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*  Plant-fungus horizontal gene transfer
Most horizontal gene transfers from fungi into plants predate the rise of land plants. A greater genomic inventory of gene ... Plant-fungus horizontal gene transfer could take place during plant infection. There are many possible vectors, such as plant- ... Most plant-fungus horizontal gene transfer events are ancient and rare, but they may have provided important gene functions ... Plant-fungus horizontal gene transfer is the movement of genetic material between individuals in the plant and fungus kingdoms ...
*  Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center
... and a plant gene bank to collect, preserve, and evaluate plant species indigenous to Israel, including landraces and primitive ... "The Israel plant gene bank." igb.agri.gov.il Accessed 1 April 2014 "Kidum - R&D applications and technology transfer." Agri.gov ... The organization supports Israeli agriculture research, focusing on plant sciences, animal sciences, plant protection, soil and ... The institutes include plant sciences, animal sciences, plant protection, soil, water, environmental sciences, post-harvest and ...
*  Arthur G. Hunt
Design and construction of a versatile system for the expression of foreign genes in plants. Gene. Volume 61, Issue 1, 1987, ... Plant Gene 10, 74-85. Chakrabarti, M., Dinkins, R. D., and Hunt, A. G. (2016) De novo transcriptome assembly and dynamic ... His highest cited paper is "Design and construction of a versatile system for the expression of foreign genes in plants" at 355 ... Noncanonical alternative polyadenylation contributes to gene regulation in response to hypoxia. The Plant Cell 29, 1262-1277. ...
*  Genetically modified food controversies
... planted, harvested and sold the crop from plants containing the gene and plant cell patented by Monsanto." GM crops have been ... The risk of horizontal gene transfer between GMO plants and animals is very low and in most cases is expected to be lower than ... "First Wild Canola Plants With Modified Genes Found in United States". Arkansas Newswire. University of Arkansas. 6 August 2010 ... "Genetically Modified Plants: Out-crossing and Gene Flow". GMO Compass. 12 December 2006. Retrieved 23 April 2011. Chilcutt CF, ...
*  Roger Brent
Grotewold, E.; Kellogg, E.; Chappell, L (June 2015). Plant Genes, Genomes and Genetics (1st ed.). John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978 ... Roger Brent (born December 28, 1955) is an American biologist known for his work on gene regulation and systems biology. He ... "Regulation of eukaryotic gene expression US Patent 4,833,080 (1989)". Retrieved January 6, 2015. Friedberg, Errol (October 2010 ... Rodriguez, A. D. V,; Didaniol, D.; Desplan, C. (2012). "Power tools for gene expression and clonal analysis in Drosophila". ...
*  2000 Birthday Honours
Professor Donald Grierson, Professor of Plant Physiology, University of Nottingham. For services to Plant Gene ...
*  Bialaphos
"Bialaphos as plant gene selector" (PDF). Retrieved 20 June 2012. ... When it is metabolized by the plant, the glutamic acid analog ... "The bialaphos biosynthetic genes of Streptomyces hygroscopicus: Molecular cloning and characterization of the gene cluster". ... Bialaphos is made up of two alanine residues and glufosinate, and is commonly used as a selection marker in plants. Resistance ... the LacZ blue/white cloning selection has been replaced with a 35S-MCS-CaMV cassette that allows the insertion of a gene of ...
*  Kleptoplasty
Catherine Brahic (24 November 2008). "Solar-powered sea slug harnesses stolen plant genes". New Scientist. Retrieved 24 ... Horizontal gene transfer Minnhagen S, Carvalho WF, Salomon PS, Janson S (September 2008). "Chloroplast DNA content in ... de Vries, Jan; Christa, Gregor; Gould, Sven B. (2014). "Plastid survival in the cytosol of animal cells". Trends in Plant ... "Horizontal Transfer of Functional Nuclear Genes Between Multicellular Organisms". Biol. Bull. 204 (3): 237-240. doi:10.2307/ ...
*  Monsanto Canada Inc v Schmeiser
He does not, however, own the right to the use of the patented gene, or of the seed or plant containing the patented gene or ... of plant genes. The Court ruled that Schmeiser deprived Monsanto of its monopoly on the special canola plant by storing and ... it was determined that protection of a patented gene or cell extends to its presence in a whole plant, even while the plant ... Nor does the fact that Schmeiser did not use Roundup herbicide on his crops preclude "use" of the gene. Even though the plants ...
