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*  Ulmus wallichiana
The trees were again badly damaged by frost, but in 1938 were used as a source of anti-fungal genes in the Dutch elm breeding ...
*  Ulmus laciniata
The tree was comprehensively evaluated in the Netherlands in the 1950s as a potential source of anti-fungal genes for use in ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G14)
... genes, essential MeSH G14.340.024.340.320 --- genes, fungal MeSH G14.340.024.340.320.089 --- genes, mating type, fungal MeSH ... genes, fungal MeSH G14.340.325.500.089 --- genes, mating type, fungal MeSH G14.340.337.500 --- genes, helminth MeSH G14.340. ... genes, nef MeSH G14.340.400.500.667 --- genes, pol MeSH G14.340.400.500.735 --- genes, px MeSH G14.340.400.500.775 --- genes, ... genes, viral MeSH G14.340.400.500.172 --- genes, env MeSH G14.340.400.500.258 --- genes, gag MeSH G14.340.400.500.345 --- genes ...
*  Pseudofungi
... got its fungal genes through horizontal gene transfer, which would have led to the development of convergent fungal ... May 2009). "Seven gene phylogeny of heterokonts". Protist. 160 (2): 191-204. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2008.11.004. PMID 19213601. ... Richards TA, Dacks JB, Jenkinson JM, Thornton CR, Talbot NJ (2006). "Evolution of filamentous plant pathogens: gene exchange ... Richards TA, Talbot NJ (2007). "Plant parasitic oomycetes such as phytophthora species contain genes derived from three ...
*  Hans M. Heybroek
... to the Kashmir to search for a frost-hardy form of the Himalayan Elm Ulmus wallichiana as a source of anti-fungal genes, for ...
*  Aminodeoxychorismate lyase
This enzyme, encoded by the pabC gene in bacteria and plants, is also known as PabC or ADC lyase. The fungal enzyme has been ... the gene encoding a fungal aminodeoxychorismate lyase". Eukaryot. Cell. 6 (11): 2102-11. doi:10.1128/EC.00266-07. PMC 2168415 ... Green JM, Merkel WK, Nichols BP (1992). "Characterization and sequence of Escherichia coli pabC, the gene encoding ...
*  Loline alkaloid
"Comparison of loline alkaloid gene clusters across fungal endophytes: predicting the co-regulatory sequence motifs and the ... of selected LOL genes by RNA interference and gene knockout have directly confirmed the involvement of two of the LOL genes in ... of at least eleven genes. The LOL genes are greatly and coordinately upregulated during loline alkaloid production, and ... These tests and similarities in the peptide sequences of the proteins encoded by these genes to known enzymes indicate that one ...
*  Festuca arundinacea
"Comparison of loline alkaloid gene clusters across fungal endophytes: predicting the co-regulatory sequence motifs and the ... Viability of the fungus in seeds is limited; typically, after a year or two of seed storage the fungal endophyte mycelium has ... 1990). The effect of the fungal endophyte, Acremonium coenophialum in fescue on pregnant mares and foal viability. Am. J. Res. ... However, although N. coenophialum possesses all the genes for loline biosynthesis, it does not produce lolines in culture. So ...
*  NUDC
"A homolog of the fungal nuclear migration gene nudC is involved in normal and malignant human hematopoiesis". Experimental ... "Entrez Gene: NUDC nuclear distribution gene C homolog (A. nidulans)". Zhou T, Aumais JP, Liu X, Yu-Lee LY, Erikson RL (Jul 2003 ... Nuclear migration protein nudC is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NUDC gene. NUDC has been shown to interact with ... Morris SM, Albrecht U, Reiner O, Eichele G, Yu-Lee LY (May 1998). "The lissencephaly gene product Lis1, a protein involved in ...
