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*  Jumping plant louse
... an International Psyllid Genome Consortium was established. Insect genomics provides important information on the genetic basis ... referring to whether plant speciation drives insect speciation and vice versa, though most herbivorous insects probably evolved ... Jumping plant lice or psyllids form the family Psyllidae of small plant-feeding insects that tend to be very host-specific, i.e ... International Psyllid Genome Consortium Oppong, C. K.; Addo-Bediako, A.; Potgieter, M. J.; Wessels, D. C. J. (2009). " ...
*  Chilo suppressalis
Zimmerman, Elwood C. (1958). Insects of Hawaii. 8 Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea. University of Hawaii Press. Australian Insects Rice ... Genome. 57 (2): 79-88. doi:10.1139/gen-2013-0188. PMID 24702065. Gao, Junchuan; Li, Weimin; Jiang, Guorong (1987). "Discussion ... "IRRI Rice insect pest factsheet: Stem borer". Rice Knowledge Bank. Archived from the original on 22 November 2014. "Striped ...
*  Belgica antarctica
It also has the smallest known insect genome as of 2014, with only 99 million base pairs of nucleotides (and about 13,500 genes ... "Antarctic midge has smallest insect genome". BBC. 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2014-08-12. Lee, R. E.; Elnitsky, M. A.; Rinehart, J. P ... At 2-6 mm (0.079-0.24 in) long, it is the largest purely terrestrial animal on the continent, as well as its only insect. ... These compounds help the insect survive freezing by reducing the amount of ice that forms within the body. They also stabilize ...
*  InSatDb
... is a database of microsatellites of sequenced insect genomes microsatellite Archak, Sunil; Meduri Eshwar; Kumar P ... a microsatellite database of fully sequenced insect genomes". Nucleic Acids Res. England. 35 (Database issue): D36-9. doi: ...
*  Orphan gene
"Mechanisms and Dynamics of Orphan Gene Emergence in Insect Genomes". Genome Biology and Evolution. 5 (2): 439-455. doi:10.1093/ ... Orphan genes accounted for an estimated 26% of the yeast genome, but it was believed that these genes could be classified with ... At the time, gene duplication was considered the only serious model of gene evolution and there were few sequenced genomes for ... In 2011, a comprehensive genome-wide study of the extent and evolutionary origins of orphan genes in plants was conducted in ...
*  Louse
The body louse has the smallest genome of any known insect; it has been used as a model organism and has been the subject of ... the smallest insect genome known. This louse can transmit certain diseases while the human head louse (P. h. capitis), to which ... Sucking lice are small wingless insects ranging from 0.5 to 5 mm (0.02 to 0.20 in) in length. They have narrow heads and oval, ... The mitochondrial genome of the human species of body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus), the head louse (Pediculus humanus ...
*  Knockdown resistance
Such mutative resistance is characterized by the presence of kdr alleles in the insect's genome. Knockdown resistance, first ... insects and other arthropods that result from reduced sensitivity of the nervous system caused by point mutations in the insect ... Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology: n/a. doi:10.1002/arch.20355. ...
*  Planococcus citri
2013). Horizontal gene transfer from diverse bacteria to an insect genome enables a tripartite nested mealybug symbiosis. Cell ... Fruits such as oranges become lumpy and discolored when the insect feeds on them, and they may fall off the tree. Insects ... In agriculture, the insect can be managed with cultural, biological, and chemical control methods. Keeping orchard trees ... They are classified under the superfamily Coccoidea (scale insects) in the order Hemiptera (true bugs). The longevity of the ...
*  Mir-2 microRNA precursor
Marco, A; Hui, JH; Ronshaugen, M; Griffiths-Jones, S (2010). "Functional shifts in insect microRNA evolution". Genome Biol Evol ... Most other insect genomes host five mir-2 loci although the number varies in other invertebrates. Mir-13 subfamily emerged from ... Mir-2 microRNAs are organized in a large cluster in most insects. This cluster has typically 5 members of the mir-2 family plus ... The number of mir-2 sequences differs among invertebrate lineages although they remain tightly clustered in the genome. A ...
