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*  History of genetic engineering
"Expression of bacterial genes in plant cells". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America ... By removing the genes in the plasmid that caused the tumor and adding in novel genes researchers were able to infect plants ... The ability to partially reduce gene function has allowed the study of genes that are lethal when completely knocked out. Other ... With the introduction of the gene gun in 1987 it became possible to integrate foreign genes into a chloroplast. Genetic ...
*  Baum-Welch algorithm
Delcher, Arthur; Bratke, Kirsten A.; Powers, Edwin C.; Salzberg, Steven L. (2007). "Identifying bacterial genes and ... The GLIMMER (Gene Locator and Interpolated Markov ModelER) software was an early gene-finding program used for the ... or multiple genes (or even no gene at all) is present. GENSCAN was shown to exactly predict exon location with 90% accuracy ... locations compared to confirmed genes in prokaryotes. The GENSCAN webserver is a gene locator capable of analyzing eukaryotic ...
*  Rhizobium rhizogenes
Bacterial genes may be retained within the plant. The hairy roots are grown in vitro in bioreactors to study their soil ... Under such conditions, certain bacterial genes are turned on leading to the transfer of its tDNA from its root-inducing plasmid ... Intrieri, M. C. & Buiatti, M. (July 2001). "The horizontal transfer of Agrobacterium rhizogenes genes and the evolution of the ... "Agrobacterium rhizogenes T-DNA genes capable of inducing hairy root phenotype". Molecular and General Genetics 209(3):475-480. ...
*  MicrobesOnline
Delcher, A. L.; Bratke, K. A.; Powers, E. C.; Salzberg, S. L. (2007). "Identifying bacterial genes and endosymbiont DNA with ... Genes in the session gene cart can be saved to the permanent gene cart which is only available to registered users after ... The first one is the Tree Browser, which draws a species tree or a gene tree for the selected gene and its gene neighbourhood. ... The locus information can be viewed through the "view genes" option, and this gene can be added to the session gene cart, or ...
*  Gene density
Bacterial DNA has a gene density on the order of 500-1000 genes/Mb. This is due several factors, including that the fact that ... There are also fewer codons in bacterial genes. C-value enigma "Science Reference: Gene". Science Daily. Retrieved 2013-10-15. ... In genetics, the gene density of an organism's genome is the ratio of the number of genes per number of base pairs, usually ... The human genome has a gene density of 12-15 genes/Mb, while the genome of the C. elegans roundworm is estimated to have 200. ...
*  SAM-V riboswitch
Winkler WC, Breaker RR (2005). "Regulation of bacterial gene expression by riboswitches". Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 59: 487-517. ... October 2004). "A glycine-dependent riboswitch that uses cooperative binding to control gene expression". Science. 306 (5694): ...
*  Genetically modified crops
It contained three bacterial genes, two CP4 EPSPS genes, and a gene encoding beta-glucuronidase (GUS) from Escherichia coli as ... Inserting a bacterial aryloxyalkanoate dioxygenase gene, aad1 makes the corn resistant to 2,4-D. The USDA had approved maize ... 1983). "Expression of bacterial genes in plant cells" (PDF). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 80 (15): 4803-07. Bibcode:1983PNAS ... Introducing new genes into plants requires a promoter specific to the area where the gene is to be expressed. For instance, to ...
*  Tobacco
1983). "Expression of bacterial genes in plant cells" (PDF). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 80: 4803-4807. Bibcode:1983PNAS... ...
*  Genetically modified organism
1983). "Expression of bacterial genes in plant cells" (PDF). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 80 (15): 4803-07. Bibcode:1983PNAS... ... Gene therapy, uses genetically modified viruses to deliver genes which can cure disease in humans. Although gene therapy is ... Inserted genes usually come from a different species in a form of horizontal gene-transfer. In nature this can occur when ... This included genes from the toad Xenopus laevis in 1974, creating the first GMO expressing a gene from an organism from ...
