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*  Coal
This involves biological and geological processes. The geological processes take place over millions of years. Throughout human ... processes, the NUS Corporation hydrogenation process and several other single-stage and two-stage processes. In the process of ... "Direct Liquefaction Processes, Single-stage Processes and Two-stage Processes". National Energy Technology Laboratory. ... As geological processes apply pressure to dead biotic material over time, under suitable conditions, its metamorphic grade ...
*  Volcano tectonics
Rock fractures in geological processes. Cambridge University, 592 pp. Lipman, P.W., 1997. Subsidence of ash-flow calderas: ... Volcano-Tectonics is not restricted to the surface processes, but also includes any subsurface process in the host rock related ... U.S. Geological Survey, 1109 pp.. Pollard, D.D., Delaney D.T., Duffield W.A., Endo E.T., Okamura A.T., 1983. Surface ... These processes may be 1) magma-induced or, conversely, 2) control magma propagation and emplacement. In the first case, the ...
*  Titan (moon)
Geological processes may have reshaped Titan's surface. Titan's atmosphere is twice as thick as Earth's, making it difficult ... Infill from various geological processes is one reason for Titan's relative deficiency of craters; atmospheric shielding also ... the mountains were formed through geological processes. In December 2010, the Cassini mission team announced the most ... Waite, J. H.; Cravens, T. E.; Coates, A. J.; Crary, F. J.; Magee, B.; Westlake, J. (2007). "The Process of Tholin Formation in ...
*  Water
... is important in many geological processes. Groundwater is present in most rocks, and the pressure of this groundwater ... or to wash products or process equipment. Processes such as mining, chemical pulping, pulp bleaching, paper manufacturing, ... Ecological processes with hydrology are in focus of ecohydrology. The collective mass of water found on, under, and over the ... "Water hardness". US Geological Service. 8 April 2014. M.M. Mekonnen; A.Y. Hoekstra (December 2010). "The green, blue and grey ...
*  Adriatic Sea
subscription required) "Geological processes in the Anthropocene: the Po River Delta". Theseus Project. Retrieved 28 January ... The process of Italian unification culminated in the Second Italian War of Independence, resulting in the Kingdom of Sardinia ... Through that process, the Adriatic Sea produces most of the East Mediterranean deep water. The Adriatic's surface temperature ... Geophysical and geological information indicate that the Adriatic Sea and the Po Valley are associated with a tectonic ...
*  Earth's internal heat budget
Earth's internal heat powers most geological processes and drives plate tectonics. Despite its geological significance, this ... There is evidence that the processes of plate tectonics were not active in the Earth before 3.2 billion years ago, and that ... This renders solar radiation irrelevant for internal processes. Based on calculations of Earth's cooling rate, which assumed ...
*  Environmental Earth Sciences
Geological processes that may impact biosystems or humans. Editors: J.W. LaMoreaux and G. Dörhöfer This journal is indexed by ...
*  Desert
Geological processes in a desert climate can concentrate minerals into valuable deposits. Leaching by ground water can extract ... In the process they cool and lose much of their moisture by precipitation on the windward slope of the mountain range. When ... The process continues and the end products are either dust or sand. Dust is formed from solidified clay or volcanic deposits ... Eolian processes are major factors in shaping desert landscapes. Polar deserts (also seen as "cold deserts") have similar ...
*  Prevailing winds
Ronald Greeley, James D. Iversen (1987). Wind as a geological process on Earth, Mars, Venus and Titan. CUP Archive, pp. 158-162 ... Michael Pidwirny (2008). CHAPTER 8: Introduction to the Hydrosphere (e). Cloud Formation Processes. Physical Geography. ...
*  Geobiology
Biogeochemistry is a systems science that synthesizes the study of biological, geological, and chemical processes to understand ... Dilek, Yildirim; Harald Furnes; Karlis Muehlenbachs (2008). Links Between Geological Processes, Microbial Activities & ... It deals with process - how organisms affect the Earth and vice versa - as well as history - how the Earth and life have ... It differs from biogeochemistry in that the focus is on processes and organisms over space and time rather than on global ...
*  Sulfur
Native sulfur may be produced by geological processes alone. Fossil-based sulfur deposits from salt domes were until recently ... is converted into elemental sulfur by the Claus process. This process entails oxidation of some hydrogen sulfide to sulfur ... This process happens within a matter of hours to days, but can be rapidly catalyzed. Sulfur has 25 known isotopes, four of ... This process, patented in 1843, made rubber a major industrial product, especially in automobile tires. Because of the heat and ...
*  Crystal
Large single crystals can be created by geological processes. For example, selenite crystals in excess of 10 meters are found ... For more details on geological crystal formation, see above. Crystals can also be formed by biological processes, see above. ... Crystallization is the process of forming a crystalline structure from a fluid or from materials dissolved in a fluid. (More ... The process of crystal formation via mechanisms of crystal growth is called crystallization or solidification. The word crystal ...
