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*  Lorna Casselton
1992). "Fungal mating type genes - regulators of sexual development". Mycological Research. 96: 993-1006. doi:10.1016/s0953- ... Casselton's profile on Debrett's Lorna Casselton obituary: Researcher into the genetic basis of fungal mating, The Guardian, 31 ... 2001). "Mating in mushrooms: increasing the chances but prolonging the affair". Trends in Genetics. 17: 393-400. doi:10.1016/ ... She was Professor Emeritus of Fungal Genetics in the Department of Plant Science at the University of Oxford, and was known for ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G14)
... genes, essential MeSH G14.340.024.340.320 --- genes, fungal MeSH G14.340.024.340.320.089 --- genes, mating type, fungal MeSH ... genes, fungal MeSH G14.340.325.500.089 --- genes, mating type, fungal MeSH G14.340.337.500 --- genes, helminth MeSH G14.340. ... genes, nef MeSH G14.340.400.500.667 --- genes, pol MeSH G14.340.400.500.735 --- genes, px MeSH G14.340.400.500.775 --- genes, ... genes, viral MeSH G14.340.400.500.172 --- genes, env MeSH G14.340.400.500.258 --- genes, gag MeSH G14.340.400.500.345 --- genes ...
*  Mating type
Turgeon, B.G.; Yoder, O.C. (2000). "Proposed Nomenclature for Mating Type Genes of Filamentous Ascomycetes". Fungal Genetics ... The corresponding mating types in yeast, a non-filamentous ascomycete, are referred to as MATa and MATα. Mating type genes in ... Mating in fungi Mating of yeast Mating-type region Neurospora crassa Saccharomyces cerevisiae Yoder, O.C.; Valent, Barbara; ... Reproduction regulated by mating types is especially prevalent in fungi. Filamentous ascomycetes usually have two mating types ...
*  Aspergillus parasiticus
"Characterization and population analysis of the mating-type genes in Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus". Fungal ... the presence of single mating genes MAT1-1 or MAT1-2 in different strains of the fungus suggests it has a heterothallic mating ... Fungal spores can be distributed with the wind as well as through moist soil via contact with nuts and kernels and can survive ... The numbers refer to the type of compound with 1 being major and 2 being minor. These aflatoxins are carcinogenic mycotoxins ...
*  Setosphaeria turcica
Proposed nomenclature for mating type genes of filamentous Ascomycetes. Fungal Genetics and Biology 31:1-5 Leonard KJ, Levy Y, ... meaning that a single isolate cannot mate with itself. Instead, two isolates with complementary mating type genes are required ... A single mating type locus was identified the next year The mating type locus of S. turcica follows the same naming convention ... and a single dominant mating type, which suggests infrequent sexual mating. Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database Leonard KJ ...
*  Penicillium
This finding was based, in part, on evidence for functional mating type (MAT) genes that are involved in fungal sexual ... "Sexual reproduction and mating-type-mediated strain development in the penicillin-producing fungus Penicillium chrysogenum". ... However, recent work has revealed that the genes required for meiosis are present in P. marneffei. This and other evidence ... Although many eukaryotes are able to reproduce sexually, as much as 20% of fungal species had been thought to reproduce ...
*  Mating in fungi
Application of mating type gene technology to problems in fungal biology. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 36:115-137 ... Mating in fungi is a complex process governed by mating types. Research on fungal mating has focused on several model species ... Mating of yeast Mating type Mating-type region Neurospora crassa Dioecy § In mycology Fungus § Reproduction Turgeon B.G. -1998 ... The first mating pheromone-receptor genes characterized were for U. maydis. The A or b mating locus contains genes that code ...
*  Fungal mating pheromone receptors
Nakayama N, Miyajima A, Arai K (1985). "Nucleotide sequences of STE2 and STE3, cell type-specific sterile genes from ... Fungal pheromone mating factor receptors form a distinct family of G-protein-coupled receptors. Mating factor receptors STE2 ... structural properties deduced from the sequence of the STE2 gene". Nucleic Acids Res. 13 (23): 8463-8475. doi:10.1093/nar/13.23 ... and STE3 are integral membrane proteins that may be involved in the response to mating factors on the cell membrane. The amino ...
