Fungal Diversity. 65 (1): 77-88. doi:10.1007/s13225-013-0252-7. G. S. de Hoog, Guarro J; Gene J; Figueras MJ (2000). Atlas of ... When the fungal infection only concerns with systemic involvement except the brain, the probability of cure is higher. In ... Mazur, Joseph E. (1 February 2001). "A Case Report of a Dactylaria Fungal Infection in a Lung Transplant Patient. *. ". Chest. ... "Fungal Databases Nomenclature and Species Banks". International Mycological Association. BioloMICS Net. Retrieved 15 October ...
"Comparison of loline alkaloid gene clusters across fungal endophytes: predicting the co-regulatory sequence motifs and the ... of selected LOL genes by RNA interference and gene knockout have directly confirmed the involvement of two of the LOL genes in ... of at least eleven genes.[20][26] The LOL genes are greatly and coordinately upregulated during loline alkaloid production,[24] ... The lolines are insecticidal and insect-deterrent compounds that are produced in grasses infected by endophytic fungal ...
American geneticist One gene-one enzyme hypothesis - The idea that genes act through the production of enzymes, with each gene ... "The Neurospora Compendium". Fungal Genetics Stock Center (FGSC). Retrieved December 27, 2005. "The Neurospora-Fungal Genome ... This led them to propose the "one gene, one enzyme" hypothesis that specific genes code for specific proteins. Their hypothesis ... The number of genes affecting the diploid stage was estimated to be at least 435 (about 4% of the total number of 9,730 genes ...
"Application of Mating Type Gene Technology to Problems in Fungal Biology". Annual Review of Phytopathology. 36: 115-137. doi: ... The first mating pheromone-receptor genes characterized were for U. maydis. The A or b mating locus contains genes that code ... The results of these experiments led directly to the "one gene, one enzyme" hypothesis that specific genes code for specific ... The number of genes affecting the diploid stage was estimated to be at least 435 (about 4% of the total number of 9,730 genes ...
showed that the genes required for meiosis are present in T. marneffei, and that mating and genetic recombination occur in this ... O'Gorman CM, Fuller H, Dyer PS (January 2009). "Discovery of a sexual cycle in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus ... Sexuality generates diversity in the aflatoxin gene cluster in A. flavus, suggesting that production of genetic variation may ... Fincham J RS, Day PR (1963). Fungal Genetics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications. ASIN B000W851KO. Wagner RP, ...
Next-generation sequencing technologies generate large amounts of data, and analysis of fungal marker-gene data is an active ... fungal diversity in forest soils,[6] stratification of fungal communities in soil horizons,[7] and fungal succession on ... Fungal diversity[edit]. Exploration of fungal diversity in situ has also benefited from next-generation DNA sequencing ... marker genes) to identify and describe the distribution of taxonomic groups in the fungal community in question, though more ...
Secondary metabolites in fungal development[edit]. The transcription factor LaeA regulates the expression of several genes ... Targeted mutation of the ftrA gene did not induce a decrease in virulence in the murine model of A. fumigatus invasion. In ... Targeted mutation of the afareA gene showed a decrease in onset of mortality in a mouse model of invasion.[28] The Ras ... Many of the genes involved in such processes have been shown to impact virulence through experiments involving genetic mutation ...
"The evolution of novel fungal genes from non-retroviral RNA viruses". BMC Biology. 7: 88. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-7-88. Koonin, E ... Distinct, syncytin-like genes have been identified in primates, rodents, lagomorphs, carnivores, and ungulates, with ... Remarkably, the capture of syncytin or syncytin-like genes has occurred independently, from different groups of endogenous ... Dupressoir, A.; Lavialle, C.; Heidmann, T. (2012). "From ancestral infectious retroviruses to bona fide cellular genes: role of ...
Ghabrial SA (1998). "Origin, adaptation and evolutionary pathways of fungal viruses". Virus Genes. 16 (1): 119-31. doi:10.1023/ ... Some genes of RNA virus are important to the viral replication cycles and mutations are not tolerated. For example, the region ... The majority of fungal viruses are double-stranded RNA viruses. A small number of positive-strand RNA viruses have been ... After this DNA is integrated into the host genome using the viral enzyme integrase, expression of the encoded genes may lead to ...