*  Uranium mining
Oxidation of sulfide deposits occurs during the geological process called weathering. Therefore, oxide ore deposits are ... The milling process commonly yields dry powder-form material consisting of natural uranium, "yellowcake," which is sold on the ... Uranium ores are normally processed by grinding the ore materials to a uniform particle size and then treating the ore to ... This geological classification system is determined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Uranium deposits in ...
*  Field (mineral deposit)
The deposits are formed by a variety of geological processes. The abundance of a field will result in direct costs associated ...
*  Ore
... bodies are formed by a variety of geological processes. The process of ore formation is called ore genesis. An ore deposit ... The ores must be processed to extract the metals of interest from the waste rock and from the ore minerals. ... ore processing) Guilbert, John M. and Charles F. Park, Jr. (1986) The Geology of Ore Deposits, W. H. Freeman, p. 1. ISBN 0-7167 ... cost of extraction must thus be weighed against the metal value contained in the rock to determine what ore can be processed ...
*  Scientific literacy
Earth science was somewhat narrowly defined as expanded geological processes. In the decade after those initial documents, ... This defining process was undertaken first for ocean literacy, then for the Great Lakes, estuaries, the atmosphere, and climate ... "scientific literacy is the knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts and processes required for personal decision ...
*  Discontinuity (geotechnical engineering)
Various geological processes create discontinuities at a broadly regular spacing. For example, bedding planes are the result of ... The orientations of discontinuities with the same origin are related to the process that has created them and to the geological ... A discontinuity set or family denotes a series of discontinuities for which the geological origin (history, etc.), the ... Integral discontinuities can change into mechanical discontinuities due to physical or chemical processes (e.g. weathering) ...
*  Redox
Famous examples of redox conditions affecting geological processes include uranium deposits and Moqui marbles. Describing the ... Any such reaction involves both a reduction process and a complementary oxidation process, two key concepts involved with ... The process of electroplating uses redox reactions to coat objects with a thin layer of a material, as in chrome-plated ... The processes of oxidation and reduction occur simultaneously and cannot happen independently of one another, similar to the ...
*  Devil's Chapel Scowles
Scowles are formed by a geological process. Scowles are wildlife rich, and the minimum disturbance in the area has been ...
*  Geological Survey of Norway
Enhanced knowledge of the country's construction and geological processes 4. Good communication, management and customization ... Geological Survey of Norway. About NGU 2008-01-27. NGU - Annual report 2008. [2] 2008-01-27. Document from the establishment of ... A few years earlier, the geology student Theodor Kjerulf had submitted the idea of a Norwegian geological survey to the ... With the motto "Geology for the Society", NGU provides maps and geological information in national databases. The activity is ...
*  Isotopes of lithium
The isotopes of lithium separate somewhat during a variety of geological processes, including mineral formation (chemical ... This results in some enrichment of lithium-7 in geological processes. Lithium-6 is an important isotope in nuclear physics ... A multistage process may be used to obtain higher degrees of separation. Lithium-4 contains three protons and one neutron. It ... which is downstream from a lithium processing plant. In the depleted lithium, the relative abundance of lithium-6 can be ...
*  Andrew Stewart Mackenzie
Mackenzie, Andrew Stewart (1981). Applications of biological marker compounds to subsurface geological processes (PhD thesis). ... Mackenzie was a postdoctoral research fellow with the British Geological Society. He was a Humboldt Fellow and worked at the ... The Geological Fate of Steroids". Science. 217 (4559): 491-504. doi:10.1126/science.217.4559.491. PMID 17820518. Mackenzie, ...
*  Groundwater pollution
"Geogenic" refers to naturally occurring as a result from geological processes. The natural arsenic pollution occurs because ... NERC, British Geological Survey Commissioned Report, CR/01/142, UK Moore, C., Nokes, C., Loe, B., Close, M., Pang, L., Smith, V ... Several trace metals can occurs naturally in some rocks or enter in the environmental from natural processes such as weathering ... They concluded that the probability is small that the rise of fracking fluids through the geological underground to the surface ...
*  Monazite geochronology
Radiometric age represents the time when the decay process starts. Geological age represents the time when a geological event ... If a geological process gives a suitable fluid and temperature, monazite dissolves along the contact with the fluid (reaction ... Finding the ages of compositional zones can mean finding the ages of geological processes. Monazite is a rare-earth-element ... That means the system is either reset totally or unaffected totally by geological processes, there is not partial resetting of ...
*  Levilinea saccharolytica
Links Between Geological Processes, Microbial Activities & Evolution of Life: Microbes and Geology. Eds. Yildirim Dilek, H. ...