Typically thrips feeding alone on soybean plants does not cause economic damage, however it may if the plant is under some ... Virus Genes. 43: 289-295. doi:10.1007/s11262-011-0621-9. Smith, D.; Fritz, C.; Watson, Q.; Willis, D.; German, T.; Phibbs, A.; ... Adult thrips are then able via feeding to transmit the virus to the plant host. It is important to keep in mind with this ... Soybean vein necrosis virus (SVNV, previously: Soybean vein necrosis associated virus SVNaV) is a plant pathogenic virus of ...
Genes are the primary units of inheritance in all organisms. A gene is a unit of heredity and corresponds to a region of DNA ... Botany - the study of plants *Phycology - scientific study of algae.. *Plant physiology - concerned with the functioning, or ... Cells transcribe a DNA gene into an RNA version of the gene, and a ribosome then translates the RNA into a sequence of amino ... Genetics is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms.[45][46] Genes encode the information needed by ...
... s also appear, in some tests, to have improved the productivity of tomato plants when planted around them. Carrot ... One particular cultivar lacks the usual orange pigment due to carotene, owing its white colour to a recessive gene for ... As the plant grows, the bases of the seed leaves, near the taproot, are pushed apart. The stem, located just above the ground, ... The plant is depicted and described in the Eastern Roman Juliana Anicia Codex, a 6th-century AD Constantinopolitan copy of the ...
"Riboswitch control of gene expression in plants by splicing and alternative 3' end processing of mRNAs". The Plant Cell. 19 (11 ... "Riboswitch-dependent gene regulation and its evolution in the plant kingdom". Genes & Development. 21 (22): 2874-2879. doi: ... Riboswitch candidates are also consistently located in the 5' UTRs of protein-coding genes, and these genes are suggestive of ... Bocobza SE, Aharoni A (October 2008). "Switching the light on plant riboswitches". Trends Plant Sci. 13: 526-33. doi:10.1016/j. ...
... because flowers are genetically just an adaptation of normal leaf and stem components on plants, a combination of genes ... These gene functions are called A, B and C-gene functions. In the first floral whorl only A-genes are expressed, leading to the ... Most genes central in this model belong to the MADS-box genes and are transcription factors that regulate the expression of the ... In the third whorl, B and C genes interact to form stamens and in the center of the flower C-genes alone give rise to carpels. ...
"Riboswitch-dependent gene regulation and its evolution in the plant kingdom". Genes & Development. 21 (22): 2874-2879. doi: ... New genes and regulatory mechanisms". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (50): 48949-48959. doi:10.1074/jbc.M208965200. ... Sudarsan N, Barrick JE, Breaker RR (June 2003). "Metabolite-binding RNA domains are present in the genes of eukaryotes". RNA. 9 ... Serganov A, Polonskaia A, Phan AT, Breaker RR, Patel DJ (June 2006). "Structural basis for gene regulation by a thiamine ...
The Plant Cell. 5 (2): 145-6. doi:10.1105/tpc.5.2.145. PMC 160257. PMID 8453298. "Ophiostoma himal-ulmi" at the Encyclopedia of ... Virus Genes. 33 (1): 33-9. doi:10.1007/s11262-005-0028-6. PMID 16791416. S2CID 7774135. Stringer MA, Timberlake WE (February ...
... that repress gene expression through post-transcriptional gene silencing in land plants. Precursor transcripts from TAS loci ... TAS gene family numbers do not generally indicate orthology, e.g. the moss TAS1 gene family does not share an ancestor gene ... Initial descriptions found involvement of the plant protein suppressor of gene silencing 3 (SGS3), and the enzyme RNA-dependant ... Axtell, Michael J. (29 April 2013). "Classification and Comparison of Small RNAs from Plants". Annual Review of Plant Biology. ...
Placido A, Sieber F, Gobert A, Gallerani R, Giegé P, Maréchal-Drouard L (November 2010). "Plant mitochondria use two pathways ... Genes & Development. 17 (23): 2889-901. doi:10.1101/gad.1148603. PMC 289149. PMID 14633974. ...
