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*  Molecular phylogenetics
The advantage claimed for using hybridisation rather than gene sequencing was that it was based on the entire genotype, rather ... An older and superseded approach was to determine the divergences between the genotypes of individuals by DNA-DNA hybridisation ...
*  Amplified fragment length polymorphism
Mueller UG, Wolfenbarger LL (October 1999). "AFLP genotyping and fingerprinting". Trends Ecol. Evol. 14 (10): 389-394. doi: ...
*  Tag SNP
That is why GWAS use customizable arrays (SNP chips) to genotype only a subset of the variants identified as tag snps. Most ... Both platforms are able to genotype more than a million tag SNPs using either pre-made or custom DNA oligos. Genome-wide ... With the number of individuals genotyped and number of SNPs in databases growing, tag SNP selection takes too much time to ... It is possible to identify genetic variation and association to phenotypes without genotyping every SNP in a chromosomal region ...
*  Genotype
The genotype of an organism is the inherited map it carries within its genetic code. Not all organisms with the same genotype ... Genotyping is the process of elucidating the genotype of an individual with a biological assay. Also known as a genotypic assay ... Conversely, some phenotypes could be the result of multiple genotypes. The genotype is commonly mixed up with the phenotype ... Likewise, not all organisms that look alike necessarily have the same genotype. One's genotype differs subtly from one's ...
*  Multilocus genotype
If the haplotypes are determined the multilocus genotype is referred to as a phased genotype, otherwise it is referred to as ... the multilocus genotype can be represented as {A/G,T/C}. If the genome is not haploid then the multilocus genotype does not ... A multilocus genotype is the combination of alleles found at two or more loci in a single individual. For example, in a diploid ... Some authors suggest that the term multilocus genotype should only be applied to phased multilocus data while others apply it ...
*  Genotype frequency
49 red-flowered plants with the genotype AA 42 pink-flowered plants with genotype Aa 9 white-flowered plants with genotype aa ... Genotype frequency in a population is the number of individuals with a given genotype divided by the total number of ... Although allele and genotype frequencies are related, it is important to clearly distinguish them. Genotype frequency may also ... Compare genotype frequency: let's now calculate the genotype frequency of aa homozygotes (white-flowered plants). f ( a a ) = 9 ...
*  Genotype-phenotype distinction
The genotype-phenotype distinction is drawn in genetics. "Genotype" is an organism's full hereditary information. "Phenotype" ... Its genotype would be responsible for its phenotype (the white color). The mapping of a set of genotypes to a set of phenotypes ... that transform a genotype into phenotype. We will refer to this as the "genotype-phenotype map". T2 is the transformation due ... back to genotype space (G2) where Mendelian genetics can predict the next generation of genotypes, thus completing the cycle. ...
*  Genotype-first approach
The genotype-first approach is a type of strategy used in genetic epidemiological studies to associate specific genotypes to ... A genotype-first approach to defining the subtypes of a complex disease. Cell 156, 872-877 (2014). Mefford, H. C. Genotype to ... and characterize uncommon or heterogeneous diseases based on patient's genotype. In 2014 the genotype-first approach was used ... A genotype-first approach for the molecular and clinical characterization of uncommon de novo microdeletion of 20q13.33. PLoS ...
*  Genotyping
... Services' from Source Bioscience International HapMap Project UCLA Genotyping Core resources for genotyping ... When genotyping transgenic organisms, a single genomic region may be all that needs to be examined to determine the genotype. A ... Genotyping is the process of determining differences in the genetic make-up (genotype) of an individual by examining the ... That is, only a small fraction of an individual's genotype is determined, such as with (epi)GBS (Genotyping by sequencing) or ...
*  SNP genotyping
For simple genotyping of an SNP, it is easier to just make the amplicon small to minimize the chances you mistake one SNP for ... Because DASH genotyping is measuring a quantifiable change in Tm, it is capable of measuring all types of mutations, not just ... The use of SNPs is being extended in the HapMap project, which aims to provide the minimal set of SNPs needed to genotype the ... It is a form of genotyping, which is the measurement of more general genetic variation. SNPs are one of the most common types ...
*  Noninvasive genotyping
... is a modern technique for obtaining DNA for genotyping that is characterized by the indirect sampling of ... The method by which samples are collected in noninvasive genotyping is what separates the technique from traditional genotyping ... Noninvasive genotyping is widely utilized in conservation efforts, where capture and sampling may be difficult or disruptive to ... In conservation, noninvasive genotyping has been used to supplement traditional techniques with broadly ranging levels of ...
*  HCV genotypes
The genotype can affect treatment of HCV infections. Recent studies show that HCV genotypes consist of 7 genotypes and 67 ... It is usually difficult to treat the patients with HCV genotype 1. Genotype 2 and genotype 3 are less common contributing to ... The complexity of the HCV genotypes made the treatment specific for the associated genotype. The treatment for the HCV genotype ... All the genotypes and its subtypes affects the liver to the same extent of damage irrespective of the HCV genotype Among the ...