*  Bunyavirales
"Discovery and evolution of bunyavirids in arctic phantom midges and ancient bunyavirid-like sequences in insect genomes". J ... Bunyaviridae have tripartite genomes consisting of a large (L), medium (M), and small (S) RNA segment. These RNA segments are ... Total genome size ranges from 10.5 to 22.7 kbp. This ambisense arrangement requires two rounds of transcription to be carried ... Bunyaviridae Bunyaviridae Genomes-database search results from the Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center Virus Pathogen Database ...
*  Turnip sawfly
This effort will add to the planned i5K, the effort to sequence 5,000 insect genomes in 5 years. "Turnip Sawfly - Athalia rosae ... The sawflies have been found to sequester glucosinolates like many insects in larval stages. Removal of various glucosinolates ... Due to no current primitive Hymenoptera, the turnip sawfly is being worked on for genome sequencing. ... ". "Chemosensory of Turnip Sawfly". NCBI Genome page for Athalia rosae i5k initiative for Athalia rosae. ...
*  Body louse
The human body louse had its genome sequenced in 2010, and at that time it had the smallest known insect genome. Other lice ... 2010). "Genome sequences of the human body louse and its primary endosymbiont provide insights into the permanent parasitic ... 2006). "Proposed sequencing of a new target genome: the human body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus". J. Med. Entom. 43 (6): ... Trench fever and Relapsing fever The body louse genome sequence analysis was published in 2010. Pediculus humanus humanus (the ...
*  Genetically modified insect
... including insects. Insect genomes can be found in genetic databases such as NCBI, and databases more specific to insects such ... This causes the population of insects to crash. This technique is being developed for some insects and for other insects has ... Inherited sterility in insects List of sterile insect technique trials Insect ecology Detection of genetically modified ... There is an ongoing initiative started in 2011 to sequence the genomes of 5,000 insects and other arthropods called the i5k. ...
*  Vincent Wigglesworth
From these observations, Wigglesworth was able to develop a coherent theory of how an insect's genome can selectively activate ... Edwards, J. S. (1998). "Sir Vincent Wigglesworth and the coming of age of insect development". The International journal of ... Wigglesworth was able to distort the developmental phases of the insect by controlling levels of this hormone. ... was a British entomologist who made significant contributions to the field of insect physiology. In particular, he studied ...
*  Black beetle virus
The BBV insect virus genome is made of two mRNA molecules encapsidated in a single virion. The nucleotide sequence of BBV RNA1 ... The genome of BBV and other viruses in its family are incredibly small, nearly half the size of picornaviruses, making it the ... The genomes of these viruses are unusually small compared to others such as picorna and retroviruses. Because the virus only ... The genome and viral messenger for (+)ssRNA noroviridae viruses is the initial virion RNA. RNA1 sequence encodes for the virus ...
*  Eciton burchellii
Since numerous insects and other small prey can escape the swarm, the frequent raids of the ants do not desecrate an area's ... From Genome to Sociocomplexity. Harvard University Press. p. 442. ISBN 978-0-674-03125-8. Powell, S; Franks, N (2007). "How a ... Insects, in general, are very vulnerable to the effects of dehydration because of their large surface area to volume ratio. ... Insects and other arthropods attempting to escape from E. burchellii are flushed into the attending flocks, and a number of ...
*  Worker policing
Gadau, Jürgen; Fewell, Jennifer; Wilson, Edward O. (2009). Organization of Insect Societies: From Genome to Sociocomplexity. ... In many social insect communities, sex is determined through haplodiploidy. Haploid male drones develop from unfertilized eggs ... Worker policing has been suggested as a form of coercion to promote the evolution of altruistic behavior in eusocial insect ... Worker policing has evolved convergently in several social insect species. The following cases are examples: One of the first ...
*  Major royal jelly protein
Honeybee Genome Sequencing Consortium (October 2006). "Insights into social insects from the genome of the honeybee Apis ... The Honeybee Genome Sequencing Consortium reported in 2006 that there are nine genes for nine MRJPs. MRJP1 is the most abundant ...