The plant mir-166 microRNA precursor is a small non-coding RNA gene. This microRNA (miRNA) has now been predicted or ... Reinhart BJ, Weinstein EG, Rhoades MW, Bartel B, Bartel DP (July 2002). "MicroRNAs in plants". Genes & Development. 16 (13): ... "miRNA gene family: MIR166". mirBASE. University of Manchester. Retrieved 5 September 2011. Ambros V (December 2001). "microRNAs ... experimentally confirmed in a wide range of plant species. microRNAs are transcribed as ~70 nucleotide precursors and ...
Reinhart BJ, Weinstein EG, Rhoades MW, Bartel B, Bartel DP (July 2002). "MicroRNAs in plants". Genes & Development. 16 (13): ... In plants the precursor sequences may be longer, and the carpel factory (caf) enzyme appears to be involved in processing. In ... MicroRNA (miRNA) precursor miR156 is a family of plant non-coding RNA. This microRNA has now been predicted or experimentally ... The Plant Cell. 24 (8): 3320-32. doi:10.1105/tpc.112.101014. PMC 3462634. PMID 22942378. Page for mir-156 microRNA precursor at ...
Also see DNA damage theory of aging.) Ku70 and Ku80 have also been experimentally characterized in plants, where they appear to ... Genes & Development. 26 (15): 1703-13. doi:10.1101/gad.194944.112. PMC 3418588. PMID 22810623. Valuchova S, Fulnecek J, Prokop ... A substantial difference is that in plants, Ku is also involved in maintaining an alternate telomere morphology characterized ... The Plant Cell. 29 (6): 1533-1545. doi:10.1105/tpc.17.00064. PMC 5502450. PMID 28584163. Dynan, W. S.; Yoo, S. (1998). " ...
This states that only one working allele of a tumour suppressor gene is necessary for its function (the mutated gene is ... De Veylder L, Joubès J, Inzé D (December 2003). "Plant cell cycle transitions". Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 6 (6): 536-43 ... It has been shown that E2F stimulates expression of pro-apoptotic genes in addition to G1/S transition genes, however, cancer ... Some genes activated during the G1/S transition such as cyclin E are repressed by HDAC during early to mid-G1 phase. This ...
p53 activation has also been implicated as a necessary mechanism for the development of TNTs, as the downstream genes up- ... Plasmodesmata have been identified as functional channels interconnecting plant cells, and stromules interconnect plastids. ... Genes & Development. 19 (2): 189-95. doi:10.1101/gad.1271005. PMID 15655108. Köhler RH, Cao J, Zipfel WR, Webb WW, Hanson MR ( ... June 1997). "Exchange of protein molecules through connections between higher plant plastids". Science. 276 (5321): 2039-42. ...
Notable publications of Briggs include Movement of Water in Plants. The standard author abbreviation G.E.Briggs is used to ... Chen, W. W.; Niepel, M.; Sorger, P. K. (2010). "Classic and contemporary approaches to modeling biochemical reactions". Genes ... Briggs, G. E. "Movement Of Water In Plants.." Science, vol 157, no. 3794, 1967, pp. 1297-1298. American Association For The ...
"Evolution and Diversity of Plant Cell Walls: From Algae to Flowering Plants" (PDF). Annual Review of Plant Biology. 62: 567-590 ... Arabidopsis thailana contain callose synthase genes that encode a catalytic subunit of B-1,3-glucan. Gain of function mutants ... Aaziz, R.; Dinant, S.; Epel, B. L. (1 July 2001). "Plasmodesmata and plant cytoskeleton". Trends in Plant Science. 6 (7): 326- ... Unlike animal cells, almost every plant cell is surrounded by a polysaccharide cell wall. Neighbouring plant cells are ...
Gene, Trends in Genetics,The Plant Cell, Annual Review of Plant Biology, Planta, Plant Physiology, Journal of Cell Science, The ... "The maize golden2 gene defines a novel class of transcriptional regulators in plants". The Plant Cell. 13 (5): 1231-44. doi: ... Langdale, J. A.; Malcolm, A. D. B. (1985). "A rapid method of gene detection using DNA bound to Sephacryl". Gene. 36 (3): 201- ... She is Professor of Plant Development in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Oxford and a Professorial Fellow ...
... plants are engineered to help discover the functions of certain genes. The simplest way to do this is to remove the gene and ... Some genes are only expressed in certain tissues, so reporter genes, like GUS, can be attached to the gene of interest allowing ... Gene therapy uses genetically modified viruses to deliver genes which can cure disease in humans. Although gene therapy is ... known as a gene drive). This approach has been taken further by using the gene drive to spread a lethal gene. In trials the ...