1992). "Fungal mating type genes - regulators of sexual development". Mycological Research. 96 (12): 993-1006. doi:10.1016/ ... Using elegant genetic and molecular techniques with different genetic stocks including gene deletions and gene fusions, she has ... A factors contain several duplicate genes coding for the A protein but it is only necessary for any one of these genes to be ... She was Professor Emeritus of Fungal Genetics in the Department of Plant Science at the University of Oxford, and was known for ...
If the mutated base pair is in the promoter sequence of a gene, then the expression of the gene may change. Also, if the ... Because RIP is so efficient at detecting and mutating repeats, fungal biologists often use it as a tool for mutagenesis. A ... This genetic defect is located in the HEXA gene, which is found on chromosome 15. The HEXA gene makes part of an enzyme called ... These regions are either non-coding regions or genes encoding small secreted proteins including avirulence genes. The degree of ...
"Decoding fungal genome: Salute to Dr Maqsudul Alam". Dhaka Courier. Archived from the original on 28 September 2014. Retrieved ... "Bangladeshi scientists invent fungus gene". New Age. 20 September 2012. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. ... "BD scientists crack genome sequencing of fungal pathogen". The Financial Express. Dhaka. Retrieved 7 July 2013. " ...
Turgeon, B.G.; Yoder, O.C. (2000). "Proposed Nomenclature for Mating Type Genes of Filamentous Ascomycetes". Fungal Genetics ... Mating type genes in ascomycetes are called idiomorphs rather than alleles due to the uncertainty of the origin by common ... Outcrossing, through complementation, could provide the benefit of masking recessive deleterious mutations in genes that ...
... gene rodA), these proteins are the main component of the hydrophobic sheath covering the surface of many fungal spores. Genomic ... a new Aspergillus developmental mutant induced by directed gene inactivation". Genes & Development. 5 (7): 1161-71. doi:10.1101 ... Nakari-Setälä T, Azeredo J, Henriques M, Oliveira R, Teixeira J, Linder M, Penttilä M (July 2002). "Expression of a fungal ... Wessels J, De Vries O, Asgeirsdottir SA, Schuren F (August 1991). "Hydrophobin Genes Involved in Formation of Aerial Hyphae and ...
Janson, Sven; Graneli, Edna (September 2003). "Genetic analysis of the psbA gene from single cells indicates a cryptomonad ... lichens are named and classified as fungal species. The association is termed a morphogenesis because the lichen has a form and ... The photobiont possibly triggers otherwise latent genes in the mycobiont. Trentepohlia is an example of a common green alga ... genes from Helicosporidium spp.: Evidence supporting the reclassification of Helicosporidia as green algae (Chlorophyta)". ...
This works similarly in the fungal domain with the 18S rRNA gene. ... Amplification of the genes encoded by these amplicons generally increases transcription of those genes and ultimately the ... Natural gene duplication plays a major role in evolution. It is also implicated in several forms of human cancer including ... or naturally through gene duplication. In this context, amplification refers to the production of one or more copies of a ...
Taylor, D. J.; J. Bruenn (2009). "The evolution of novel fungal genes from non-retroviral RNA viruses". BMC Biology. 7: 88. doi ... Koonin, E. (2010). "Taming of the shrewd: novel eukaryotic genes from RNA viruses". BMC Biology. 8: 2. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-8- ...
"Comparison of loline alkaloid gene clusters across fungal endophytes: predicting the co-regulatory sequence motifs and the ... of selected LOL genes by RNA interference and gene knockout have directly confirmed the involvement of two of the LOL genes in ... of at least eleven genes. The LOL genes are greatly and coordinately upregulated during loline alkaloid production, and ... These tests and similarities in the peptide sequences of the proteins encoded by these genes to known enzymes indicate that one ...
... initiates transcription of target genes such as the core clock genes 'period' genes (PER1, PER2, and PER3) and two cryptochrome ... Fungal clocks[edit]. In the filamentous fungus N. crassa, the clock mechanism is analogous, but non-orthologous, to that of ... The first genes identified in the plant clock were TOC1, CCA1 and LHY. The peak expression of the CCA1 and LHY genes occurs at ... Core circadian 'clock' genes are defined as genes whose protein products are necessary components for the generation and ...