*  Thinopyrum intermedium
"A Thinopyrum intermedium chromosome in bread wheat cultivars as a source of genes conferring resistance to fungal diseases". ... "A Thinopyrum intermedium chromosome in bread wheat cultivars as a source of genes conferring resistance to fungal diseases". ... However, which specific genes that protect against which specific fungus has not been as well studied. Thinopyum elongatum and ... These conferred genes in wheat help increase yield and hardiness in times of environmental strain. Second, Thinopyrum ...
*  Indian Institute of Horticultural Research
... and markers for root-stock identification in citrus development of BT transgenic brinjal and tomato cloning of genes for fungal ... A Field Gene Bank (FGB) also works under the division and the division supports establishment FGBs for Mango, Guava and ... Fully equipped laboratories are set up to combat the fungal, bacterial, viral, viroid and phytoplasma diseases of fruit crops, ... The Division of Biotechnology focusses on research on Gene discovery, regeneration and transgenics, Molecular markers, Marker ...
*  Fusion gene
Durrens, Pascal; Nikolski, Macha; Sherman, David (2008). "Fusion and Fission of Genes Define a Metric between Fungal Genomes". ... Gene fusion plays a key role in the evolution of gene architecture. We can observe its effect if gene fusion occurs in coding ... A fusion gene is a hybrid gene formed from two previously separate genes. It can occur as a result of: translocation, ... Reporter gene fusions can be used to measure activity levels of gene regulators, identify the regulatory sites of genes ( ...
*  Alternaria citri
Isshiki, A. (2003). "Green Fluorescent Detection of Fungal Colonization and Endopolygalacturonase Gene Expression in the ... Alternaria citri is a fungal plant pathogen. Alternaria citri is an ascomycete fungal plant pathogen that causes black rot in ... 2000). "Postharvest Fungal Diseases: Alternaria Rot.". Compendium of Citrus Diseases (2nd ed.). St. Paul: American ... Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database Peever, T.L. (2005). "Citrus Black Rot Is Caused by Phylogenetically Distinct Lineages ...
*  Nucleobase cation symporter-1
Expansion by gene duplication led to functional diversification of fungal NCS1 porters. They characterized all Fur proteins in ... The two families probably arose by an early gene duplication event that occurred long before divergence of the three major ... 2015 studied the origin, diversification and substrate specificities of fungal NCS1 transporters, suggesting that the two ... fungal NCS1 subfamilies, Fur and Fcy, and plant homologues, originated through independent horizontal transfers from ...
*  Fungal extracellular enzyme activity
Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes biochemical pathways and enzymes database MycoCLAP searchable database of fungal enzyme genes ... 2001). "Fungal laccases: properties and activity on lignin". Journal of Basic Microbiology. 41 (3-4): 185-227. doi:10.1002/1521 ... In addition, the expression of genes that encode for enzymes is typically regulated by the availability of a given substrate. ... Boer, Wietse de; Folman, Larissa B.; Summerbell, Richard C.; Boddy, Lynne (2005). "Living in a fungal world: impact of fungi on ...
*  Abengoa
C1 is based on the Myceliopthora thermophila fungal expression system for gene discovery, expression, and production of enzymes ... Dyadic scientists have developed strains of this fungal microorganism to go from gene discovery to commercial manufacturing ... The target protein are screened against the gene library. To make a commercially viable product, Dyadic researchers use the "C1 ... Because the same C1 organism is used for gene discovery and expression, the probability of successfully increasing the level of ...
*  B chromosome
Supernumerary chromosomes do not carry genes that are necessary for basic fungal growth, but may have some functional ... Bivalent pairing is ensured by a gene on chromosome 5 of the B genome Ph locus. The B chromosomes also have the following ... The wheat-infecting fungal pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici contains 8 dispensable B-chromosomes - the largest number of ... Burt, A. & R.L. Trivers (2005). Genes in Conflict: The Biology of Selfish Genetic Elements. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University ...