... but many plant immune responses involve systemic chemical signals that are sent through a plant. Individual plant cells respond ... but the T-cell expresses the gene CYP27B1, which is the gene responsible for converting the pre-hormone version of vitamin D, ... When a part of a plant becomes infected, the plant produces a localized hypersensitive response, whereby cells at the site of ... Systemic acquired resistance is a type of defensive response used by plants that renders the entire plant resistant to a ...
Chem->Sink 3-methylcyclopropene Chow B, McCourt P (2006). "Plant hormone receptors: perception is everything". Genes Dev. 20 ( ... "Compounds interacting with the ethylene receptor in plants". Plant Biol. 5 (5): 473-80. doi:10.1055/s-2003-44782. 1- ... Ethylene as a plant hormone Methylenecyclopropane, an isomer Daly James and Kourelis Bob, January 25, 2000. Synthesis methods, ... It is structurally related to the natural plant hormone ethylene and it is used commercially to slow down the ripening of fruit ...
Thummel CS, Chory J (December 2002). "Steroid signaling in plants and insects--common themes, different pathways". Genes & ... For uses in gene therapy, it may be necessary to investigate more thoroughly the natural sources of ecdysteroids in humans ( ... Adding or removing ecdysteroids from the animal's diet then gives a convenient way to turn the inserted gene on or off (see ... In humans, it is hypothesized to bind to the estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) protein-coding gene. The primary sources of 20- ...
Some have most or all of the large leaves in a rosette at the base of the plant and produce a flowering stem that has leaves ... Subsequent to this, sunflower species are also experiencing the bottle neck effect in their gene pool as a result of selective ... Sunflowers are usually planted in the extreme southern or northern regions of the country. Frequently, in the southern regions ... Sunflowers are usually tall annual or perennial plants that in some species can grow to a height of 300 cm (120 in) or more. ...
"Introns act post-transcriptionally to increase expression of the Arabidopsis thaliana tryptophan pathway gene PAT1". The Plant ... Callis, J.; Fromm, M.; Walbot, V. (1987-12-01). "Introns increase gene expression in cultured maize cells". Genes & Development ... "Promoter-Proximal Introns in Arabidopsis thaliana Are Enriched in Dispersed Signals that Elevate Gene Expression". The Plant ... "A long leader intron of the Ostub16 rice β-tubulin gene is required for high-level gene expression and can autonomously promote ...
... (ClGMCNV) is a bipartite Begomovirus isolated from flowering plants in the Clerodendrum ... Virus Genes. 41 (2): 250-9. doi:10.1007/s11262-010-0493-4. PMID 20532974. S2CID 22976143. Valverde, R.A.; Singh, R.; ... The virus causes yellow mosaic disease in various plant species, including Nicotiana, Petunia, Solanum, and Capsicum species. ... European Journal of Plant Pathology. 133 (3): 499-503. doi:10.1007/s10658-011-9923-y. S2CID 15008338. v t e. ...
... by plant resistance genes (R-genes), often described as a gene-for-gene relationship. This recognition may occur directly or ... Knockouts of the corresponding gene lead to glabrous plants. This phenotype has already been used in gene editing experiments ... a technique that takes advantage of the natural process by which Agrobacterium transfers genes into host plants, the EFR gene ... class B genes (which affect petals and stamens), and class C genes (which affect stamens and carpels). These genes code for ...
The reverse experiment, in which short sequences of plant genes were introduced into viruses, showed that the targeted gene was ... of Arabidopsis was shown to be involved in the regulation of several genes that control plant shape. In plants, the majority of ... it was known that induced gene silencing in plants could spread throughout the plant in a systemic effect and could be ... Lucy AP, Guo HS, Li WX, Ding SW (April 2000). "Suppression of post-transcriptional gene silencing by a plant viral protein ...
"Plant control genes." U.S. Patent 6,887,708, issued 3 May 2005. Coupland, George, and Joanna Putterill. "Genetic control of ... In 2017, Putterill was appointed director for Joint Graduate School in Plant and Food Science, a collaboration with Plant and ... "The CONSTANS gene of Arabidopsis promotes flowering and encodes a protein showing similarities to zinc finger transcription ... "Red colouration in apple fruit is due to the activity of the MYB transcription factor, MdMYB10." The Plant Journal 49, no. 3 ( ...