"Positive identification of a lambda gt11 clone containing a region of fungal phytase gene by immunoprobe and sequence ... "Transgenic maize plants expressing a fungal phytase gene". Transgenic Res. 17 (4): 633-643. doi:10.1007/s11248-007-9138-3. PMID ... characterization and overexpression of the phytase-encoding gene (phyA) of Aspergillus niger". Gene. 127 (1): 87-94. doi: ... Aspergillus (ficuum) niger fungal strain NRRL 3135 (ATCC 66876) was identified as a promising candidate as it was able to ...
Torres-Garcia, Sito (2020). "Epigenetic gene silencing by heterochromatin primes fungal resistance". Nature. 585 (7825): 453- ... he discovered that genes are silenced when placed within fission yeast centromeres and telomeres, and then utilised this gene ... Ard, Ryan; Tong, Pin; Allshire, Robin C (2014). "Long non-coding RNA-mediated transcriptional interference of a permease gene ... Ard, Ryan; Allshire, Robin C (2016). "Transcription-coupled changes to chromatin underpin gene silencing by transcriptional ...
Fungal Biology 118(1) 32-47. Qi, Y. X., et al. (2007). Detection of Corynespora cassiicola in Hevea rubber tree from China. ... 2014). Diversity of the cassiicolin gene in Corynespora cassiicola and relation with the pathogenicity in Hevea brasiliensis. ... USDA ARS Fungal Database. Dixon, L. J., et al. (2009). Host specialization and phylogenetic diversity of Corynespora cassiicola ... the leaf wetness is likely a major environmental factor driving the disease for this fungal pathogen. The humidity may be used ...
Neville SE, Baigent S, Lowry PJ (December 2001). "Are Hox genes responsible for the phenotypic switching and zonation of the ... D'Souza CA, Heitman J (December 2001). "It infects me, it infects me not: phenotypic switching in the fungal pathogen ...
Guarro, J; Gams, W; Puhhol, I; Gene, J (1997). "Acremonium species: new emerging fungal opportunists-in vitro antifungal ... Freezing the fungal BMOs at -80 °C for 4 weeks did not affect the Mn(II) ability, and the reducible Mn was still dominated in ... This makes fungal BMOs an effective Mn(II) sequestering material if needed. For example, it can be used for the continuous ... Analysis of the genes for ribosomal large subunit (LSU) and whole small subunit (SSU) also help to elucidate phylogenetic ...
1990). Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: PCR Protocols: A Guide to ... The ribosomal DNA contains one transcriptional unit with a cluster of genes coding for the 18S, 5.8S and 28S rRNAs and two ... DNA of plant pathogenic mycoplasma-like organisms by a polymerase chain reaction that amplifies a sequence of the 16S rRNA gene ... relationships because they exhibit greater interspecies differences than the smaller and larger subunits of rRNA genes. The use ...
Adams, M; Antoniw, J (January 2006). "DPVweb: a comprehensive database of plant and fungal virus genes and genomes". Nucleic ... For each curated sequence the database contains the start and end positions of each feature (gene, non-translated region, etc ... As far as possible, the nomenclature for genes and proteins are standardized within genera and families. Sequences of features ... fungi and protozoa that are complete or that contain at least one complete gene. There are currently about 10,000 such ...
Lenormand T (2002). "Gene flow and the limits to natural selection". Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 17 (4): 183-189. doi: ... 10.1016/S0169-5347(02)02497-7. Ingold CT (1971). Fungal spores: their liberation and dispersal. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. ... Technically, dispersal is defined as any movement that has the potential to lead to gene flow. The act of dispersal involves ... The formation of barriers to dispersal or gene flow between adjacent areas can isolate populations on either side of the ...