*  Glomeromycota
Halary S, Daubois L, Terrat Y, Ellenberger S, Wöstemeyer J, Hijri M (2013). "Mating type gene homologues and putative sex ... Simon, L.; Lalonde, M.; Bruns, T.D. (1992). "Specific Amplification of 18S Fungal Ribosomal Genes from Vesicular-Arbuscular ... The first mycorrhizal gene to be sequenced was the small-subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA). This gene is highly conserved and ... The process is regulated by specialized chemical signaling and by changes in gene expression of both the host and AM fungi. ...
*  Glomus (fungus)
In addition, mating type gene homologues and a putative sex hormone-sensing pathway were detected in these fungi. Based on ... Sanders IR (November 2011). "Fungal sex: meiosis machinery in ancient symbiotic fungi". Curr. Biol. 21 (21): R896-7. doi: ... Halary S, Daubois L, Terrat Y, Ellenberger S, Wöstemeyer J, Hijri M (2013). "Mating type gene homologues and putative sex ... In particular, these species have seven genes that encode proteins whose only known function is in meiosis, including Dmc1 that ...
*  Allorecognition
... fungal mating types, fungal vegetative incompatibility, plant self-incompatibility systems, colonial marine invertebrates (such ... As a general rule, rejection is mediated by the gene products of highly variable loci, which must match (or nearly match) ... Fraser JA, Heitman J (2004). "Evolution of fungal sex chromosomes". Molecular Microbiology. 51 (2): 299-306. doi:10.1046/j.1365 ... Lymphocyte-like cells in these fish express highly variable lymphocyte receptor genes, which undergo somatic rearrangements ...
*  Histoplasma capsulatum
The great majority of North American isolates belong to a single genetic type but a study of multiple genes suggests a ... Histoplasma capsulatum has two mating types "+" and "-", as with B. dermatitidis. ... Global fungal diseases > Preventing Deaths from Histoplasmosis. Untereiner, W.A.; Scott, J.A.; Naveau, F.A.; Bachewich, J. ( ... A recent analysis has suggested that the prevalent North American genetic type and a less common type should be considered ...
*  Cochliobolus carbonum
Horizontal and vertical gene transfer has occurred within and between fungal species of Cochliobolus and might be the reason ... Lu, C., et al., Identification of races and mating types of Cochliobolus carbonum from corn in the yunnan province in China. ... Fungal Diversity 51, 3-42. Jones, M.J. and L.D. Dunkle, Analysis of Cochliobolus carbonum races by PCR amplification with ... Gorlach, J.M., E. Van der Knaap, and J.D. Walton, Cloning and targeted disruption of MLG1, a gene encoding two of three ...
*  Ulocladium botrytis
Wang, Qun; Wang, Shi; Xiong, Chen Lin; James, Timothy Y.; Zhang, Xiu Guo (11 August 2017). "Mating-type genes of the anamorphic ... Noble, J.A.; Crow, S.A.; Ahearn, D.G.; Kuhn, F.A. (January 1997). "Allergic fungal sinusitis in the southeastern USA: ... Although it is an asexual fungus, U. botrytis possesses the mating type locus, which consists of two dissimilar DNA sequences ... At the time, the name of the genus and the species type was published as a nomen nudum due to insufficient description. ...
*  Pythium splendens
Guo, L. Y.; Ko, W. H. (January 20, 1993). "Distribution of mating types and the nature of survival of Pythium splendens in soil ... "Characterization of Pythium Transcriptome and Gene Expression Analysis at Different Stages of Fermentation". PLOS. 8 (6): ... Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database. ...
*  Aspergillus
Isolates of complementary mating types are required for sex to occur. A. flavus is the major producer of carcinogenic ... "Pillows: A Hot Bed Of Fungal Spores". Science Daily. Thom, C; Church, M (1926). The Aspergilli. Baltimore: The Williams & ... Malik SB, Pightling AW, Stefaniak LM, Schurko AM, Logsdon JM (2008). "An expanded inventory of conserved meiotic genes provides ... Paoletti M, Seymour FA, Alcocer MJ, Kaur N, Calvo AM, Archer DB, Dyer PS (August 2007). "Mating type and the genetic basis of ...
