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*  Double-stranded RNA viruses
... adaptation and evolutionary pathways of fungal viruses". Virus Genes. 16 (1): 119-31. doi:10.1023/A:1007966229595. PMID 9562896 ... Hypoviruses are mycoviruses (fungal viruses) with unencapsidated dsRNA genomes. They may have common ancestry with plant ...
*  Genetic recombination
Gene conversion has often been studied in fungal crosses where the 4 products of individual meioses can be conveniently ... One gene in a linked pair can sometimes be used as a marker to deduce the presence of another gene. This is typically used in ... Because two genes that are close together are less likely to become separated than genes that are farther apart, geneticists ... Geneticists can also use this method to infer the presence of certain genes. Genes that typically stay together during ...
*  Pleurotus
Sequence analysis and phylogeny based on partial EF1α and RPB2 genes". Fungal Biology. 114 (5-6): 421-428. doi:10.1016/j.funbio ...
*  Mating type
Turgeon, B.G.; Yoder, O.C. (2000). "Proposed Nomenclature for Mating Type Genes of Filamentous Ascomycetes". Fungal Genetics ... Mating type genes in ascomycetes are called idiomorphs rather than alleles due to the uncertainty of the origin by common ... Outcrossing, through complementation, could provide the benefit of masking recessive deleterious mutations in genes that ...
*  Fungal prion
One version was created by digestion of the gene with the restriction enzyme BalI, which results in a protein consisting of ... A fungal prion is a prion that infects fungal hosts. Fungal prions are naturally occurring proteins that can switch between ... Fungal prions have provided a model for the understanding of disease-forming mammalian prions. Study of fungal prions has led ... These fungal prions are generally considered benign, and in some cases even confer a selectable advantage to the organism. ...
*  Plant disease resistance
The advantage of RNAi as a novel gene therapy against fungal, viral and bacterial infection in plants lies in the fact that it ... a plant R gene has specificity for a pathogen avirulence gene (Avr gene). Avirulence genes are now known to encode effectors. ... The pathogen Avr gene must have matched specificity with the R gene for that R gene to confer resistance, suggesting a receptor ... Both genes are unusual in wheat and its relatives. Combined with the Sr2 gene that acts additively with at least Sr33, they ...
*  Jakoba
... rRNA genes and >22 tRNA genes. Also present are a number of protein genes typical of protist but not animal or fungal mtDNAs. ... Encoded genes include those commonly found in mtDNA, including the protein-coding genes nad1,2,3,4,4L,5,6, cob, cox1,2,3, and ... and several of the ribosomal protein genes." "A comparison of gene order in the mtDNAs of J. libera…" show "clusters that are ... At present, 77 genes have been identified, none of them including an intron. Intergenic regions account for ~ 30% of the genome ...
*  Mark Borodovsky
Gene prediction in novel fungal genomes using an ab initio algorithm with unsupervised training, Genome Research Gene ... new solutions for gene finding, Nucleic Acids Research GenMark: Parallel Gene recognition for Both DNA Strands Computers and ... Borodovsky has made many contributions in the area of development of gene finding algorithms, notably the GeneMark program ( ... this approach became a standard feature of gene finding algorithms. In 1990 he established a bioinformatics lab at Georgia ...
*  NDE1
... the lissencephaly gene product, with a mammalian homologue of a fungal nuclear distribution protein, rNUDE". FEBS Lett. 479 (1- ... "Entrez Gene: NDE1 nudE nuclear distribution gene E homolog 1 (A. nidulans)". Feng Y, Olson EC, Stukenberg PT, et al. (2001). " ... Nuclear distribution protein nudE homolog 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NDE1 gene. NDE1 mutation can cause ... 2004). "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)". Genome ...
*  Eyespot (wheat)
Secretion of HRGP is dependent on the signal induced by the fungal elicitors stimulating the transcription of genes encoding ... Currently the gene conferring resistance to eyespot is the Pch1 gene. To generate resistant culitvars plants containing this ... Once the fungus penetrates the wheat cell wall, the fungal cell wall materials (i.e. chitin) act as elicitors which interact ... gene are bred with others to pass the gene to their offspring. Crop rotation is also important in reducing the extent of ...
*  Waxworm
Using waxworms, it is now possible to screen large numbers of bacterial and fungal strains to identify genes involved in ... especially in studies examining the virulence mechanisms of bacterial and fungal pathogens. Waxworms prove valuable in such ...
*  Cochliobolus lunatus
The Clk1 MAPK gene in C. lunatus is homologous to MAPK genes such as Pmk1, Cmk1, Chk1 and Ptk1 of other fungal pathogens, which ... The Clk1 gene plays an important role in fungal growth during the infection process, specifically conidiation, which is vital ... Maertens JA, Marr KA (2007). Diagnosis of fungal infections. New York: Informa Healthcare. Schubert MS (2009). "Allergic fungal ... Maertens JA, Marr KA (2007). Diagnosis of fungal infections. New York: Informa Healthcare. Schubert MS (2009). "Allergic fungal ...
*  Hyaloperonospora parasitica
A multi-gene phylogenetic analysis of downy mildews". Fungal Genetics and Biology. 44 (2): 105. doi:10.1016/j.fgb.2006.07.005. ... Other symptoms include lesions on spikelet, fungal growth on leaves, and necrosis on stems and leaves. Hyaloperonospora ...