In higher eukaryotes Atg8 is not encoded by a single gene as in yeast, but derived from a multigene family. Four of its ... Suzuki NN, Yoshimoto K, Fujioka Y, Ohsumi Y, Inagaki F (July 2005). "The crystal structure of plant ATG12 and its biological ... genes known so far, including ATG8. How exactly ATG proteins are regulated is still under investigation, but it is clear that ... Genes to Cells. 9 (7): 611-8. doi:10.1111/j.1356-9597.2004.00750.x. PMID 15265004. Geng J, Klionsky DJ (September 2008). "The ...
... transpositions and many gene losses". Journal of Plant Research. 120 (2): 281-90. doi:10.1007/s10265-006-0055-y. PMID 17297557 ... gene content, polymorphism, and structural arrangement relative to other green plant chloroplast genomes". BMC Genomics. 11: ... "Complete plastid genome sequences suggest strong selection for retention of photosynthetic genes in the parasitic plant genus ... chloroplast genome with a comparative analysis of sequences among 9 dicot plants". Genes & Genetic Systems. 81 (5): 311-21. doi ...
"The Bo-Cu Plant"". History of Anthropology Newsletter. XXIV (1): 3-10.. ... Gene Weltfish. This pamphlet was intended for American troops and set forth, in simple language with cartoon illustrations, the ...
"Mean" Gene Kelton, singer-songwriter, blues musician, and band leader of Mean Gene Kelton & The Die Hards ... The plant was officially closed in July 1986, due to a poor economic climate and the decline of American steel in the 1980s. ... Exxon-Mobil is still one of the major employers in the city and now runs over 10 plants in the area including a newly announced ... The Cedar Bayou plant, in operation since 1963, is Chevron Phillips Chemical's largest manufacturing site in the United States. ...
Virgaviridae: a new Familie of rod-shaped plant viruses. . In: Arch Virol. . 154, Nr. 12, 2009, S. 1967-72. doi:10.1007/s00705- ... Familie Geminiviridae (ssDNA(+/-): die einzelnen Gene haben unterschiedliche Polarität). *Genus Becurtovirus. *Genus ...
The study has uncovered toxin genes and other genes that may be responsible for the virulence of the fungus. In the long term ... "European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2012.. *^ a b "Den senaste om ... Young and newly planted trees with the disease would be destroyed; however, mature trees would not be removed because of the ... "European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. March 2012. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 29 ...
Jannink, J; Bink, Mc; Jansen, Rc (August 2001). "Using complex plant pedigrees to map valuable genes". Trends in Plant Science ... It may indicate that plant height is controlled by many genes of small effect, or by a few genes of large effect. ... Several genes factor into determining a person's natural skin color, so modifying only one of those genes can change skin color ... The DNA sequence of any genes in this region can then be compared to a database of DNA for genes whose function is already ...
... which may be replaced with fresh grass and other non-toxic plants during summertime. Traditional rabbit pellets may be too high ... Registered rabbits are maintained in an official gene bank registry.[3] 4 week old Gotland rabbits ...
The plants are also available later in the season, as young plants or plugs. They are grown up canes, with the new shoots being ... the blue colour requiring two genes derived independently from the two white parents.[9] ... The sweet pea plant does suffer from some pests, the most common being aphids. These insects suck the sap out of the plants, ... Because of this, growers are encouraged to plant sweet peas away from fruit trees among other plants prone to early dieback or ...
... encoded by the L gene, partially uncoats the nucleocapsid and transcribes the genes into positive-strand mRNAs, which are then ... Of 24 plant and 19 vertebrate species experimentally inoculated with EBOV, only bats became infected.[86] The bats displayed no ... Ebolaviruses contain single-stranded, non-infectious RNA genomes.[46] Ebolavirus genomes contain seven genes including 3'-UTR- ... Plants, arthropods, rodents, and birds have also been considered possible viral reservoirs.[1][29] ...
"American Society of Plant Biologists Annual Meeting. p. 628.. *^ a b c "Production/Crops, Quantities by Country for ... "Toward Identification of the Candidate Gene Controlling Anthocyanin Accumulation in Purple Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. ... water-soluble pigments that are found in many other plants and plant-based products, such as red cabbage and red wine.[18] ... In the 1st century AD, Pliny included what he called cyma among his descriptions of cultivated plants in Natural History: "Ex ...
