*  Androgen
It is found in approximately equal amounts in the plasma and urine of both males and females. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a ... a genetic disorder resulting in complete or partial insensitivity to androgens and a lack of external male genitalia. Neural ... Also, androgens are the precursors to estrogens in both men and women. The main subset of androgens, known as adrenal androgens ... Although androgens are commonly thought of only as male sex hormones, females also have them, but at lower levels: they ...
*  Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency
Most virilized females are assigned and raised as girls even if their genitalia are ambiguous or look more male than female. ... Evaluation of ambiguous genitalia is described in detail elsewhere. In most cases it is possible to confirm and assign female ... The purposes of surgery have generally been a combination of the following: To make the external genitalia look more female ... Girls and women with CAH constitute the majority of genetic females with normal internal reproductive hormones who have been ...
*  Quigley scale
Numerous clinical scales and measurement systems exist to define genitals as normal male or female, or "abnormal", including ... genitals, particularly for women, raises some disturbing questions", including preferences influenced by doctors' specialism ... Ambiguous genitalia Development of the reproductive system Sex assignment Quigley CA, De Bellis A, Marschke KB, el-Awady MK, ... It is similar in function to the Prader scale and is used to describe genitalia in cases of androgen insensitivity syndrome, ...
*  Sperm competition
This damage to the male genitalia means that these males can only mate once. Female factors can influence the result of sperm ... For instance, females can indirectly benefit from being protected by a mate. The females can appreciate a decrease in predation ... Polyandrous females mate with many male partners. Females of many species of arthropod, mollusk and other phyla have a ... Some females also benefit from polygyny because extra pair copulations in females increase the genetic diversity with the ...
*  Clitoromegaly
... female external genitalia with clitoromegaly through 5: pseudo-phallus looking like normal male external genitalia. ... female fetus produces additional androgens and the newborn baby has ambiguous genitalia which are not clearly male or female. ... Women who use testosterone for therapeutic reasons (treating low libido, averting osteoporosis, as part of an anti-depressant ... Female bodybuilders and athletes who use androgens, primarily to enhance muscular growth, strength and appearance , may also ...
*  Mild androgen insensitivity syndrome
... is indicated when the external genitalia is that of a normal female, mild androgen insensitivity syndrome (MAIS) is indicated ... The external male genitalia (penis, scrotum, and urethra) are otherwise normal in individuals with MAIS. Internal genitalia, ... Female genital and sexual development is not significantly affected by the insensitivity to androgens; as such, MAIS is only ... with fully masculinized genitalia; this category of androgen insensitivity is diagnosed when the degree of androgen ...
*  Progestin-induced virilisation
This can in some cases result in ambiguous genitalia. Fetal masculinization of female external genitalia is usually due to ... Fetal masculinization of female external genitalia due to maternal use of androgenic steroids is generally less advanced than ... The first case report of fetal masculinization of the external genitalia of a female infant born to a mother inadvertently ... The incidence of fetal masculinization of female external genitalia varies with the drug and dosage. The only sex steroid ...
*  Labia
Female genitals will usually be formed in the absence of significant androgen exposure. The genitals begin to develop after ... The color, size, length and shape of the inner labia can vary extensively from woman to woman. In some women the labia minora ... The labia are part of the female genitalia; they are the major externally visible portions of the vulva. In humans, there are ... In several countries in Africa and Asia, the external female genitals are routinely altered or removed for reasons related to ...
*  Gender taxonomy
Females inherit three or more X chromosomes (genotype is XXX). These "super-females" or "meta-females" appear normal except for ... Exhibitionism is the recurrent urge or behavior to expose one's genitals to an unsuspecting person. Fetishism is the use of non ... Turner Syndrome is a result from one of female sex chromosome abnormalities. Females inherit only one X chromosome (genotype is ... Women with Triple-X syndrome are fertile but can have premature ovarian failure. Klinefelter Syndrome is a syndrome resulting ...
*  Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11β-hydroxylase deficiency
... with ambiguous genitalia that look more male than female, though internal female organs, including ovaries and uterus develop ... partial virilization and ambiguous genitalia of genetically female infants, childhood virilization of both sexes, and rarer ... It also causes excessive androgen production both before and after birth and can virilize a genetically female fetus or a child ... In the severe forms, XX (genetically female) fetuses can be markedly virilized, ...
*  Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome
Both male and female participants cited the appearance of their genitalia as being the greatest contributing factor to their ... is indicated when the external genitalia is that of a normal female, mild androgen insensitivity syndrome (MAIS) is indicated ... grade 1 is indicated when the external genitalia is fully masculinized, grade 6 is indicated when the external genitalia is ... Women with PAIS may have a tendency towards bone mineralization deficiency, although this increase is thought to be less than ...
*  Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hence, the external genitalia in most of infants resemble that of normal females (though the vagina is a short, blind pouch), ... Women with lipoid CAH have been infertile presumably due to anovulation. The genitalia of XY fetuses with lipoid CAH are ... Most infants born with lipoid CAH have had genitalia female enough that no disease was suspected at birth. Because the adrenal ... XX females with lipoid CAH may need estrogen replacement at or after puberty. Active intervention has been used to preserve the ...
*  Clitoral hood
... is perceived as an improvement to the appearance of the genitalia, or is used to suppress or reduce female sexual desire and ... If a woman's clitoral glans is not lubricated the hood may not caress it during sexual stimulation, or the female may ... Other women dislike direct stimulation and prefer to have the [clitoral glans] rolled between the lips of the labia. Some women ... Momoh, Comfort (2005). "Female Genital Mutation". In Momoh, Comfort. Female Genital Mutilation. Radcliffe Publishing. pp. 5-12 ...