*  Rozellida
... as indicated with calcofluor-white stain as well as the presence of a fungal-specific chitin synthase gene. Rozellida were ... James TY, Berbee ML (2011). "No jacket required-New fungal lineage defies dress code". BioEssays. 34: 94-102. doi:10.1002/bies. ... "Discovery of novel intermediate forms redefines the fungal tree of life". Nature. 474 (7350): 200-3. doi:10.1038/nature09984. ...
*  Penicillium
... genes that are involved in fungal sexual compatibility, and the presence in the sequenced genome of most of the important genes ... However, recent work has revealed that the genes required for meiosis are present in P. marneffei. This and other evidence ... Although many eukaryotes are able to reproduce sexually, as much as 20% of fungal species had been thought to reproduce ... Malik SB, Pightling AW, Stefaniak LM, Schurko AM, Logsdon JM (2008). "An expanded inventory of conserved meiotic genes provides ...
*  Candida (fungus)
"A fungal phylogeny based on 42 complete genomes derived from supertree and combined gene analysis". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 6 ... Candida is a genus of yeasts and is the most common cause of fungal infections worldwide. Many species are harmless commensals ... an emerging fungal pathogen with resistance to azoles: geographic and temporal trends from the ARTEMIS DISK antifungal ... Some species of Candida use a non-standard genetic code in the translation of their nuclear genes into the amino acid sequences ...
*  Horizontal gene transfer in evolution
"A fungal phylogeny based on 42 complete genomes derived from supertree and combined gene analysis". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 6 ... Horizontal gene transfer Inferring horizontal gene transfer Woese C, et al. (1990). "Towards a natural system of organisms: ... This movement of genes can occur through Horizontal Gene Transfer, or HGT, effectively scramblingthe information on which ... The uncertainty of any inferred phylogenetic tree based on a single gene can be resolved by using several common genes or even ...
*  Genetic code
"A fungal phylogeny based on 42 complete genomes derived from supertree and combined gene analysis". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 6 ... Gene. 432 (1-2): 1-6. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2008.11.001. PMID 19056476. Brenner S. A Life in Science (2001) Published by Biomed ... The vast majority of genes are encoded with a single scheme (see the RNA codon table). That scheme is often referred to as the ... Evolving genes and proteins. New York: Academic Press. pp. 377-397. Tlusty T (Feb 2008). "Rate-distortion scenario for the ...
*  Microsporum nanum
A typical fungal mitochondrial DNA usually contains 14 conserved protein-coding genes, 22 to 26 tRNA gene, and 2 rRNA genes. ... The difference of mitochondrial DNA between fungal species is due to the variations in intergenic region, intron, and gene ... The gene order of the 15 conserved protein coding genes in M. nanum mtDNA is identical to that of T. rubrum, T. mentagrophytes ... The DNA is AT-rich and the GC content is only 24.47%. M. nanum mtDNA has 15 protein-coding genes, including ATP synthase ...
*  Peronosporaceae
A multi-gene phylogenetic analysis of downy mildews. Fungal Genetics and Biology 44: 105-122. 2007. [1] Thines, M., Voglmayr, H ...
*  Rhinosporidium seeberi
On the contrary, recent research by 18S rRNA gene sequencing of UMH.48 and fungal extracts of biopsy from new cases of nasal ... Povidone-iodine and anti-fungal drugs like amphotericin B, dapsone and silver nitrate have been suggested as possible ...
*  Mating in fungi
Application of mating type gene technology to problems in fungal biology. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 36:115-137 ... The first mating pheromone-receptor genes characterized were for U. maydis. The A or b mating locus contains genes that code ... The results of these experiments led directly to the "one gene, one enzyme" hypothesis that specific genes code for specific ... The number of genes affecting the diploid stage was estimated to be at least 435 (about 4% of the total number of 9,730 genes ...
*  Horizontal gene transfer
A fungal past to insect color". Science. 328 (5978): 574-5. Bibcode:2010Sci...328..574F. doi:10.1126/science.1190417. PMID ... Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer ... The gene's functionality is unknown. A gene that allowed ferns to survive in dark forests came from the hornwort, which grows ... HhMAN1 is a gene in the genome of the coffee borer beetle (Hypothenemus hampei) that resembles bacterial genes, and is thought ...
*  Atromentin
These genes, termed InvA1,2,3,4,5 and 6, were overexpressed in E. coli and the genes were characterized by co-incubating the ... Fungal Genetics and Biology. 45 (11): 1487-1496. doi:10.1016/j.fgb.2008.08.009. PMID 18805498. Atromentin synthetase on www. ... The genes for the atromentin synthetase and aminotransferase from S. lacrymans were up-regulated during co-incubation with ... The genetic basis of these two genes is clustered (i.e., adjacent to one another). These enzymes were first characterized in ...
*  Setosphaeria turcica
Proposed nomenclature for mating type genes of filamentous Ascomycetes. Fungal Genetics and Biology 31:1-5 Leonard KJ, Levy Y, ... while genes Ht2 and/or Ht3 do. In contrast, genes Ht2 and HtN do not confer resistance against a Race 2N isolate, while gene ... Races of S. turcica are named for the maize R genes which are not effective against them. For example, the maize gene Ht1 does ... Isolates which do not overcome any known R gene are termed Race 0. Race 1, which overcomes the Ht1 resistance gene, was ...