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*  Glucose tolerance test
A 1 hour GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test) glucose level below 10 mmol/L (180 mg/dL) is considered normal. For a 2 hour GTT (Glucose ... The glucose tolerance test is a medical test in which glucose is given and blood samples taken afterward to determine how ... Blood plasma glucose between 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL) and 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL) indicate "impaired glucose tolerance", and ... If it results in a blood glucose level of more than 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL), it is followed by a 100 gram glucose dose. The ...
*  Neuroglycopenia
... brain glucose transport system has been described in which severe neuroglycopenic effects occurred despite normal blood glucose ... Levels of glucose within the central nervous system are normally lower than the blood, regulated by an incompletely understood ... Low levels of glucose were discovered in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a condition referred to as hypoglycorrhachia [or ... Neuroglycopenia is a medical term that refers to a shortage of glucose (glycopenia) in the brain, usually due to hypoglycemia. ...
*  Postprandial glucose test
A postprandial glucose test is a blood glucose test that determines the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in the blood ... A 2-hour postprandial blood glucose test ("2 hour p.c. blood glucose test", etc.) measures blood glucose exactly 2 hours after ... Glucose levels in a blood sample taken from the vein (called a blood plasma value) may differ a little from glucose levels ... Glucose is mainly made from carbohydrate foods. It is the main source of energy used by the body. Normally, blood glucose ...
*  Insulin index
The index is similar to the Glycemic Index (GI) and Glycemic Load (GL), but rather than relying on blood glucose levels, the ... Glucose (glycemic) and insulin scores were determined by feeding 1000 kilojoules (239 kilocalories) of the food to the ... have noted that the glucose and insulin scores of most foods are highly correlated, but high-protein foods and bakery products ... participants and recording the area under the glucose/insulin curve for 120 minutes then dividing by the area under the glucose ...
*  Idiopathic hypoglycemia
... is, literally, a medical condition in which the glucose level in the blood (blood glucose) is ...
*  Ketotic hypoglycemia
The glucose is usually found to be between 35 and 60 mg/dl (1.8-3.1 mMol/L). The total CO2 is usually somewhat low as well, (14 ... but normal metabolic and counterregulatory responses as the glucose falls. As the glucose reaches hypoglycemic levels, the ... Ketones can be used by the brain as an alternate fuel when glucose is scarce. A high level of ketones in the blood, ketosis, is ... Ketotic hypoglycemia is a medical term used in two ways: (1) broadly, to refer to any circumstance in which low blood glucose ...
*  Noninvasive glucose monitor
... ing refers to the measurement of blood glucose levels (required by people with diabetes to prevent ... Non-invasive blood glucose monitoring using near-infrared spectroscopy, by M. Ahmad, A. M. Kamboh, and A. Khan, EDN, 2013. Chi- ... Approaches that have been tried include near infrared spectroscopy (measuring glucose through the skin using light of slightly ... As of 2014[update], nonregarding the severe shortcomings mentioned above, at least one noninvasive glucose meter was being ...
*  Diabetes Control and Complications Trial
This study examined whether intensive treatment with the goal of maintaining blood glucose concentrations close to the normal ... The intensive therapy group frequently monitored blood glucose levels and received at least three daily insulin injections; a ... or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion combined with lower blood glucose targets and lower HbA1C goals. Prior to the DCCT ...
*  Glucagon rescue
Glucagon will facilitate the release of stored glucose back into the bloodstream, raising the blood glucose level. Rescue has ... In the past, treatment consisted of intravenous delivery of dextrose (glucose) usually in the emergency room; however, the ... an insulin user should treat it immediately by consuming carbohydrate to restore blood glucose to safe levels (thereby ... a comparison of intramuscular glucagon and intravenous glucose". Prehospital and disaster medicine. 13 (2-4): 44-50. PMID ...
*  Glucose transporter
... s are a wide group of membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of glucose over a plasma membrane. ... Binding of glucose to one site provokes a conformational change associated with transport, and releases glucose to the other ... Each glucose transporter isoform plays a specific role in glucose metabolism determined by its pattern of tissue expression, ... Thorens B (1996). "Glucose transporters in the regulation of intestinal, renal, and liver glucose fluxes". Am. J. Physiol. 270 ...
*  Insulin analog
Numerous studies have concluded that any increase in testing of blood glucose levels is likely to yield improvements in ... Glucose Control - Lantus receives FDA approval for flexible administration Analog Insulin. ... such as testing blood glucose levels more frequently, for example), which leads to bias in the study results, rendering the ...
*  Neonatal hypoglycemia
In addition, gluconeogenesis occurs when the kidneys and liver convert fats into glucose. Those infants that have an increased ... discordant twin erythroblastosis fetalis polycythemia microphallus or midline defect respiratory disease maternal glucose IV ...
*  Glycogen synthase
... (UDP-glucose-glycogen glucosyltransferase) is a key enzyme in glycogenesis, the conversion of glucose into ... Glycogen synthase catalyzes the conversion of the glucosyl (Glc) moiety of uridine diphosphate glucose (UDP-Glc) into glucose ... Glucose-6-phosphate allosteric activating action allows glycogen synthase to operate as a glucose-6-phosphate sensor. The ... It is a glycosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.11) that catalyses the reaction of UDP-glucose and (1,4-α-D-glucosyl)n to yield UDP and ( ...