Each haploid yeast cells express specific haploid genes; haploid α-cells express α-genes and haploid a-cells express a-genes. ... Fungal chemotropism was first reported over 100 years ago by Anton de Bary. One example of fungi using chemotropism is seen in ... When the cells get two Yeast cells are close enough their fungal hyphae merge to form a diploid zygote. Other examples of ... Chemotaxis Chemoreceptor Mechanism Turrà, D., El Ghalid, M., Rossi, F. and Di Pietro, A. (2015). Fungal pathogen uses sex ...
Altincicek, B.; Kovacs, J.L.; Gerardo, N.M. (2012). "Horizontally transferred fungal carotenoid genes in the two-spotted spider ... Buchnera aphidicola gene transcription, although not well understood, is thought to be regulated by a small number of global ... Five of the bacteria genes have been transferred to the aphid nucleus. The original association may is estimated to have ... Despite the apparent loss of transcription factors in the reduced genome, gene expression is highly regulated, as shown by the ...
Fungal Prions (Pilz-Prionen). Vorgeschlagene oder nicht-offizielle Virustaxa[Bearbeiten , Quelltext bearbeiten]. Die Virus- ... Familie Geminiviridae (ssDNA(+/-): die einzelnen Gene haben unterschiedliche Polarität). *Genus Becurtovirus. *Genus ...
The study has uncovered toxin genes and other genes that may be responsible for the virulence of the fungus. In the long term ... Hymenoscyphus fraxineus is an Ascomycete fungus that causes ash dieback, a chronic fungal disease of ash trees in Europe ... researchers aim to find the genes that confer resistance to the pathogen on some ash trees.[12] ... Fungal Ecology. 5 (2): 147-153. doi:10.1016/j.funeco.2011.10.004.. ...
Two genes, LAC12 and LAC4, allow K. marxianus to absorb and use lactose as a carbon source.[5] This species is considered to be ... Fungal Biology Reviews. 24 (1-2): 17-26. doi:10.1016/j.fbr.2010.01.001.. ... Using 18S rRNA gene sequencing, it was suggested that K. marxianus, K. aestuarii, K. dobzhanskii, K. lactic, K. wickerhamii, K ... marxianus possesses the necessary genes to be crabtree positive.[5] K. marxianus is highly thermotolerant and able to withstand ...
Tertiary gene pool: L. lamottei and L. tomentosus. Crosses generally fail between members of different gene pools. However, ... Fungal diseases[edit]. Fungal diseases. Alternaria blight Alternaria alternata. Alternaria sp. Anthracnose Colletotrichum ... According to their inter-crossability Lens species can be divided into three gene pools: *Primary gene pool: L. culinaris (and ... Even if crosses are successful, many undesired genes may be introduced as well in addition to the desired ones. This can be ...
The studies on fungal evolutionary genomics will further elucidate the earliest stages of divergence as a result of gene flow, ... Such a gene that exhibits multiple phenotypic expression is called a pleiotropic gene . Therefore mutation in a pleiotropic ... Gene pleiotropy occurs when a gene product interacts with multiple other proteins or catalyzes multiple reactions. ... Pleiotropy describes the genetic effect of a single gene on multiple phenotypic traits. The underlying mechanism is genes that ...
In late autumn, chemicals on the skin of the caterpillar interact with the fungal spores and release the fungal mycelia, which ... 2007). "A multi-gene phylogeny of Clavicipitaceae (Ascomycota, Fungi): identification of localized incongruence using a ... Gradually the host larvae become rigid because of the production of fungal sclerotia. Fungal sclerotia are multihyphal ... O. sinensis consists of two parts, a fungal endosclerotium (within the caterpillar) and stroma.[10] The stroma is the upper ...
Yeast and fungal β-glucans contain 1-6 side branches, while cereal β-glucans contain both β-1,3 and β-1,4 backbone bonds. The ... The process leading to β-1,6 linkages is poorly understood: although genes important in the process have been identified, not ... Cereal and fungal products have been used for centuries for medicinal and cosmetic purposes; however, the specific role of β- ... 1995). "Plasma (13)-beta-D-glucan measurement in diagnosis of invasive deep mycosis and fungal febrile episodes". Lancet. 345 ( ...
More research on this fungal species, Cunninghamella japonica, and others, is likely to appear in the near future.[112] The ... Gene therapy. *Head transplant. *Isolated brain. *Life extension *Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence ...