... plant matter, while laying females ate 71.9% animal matter and only 28.1% plant matter.[66] Plants generally make up the larger ... The wild mallard is the ancestor of most domestic ducks, and its naturally evolved wild gene pool gets genetically polluted by ... The mallard usually feeds by dabbling for plant food or grazing; there are reports of it eating frogs.[69] However, in 2017 a ... Due to the variability of the mallard's genetic code, which gives it its vast interbreeding capability, mutations in the genes ...
In general, their actual diet in the wild is about 95% plant-based, with the remaining 5% filled with insects, eggs, and baby ... "Chimps, Humans 96 Percent the Same, Gene Study Finds". Retrieved 23 December 2013 ... During the Paleolithic, hominins grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and ... Men may have participated in gathering plants, firewood and insects, and women may have procured small game animals for ...
The 154 kb chloroplast DNA map of a model flowering plant (Arabidopsis thaliana: Brassicaceae) showing genes and inverted ... Gene content and protein synthesisEdit. The chloroplast genome most commonly includes around 100 genes[7][10] which code for a ... Wakasugi T, Sugita M, Tsudzuki T, Sugiura M (1998). "Updated gene map of tobacco chloroplast DNA". Plant Molecular Biology ... 3 Gene content and protein synthesis *3.1 Chloroplast genome reduction and gene transfer ...
These gene candidates include certain variations in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-1 alpha, and CYP1A1 genes, ... Numerous other plant-derived therapies have demonstrated positive effects against acne (e.g., basil oil and oligosaccharides ... Genes[edit]. Acne appears to be strongly inherited; genetics explain 81% of the variation in the population.[15] Studies ... among others.[19] The 308 G/A single nucleotide polymorphism variation in the gene for TNF is associated with an increased risk ...
In recognition of their major contributions to plant physiology including fundamental studies on insectivorous plants, much of ... In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the theory of natural selection, the concept of its gene complex and the ... For his research on the population biology and evolution of plants which has greatly improved understanding of the adaptation ... For his work on extended oceanographical expeditions; and for his genetic studies in animals and plants. ...
Two genes, LAC12 and LAC4, allow K. marxianus to absorb and use lactose as a carbon source.[5] This species is considered to be ... It is also a naturally occurring colonist of plants, including corn.[8] ... Using 18S rRNA gene sequencing, it was suggested that K. marxianus, K. aestuarii, K. dobzhanskii, K. lactic, K. wickerhamii, K ... marxianus possesses the necessary genes to be crabtree positive.[5] K. marxianus is highly thermotolerant and able to withstand ...
Some genes may have two alleles with equal distribution. For other genes, one allele may be common, and another allele may be ... for the recessive allele producing white flowers in pea plants). The genotype of an organism that is homozygous-recessive for a ... Hemizygosity is also observed when one copy of a gene is deleted, or in the heterogametic sex when a gene is located on a sex ... A cell is said to be homozygous for a particular gene when identical alleles of the gene are present on both homologous ...
For example, Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a plant pathogen, Brucella abortus is an animal pathogen, and Sinorhizobium meliloti ... The Caulobacter CB15 genome has 4,016,942 base pairs in a single circular chromosome encoding 3,767 genes.[7] The genome ... These five proteins directly control the timing of expression of over 200 genes. The five master regulatory proteins are ... and the breakdown of plant-derived carbon sources, in addition to many extracytoplasmic function sigma factors, providing the ...
"DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes. 15 (4): 173-183. doi:10.1093/ ... oryzae is a harmful pathogen to either plants or animals in the scientific literature.[19] Therefore, Health Canada considers A ...
Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th century, not only animal and plant products were used as medicine, ... Many modern molecular tests such as flow cytometry, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunohistochemistry, cytogenetics, gene ... Prehistoric medicine incorporated plants (herbalism), animal parts, and minerals. In many cases these materials were used ... Genetics is the study of genes, and their role in biological inheritance. ...
... edible plants ever created.[20] Tobacco osmotic genes overexpressed in tomatoes produced plants that held a higher water ... where transgenic plants must be created to prove that a gene has been successfully isolated.[44] The plant peptide hormone, ... "Evaluation of transgenic tomato plants ectopically expressing the rice Osmyb4 gene". Plant Science. 173 (2): 231-239. doi: ... by adding antisense genes to silence the native gene or by adding extra copies of the native gene.[45][46] ...
