*Magnet-assisted transfection

In future, this technology might be also an alternative strategy to the currently used viral and non-viral vectors in gene- ... Davis, M. E. (2002). "Non-viral gene delivery systems". Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 13 (2): 128-131. doi:10.1016/S0958- ... therapy and gene transfer. Plank C; et al. (November 2011). "Magnetically enhanced nucleic acid delivery. Ten years of ... using magnetic force to enhance gene delivery". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 384 (5): 737-747. doi:10.1515/BC.2003.082 ...

*Transfection

... non-viral and viral. Non-viral methods include physical methods such as electroporation, microinjection, gene gun, ... A gene that is intended for delivery is packaged into a replication-deficient viral particle. Viruses used to date include ... Adenoviral vectors can be useful for viral transfection methods because they can transfer genes into a wide variety of human ... Saul JM, Linnes MP, Ratner BD, Giachelli CM, Pun SH (November 2007). "Delivery of non-viral gene carriers from sphere-templated ...

*Apoptosis

Teodoro, J.G. Branton, P.E. (1997). "Regulation of apoptosis by viral gene products". J. Virol. 71 (3): 1739-46. PMC 191242 . ... This assay is used to disrupt gene function by creating an intragenic gene fusion. When an APAF-1 gene trap is introduced into ... The genes were identified by studies in the nematode C. elegans and homologues of these genes function in humans to regulate ... Since a -/- mutation in the APAF-1 gene is embryonic lethal, a gene trap strategy was used in order to generate an APAF-1 -/- ...

*Polydnavirus

Wasps perhaps use microRNA to control the viral genes they carry. PolyDNAvirus can also use PTGS to interfere with the host's ... The virus and wasp are in a mutualistic symbiotic relationship: expression of viral genes prevents the wasp's host's immune ... They promote viral RNA destruction. MicroRNA attach to viral-RNA because they are complementary. Then the complex is recognised ... It also decreases the adhesion capacity of hematocytes, thanks to its gene Glc1.8. The gene also inhibits phagocytosis. ...

*Dean H. Kedes

... isolation and characterization of viral genes and their protein products; determination of the protein composition, spatial ... Asynchronous Progression through the Lytic Cascade and Variations in Intracellular Viral Loads Revealed by High-Throughput ... and the connection between viral and human genomes during chronic infection. For his work, Kedes has received a Doris Duke ... arrangement and assembly of viral and subviral particles; identification of the cell types initially infected during primary ...

*Anti-miRNA oligonucleotides

... the normal expression of these genes can be restored. It is believed that cellular miRNAs inhibit viral gene expression. In a ... It was shown that viral gene expression increased after the introduction of anti-miRNAs targeting has-miR-29a and 29b. This ... viral genes, and metabolic pathways, as well as muscular disorders (specifically cardiovascularly related). By targeting cells ... anti-miRNA inhibitors were used to deactivate two miRNAs that inhibit viral gene expression, has-miR-29a and 29b. ...

*Primary transcript

These variables create a wide range of viral gene expression. For example, tissue culture cells actively producing infectious ... The effect of alternative splicing in gene expression can be seen in complex eukaryotes which have a fixed number of genes in ... Introns reduce R-loop formation and DNA damage in highly expressed yeast genes. Transcription, a highly regulated phase in gene ... This means that Aedes has more DNA, which means more genes. The Aedes line make larger hnRNA than did the Drosophila line even ...

*BacMam

Bisafety and viral gene transfer vectors. In Biological safety, principles and practices, 3rd ed. D. O. Fleming and D. L. Hunt ... The level of gene expression can be adjusted by viral dose or chemical additions using histone deacetylase inhibitors. ... The related genes were mainly those associated with innate immunity, including several of the genes involved in Toll-like ... The BacMam gene delivery technology is a transient expression system, which facilitates expression of toxic gene products. It ...

*Division of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

... and mechanism of action of viral genes and proteins; development of in vitro and ex vivo assays to monitor virus growth and ... In order to foster drug development of new HIV therapies, DAIDS supports research on potential new cellular and viral ... For example, in recent years, DAIDS-funded investigators have identified new structures for viral components of HIV, additional ... mechanisms of viral entry and infection, including the role of co-receptors and other cellular accessory molecules; the ...