Zhao, ZJ; Tong, HR; Zhou, L; Wang, EX; Liu, QJ (2010). "FUNGAL COLONIZATION OF PU‐ERH TEA IN YUNNAN". Journal of Food Safety. ... It is apparent that this species does not have the gene sequence for coding ochratoxin and thus pu'er tea should be considered ... The bacterial and fungal cultures found in the fermenting piles were found to vary widely from factory to factory throughout ... Aged raw pu'erh: Aged pu'er should never smell moldy, musty, or strongly fungal, though some pu'erh drinkers consider these ...
Genes[edit]. PEX genes encode the protein machinery ("peroxins") required for proper peroxisome assembly, as described above. ... The peroxisome of plant cells is polarised when fighting fungal penetration. Infection causes a glucosinolate molecule to play ... Genes that encode peroxin proteins include: PEX1, PEX2 (PXMP3), PEX3, PEX5, PEX6, PEX7, PEX10, PEX11A, PEX11B, PEX11G, PEX12, ... doi:10.1016/j.gene.2009.09.014. PMID 19818387.. *^ Gabaldón T, Capella-Gutiérrez S (Oct 2010). "Lack of phylogenetic support ...
"Genes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". The Medical Clinics of North America. 96 (4): 699-711. doi:10.1016/j.mcna. ...
Sequences of the matK chloroplast gene,[18] as well as sequences of chloroplast and nuclear genomes,[19] reveal close ... Laurel wilt disease, caused by the virulent fungal pathogen Raffaelea lauricola, a native of southern Asia, was found in the ... Backing has come from matK sequences of chloroplast genes[18] while a questionable placement of Cassytha has been concluded ... Partial support for the tribe is also attained from the matK sequences of chloroplast genes[18] as well as embryology.[22] ...
... viable daughter cells to be produced would require an extra replication of the intact RNA gene homologous to any RNA gene that ... If at least one damage-free copy of each RNA gene is present in the transient diploid, viable progeny can be formed. For two, ... Tucker BJ, Breaker RR (Jun 2005). "Riboswitches as versatile gene control elements". Current Opinion in Structural Biology. 15 ... Lamb RA, Choppin PW (1983). "The gene structure and replication of influenza virus". Annual Review of Biochemistry. 52: 467-506 ...
... and UBIAD1 genes. Mutations in TGFBI which encodes transforming growth factor beta induced cause several forms of corneal ... caused by steroid sulfatase gene mutations and are currently usually not included under the rubric of the corneal dystrophies. ...
65,0 65,1 65,2 «Asthma genetics 2006: the long and winding road to gene discovery»։ Genes Immun 7 (2): 95-100։ 2006։ PMID ... Sharpe RA, Bearman N, Thornton CR, Husk K, Osborne NJ (January 2015)։ «Indoor fungal diversity and asthma: a meta-analysis and ... 10,0 10,1 10,2 Martinez F. D. (2007)։ «Genes, environments, development and asthma: a reappraisal»։ European Respiratory ... 16395390։ doi:10.1038/sj.gene.6364284 ,vauthors=. պարամետրը գոյություն չունի (օգնություն) *↑ Halapi E, Bjornsdottir, US ( ...
gene pool. A set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species.. generation. genetic ... A membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protist, animal, and bacterial cells.. ... linked genes. Any set of one or more genes which are sufficiently close together on the same chromosome that they are very ... Genes are often considered the fundamental molecular units of heredity. The transmission of genes from a parent cell or ...
... is executed by autophagy-related (Atg) genes. The first autophagy genes were identified by genetic screens conducted ... In fungal cells on the other hand microplipophagy constitutes the main pathway and is especially well studied in yeast ... and that at least 15 APG genes are involved in autophagy in yeast.[69] A gene known as ATG7 has been implicated in nutrient- ... When the Beclin1 gene was altered to be heterozygous (Beclin 1+/-), the mice were found to be tumor prone.[90] However, when ...
