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*  Inferring horizontal gene transfer
Poptsova, M (2009). "Testing Phylogenetic Methods to Identify Horizontal Gene Transfer". Horizontal Gene Transfer. Methods in ... Index of evolutionary biology articles Horizontal gene transfer Horizontal gene transfer in evolution Phylogenetic tree ... Horizontal or lateral gene transfer (HGT or LGT) is the transmission of portions of genomic DNA between organisms through a ... Horizontal gene transfer was first observed in 1928, in Frederick Griffith's experiment: showing that virulence was able to ...
*  Ancestral reconstruction
... duplication or horizontal gene transfer. The "genome rearrangement problem", first posed by Watterson and colleagues, asks: ... comparative genomics and ancestral genome reconstruction has been applied to identify ancient horizontal gene transfer events ... Count reconstructs the evolution of the size of gene families. EREM analyses the gain and loss of genetic features encoded by ... Shapiro, B. (2006). "A Phylogenetic Method for Detecting Positive Epistasis in Gene Sequences and Its Application to RNA Virus ...
*  Phylogenetic network
They are employed when reticulation events such as hybridization, horizontal gene transfer, recombination, or gene duplication ... because there is no species boundary to prevent gene flow between populations. Therefore, a more general phylogenetic network ...
*  Molecular phylogenetics
The recent discovery of extensive horizontal gene transfer among organisms provides a significant complication to molecular ... The advantage claimed for using hybridisation rather than gene sequencing was that it was based on the entire genotype, rather ... The most common approach is the comparison of homologous sequences for genes using sequence alignment techniques to identify ... systematics, indicating that different genes within the same organism can have different phylogenies. In addition, molecular ...
*  Pathogenicity island
They are transferred through horizontal gene transfer events such as transfer by a plasmid, phage, or conjugative transposon. ... Additionally, regulatory genes outside of the PAI may regulate virulence genes in the pathogenicity island. Regulation genes ... are a distinct class of genomic islands acquired by microorganisms through horizontal gene transfer. Pathogenicity islands are ... PAIs are often associated with tRNA genes, which target sites for this integration event. They can be transferred as a single ...
*  Horizontal gene transfer
Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer ... Horizontal Gene Transfer - A New Paradigm for Biology Horizontal Gene Transfer (page 334 of Molecular Genetics by Ulrich ... Horizontal Gene Transfer at sciences.sdsu.edu Jain R, Rivera MC, Lake JA (March 1999). "Horizontal gene transfer among genomes ... Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) or lateral gene transfer (LGT) is the movement of genetic material between unicellular and/or ...
*  Plant-fungus horizontal gene transfer
... which states that horizontal gene transfer is constantly occurring in operational genes. Plant-fungus horizontal gene transfer ... Horizontal gene transfer is universal in fungi, viruses, bacteria, and other eukaryotes. Horizontal gene transfer research ... and gene transfer between mitochondrial genes. Horizontal gene transfer could bypass eukaryotic barrier features like linear ... Sterigmatocystin gene transfer has been observed with Podospora anserina and Aspergillus. Horizontal gene transfer in ...
*  Horizontal gene transfer in evolution
Horizontal gene transfer Inferring horizontal gene transfer Woese C, et al. (1990). "Towards a natural system of organisms: ... This movement of genes can occur through Horizontal Gene Transfer, or HGT, effectively scramblingthe information on which ... Horizontal Gene Transfer, Oklahoma State Doolittle, WF (2000). "Uprooting the tree of life". Sci Am. 282 (2): 90-5. doi:10.1038 ... Gogarten JP 'Horizontal Gene Transfer - A New Paradigm for Biology' PhD thesis Zhaxybayeva, O; Gogarten, JP (2004). " ...
*  Gene transfer agent
... -release holin family Horizontal gene transfer Bacteriophage Lang, A. S.; Zhaxybayeva, O.; Beatty, J. T. ( ... A gene transfer agent (GTA) is a phage-like element produced by several bacteria and archaea that mediates horizontal gene ... Lang, AS and Beatty, JT (2007) "Importance of widespread gene transfer agent genes in alpha-proteobacteria." Trends in ... Lang AS, Beatty JT (2007). "Importance of widespread gene transfer agent genes in alpha-proteobacteria". Trends Microbiol. 15 ( ...