*  Intensive insulin therapy
Extra insulin is also given the same way to correct a high glucose reading. Although current pumps can include a glucose sensor ... Basal insulin: the insulin that controls blood glucose levels between meals and overnight. It controls glucose in the fasting ... a patient must check his or her glucose level with a meter monitoring of blood glucose several times a day. This allows ... Over the last two decades, the evidence that better glycemic control (i.e., keeping blood glucose and HbA1c levels as close to ...
*  Lifestyle causes of diabetes mellitus type 2
Gene expression promoted by a diet of fat and glucose, as well as high levels of inflammation related cytokines found in the ... releases signalling molecules directly into blood heading into the liver where glucose is absorbed and processed, while ...
*  Soluble quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase
... (EC 1.1.99.35, soluble glucose dehydrogenase, sGDH, glucose dehydrogenase (PQQ- ... Soluble quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and ... Cleton-Jansen, A.M.; Goosen, N.; Wenzel, T.J.; van de Putte, P. (1988). "Cloning of the gene encoding quinoprotein glucose ... Dokter, P.; Frank, J.; Duine, J.A. (1986). "Purification and characterization of quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase from ...
*  Glycogenin-1
Thanks to the presence of the glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme (G6PC), the hepatocytes are capable to turn G6PC to glucose and ... the function of the liver glycogen is to maintain glucose homeostasis as a way to compensate the decrease of glucose levels ... It is the way all the animal cells have to store glucose. In the human body, the two main tissues of glycogen accumulation are ... This protein is a glycosyl transferase that have the ability of autoglycosilation using UDP-glucose, which helps in the growth ...
*  Clarke Error Grid
The grid breaks down a scatterplot of a reference glucose meter and an evaluated glucose meter into five regions: Region A are ... It was then used to quantify the clinical accuracy of blood glucose estimates generated by meters as compared to a reference ... Eventually, the EGA became accepted as one of the "gold standards" for determining the accuracy of blood glucose meters. ... in 1987 to quantify clinical accuracy of patient estimates of their current blood glucose as compared to the blood glucose ...
*  Glucose meter
Glucose vs. plasma glucose: Glucose levels in plasma (one of the components of blood) are generally 10-15% higher than glucose ... Many glucose meters employ the oxidation of glucose to gluconolactone catalyzed by glucose oxidase (sometimes known as GOx). ... glucose of 230±15%), but a ±15% error margin at a low glucose concentration brings greater ambiguity with regards to glucose ... This is important because home blood glucose meters measure the glucose in whole blood while most lab tests measure the glucose ...
*  Glucose uptake
The high Km of GLUT2 allows for glucose sensing; rate of glucose entry is proportional to blood glucose levels. GLUT4 ... As muscle is a principal storage site for glucose and adipose tissue for triglyceride (into which glucose can be converted for ... the metabolic needs of the tissue and availability of glucose. The two ways in which glucose uptake can take place are ... as they are responsible for maintaining a basal rate of glucose uptake. Basal blood glucose level is approximately 5mM (5 ...
*  L-Glucose
As the L-isomer of glucose, it is the enantiomer of the more common D-glucose. L-Glucose does not occur naturally in higher ... L-Glucose is indistinguishable in taste from D-glucose, but cannot be used by living organisms as source of energy because it ... The acetate derivative of L-glucose, L-glucose pentaacetate, was found to stimulate insulin release, and might therefore be of ... which contains the enzyme D-threo-aldose 1-dehydrogenase which is capable of oxidizing L-glucose. Like the D-isomer, L-glucose ...
*  Glucose syrup
... , also known as confectioner's glucose, is a syrup made from the hydrolysis of starch. Glucose is a sugar. Maize ( ... glucose. Glucose syrup is used in foods to sweeten, soften texture and add volume. By converting some of the glucose in corn ... The glucose can then be transformed into fructose by passing the glucose through a column that is loaded with the enzyme D- ... glucose is used in industrial fermentation, but syrups used in confectionery contain varying amounts of glucose, maltose and ...
*  Glucose test
... fasting plasma glucose (FPG): 8 or 12 or 14 hours after eating Glucose tolerance test: continuous testing Postprandial glucose ... A glucose test is a type of blood test used to determine the amount of glucose in the blood. It is mainly used in screening for ... Glucose meter Hyperglycemia Hypoglycemia MedlinePlus > Blood glucose monitoring Update Date: 6/17/2008. Updated by: Elizabeth H ... In people already having diabetes, blood glucose monitoring is used with frequent intervals in the management of the condition ...
*  CSF glucose
... result in elevated CSF glucose levels as the CSF glucose level is proportional to the blood glucose level with glucose being ... CSF glucose levels do not generally exceed 16.7 mmol/L (300 mg/dL). Blood sugar CSF/serum glucose ratio "MedlinePlus Medical ... Therefore, normal CSF glucose levels lie between 2.5 and 4.4 mmol/L (45-80 mg/dL). Hypoglycorrhachia (low CSF glucose levels) ... CSF glucose or glycorrhachia is a measurement used to determine the concentration of glucose in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The ...
*  Glucose cycle
When glucose enters a cell it is rapidly changed to glucose 6-phosphate, by hexokinase or glucokinase. The glucose cycle can ... the homeostasis of glucose in the blood stream. When the blood glucose level is too high, glucose can be stored in the liver as ... which catalyse the dephosphorylation of glucose 6-phosphate back to glucose. Glucose-6-phosphate is the product of ... A deficiency in glucose 6-phosphatase that disrupts the liver glucose cycle, can lead to von Gierke's disease.. ...