Normally, the presence of a specific gene or an allele of a gene confers upon the cell the ability to grow in the selective ... Fungal media. *Czapek medium. *Dermatophyte test medium. *Potato dextrose agar. *Sabouraud agar ... In such cases, the gene is termed a marker. Selective growth media for eukaryotic cells commonly contain neomycin to select ... cells that have been successfully transfected with a plasmid carrying the neomycin resistance gene as a marker. Gancyclovir is ...
A clp gene homologue belonging to the crp gene family globally regulates lytic enzyme production, antimicrobial activity, and ... Characterisation of Lysobacter enzymogenes (Christensen and Cook 1978) strain 3.1T8, a powerful antagonist of fungal diseases ... making mutation effects of non-related genes difficult or nearly impossible to evaluate. However, strains harboring clp gene ... including mutants affected in structural genes encoding enzyme activities, the regulatory clp gene and various combinations ...
Replication between viruses is greatly varied and depends on the type of genes involved in them. Most DNA viruses assemble in ... Bacterial infections are treated with antibacterials (often called antibiotics) whereas fungal and viral infections are treated ...
... gene therapy, monoclonal antibodies and cell therapy (for instance, stem-cell therapies). Other ways to classify medicines are ... Anti-fungal: imidazoles, polyenes. *Anti-inflammatory: NSAIDs, corticosteroids. *Anti-allergy: mast cell inhibitors ... gene therapy, and cell therapy (for instance, stem cell therapies). ...
... the voltage-gated potassium channel KCNH2 gene (hERG/Kv11.1), and the α1D-adrenoceptor ADRA1D gene.[58] ... Itraconazole and ketoconazole, both used to treat fungal infections, are potent CYP3A4 inhibitors and increase the plasma ... such as polymorphisms in the drug transporter gene ABCB1 (which encodes P-glycoprotein), ...
Morris KL (2008). "Epigenetic Regulation of Gene Expression". RNA and the Regulation of Gene Expression: A Hidden Layer of ... For more details on this topic, see Fungal prions.. Prions are infectious forms of proteins. In general, proteins fold into ... They control gene expression including virulence genes in pathogens and are viewed as new targets in the fight against drug- ... There are several layers of regulation of gene expression. One way that genes are regulated is through the remodeling of ...
As with all long-lived plant and fungal species, no individual part of a clonal colony is alive (in the sense of active ...
... as well as two genes found previously only in birds, amphibians, and fish. More than 80% of the platypus's genes are common to ... "Platypus Fungal Disease". Department of Primary Industries and Water, Tasmania. 29 August 2008. Archived from the original on 7 ... The female platypus has a pair of ovaries, but only the left one is functional.[50] The platypus's genes are a possible ... a study found that the mechanism of sex determination is the AMH gene on the oldest Y chromosome.[79][80] A draft version of ...
Duquesne S, Destoumieux-Garzón D, Peduzzi J, Rebuffat S; Destoumieux-Garzón; Peduzzi; Rebuffat (August 2007). "Microcins, gene- ... fungal peptides, invertebrate peptides, amphibian/skin peptides, venom peptides, cancer/anticancer peptides, vaccine peptides ... gene) hexarelin. There is ongoing controversy on the legality of using secretagogue peptides in sports.[25] ...
Deng, M.; Lancto, C. A.; Abrahamsen, M. S. (2004). "Cryptosporidium parvum regulation of human epithelial cell gene expression ... Sebghati TS, Engle JT, Goldman WE (November 2000). "Intracellular parasitism by Histoplasma capsulatum: fungal virulence and ...
Upregulation of target genes can also render the fungicide ineffective. This is seen in DMI-resistant strains of Venturia ... Interaction of 2,4,5-trich,orophenylsulphonylmethyl thiocyanate with fungal spores *^ Latijnhouwers M, de Wit PJ, Govers F. ... In qualitative or discrete resistance, a mutation (normally to a single gene) produces a race of a fungus with a high degree of ... The 14a-demethylase (CYP51A1) gene is overexpressed in V. inaequalis strains resistant to myclobutanil. Phytopathology 91:102- ...
Many species will spread out their wings and expose them to direct sunlight and this too is thought to help in reducing fungal ... For females, possible benefits of extra-pair copulation include getting better genes for her offspring and insuring against the ... "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals" ...