health: Molecular Imaging, Biomedical ...
*  Beutler test
Beutler E, Mitchell M. New rapid for the estimation of red cell galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase activity. J Lab Clin ... It can be used in screening for: galactosemia glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency Markić J, Krzelj V, Markotić A, et ... DERITIS L (April 1963). "[THE FAIRBANKS AND BEUTLER TEST FOR THE ROUTINE DETECTION OF ERYTHROCYTE DEFICIENCY OF GLUCOSE-6- ... August 2006). "High incidence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Croatian island isolate: example from Vis ...
*  Prasterone
Di Monaco M, Pizzini A, Gatto V, Leonardi L, Gallo M, Brignardello E, Boccuzzi G (1997). "Role of glucose-6-phosphate ... Hecker PA, Leopold JA, Gupte SA, Recchia FA, Stanley WC (Feb 2013). "Impact of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency on ... Although prasterone is postulated as an inhibitor towards glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) and suppresses leukemia cell ... Schwartz AG, Pashko LL (2004). "Dehydroepiandrosterone, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and longevity". Ageing Res. Rev. 3 ( ...
*  Human genetic resistance to malaria
... metabolizing glucose through the pentose phosphate pathway, an anabolic alternative to catabolic oxidation (glycolysis), while ... Beutler E (2008). "Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: a historical perspective". Blood. 111 (1): 16-24. doi:10.1182/ ... Some of these disorders are known by fanciful and cryptic names like sickle-cell anemia, thalassaemia, glucose-6-phosphate ... Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an important enzyme in red cells, ...
*  X-inactivation
Linder D, Gartler SM (October 1965). "Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase mosaicism: utilization as a cell marker in the study of ... This suggested to Ernest Beutler, studying heterozygous females for Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, that ... Beutler, E (January 2008). "Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: a historical perspective". Blood. 111 (1): 16-24. doi ... 6 (5): 410-18. doi:10.1038/nrg1604. PMID 15818384. X-inactivation as a possible cause for autoimmunity Review Article Goto T, ...
*  SLC37A4
Glucose-6-phosphate translocase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the SLC37A4 gene. Solute carrier family ... 1999). "The putative glucose 6-phosphate translocase gene is mutated in essentially all cases of glycogen storage disease type ... Ihara K, Kuromaru R, Hara T (1998). "Genomic structure of the human glucose 6-phosphate translocase gene and novel mutations in ... 1999). "Mutations in the glucose-6-phosphate transporter (G6PT) gene in patients with glycogen storage diseases type 1b and 1c ...
*  Dosage compensation
Similar to mammals, chickens seem to use CpG islands (segments of Cytosine-phosphate-Guanine that are more readily methylated ... Beutler, Ernest (2008). "Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: a historical perspective". Blood. 111: 16-24. doi: ... By analyzing the differential expression of two existing, viable alleles for the X-linked enzyme glucose-6-phosphate ... 29 (5-6): 315-321. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link) Melamed, E; Arnold, AP (2007). "Regional differences in dosage ...
*  Gel electrophoresis
Fischer SG, Lerman LS Hempelmann E, Wilson RJ (1981). "Detection of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in malarial parasites". ... The phosphate group is released and replaced by an alcohol group from water. The electrophile 4- chloro-2-2 ... is due to the naturally occurring negative charge carried by their sugar-phosphate backbone. Double-stranded DNA fragments ... Typically resolving gels are made in 6%, 8%, 10%, 12% or 15%. Stacking gel (5%) is poured on top of the resolving gel and a gel ...
*  Prussian blue (medical use)
"Glucose-6-phosphate dehyrogenase deficiency - Medlibes: Online Medical Library". medlibes.com. Archived from the original on ...
*  H6PD
... glucose 1-dehydrogenase)". Tan SG, Ashton GC (1976). "An autosomal glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (hexose-6-phosphate ... There are two forms of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. G form is X-linked and H form, encoded by this gene, is autosomally ... 2006). "Two new glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase mutations causing chronic hemolysis". Haematologica. 90 (8): 1135-6. PMID ... whereas the G form is specific for glucose-6-phosphate. Both forms are present in most tissues, but H form is not found in red ...
*  SLC37A2
"SLC37A1 and SLC37A2 are phosphate-linked, glucose-6-phosphate antiporters". PLoS One. 6 (9): e23157. doi:10.1371/journal.pone. ... Bartoloni L, Antonarakis SE (February 2004). "The human sugar-phosphate/phosphate exchanger family SLC37". Pflugers Archiv. 447 ... Solute carrier family 37 (glucose-6-phosphate transporter), member 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC37A2 gene ... glucose-6-phosphate transporter), member 2". Pan CJ, Chen SY, Jun HS, Lin SR, Mansfield BC, Chou JY (2011). " ...
*  Inborn errors of carbohydrate metabolism
... which in turn is converted by the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT) to glucose-1-phosphate (G-1-P), which ... G-1-P is converted into UDP-glucose by the action of the enzyme UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (UGP). The enzyme glycogenin (GYG ... which is also produced from glucose) acts as a input substance for: Glycolysis (see above) The Pentose phosphate pathway (PPP ... Once eight glucose have been added to the glycogen chain, then glycogen synthase (GYS) can bind to the growing glycogen chain ...
*  List of food additives
... acidity regulator Glucose oxidase - antioxidant Glucose syrup - sweetener Glutamate - Glutamic acid - flavor enhancer Gluten - ... Phosphated distarch phosphate - thickener, vegetable gum Phosphoric acid - food acid Phytic acid - preservative Pigment Rubine ... Bone phosphate - anti-caking agent Borage (Borago officinalis) - Borage seed oil - similar to blackcurrant seed oil - used ... Calcium phosphates - mineral salt, anti-caking agent, firming agent Calcium polyphosphates - anti-caking agent Calcium ...
*  Gluconokinase
This enzyme participates in pentose phosphate pathway. As of late 2007, 6 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes ... COHEN SS (1951). "Gluconokinase and the oxidative path of glucose-6-phosphate utilization". J. Biol. Chem. 189 (2): 617-28. ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:D-gluconate 6-phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include ... 6-phospho-D-gluconate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and D-gluconate, whereas its two products are ADP and 6- ...