*  Genotyping by sequencing
In the field of genetic sequencing, genotyping by sequencing, also called GBS, is a method to discover single nucleotide ... 2011). "A Robust, Simple Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) Approach for High Diversity Species". PLoS ONE. 6 (5): e19379. doi: ... He, Jiangfeng; Zhao, Xiaoqing; Laroche, André; Lu, Zhen-Xiang; Liu, HongKui; Li, Ziqin (2014-01-01). "Genotyping-by-sequencing ... "An evaluation of genotyping by sequencing (GBS) to map the Breviaristatum-e (ari-e) locus in cultivated barley". BMC Genomics. ...
*  List of haplotype estimation and genotype imputation software
This is a list of notable software for haplotype estimation and genotype imputation. Alphabetical order: AlphaImpute Beagle ...
*  Glossary of biology
genome . genotype . gizzard . guanine . gular Of or pertaining to the throat. Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R ... artificial selection Professionals study the genotype and phenotype of parent organisms in the hope of producing a hybrid that ...
*  Bartonella vinsonii
Berkhoffii Genotype III". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 46 (5): 1858-60. doi:10.1128/JCM.02456-07. PMC 2395075 . PMID ...
*  Genetic architecture
Stadler, Peter F.; Stadler, Bärbel M. R. (2015-04-14). "Genotype-Phenotype Maps". Biological Theory. 1 (3): 268-279. doi: ... Line-Cross Analysis Genotype-Phenotype Maps The Rise of Genetic Architecture. ... Genetic architecture is sometimes studied using a genotype-phenotype map, which graphically depicts the relationship between ... the genotype and the phenotype. Genetic architecture is incredibly important for understanding evolutionary theory because it ...
*  Glycerol kinase deficiency
There is no genotype-phenotype correlation in isolated GKD and it can be either symptomatic or asymptomatic. Symptomatic means ... In this deficiency the genotype is not associated with the phenotype. The presence of certain mutations in genes has no ... National Library of Medicine (17 December 2012). "Genotype-Phenotype Correlation". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 21 ...
*  Thrifty gene hypothesis
... "thrifty genotype" remains as viable as when first advanced...". He went on to advance that the thrifty genotype concept be ... The thrifty genotype hypothesis has been used to explain high, and rapidly escalating, levels of obesity and diabetes among ... "The Thrifty Genotype Revisited." In The Genetics of Diabetes Mellitus, ed. J. Kobberling and R. Tattersall. New York: Academic ... Neel JV (May 1999). "The "thrifty genotype" in 1998". Nutr. Rev. 57 (5 Pt 2): S2-9. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.1999.tb01782.x. ...
*  Reaction norm
Genotype A) ^ ^ (Genotype B) ^ , , , , Environ <------> Other Environ <------> Other extreme extreme extreme extreme The ... But differing genotypes within a single species may also show differing reaction norms relative to a particular phenotypic ... For every genotype, phenotypic trait, and environmental variable, a different reaction norm can exist; in other words, an ... With these controlled genetic groups, we might cultivate each variety (genotype) in a range of environments. This range might ...
*  Mega2, the Manipulation Environment for Genetic Analysis
The key is being able to efficiently extract genotypes corresponding to chosen subsets of markers so as to facilitate gene- ... These contain, at a minimum, data about the phenotypes, the marker genotypes, any family structures, and map positions of the ... Howie BN, Donnelly P, Marchini J (2009). "A flexible and accurate genotype imputation method for the next generation of genome- ... Browning BL, Browning SR (2009). "A unified approach to genotype imputation and haplotype-phase inference for large data sets ...
*  Archimedes (bryozoan)
"Archimedes and its Genotype." Journal of Paleontology. SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology. Vol. 27, No. 5 (Sep., 1953), pp. ...
*  Lyssavirus
The major species (genotypes) include: rabies virus (genotype 1); Lagos bat virus (genotype 2); Mokola virus (genotype 3); ... genotypes 5 and 6); and Australian bat lyssavirus (genotype 7). Based on the biological properties of the viruses, these ... while phylogroup 2 includes genotypes 2 and 3. The nucleocapsid region of lyssavirus is fairly highly conserved from genotype ... Arai; Kuzmin, I. V.; Kameoka, Y.; Botvinkin, A. D. (2003). "New Lyssavirus Genotype from the Lesser Mouse-eared Bat (Myotis ...
*  Hypodontia
Kindelan JD, Rysiecki G, Childs WP.; Rysiecki; Childs (1998). "Hypodontia: genotype or environment? A case report of ...
*  Hereditary multiple exostoses
A genotype-phenotype study". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume. 86 (7): 1041-6. doi:10.1302/0301-620x. ...