*  HhMAN1
Because mannanase is not commonly found in similar beetles, and the characteristic of the gene is bacterial, the gene is ... Phillips, Melissa Lee (27 February 2012). "Bacterial gene helps coffee beetle get its fix". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature. ... "Adaptive horizontal transfer of a bacterial gene to an invasive insect pest of coffee". PNAS. 109 (11): 4197-4202. doi:10.1073/ ... HhMAN1 is a gene in the genome of Hypothenemus hampei, a.k.a. Coffee borer beetle, which codes for mannanase, an enzyme used to ...
*  T-even bacteriophages
... bacterial genes can be transferred in generalized transduction. Whereas, in specialized transduction, only the genes that are ... Therefore, when these type of phages infect other bacterial cells, the bacterial DNA is inserted inside. Previously mentioned, ... Containing about 160 genes, these virulent viruses are among the largest, most complex viruses that are known and one of the ... Libraries of genes and monoclonal antibodies are maintained in phages. In addition to all this they are responsible for natural ...
*  Haemolysin expression modulating protein family
These proteins act as modulators of bacterial gene expression. Members of this family act in conjunction with members of the H- ... identification and effect on conjugation of the rmoA gene of plasmid R100-1". FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 169 (1): 59-66. doi:10.1111 ...
*  DNA
Finkel SE, Kolter R (November 2001). "DNA as a nutrient: novel role for bacterial competence gene homologs". Journal of ... A gene is a unit of heredity and is a region of DNA that influences a particular characteristic in an organism. Genes contain ... A gene is a sequence of DNA that contains genetic information and can influence the phenotype of an organism. Within a gene, ... Lorenz MG, Wackernagel W (September 1994). "Bacterial gene transfer by natural genetic transformation in the environment". ...
*  Sexual reproduction
Bacterial transformation is a complex process encoded by numerous bacterial genes, and is a bacterial adaptation for DNA ... Bacterial conjugation is controlled by plasmid genes that are adapted for spreading copies of the plasmid between bacteria. The ... Lorenz, MG; Wackernagel, W (1994). "Bacterial gene transfer by natural genetic transformation in the environment". ... and gene transfer and genetic exchange in archaea. Bacterial transformation involves the recombination of genetic material and ...
*  Griffith's experiment
Lorenz, M. G.; Wackernagel, W. (1994-09-01). "Bacterial gene transfer by natural genetic transformation in the environment". ... The III-S strain DNA contains the genes that form the smooth protective polysaccharide capsule. Equipped with this gene, the ... Original article and 35th anniversary reprint available.) Daniel Hartl; Elizabeth Jones (2005). Genetics: Analysis of Genes and ...
*  GLIMMER
"Exploration and Grading of Possible Genes from 183 Bacterial Strains by a Common Protocol to Identification of New Genes: Gene ... Delcher, A. L.; Bratke, K. A.; Powers, E. C.; Salzberg, S. L. (2007). "Identifying bacterial genes and endosymbiont DNA with ... Sugawara, H.; Abe, T.; Gojobori, T.; Tateno, Y. (2007). "DDBJ working on evaluation and classification of bacterial genes in ... The above example has been taken from the paper 'Identifying bacterial genes and endosymbiont DNA with Glimmer' Ribosome ...
*  Riboswitch
Winkler W, Nahvi A, Breaker RR (2002). "Thiamine derivatives bind messenger RNAs directly to regulate bacterial gene expression ... Riboswitch candidates are also consistently located in the 5' UTRs of protein-coding genes, and these genes are suggestive of ... The expression platform is what regulates gene expression. Expression platforms typically turn off gene expression in response ... "A conserved RNA structure element involved in the regulation of bacterial riboflavin synthesis genes". Trends Genet. 15 (11): ...