*  DNA bank
Conservation of Plant Genes : Dna Banking and in Vitro Biotechnology. Stewart, A. (2007). Genetics, health care, and public ... Comparison of DNA samples allowed scientists to work on the Human Genome Project, which maps out many of the genes on human DNA ... Once people know which genes lead to disorders, people can take steps to lessen the effects of that disorder. This can occur ... Samples from the DNA bank have been used to identify patterns and determine which genes lead to specific disorders. ...
*  Glutamate dehydrogenase
Genes for Plant Abiotic Stress. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 167-182. ISBN 0-8138-1502-9. Botman D, Tigchelaar W, Van Noorden CJ ( ... In plants, the enzyme can work in either direction depending on environment and stress. Transgenic plants expressing microbial ... "Improved drought tolerance of transgenic Zea mays plants that express the glutamate dehydrogenase gene (gdhA) of E. coli". ... Plant. 33 (5): 1981-90. doi:10.1007/s11738-011-0801-1. Lightfoot DA, Bernhardt K, Mungur R, Nolte S, Ameziane R, Colter A, ...
*  Restriction enzyme
"High-frequency modification of plant genes using engineered zinc-finger nucleases". Nature. 459 (7245): 442-5. Bibcode: ... To clone a gene fragment into a vector, both plasmid DNA and gene insert are typically cut with the same restriction enzymes, ... Wayengera M (2003). "HIV and Gene Therapy: The proposed [R-M enzymatic] model for a gene therapy against HIV". Makerere Med J. ... Manjunath N, Yi G, Dang Y, Shankar P (Nov 2013). "Newer gene editing technologies toward HIV gene therapy". Viruses. 5 (11): ...
*  Zinc finger nuclease
"Targeted Mutagenesis of Duplicated Genes in Soybean with Zinc-Finger Nucleases". Plant Physiology. 156 (2): 466-473. doi: ... such as the IL2Rγ gene and the b-globin gene for gene correction and CCR5 gene for mutagenesis and disablement. If the zinc ... The success of gene therapy depends on the efficient insertion of therapeutic genes at the appropriate chromosomal target sites ... Wayengera, M (2003). "HIV and Gene Therapy: The proposed [R-M enzymatic] model for a gene therapy against HIV". Makerere Med J ...
*  Genetic engineering
Gene flow between GM crops and compatible plants, along with increased use of selective herbicides, can increase the risk of " ... One way to do this is to replace the wild-type gene with a 'fusion' gene, which is a juxtaposition of the wild-type gene with a ... The next step is to isolate the candidate gene. The cell containing the gene is opened and the DNA is purified. The gene is ... 4 April 2005 "Plant gene replacement results in the world's only blue rose". Katsumoto, Yukihisa; Fukuchi-Mizutani, Masako; ...
*  Gene targeting
"High frequency of phenotypic deviations in Physcomitrella patens plants transformed with a gene-disruption library". BMC Plant ... Gene targeting requires the creation of a specific vector for each gene of interest. However, it can be used for any gene, ... Gene trapping is based on random insertion of a cassette while gene targeting targets a specific gene. Cassettes can be used ... For gene targeting these compact genes are just as easily altered. Gene targeting has been widely used to study human genetic ...
*  Genetic engineering techniques
By removing the genes in the plasmid that caused the tumor and adding in novel genes researchers were able to infect plants ... If the gene expresses close homology to a known gene in another species, then it could be isolated by searching for genes in ... In plants, the most widely inserted genes provide herbicide resistance or insecticidal properties. In animals, the most widely ... If the gene does not have a detectable phenotype or a DNA library does not contain the correct gene, other methods must be used ...
*  Pest control
Chrispeels, Maarten J.; Sadava, David E. (1994). Plants, Genes, and Agriculture. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. p. 452. ISBN ... Crop rotation can help to control pests by depriving them of their host plants. It is a major tactic in the control of corn ... This is because any organism that manages to survive the initial application will pass on its genes to its offspring and a ... "Maximum Residue Levels". Plants. European Commission. Retrieved 27 August 2017. Lieutier, François; Day, Keith R.; Battisti, ...