*  Epichloë hybrida
... comparison between tandemly arranged rDNA and dispersed 5S rrn genes". Fungal Genetics and Biology. 35: 39-51. doi:10.1006/fgbi ... lolii and E. typhina ribosomal protein genes have similar expression levels. It therefore appears that the gene expression of E ... "An interspecific fungal hybrid reveals cross-kingdom rules for allopolyploid gene expression patterns". PLoS Genetics. 10: ... As of 2016, Epichloë had the most known interspecific hybrids of any fungal genus. Epichloë hybrida was one of the first ...
*  Marker gene
"Phylogenetic Resolution of Deep Eukaryotic and Fungal Relationships Using Highly Conserved Low-Copy Nuclear Genes". Genome Biol ... In biology, a marker gene may have several meanings. In nuclear biology and molecular biology, a marker gene is a gene used to ... In metagenomics and phylogenetics, a marker gene is an orthologous gene group which can be used to delineate between taxonomic ... The bacterial lacZ gene encodes a beta-galactosidase enzyme. When media containing certain galactosides (e.g. X-gal) is added, ...
*  Eukaryote
"Phylogenetic Resolution of Deep Eukaryotic and Fungal Relationships Using Highly Conserved Low-Copy Nuclear Genes". Genome ... Endosymbiotic gene transfer (EGT) acted as a catalyst for the host to acquire the symbionts' carbohydrate metabolism and turn ... Gene transfer from a delta-proteobacterium to an archaeon led to the methanogenic archaeon developing into a nucleus. The ... Deacon J (2005). Fungal Biology. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers. p. 4 and passim. ISBN 1-4051-3066-0. Patrick J ...
*  Ant-fungus mutualism
This grows to become the new fungal farm complete with the genes of the original cultivar preserved for another generation of ... "Instability of novel ant-fungal associations constrains horizontal exchange of fungal symbionts". Evolutionary Ecology. 28 (1 ... The effects of cheating ants (ants who did not bring plant biomass for fungal food) had a much smaller effect on the fitness of ... Ant-fungus mutualism is a symbiosis seen in certain ant and fungal species, in which ants actively cultivate fungus much like ...
*  Candida albicans
Noble, S. M; Johnson, A. D (2005). "Strains and strategies for large-scale gene deletion studies of the diploid human fungal ... The reporter gene used in the system is the HIS1 gene. When proteins interact, the cells will be able to grow on medium lacking ... Small intestinal fungal overgrowth (SIFO) is characterized by the presence of excessive number of fungal organisms in the small ... Of the tested 1152 genes 567 showed to be essential. The knowledge on essential genes can be used to discover novel antifungals ...
*  Twintron
"The mtDNA rns gene landscape in the Ophiostomatales and other fungal taxa: twintrons, introns, and intron-encoded proteins". ... Another twintron complex was detected at position mS1247 of the Chaetomium thermophilumhere mt-rns gene, a group IIA1 intron ... Recently, two novel twintrons have been uncovered within the fungal mitochondrial genome, one at position mS917 of the ... The mS1247 twintron represents the first recorded fungal mitochondrial mixed twintron consisting of group II intron as an ...
*  Enzyme promiscuity
... but also within the same gene family. In light of the large number of paralogous fungal α-glucosidase genes with a number of ... ancestral reconstruction is the inference and synthesis of a gene from the ancestral form of a group of genes, which has had a ... unlike what the theoretical models of gene evolution suggest. One study showed that the ancestral gene of the immune defence ... Evolution by gene duplication Susumu Ohno Michaelis-Menten kinetics Protein moonlighting Most authors refer to as promiscuous ...
*  Isocitrate lyase
... increased expression of the gene encoding ICL is important for fungal virulence. For instance, increased gene expression of ... Although the gene has been found in genomes of nematodes and cnidaria, it has not been found in the genomes of placental ... Inactivation of the icl1 gene leads to reduced pathogenicity of the fungus, which is thought to be a result of the inability of ... Only one cysteine residue is conserved between the sequences of the fungal, plant and bacterial enzymes; it is located in the ...