*  Penis
Species of this genus have sex-reversed genitalia. Females have penis-like organs called gynosomes that are inserted into ... Once the female retracts her clitoris, the male enters the female by sliding beneath her, an operation facilitated by the ... The male waterfowl evolution of a phallus to forcefully copulate with females has led to counteradaptations in females in the ... William G. Eberhard (1996). Female Control: Sexual Selection by Cryptic Female Choice. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0- ...
*  Micropterix aglaella
Also, the female genitalia can be recognized quite well. In particular, the degree of sclerotization of sternite IX and of the ... Female genitalia. Tergite IX missing, only indicated by a group of setae; sternite IX strongly reduced, weakly sclerotized, ... Male genitalia. Uncus moderately long, stout, with a broad, rounded tip; beyond the uncus a weak structure of hair-like setae; ... Phylogeny: In the male genitalia, M. aglaella has distinct lobes with long, hair-like setae on the posterior margin of the ...
*  Broad ligament of the uterus
ISBN 0-7817-5309-0. "Chapter 35: Female genitalia". Retrieved 2007-12-09. Anatomy photo:43:03-0300 at the SUNY Downstate ... female overview (Gross, Medium)" Diagram at med.mun.ca figures/chapter_35/35-2.HTM: Basic Human Anatomy at Dartmouth Medical ...
*  Anna C. Chave
Is this good for Vulva?': Female Genitalia in Contemporary Art." Anna C. Chave and Francis Naumann. The Visible Vagina. Ex. Cat ...
*  Lepidoptera
Male genitals include a valva, which is usually large, as it is used to grasp the female during mating. Female genitalia ... In females the three types of genitalia are based on the relating taxa: 'monotrysian', 'exoporian', and 'ditrysian'. In the ... An egg can only be 1/1000 the mass of the female, yet she may lay up to her own mass in eggs. Females lay smaller eggs as they ... Males usually start eclosion (emergence) earlier than females and peak in numbers before females. Both of the sexes are ...
*  Sigmund Freud
"Aesthetic Surgery of the Female Genitalia". Seminars in Plastic Surgery. 25 (2): 130-141. doi:10.1055/s-0031-1281482. PMC ... a man's suppressed female self), the animus (a woman's suppressed male self), or the shadow (an inferior self-image), and ... and one that appears frightening to women, goes back at least to Freud." She sees Freud's criticism of women's sense of justice ... Freud's Women. London: Penguin Books, 1992, pp. 433-437 Rose, J. Sexuality in the Field of Vision, London: Verso 1986 p. 91-93 ...
*  Caloptilia insidia
The female genitals are still unknown. In the male, the clasper's harpe is simple, slim at the base but widening towards the ... The species does not seem to be common, and no females appear to have been encountered yet. C. insidia is a small moth, with a ... wingspan of about 12 mm (c.0.5 in) and an overall reddish coloration; males and females look alike externally. The head and ...
*  Tessema sensilis
The female genitalia are of course still unknown. Ecologically, essentially nothing is known about this species. Its habitat is ... The holotype and only specimen (USNM 100735, genitalia on microscopic slide USNM 25220) was collected on Tunoa Ridge about 885 ... The male genitalia of T. sensilis are symmetrical and overall only lightly sclerotized (hardened) except for the stout aedeagus ...
*  Azelinini
Of the female genitalia, the ovipositor is narrow. A robust funnel-shaped antrum - the foremost part of the ostium bursae - is ...
*  The Acharnians
Note that piglets meant also female genitals). Next a Boeotian arrives with birds and eels for sale. Dikaiopolis has nothing to ... Coesyra: A rich woman, she is mentioned with Lamachus as the sort of person who manages to get out of Athens when times are ... account of the kidnapping of three women, and the Athenian ambassador's account of his travels in Persia. Aristophanes, or his ...
*  Birdwing
"The female genitalia of the Birdwing Butterflies, part 1 Lepidoptera Group 68. Vejle. 1982. Showing female genitalia of T. ... "The female genitalia of the Birdwing Butterflies, part 2. Lepidoptera Group 68. Vejle. 1983. Showing female genitalia of O. ... The female lays her spherical eggs under the tips of the vine's leaves, one egg per leaf. The caterpillars are voracious eaters ... Males and females of most Troides birdwings are similar and have jet black to brown dorsal forewings, often with the veins ...
*  Bet hedging (biology)
Further examination of female genitalia has supported this hypothesis. The sierra dome spider exhibits this behavior as a form ... Female sierra dome spiders (Linyphia litigiosa) are polyandrous, mating with secondary males in order to compensate for ... Females have developed a mechanism for sperm precedence to retain control over offspring paternity and increase offspring ... Other examples of biological bet hedging include female multiple mating, foraging behavior in bumble bees, nutrient storage in ...
*  Legal status of striptease
She was also of the opinion that strip clubs violated women's rights. She said: "It is not acceptable that women or people in ... Dancers in topless clubs can expose their breasts, but not their genitals. Topless dancers typically perform in a G-string and ... providing a private area in the back where clients could purchase private time with a female worker. In 2015, a women's crisis ... "The Nordic countries are leading the way on women's equality, recognizing women as equal citizens rather than commodities for ...
*  Sigaus
This review was mostly based on the female genitalia. Hutton, F.W. 1897: "The grasshoppers and locusts of New Zealand and the ... These structures are internal of the male genitalia. The taxonomy of New Zealand endemic grasshoppers was substantially revised ... is easily distinguished from other genera within this family in New Zealand by the distinctive structures of the male genitalia ...