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*  Long non-coding RNA
... such as the heat shock genes. This additional hierarchy of regulation that exempts individual genes from the generalised ... July 2008). "Expression of a noncoding RNA is elevated in Alzheimer's disease and drives rapid feed-forward regulation of beta- ... With this study it was created the Green Non-Coding Database (GreeNC), which is a repository of plant lncRNAs. In 2005 the ... A recent study observed an inverse expression profile of the p15 gene and an antisense ncRNA in leukaemia. A detailed analysis ...
*  Meiosis
Zhou, A.; Pawlowski, W.P. (August 2014). "Regulation of meiotic gene expression in plants". Frontiers in Plant Science. 5: ... During meiosis, specific genes are more highly transcribed. In addition to strong meiotic stage-specific expression of mRNA, ... regulating the ultimate meiotic stage-specific protein expression of genes during meiosis. Thus, both transcriptional and ... In land plants and some algae, there is an alternation of generations such that meiosis in the diploid sporophyte generation ...
*  Regulation of gene expression
Plant Transcription Factor Database and Plant Transcriptional Regulation Data and Analysis Platform Regulation of Gene ... Conversely, down-regulation is a process resulting in decreased gene and corresponding protein expression. Up-regulation occurs ... Often, one gene regulator controls another, and so on, in a gene regulatory network. Gene regulation is essential for viruses, ... and is informally termed gene regulation. Sophisticated programs of gene expression are widely observed in biology, for example ...
*  Plant hormone
Hormonal Regulation of Gene Expression and Development - Detailed intro including genetic information.. ... Plant hormones frequently regulate the concentrations of other plant hormones. Plants also move hormones around the plant ... plant longevity, and even plant death. Hormones are vital to plant growth, and, lacking them, plants would be mostly a mass of ... Plant hormones affect gene expression and transcription levels, cellular division, and growth. They are naturally produced ...
*  Liz Dennis
With a strong interest in plant gene expression and regulation, Prof Elizabeth Dennis studied plant development using molecular ... Plant Cell and Environment, 1988. 11(5): p. 359-367 Bogusz, D., et al., Functioning Hemoglobin Genes in Non-Nodulating Plants. ... The Plant Cell, 1999. 11(3): p. 445-58 Sheldon, C.C., et al., Resetting of FLOWERING LOCUS C expression after epigenetic ... Trends in plant science, 2007. 12(8): p. 352-7 Dennis, E.S. and W.J. Peacock, Epigenetic regulation of flowering. Current ...
*  Noncoding DNA
2012). Non-Coding RNAs and Epigenetic Regulation of Gene Expression: Drivers of Natural Selection. Norfolk, UK: Caister ... Plant DNA C-values Database at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Fungal Genome Size Database at Estonian Institute of Zoology and ... to enhance transcription levels of genes in a gene cluster.. A silencer is a region of DNA that inactivates gene expression ... Non-coding RNAs and Epigenetic Regulation of Gene Expression: Drivers of Natural Selection. Caister Academic Press. ISBN ...
*  Hyperaccumulator
... to related species has been shown to be due to differential gene expression and regulation of the same genes in both plants. ... The expression of such genes is used to determine whether a species is capable of hyperaccumulation. Expression of HA genes ... "Elevated expression of metal transporter genes in three accessions of the metal hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens." Plant, ... The ZIP gene family is a novel, plant-specific gene family that encodes Cd, Mn, Fe and Zn transporters. The ZIP family plays a ...
*  Homoserine dehydrogenase
In plants, there is also environmental regulation of AK-HSD gene expression. Light exposure has been demonstrated to increase ... "Expression of an Aspartate Kinase Homoserine Dehydrogenase Gene IS Subject to Specific Spatial and Temporal Regulation in ... Zhu-Shimoni JX & Galili G (March 1998). "Expression of an Arabidopsis Aspartate Kinase/Homoserine Dehydrogenase Gene Is ... Additionally, the aspartate kinase-homoserine dehydrogenase gene is primarily expressed in actively growing, young plant ...
*  Leucocyanidin oxygenase
"Regulation of the leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase gene expression in Vitis vinifera". Plant Science. 161 (3): 579-588. doi: ... The gene encoding the enzyme (PpLDOX) has been identified in peach and expression has been studied in Vitis vinifera. As of ... molecular cloning and functional expression of cDNA from a red forma of Perilla frutescens". Plant. J. 17 (2): 181-9. doi: ... "Leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase gene (PpLDOX): a potential functional marker for cold storage browning in peach". Tree Genetics ...