*  TPP riboswitch
Winkler, W; Nahvi A; Breaker RR (2002). "Thiamine derivatives bind messenger RNAs directly to regulate bacterial gene ... New genes and regulatory mechanisms". J Biol Chem. 277 (50): 48949-48959. doi:10.1074/jbc.M208965200. PMID 12376536. Miranda- ... It serves as a riboswitch that binds directly to thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) to regulate gene expression through a variety of ... Bocobza, S; Adato A; Mandel T; Shapira M; Nudler E; Aharoni A (2007). "Riboswitch-dependent gene regulation and its evolution ...
*  Kimchi
"Metatranscriptomic analysis of lactic acid bacterial gene expression during kimchi fermentation". International Journal of Food ... Hong, Yeun; Yang, Hee-Seok; Chang, Hae-Choon; Kim, Hae-Yeong (2013). "Comparison of bacterial community changes in fermenting ... Myungjin Kim; Jongsik Chun (15 August 2005). "Bacterial Community Structure in Kimchi, a Korean Fermented Vegetable Food, as ... Revealed by 16S rRNA Gene Analysis". International Journal of Food Microbiology. Volume 103, Issue 1. pp. 91-96 "Korean Dish ' ...
*  Intensive crop farming
The bacterial gene is EPSP (= 5-enolpyruvyl shikimic acid-3-phosphate) synthase. Soybean also has a version of this gene, but ... However, the RR gene has been bred into so many different soybean cultivars that the genetic modification itself has not ... strain CP4, inserted, by means of a gene gun, into its genome that allows the transgenic plant to survive being sprayed by this ... In 1995, Monsanto introduced "Roundup Ready" (RR) soybeans that have had a copy of a gene from the bacterium, Agrobacterium sp ...
*  Chromatin immunoprecipitation
"Detecting protein-DNA interactions in vivo: distribution of RNA polymerase on specific bacterial genes". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S ... Researchers studying differential gene expression patterns in small organisms also face problems as genes expressed at low ... A year later they used the same methodology to study distribution of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II on fruit fly heat shock genes ... Gilmour DS, Lis JT (August 1985). "In vivo interactions of RNA polymerase II with genes of Drosophila melanogaster". Mol. Cell ...
*  ChIP-exo
Distribution of RNA polymerase on specific bacterial genes". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 81: 4275-4279. ... Ribosomal protein genes bound by this protein had a tendency to use a particular motif with a stronger consensus sequence. ... Other genes often used clusters of weaker consensus motifs, possibly to achieve a similar occupancy. Binding motifs of CTCF ... in high definition Resolving transcription factor binding High-resolution chromatin immunoprecipitation Important Gene- ...
*  Kanamycin A
"Horizontal Gene Transfer: Plant vs. Bacterial Genes for Antibiotic Resistance Scenario's-What's the Difference?". Isb.vt.edu. ... The selection marker kanMX is a hybrid gene consisting of a bacterial aminoglycoside phosphotransferase (kanr from transposon ... which have taken up genes (e.g., of plasmids) coupled to a gene coding for kanamycin resistance (primarily Neomycin ... As a powder, kanamycin is white to off-white and is soluble in water (50 mg/ml). At least one such gene, Atwbc19 is native to a ...
*  Inferring horizontal gene transfer
Ochman, H; Lawrence, J. G.; Groisman, E. A. (2000). "Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation". Nature. 405 ... Daubin, V; Lerat, E; Perrière, G (2003). "The source of laterally transferred genes in bacterial genomes". Genome Biology. 4 (9 ... Hao, W; Golding, G. B. (2008). "Uncovering rate variation of lateral gene transfer during bacterial genome evolution". BMC ... Galtier, N (2007). "A model of horizontal gene transfer and the bacterial phylogeny problem". Systematic Biology. 56 (4): 633- ...
*  Heme-transporting ATPase
Ramseier TM, Winteler HV, Hennecke H (1991). "Discovery and sequence analysis of bacterial genes involved in the biogenesis of ...