Stinson RA, Spencer MS (1969). "Beta alanine aminotransferase (s) from a plant source". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 34 (1): ...
The genome contains 513 genes, 465 of which code for protein. Thirty genes are considered "plastid" genes, coding for plastid ... "The Origin and Establishment of the Plastid in Algae and Plants". Annual Review of Genetics. 41 (1): 147-68. doi:10.1146/ ... The B. natans genome contains 293 genes that code for proteins as compared to the 465 genes in G. theta. B. natans also only ... The G. theta sequence gave insight as to what genes were retained in nucleomorphs. Most of the genes that moved to the host ...
According to this model, new genes are created by non-adaptive processes, such as by random gene duplication. These novel ... All changes in the gene frequencies of populations--and quite often in the traits those genes influence--are by definition ... how new alternative spliced isoforms of genes arise, how gene scrambling in ciliates evolved, and how pervasive pan-RNA editing ... If this decay results in a situation where all of the genes are now required, the organism has been trapped in a new state ...
Crosses generally fail between members of different gene pools. However, plant growth regulators and/or embryo rescue allows ... According to their inter-crossability Lens species can be divided into three gene pools: *Primary gene pool: L. culinaris (and ... The plant densities for lentils vary between genotypes, seed size, planting time and growing conditions and also from region to ... In West Asia and North Africa, some lentils are planted as a winter crop before snowfall. Plant growth occurs during the time ...
Scott F. Gilbert; with a chapter on plant development by Susan R. Singer (2000). Scott F. Gilbert, ed. Developmental Biology ( ... In males, certain Y chromosome genes, particularly SRY, control development of the male phenotype, including conversion of the ... "Recruitment of the androgen receptor via serum response factor facilitates expression of a myogenic gene". The Journal of ...
Soil: Type of soil the plant prefers.. *Water: It can indicate "keep the soil lightly damp", "bottom water the plant", "drench ... The use of old varieties maintains diversity in the horticultural gene pool. It may be more appropriate for amateur gardeners ... Common plant name and the botanical name (in parentheses).. *Spacing and depth: How deep to place the seeds in the soil, space ... Planting, germination and harvest period: This information can be indicated by months or quarters of the year. ...
Darwin, Charles (1868). The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. Volume 1 (1st ed.). London: John Murray. pp. ... DNA analysis consistently shows that all existing red wolves carry coyote genes. This has caused a problem for Canid taxonomy, ... In The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication Charles Darwin wrote: ... Kopaliani, N.; Shakarashvili, M.; Gurielidze, Z.; Qurkhuli, T.; Tarkhnishvili, D. (2014). "Gene Flow between Wolf and Shepherd ...
The popcorn remains free to donate its genes via its own pollen to other types of corn. The effectiveness of this restriction ... Ken Roseboro (August 28, 2014). "Plant breeder works to save organic corn from GMO contamination". Non GMO report. "What is the ... of the plants in a corn field is called "mid-silk". The silk lengthens from the basal ovules during the 10 to 14 days previous ... thereby preventing the ingression of genes (natural or engineered) from other types of corn. ...
First plant genome sequenced, Dec 2000.[9] Plant, Genlisea margaretae 6.34×107 Smallest recorded flowering plant genome, 2006.[ ... 1976). "Complete nucleotide-sequence of bacteriophage MS2-RNA - primary and secondary structure of replicase gene". Nature. 260 ... Plant Biology. 8: 770-777. *↑ The C. elegans sequencing consortium (1998). "Genome sequence of the nematode C. elegans: a ... They include animals, archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes, fungi, algae, plants, plastomes, and protists. Readers must look in the ...
a b David Lorenzen (2004), The Hindu World (Editors: Sushil Mittal and Gene Thursby), Routledge, ISBN 0-415-21527-7, pp. 208-09 ... Matthew Hall (2011). Plants as Persons: A Philosophical Botany. State University of New York Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-4384-3430 ... The structure of the souls of plants, animals, and humans, according to Aristotle, with Bios, Zoê, and Psūchê ... In Jainism, every living being, from plant or bacterium to human, has a soul and the concept forms the very basis of Jainism. ...