*  Blue rose
First the researchers inserted a gene for the blue plant pigment delphinidin cloned from the pansy into a purplish-red Old ... "Plant gene replacement results in the world's only blue rose". Phys.Org website. April 4, 2005. Nosowitz, Dan (15 September ... Since blue roses do not exist in nature, as roses lack the specific gene that has the ability to produce a "true blue" color, ... The researchers then used RNA interference (RNAi) technology to depress all other color production by endogenous genes by ...
*  Genetically modified crops
Genetically modified plants can also be developed using gene knockdown or gene knockout to alter the genetic makeup of a plant ... Introducing new genes into plants requires a promoter specific to the area where the gene is to be expressed. For instance, to ... The CP4 EPSPS gene was engineered for plant expression by fusing the 5' end of the gene to a chloroplast transit peptide ... The inserted genes can come from species within the same kingdom (plant to plant) or between kingdoms (for example, bacteria to ...
*  VirA protein
Agrobacterium and plant genes involved in T-DNA transfer and integration - Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 2000. 51: ... These compounds are typically found from wounded plants, and as a result VirA is used by Agrobacterium tumefaciens to locate ...
*  History of genetic engineering
By removing the genes in the plasmid that caused the tumor and adding in novel genes researchers were able to infect plants ... Through tissue culture techniques a single tobacco cell was selected that contained the gene and a new plant grown from it. The ... In 2007 microRNA targeted to insect and nematode genes was expressed in plants, leading to suppression when they fed on the ... Bevan, M. W.; Flavell, R. B.; Chilton, M. D. (1983). "A chimaeric antibiotic resistance gene as a selectable marker for plant ...
*  NUMT
Ellis, John (1982). "Promiscuous DNA-chloroplast Genes inside Plant Mitochondria". Nature. 299 (5885): 678-679. doi:10.1038/ ... Specifically, it has been suggested that certain genes (such as the genes for cytochrome oxidase subunits I and II) within the ... If a gene, for instance, was transferred to the nucleus in one lineage before mitochondrial editing evolved, but remained in ... As the last known example, a 36-bp insertion in exon 9 of the USH1C gene associated with Usher syndrome type IC is the NUMT. No ...
*  Breeding of strawberries
In one particular variety genes from the arctic flounder, a fish that lives in very cold water, were used to give plants ... Traditional breeding refers to the process of allowing certain chosen plants to sexually reproduce with other plants. Plants ... This variety was created by pollination, not direct manipulation of the plant's genes. Molecular breeding is the application of ... The Plant Patent Act of 1930 gave plant breeders the same status as mechanical and chemical inventors had through patent law. ...
*  Don Grierson (geneticist)
Grierson was among the first to achieve silencing of plant genes in transgenic plants using antisense (1988, 1990) and sense ... Don Grierson discovered several plant genes and studied their role in tomato ripening. He also was the first to identify and ... "services to plant gene regulation". In 2001 he received the Bertebos Prize, from the Royal Swedish Academy for Agriculture & ... His daughter Claire Grierson is also a geneticist specialising in plant root-hair cells, and a Professor at Bristol University ...
*  Sclereid
2002) Plants, Genes and Crop Biotechnology. Jones and Bartlett Inc., ISBN 0-7637-1586-7. ... Evert, Ray F; Eichhorn, Susan E. Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their Structure, ... Mauseth, James D. (2012). Botany : An Introduction to Plant Biology (5th ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning. ISBN ... and those of the shoot of the wax plant (Hoya carnosa). The cell walls fill nearly all the cell's volume. A layering of the ...
*  Phyllanthaceae
"Phylogenetics of seed plants: an analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL." Annals of the Missouri Botanical ... came in 1993 with the first maximum parsimony analysis of DNA sequences of the gene rbcL from a large number of seed plants. ... Flowering Plant Families of the World. Firefly Books: Ontario, Canada. ISBN 978-1-55407-206-4. Anthony J. Huxley, Mark ... The genus Phyllanthus, one of the largest genera of flowering plants, with over 1200 species, has more than half of the species ...