*Protein tag

These are usually derived from viral genes, which explain their high immunoreactivity. Epitope tags include V5-tag, Myc-tag, HA ...

*Phycodnaviridae

As PBCV-1 lacks an RNA polymerase gene, the virus must use the host cell's machinery to produce viral RNA. Thus, the viral DNA ... Viral RNA polymerase genes are not transcribed until at least 2 hours post infection (p.i). At 3-4 p.i, virions are assembled ... A cluster of sphingolipid producing genes have been identified in EhV-86. Researchers have found that the production of viral ... To supply deoxynucleotides for viral production in the low proliferating host cells, large DNA viruses possess genes to encode ...

*T4virus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. The virus attaches to the host cell using its terminal fibers, and uses viral exolysin to ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 11 February 2015. "Virus Taxonomy: 2015 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses ... degrade the cell wall enough to eject the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via contraction of its tail sheath. DNA-templated ...

*T5likevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... and degrades the cell wall using viral exolysin enough to eject the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via long flexible tail ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 11 March 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 11 March 2015. NCBI. "T5likevirus ...

*Phicd119likevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... The virus attaches to the host cell using its terminal fibers, and ejects the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via contraction ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 17 February 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2013 Release". Retrieved 17 February 2015. NCBI. " ...

*Spbetalikevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... and degrades the cell wall using viral exolysin enough to eject the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via long flexible tail ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 1 July 2015. NCBI. "Spbetalikevirus ... The complete genome is available here Viral replication is cytoplasmic. The virus attaches to the host cell's adhesion ...

*Twortlikevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. The virus attaches to the host cell using its tail fibers, and ejects the viral DNA into the ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 13 February 2015. NCBI. " ...

*Hpunalikevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... and uses viral exolysin to degrade the cell wall enough to eject the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via contraction of its ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 11 February 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2013 Release". Retrieved 11 February 2015. NCBI. " ...

*Felixounalikevirus

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. DNA-templated transcription is the method of transcription. Once the viral genes have been ... The virus attaches to the host cell using its terminal fibers, and ejects the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via contraction ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 1 July 2015. NCBI. " ...

*Tunalikevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. The virus attaches to the host cell's adhesion receptor FhuA using its terminal fibers, and ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 1 July 2015. NCBI. "Tunalikevirus ... ejects the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via long flexible tail ejection system. Replication follows the replicative ...

*N15likevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... The virus attaches to the host cell's adhesion receptors using its terminal fiber, and ejects the viral DNA into the host ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. NCBI (February 2015 ... The complete genome is available here Viral replication is cytoplasmic. ...

*Phic3unalikevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... The virus attaches to the host cell's adhesion receptors using its terminal fibers, and ejects the viral DNA into the host ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. NCBI. " ... The complete genome, as well as two similar but unclassified strains, are available here Viral replication is cytoplasmic. ...

*Mulikevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... The viral DNA is then circularized and integrated into the host chromosome. The viral genome is copied 50-100 times in the host ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 1 July 2015. NCBI. "Mulikevirus ... The virus attaches to the host cell lipopolysaccharides using its terminal fibers, and ejects the viral DNA into the host ...

*L5likevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... and ejects the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via long flexible tail ejection system. Viral replication is cytoplasmic. ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 1 July 2015. NCBI. "L5likevirus ...

*Schizot4virus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. The virus attaches to the host cell using its terminal fibers, and uses viral exolysin to ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2015 Release". Retrieved 4 March 2017. NCBI. "Schizot4virus ... degrade the cell wall enough to eject the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via contraction of its tail sheath. DNA-templated ...

*Psimunalikevirus

Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. The virus attaches to the host cell's adhesion receptors using its terminal fibers, and ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 18 February 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2013 Release". Retrieved 18 February 2015. Viralzone: ... ejects the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via long flexible tail ejection system. Replication follows the replicative ...

*Camelpox

The virus carries DNA polymerase which is used to transcribe its genes. Eventually, the viral core dissolves, and the genetic ... The DNA is encased in the viral core. Two lateral bodies are found outside the viral core, and are believed to hold the enzymes ... The most common medication used to treat Camelpox is Cidofovir, a broad spectrum anti-viral that acts by inhibiting the viral ... The viral genetic material is contained in double stranded linear DNA consisting of 202,182 tightly packed base pairs. ...