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*  Ketone bodies
In the liver, therefore, oxaloacetate is unavailable for condensation with acetyl-CoA when significant gluconeogenesis has been ... as a result of intense gluconeogenesis, which is the production of glucose from non-carbohydrate sources (not including fatty ...
*  Glucose 6-phosphatase
This catalysis completes the final step in gluconeogenesis and therefore plays a key role in the homeostatic regulation of ...
*  Phosphofructokinase 2
Thus, glycolysis is stimulated and gluconeogenesis is inhibited. The allosteric regulation of PFK2 is very similar to the ... Stryer, Lubert; Berg, Jeremy Mark; Tymoczko, John L. (2008). "The Balance Between Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis in the Liver ... is an enzyme responsible for regulating the rates of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis in the human body. It is a homodimer of 55 ... the decrease in its concentration leads to the inhibition of glycolysis and the stimulation of gluconeogenesis. On the other ...
*  Pyruvate kinase
Furthermore, gluconeogenesis and glycolysis do not occur concurrently in the cell at any given moment as they are reciprocally ... Once the gluconeogenesis pathway is complete, the glucose produced is expelled from the liver, proving energy for the vital ... Gluconeogenesis utilizes noncarbohydrate sources to provide glucose to the brain and red blood cells in times of starvation ... In order to prevent a futile cycle, glycolysis and gluconeogenesis are heavily regulated in order to ensure that they are never ...
*  Glucose transporter
... and kidneys are able to produce glucose following activation of gluconeogenesis. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae glucose transport ...
*  Ketogenesis
... have been depleted to feed the gluconeogenesis pathway, and the resulting accumulation of acetyl-CoA activates ketogenesis. ... Anionic Ketones and Even-Carbon Fatty Acids can Provide Substrates for Gluconeogenesis". Retrieved 8 March 2014. Miller DN, ...
*  Gluconeogenesis
... is often associated with ketosis. Gluconeogenesis is also a target of therapy for type 2 diabetes, such as the ... The liver uses both glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis to produce glucose, whereas the kidney only uses gluconeogenesis. After ... and converted back into oxaloacetate in order to allow gluconeogenesis to continue. Gluconeogenesis is a pathway consisting of ... In vertebrates, gluconeogenesis takes place mainly in the liver and, to a lesser extent, in the cortex of the kidneys. In ...
*  Fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase
Gluconeogenesis in the liver is a major cause of glucose overproduction in these patients, and so inhibition of gluconeogenesis ... Anoxic conditions inhibit gluconeogenesis, and therefore FBPase, while stimulating glycolysis, and this is another reason for ... Its main role is in glycolysis instead of gluconeogenesis, but its substrate is the same as FBPase's, so its activity affects ... FBPase is a good enzyme to target in the gluconeogenesis pathway because it is rate-limiting and controls the incorporation of ...
*  Beta oxidation
"Gluconeogenesis: Synthesis of New Glucose". Subsection: "Propionate". themedicalbiochemistrypage.org, LLC. Retrieved 20 March ... some of them can be extracted to the gluconeogenesis pathway, in the liver and kidneys, through phosphoenolpyruvate ...
*  Beta-2 adrenergic receptor
Glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis in liver. Glycogenolysis and lactate release in skeletal muscle. Contract sphincters of ...
*  Starvation response
The body invests some of this ATP in gluconeogenesis to produce more glucose. Triglycerides and long-chain fatty acids are too ... The remaining glycerol enters gluconeogenesis. Fatty acids by themselves cannot be used as a direct fuel source. They must ... At this time, there is an up-regulation of glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis, lipolysis, and ketogenesis. The body's glycogen ... To keep the brain functioning, gluconeogenesis continues to generate glucose, but glucogenic amino acids-primarily alanine-are ...
*  Cori cycle
In the liver, gluconeogenesis occurs. From an intuitive perspective, gluconeogenesis reverses both glycolysis and fermentation ... The Cori cycle is a much more important source of substrate for gluconeogenesis than food. The contribution of Cori cycle ... Nuttall FQ, Ngo A, Gannon MC (2008). "Regulation of hepatic glucose production and the role of gluconeogenesis in humans: is ... Katz J, Tayek JA (1998). "Gluconeogenesis and the Cori cycle in 12-, 20-, and 40-h-fasted humans". American Journal of ...
*  Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (phosphorylating)
This enzyme participates in glycolysis / gluconeogenesis. As of late 2007, 49 structures have been solved for this class of ...
*  Glucose-6-phosphate 1-epimerase
This enzyme participates in glycolysis / gluconeogenesis. As of late 2013, 3 structures have been solved for this class of ...
*  Ripening
During fruit ripening, gluconeogenesis also increases. Acids are broken down in ripening fruits and this contributes to the ...
*  Bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase
This enzyme participates in glycolysis/gluconeogenesis. As of late 2007, 7 structures have been solved for this class of ...
*  Polyphosphate-glucose phosphotransferase
This enzyme participates in glycolysis / gluconeogenesis. It employs one cofactor, neutral salt. As of late 2007, only one ...
*  Glycosulfatase
This enzyme participates in glycolysis / gluconeogenesis. Dodgson KS (1961). "Glycosulphatase: observations on the activity of ...
*  6-phospho-beta-glucosidase
This enzyme participates in glycolysis / gluconeogenesis. As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of ...
*  Bodybuilding
King, Michael W. "Substrates for Gluconeogenesis". IU School of Medicine. Lambert CP, Frank LL, Evans WJ (2004). "Macronutrient ...
*  Bioenergetics
Gluconeogenesis is the opposite of glycolysis; when the cell's energy charge is low (the concentration of ADP is higher than ... Pyruvate is one product of glycolysis, and can be shuttled into other metabolic pathways (gluconeogenesis, etc.) as needed by ...
*  Ketoacidosis
Krebs, H. A.; Freedland, R. A.; Hems, R.; Stubbs, Marion (1969-03-01). "Inhibition of hepatic gluconeogenesis by ethanol". ... In alcoholic ketoacidosis, alcohol causes dehydration and blocks the first step of gluconeogenesis by depleting oxaloacetate. ...
*  Glucose-1-phosphatase
This enzyme participates in glycolysis / gluconeogenesis. As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of ...
*  Glycerol kinase
DHAP can participate in glycolysis or gluconeogenesis. This protein may use the morpheein model of allosteric regulation. ...
*  Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
Therefore, the role of PEPCK-C and PEPCK-M in gluconeogenesis may be more complex and involve more factors than was previously ... The cytosolic form is important in gluconeogenesis. However, there is a known transport mechanism to move PEP from the ... PEPCK-C levels alone were not highly correlated with gluconeogenesis in the mouse liver, as previous studies have suggested. ... In animals, this is a rate-controlling step of gluconeogenesis, the process by which cells synthesize glucose from metabolic ...