*  Pathogenic fungus
Th1-type cell-mediated immunity (CMI) is required for clearance of a fungal infection. Candida albicans is a kind of diploid ... Lin X, Hull CM, Heitman J (2005). "Sexual reproduction between partners of the same mating type in Cryptococcus neoformans". ... Fan W, Kraus PR, Boily MJ, Heitman J (2005). "Cryptococcus neoformans gene expression during murine macrophage infection". ... Brown, G. D., Drummond, R. A., Gaffen, S. L., & Hise, A. G. (2015). Innate Defense against Fungal Pathogens. Cold Spring Harb ...
*  Neurospora
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Glass NL, Smith ML (August 1994). "Structure and function of a mating-type gene ... Mutant and wild-type strains of Neurospora are available from the FGSC. The FGSC also publishes the Fungal Genetics Reports. ... Metzenberg RL, Glass NL (February 1990). "Mating type and mating strategies in Neurospora". BioEssays. 12 (2): 53-9. doi: ... They carry both mating types, but in separate nuclei in the same individual. Two haploid nuclei originating from the same ...
*  Laccaria
They have a "tetrapolar mating system", meaning that there are 4 mating types, any two of which can fertilize each other. ... 2002). Fungal gene expression in early symbiotic interactions between Laccaria bicolor and red pine. Plant and Soil 244: 117- ... The type species is Laccaria laccata, commonly known as the deceiver. Other notable species include L. bicolor, and the ... with discussions on extralimital taxa and descriptions of extant types". Fieldiana Botany. 30: 1-158. ISSN 0015-0746. (Archived ...
*  Fungus
"Selective acquisition of novel mating type and vegetative incompatibility genes via interspecies gene transfer in the globally ... Mating experiments between fungal isolates may identify species on the basis of biological species concepts. The major fungal ... The majority of C. neoformans are mating "type a". Filaments of mating "type a" ordinarily have haploid nuclei, but they can ... Some species may allow mating only between individuals of opposite mating type, whereas others can mate and sexually reproduce ...
*  Cryptococcus neoformans
... neoformans are mating type alpha. Filaments of mating type alpha have haploid nuclei ordinarily, but these can undergo a ... Required for this process is a gene designated dmc1, a conserved homologue of genes recA in bacteria, and rad51 in eukaryotes ( ... However, fungal meningitis and encephalitis, especially as a secondary infection for AIDS patients, are often caused by C. ... "Sexual reproduction between partners of the same mating type in Cryptococcus neoformans". Nature. 434 (7036): 1017-1021. doi: ...
*  Microbial genetics
The second reason is that haploid cells of one mating type, upon cell division, often produce cells of the opposite mating type ... Jacques Monod and François Jacob used Escherichia coli, a type of bacteria, in order to develop the operon model of gene ... Fungal genetics uses yeast, and filamentous fungi as model organisms for eukaryotic genetic research, including cell cycle ... Mating occurs when haploid cells of opposite mating types MATa and MATα come into contact. Ruderfer et al. pointed out that, in ...
*  Sexual selection in fungi
... four of each mating type. Fungal species within the phylum Basidiomycetes, including mushroom-forming species, experience a ... The female-biased genes that were studied and seen to evolve more rapidly than male-biased genes did so regardless of the ... Once a haploid fungus within N. crassa has attracted or has been attracted to a mate of a different mating type, it will ... Most Basidiomycetes consist of two mating types, A and B, which are unlinked. However, the B locus codes for a larger amount of ...
*  Basidiomycota
Lin, X.; Hull, C. M.; Heitman, J. (April 2005). "Sexual reproduction between partners of the same mating type in Cryptococcus ... and found that the pattern of gene expression of C. cinerea was similar to two other fungal species, the yeasts Saccharomyces ... These fungi are said to be homothallic, versus the normal heterothallic species with mating types. Others are secondarily ... because the mating genes must differ for them to be compatible. However, there are sometimes more than two possible alleles for ...
*  Mitogen-activated protein kinase
Despite the high number of MAPK genes, MAPK pathways of higher plants were studied less than animal or fungal ones. Although ... The mating MAPK pathway consist of three tiers (Ste11-Ste7-Fus3), but the MAP2 and MAP3 kinases are shared with another pathway ... A mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK or MAP kinase) is a type of protein kinase that is specific to the amino acids serine ... While Fus3 and Kss1 are closely related ERK-type kinases, yeast cells can still activate them separately, with the help of a ...