*  Pseudomonas aeruginosa
The associations of virulence factors are the same for plant and animal infections. Regulation of gene expression can occur ... Another form of gene regulation that allows the bacteria to rapidly adapt to surrounding changes is through environmental ... Cooper M, Tavankar GR, Williams HD (May 2003). "Regulation of expression of the cyanide-insensitive terminal oxidase in ... The extracellular accumulation of these molecules signals to bacteria to alter gene expression and coordinate behavior. P. ...
*  WRKY transcription factor
Expression profiles of the Arabidopsis WRKY gene superfamily during plant defense response. Plant Molecular Biology. 51(1). 21- ... Plant Growth Regulation. 70(3). 207-216, Qin, Tian, Han and Yang (2013) Constitutive expression of a salinity-induced wheat ... Expression profiles of the Arabidopsis WRKY gene superfamily during plant defense response. Plant Molecular Biology. 51(1). 21- ... This was the first of many studies identifying WRKY transcription factors in regulating gene expression for plant defense. By ...
*  Gibberellin
"Specificity of auxin regulation of gibberellin 20-oxidase gene expression in pea pericarp". Plant molecular biology. 49 (5): ... Most bioactive GAs are located in actively growing organs on plants. Both GA20ox and GA3ox genes (genes coding for GA 20- ... MacMillan, J. (2001). "Occurrence of Gibberellins in Vascular Plants, Fungi, and Bacteria". Journal of plant growth regulation ... "Phytochrome regulation and differential expression of gibberellin 3β-hydroxylase genes in germinating Arabidopsis seeds". The ...
*  Jasmonic acid
"Regulation of expression of proteinase inhibitor genes by methyl jasmonate and jasmonic Acid". Plant Physiology. 98 (3): 995- ... When plants are attacked by insects, they respond by releasing JA, which activates the expression of protease inhibitors, among ... It has an important role in response to wounding of plants and systemic acquired resistance. The Dgl gene is responsible for ... Regulation". Plant Biology. 8 (3): 297-306. doi:10.1055/s-2006-923935. PMID 16807821. Gális, I.; Gaquerel, E.; Pandey, S. P.; ...
*  Ectomycorrhiza
Hilbert, J. L.; Martin, F. (1988). "Regulation of gene expression in ectomycorrhizas". New Phytologist. 110 (3): 339-346. doi: ... A few fungal genes that appear to be expressed before plant contact include PF6.2 and ras from Laccaria bicolor, and ras from ... Both the plant and fungal partners must engage in a precise developmental sequence that allows the necessary genes in each ... 2004). "Differential gene expression during pre-symbiotic interaction between Tuber borchii Vittad. and Tilia americana L". ...
*  Expansin
Cho HT, Cosgrove DJ (December 2002). "Regulation of root hair initiation and expansin gene expression in Arabidopsis". Plant ... Cho HT, Kende H (September 1997). "Expression of expansin genes is correlated with growth in deepwater rice". Plant Cell. 9 (9 ... The model plant Arabidopsis thaliana contains around 26 different α-expansin genes and 6 β-expansin genes. A subset of β- ... So far, two large families of expansin genes have been discovered in plants, named alpha-expansins (given the gene symbol EXPA ...
*  Epigenomics
A more likely source of cellular plasticity is through the Regulation of gene expression, such that while two cells may have ... Plant flavones are said to be inhibiting epigenomic marks that cause cancers. Two of the most characterized epigenetic ... Epigenetic modifications play an important role in gene expression and regulation, and are involved in numerous cellular ... the differential expression of certain genes results in variation. Research has shown that cells are capable of regulating gene ...
*  History of RNA biology
... but still have high biological significance for gene expression and its regulation. Telomerase is an enzyme that is present in ... Other RNA editing events are found in mammals, plants, bacteria and viruses. These latter editing events involve fewer ... and how those processes are regulated to regulate gene expression (i.e. turn genes on and off). Following the isolation of E. ... In this way, gene expression can be dramatically regulated at the post-transcriptional level. Another previously unknown ...
*  Nuclear gene
... which serve as the scaffold for replication and the regulation of gene expression. As such, they are usually under strict copy- ... The term is used to distinguish nuclear genes from the genes in the mitochondrion, and in case of plants, also the chloroplast ... The process repeated in plants, with a cyanobacterial symbiont in a eukaryote host becoming the chloroplast. The nuclear genes ... The term "gene" most often refers to nuclear genes. The distinct genomes of eukaryotes are thought to have arisen through ...