*  Emerging infectious disease
Horizontal gene transfer speeds the process of genetic transfer since there is no need to wait an entire generation time for ... It is thought that MSSA acquired the resistance gene through the horizontal gene transfer, a method in which genetic ... Krishnapillai, V. (1996). Horizontal gene transfer. Journal of Genetics, 75(2), 219-232. Emerging Diseases in a changing ... It is theorized that when this S. aureus strain that had acquired the mecA gene was introduced into hospitals, it came into ...
*  Prokaryote
Genetic exchange and recombination still occur, but this is a form of horizontal gene transfer and is not a replicative process ... Brown, J.R. (February 2003). "Ancient Horizontal Gene Transfer". Nature Reviews Genetics. 4 (2): 121-132. doi:10.1038/nrg1000. ... The transfer of bacterial DNA is under the control of the bacteriophage's genes rather than bacterial genes. Conjugation in the ... About 40 genes are required in Bacillus subtilis for the development of competence. The length of DNA transferred during B. ...
*  Arthrobacter aurescens
ISBN 1-4200-3267-4. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Francino, edited by M. Pilar (2012). Horizontal gene transfer in ... "Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 Atrazine Catabolism Genes trzN, atzB, and atzC Are Linked on a 160-Kilobase Region and Are ...
*  Phage ecology
Horizontal gene transfer (2nd ed.). Boston: Academic Press. pp. 81-91. ISBN 0-12-680126-6. Summers WC (1991). "From culture as ...
*  Species
Genes can sometimes be exchanged between species by horizontal gene transfer; new species can arise rapidly through ... Horizontal gene transfer". Oklahoma State University. Bapteste, E.; et al. (May 2005). "Do orthologous gene phylogenies really ... Horizontal gene transfer between organisms of different species, either through hybridisation, antigenic shift, or reassortment ... horizontal gene transfer (HGT) makes it difficult to define a species. All species definitions assume that an organism acquires ...
*  Archaea
... show high levels of horizontal gene transfer between lineages. Some researchers suggest that individuals can be grouped ... Sota M; Top EM (2008). "Horizontal Gene Transfer Mediated by Plasmids". Plasmids: Current Research and Future Trends. Caister ... from horizontal gene transfer. The standard hypothesis states that the ancestor of the eukaryotes diverged early from the ... "Bacterial type III secretion systems are ancient and evolved by multiple horizontal-transfer events". Gene. 312: 151-63. doi: ...
*  Extended evolutionary synthesis
Boto, Luis (2010). "Horizontal Gene Transfer in Evolution: Facts and Challenges". Proc Biol Sci. 277: 819-827. doi:10.1098/rspb ... doi:10.1007/s10539-006-9033-y. Kurland, CG; Canback, B; Berg, OG (2003). "Horizontal Gene Transfer: A Critical View". Proc Natl ... In Reticulate Evolution: Symbiogenesis, Lateral Gene Transfer, Hybridization and Infectious Heredity. Springer. pp. 1-40. ISBN ... The biologist Eugene Koonin wrote in 2009 that "the new developments in evolutionary biology by no account should be viewed as ...
*  Miroslav Radman
Babić A.; Linder AB.; Vulić M.; Stewart AJ; Radman, M. (2008). "Direct visualization of horizontal gene transfer". Science. 319 ... Radman developed a methodology which enables direct visualization of horizontal gene transfer. Antoine Lacassagne Award (1979 ...
*  Saltation (biology)
2002). Horizontal Gene Transfer Academic Press. p. 405. ISBN 978-0126801262 Symonds, M.R.E., and M. A. Elgar. (2004). The mode ... Both gene duplication and lateral gene transfer have the capacity to bring about relatively large changes that are saltational ... Polyploidy, karyotypic fission, symbiogenesis and lateral gene transfer are possible mechanisms for saltational speciation. The ... "rate genes" or "controlling genes" that change early development and thus cause large effects in the adult phenotype. These ...