*  Western honey bee
Honey Bee Genome Sequencing Consortium (2006). "Insights into social insects from the genome of the honeybee Apis mellifera". ... The European honey bee is the third insect, after the fruit fly and the mosquito, to have its genome mapped. According to ... Another significant finding from the honey bee genome study was that honey bee was the first insect to be discovered with a ... As of October 28, 2006, the Honey Bee Genome Sequencing Consortium fully sequenced and analyzed the genome of Apis mellifera. ...
*  Gene E. Robinson
New York Times Op-Ed, 13 December [1] Honeybee Genome Sequencing Consortium (2006). "Insights into social insects from the ... He pioneered the application of genomics to the study of social behavior and led the effort to sequence the honey bee genome. ... reported in NY Times, Washington Post, German Public Radio, South African Public Radio, Genome News Network; included in ... Retrieved March 13, 2015 Robinson, G. E. (1992). "Regulation of Division of Labor in Insect Societies". Annual Review of ...
*  Genetics of social behavior
Honeybee Genome Sequencing Consortium. "Insights into social insects from the genome of the honeybee Apis mellifera". Nature ... genome in October 2006. Completion of the honey bee genome and other model organism genomes has made further between-species ... Efforts in genome sequencing have allowed researchers to examine eusocial insect behavior from a molecular perspective. Notable ... To examine higher insect social order, researchers looked into the potential evolutionary history of a "foraging gene" in honey ...
*  Africanized bee
The Western honey bee is the third insect to have its genome mapped, and is unusual in having very few transposons. According ... 2006). "Insights into social insects from the genome of the honeybee Apis mellifera". Nature. 443 (7114): 931-49. Bibcode: ... The genome sequence revealed several groups of genes, particularly the genes related to circadian rhythms, were closer to ... Having to defend themselves against aggressive insects such as ants and wasps, as well as voracious animals like the honey ...
*  Bed bug
As bed bugs continue to adapt pesticide resistance, researchers have examined the insect's genome to see how its adaptations ... The trichomes on the bean leaves capture the insects by impaling the feet (tarsi) of the insects. The leaves are then destroyed ... and to opaque black within two days as the insect digests its meal. Bed bugs may be mistaken for other insects, such as ... In all, the insect may spend less than 20 minutes in physical contact with its host, and does not try to feed again until it ...
*  Acyrthosiphon pisum
This constitutes the first genome of a hemimetabolous insect to have been published. The pea aphid genome and other of its ... The pea aphid genome presents high levels of gene duplication compared to other insect genomes, such as Drosophila, with the ... pisum genome has undergone more unique genomic changes compared to other insects of the order Hemiptera. The aphid genome is ... Unlike other related insects, the A. pisum genome is missing genes necessary for the urea cycle. the purine salvage pathway, ...
*  Epigenetics in insects
... some insects such as Drosophila melanogaster just have traces of DNA methylation in their genome and in general insect genomes ... Genome methylation in D. melanogaster is found at specific short motifs and is independent of DNMT2 activity. Genome Research, ... are much less methylated compared to mammalian genomes (0.034% vs. 7.6% in Mus musculus). In a comparison of different insect ... doi:10.1021/ac50044 Wang, Y., et al., Functional CpG methylation system in a social insect. Science, 2006. 314(5799): p. 645-7 ...
*  Choriogenesis
Identical twins have identical genomes in the immediate aftermath of twinning. Two-thirds of monozygotic twins share the same ... ISBN 0-452-26672-6. Irles P, Bellés X, Piulachs MD (2009). "Identifying genes related to choriogenesis in insect panoistic ...
*  R2 RNA element
... genes of most insect genomes. In order to insert itself into the genome, retrotransposon encoded protein (R2) protein makes a ... where the RNA genome is transcribed into DNA. The R2 element 3' UTR RNA is a cis-acting element identified in R2 ... an essential part of retrotransposon insertion into the host genome). An RNA fragment found in the R2 3' untranslated region ( ...