*  MicroRNA
Viral microRNAs play an important role in the regulation of gene expression of viral and/or host genes to benefit the virus. ... Unlike plant microRNAs, the animal microRNAs target diverse genes. However, genes involved in functions common to all cells, ... April 2003). "Negative regulation of BRCA1 gene expression by HMGA1 proteins accounts for the reduced BRCA1 protein levels in ... where under-expression of miRNAs indirectly caused reduced expression of DNA repair genes, in some cases over-expression of ...
*  Gene
... sequence which affect an organism's traits by being expressed as a functional product or by regulation of gene expression. The ... Puchta, H.; Fauser, F. (2013). "Gene targeting in plants: 25 years later". Int. J. Dev. Biol. 57 (6-7-8): 629-637. doi:10.1387/ ... Gene dosage Gene expression Gene family Gene nomenclature Gene patent Gene pool Gene redundancy Genetic algorithm List of gene ... Control of Gene Expression 7.1: An Overview of Gene Control 7.2: DNA-Binding Motifs in Gene Regulatory Proteins 7.3: How ...
*  RNA silencing
... may also be defined as sequence-specific regulation of gene expression triggered by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). ... small RNA candidates predicted to affect gene expression in plants, C. elegans, D. melanogaster, zebrafish, mouse, rat, and ... downregulation of genes For a detailed explanation of the up-regulation of genes, see RNAi:upregulation of genes The same way ... However, the varied and nuanced role of RNA silencing in the regulation of gene expression remains an ongoing scientific ...
*  RNA thermometer
Serganov, A; Patel, DJ (Oct 2007). "Ribozymes, riboswitches and beyond: regulation of gene expression without proteins". Nature ... Bocobza, SE; Aharoni, A (Oct 2008). "Switching the light on plant riboswitches". Trends in Plant Science. 13 (10): 526-33. doi: ... is a temperature-sensitive non-coding RNA molecule which regulates gene expression. RNA thermometers often regulate genes ... Balsiger, S; Ragaz C; Baron C; Narberhaus F (2004). "Replicon-specific regulation of small heat shock genes in Agrobacterium ...
*  Debasis Chattopadhyay
"MicroRNA profiling provides insights into post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in chickpea root apex under ... "Role of DREB-Like Proteins in Improving Stress Tolerance of Transgenic Plants". Plant Acclimation to Environmental Stress. ... "Role of DREB-Like Proteins in Improving Stress Tolerance of Transgenic Plants". Plant Acclimation to Environmental Stress. ... Subsequently, he joined the National Institute of Plant Genome Research, New Delhi where he holds the position of a Grade VII ...
*  STARR-seq
... new insights into the regulation of tissue-specific gene expression". Nature Reviews Genetics. 12 (4): 283-293. doi:10.1038/ ... Bellen, Hugo J (December 1999). "Ten Years of Enhancer Detection: Lessons from the Fly". The Plant Cell. 11 (12): 2271-2281. ... Furthermore, gene expression levels on average were correlated with the sum of the enhancer strengths per gene, supporting ... The study of gene regulation and their responsible pathways in the genome during normal development and also in disease can be ...
*  Cytokinin
"Expression of cytokinin biosynthetic isopentenyltransferase genes in Arabidopsis: tissue specificity and regulation by auxin, ... ISBN 978-0-87893-866-7. Plant Physiology:Cytokinin Regulation of Leaf Senescence by Cytokinin, Sugar, and Light. ... Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 52 (1): 89-118. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant.52.1.89. PMID 11337393. Sakakibara H (2006). " ... Cytokinins (CK) are a class of plant growth substances (phytohormones) that promote cell division, or cytokinesis, in plant ...
*  Ian A. Graham
Structure and function of the cucumber malate synthase gene and expression during plant development. ethos.bl.uk (PhD thesis). ... Dave, Anuja; Vaistij, Fabián E.; Gilday, Alison D.; Penfield, Steven D.; Graham, Ian A. (2016). "Regulation of Arabidopsis ... "Carbon Catabolite Repression Regulates Glyoxylate Cycle Gene Expression in Cucumber". The Plant Cell. 6 (5): 761-772. doi: ... "The malate synthase gene of cucumber". Plant Molecular Biology. 13 (6): 673-684. doi:10.1007/BF00016022. PMID 2491683. Graham, ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G05)
... gene expression regulation, plant MeSH G05.315.385 --- gene expression regulation, viral MeSH G05.315.410 --- gene silencing ... gene expression regulation, fungal MeSH G05.315.370 --- gene expression regulation, neoplastic MeSH G05.315.370.500 --- gene ... gene amplification MeSH G05.315.290 --- gene expression regulation, archaeal MeSH G05.315.300 --- gene expression regulation, ... gene expression regulation, developmental MeSH G05.315.320 --- gene expression regulation, enzymologic MeSH G05.315.320.200 ...