*  Genomic island
Horizontal gene transfer Langille, MG; Hsiao, WW; Brinkman, FS (May 2010). "Detecting genomic islands using bioinformatics ... The same GI can occur in distantly related species as a result of various types of lateral gene transfer (transformation, ... sometimes due to highly expressed genes) and that horizontally transferred DNA will ameliorate (change to the host genome) over ... A genomic island (GI) is part of a genome that has evidence of horizontal origins. The term is usually used in microbiology, ...
*  Multiple drug resistance
This process is called horizontal gene transfer. Yeasts such as Candida species can become resistant under long term treatment ... acquisition and transfer of antibiotic resistance genes in bacteria". Br. J. Pharmacol. 153 Suppl 1: S347-57. doi:10.1038/sj. ... Therefore, the resistance gene is farther distributed in the organism and the environment, and a higher percentage of bacteria ... They do so via spontaneous mutation or by DNA transfer. This process enables some bacteria to oppose the action of certain ...
*  Microevolution
Gene transfer between species includes the formation of hybrid organisms and horizontal gene transfer. Migration into or out of ... as when one bacteria acquires resistance genes it can rapidly transfer them to other species. Horizontal transfer of genes from ... Horizontal gene transfer is the transfer of genetic material from one organism to another organism that is not its offspring; ... allowing transfer of genes even across biological domains. Large-scale gene transfer has also occurred between the ancestors of ...
*  Evolution
Gene transfer between species includes the formation of hybrid organisms and horizontal gene transfer. Horizontal gene transfer ... as when one bacteria acquires resistance genes it can rapidly transfer them to other species. Horizontal transfer of genes from ... Gladyshev, Eugene A.; Meselson, Matthew; Arkhipova, Irina R. (May 30, 2008). "Massive Horizontal Gene Transfer in Bdelloid ... due to horizontal gene transfer, this "tree of life" may be more complicated than a simple branching tree since some genes have ...
*  Organism
Oklahoma State - Horizontal Gene Transfer Peter Gogarten. "Horizontal Gene Transfer - A New Paradigm for Biology". esalenctr. ... Most likely, these genes were acquired through horizontal gene transfer from viral hosts. Organisms are complex chemical ... Horizontal gene transfer makes it more difficult to study the last universal ancestor. However, the universal use of the same ... Sequence comparisons suggest recent horizontal transfer of many genes among diverse species including across the boundaries of ...
*  Okenane
A further complication is horizontal gene transfer. If Chromatiaceae gained the ability to create okenone more recently that ... lateral gene transfer, and carotenoid biosynthesis in animals". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 68 (2): 221-228. doi: ... the Paleoproterozoic, then the okenane does not track purple sulfur bacteria, but rather the original gene donor. These ...
*  Virology
"Horizontal Gene Transfer". Retrieved 2016-03-25. Viruses: The new cancer hunters, IsraCast, 1 March 2006 "Virus", Merriam- ... and this horizontal gene transfer is one reason why they served as a major research tool in the early development of molecular ... This approach of using viruses as gene vectors is being pursued in the gene therapy of genetic diseases. An obvious problem to ... Accessed 20 February 2008 Debyser Zeger (2003). "A Short Course on Virology / Vectorology / Gene Therapy" (PDF). Current Gene ...
*  New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 1
... but the gene for NDM-1 can spread from one strain of bacteria to another by horizontal gene transfer. Carbapenems are a class ... which will allow the gene to be readily transferred between different strains of bacteria by horizontal gene transfer. All the ... The gene for NDM-1 is one member of a large gene family that encodes beta-lactamase enzymes called carbapenemases. Bacteria ... "Characterization of a new metallo-beta-lactamase gene, bla(NDM-1), and a novel erythromycin esterase gene carried on a unique ...
*  Reticulate evolution
Lateral gene transfer, or horizontal gene transfer, is the movement of genetic material between unicellular and/or ... The horizontal transfer of genes results in new genes, which could give new functions to the recipient and thus could drive ... Boto, Luis (2010-03-22). "Horizontal gene transfer in evolution: facts and challenges". Proceedings of the Royal Society of ... Reticulate evolution driven by lateral gene transfer has also been observed in marine live. Lateral genetic transfer of photo- ...