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*  Situs ambiguus
Rarely, left atrial isomeric patients have a single, normal, functional spleen. Patients lacking a functional spleen are in ... Heterotaxy in general refers to any defect of left-right laterality and arrangement of the visceral organs. This does not ... Functionally asplenic patients have an elevated lifetime risk of septicemia, as they have no functional spleen for fighting ... Left-atrial isomeric patients have less severe complications, as they typically have 2 functional ventricles. In this case, ...
*  Lateralization of brain function
... and Roger Wolcott Sperry in the 1960s on split-brain patients led to an even greater understanding of functional laterality. ... Furthermore, the functional map of the motor and sensory cortices is fairly consistent from person to person; Penfield and ... Some popularizations oversimplify the science about lateralization, by presenting the functional differences between ... Laterality. 14 (2): 122-64. doi:10.1080/13576500802328613. PMID 18991140. Devinsky O (January 2009). "Delusional ...
*  Dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia
Gur RE, Chin S. Laterality in functional brain imaging studies of schizophrenia.. Schizophrenia bulletin. 1999;25(1):141-56. ... Similarly, there is now evidence to suggest there may be a number of functional and structural anomalies in the brains of some ... Arinami T Gao M Hamaguchi H Toru M (1997). "A functional polymorphism in the promoter region of the dopamine D2 receptor gene ... Some functional neuroimaging studies have also shown that, after taking amphetamine, patients diagnosed with schizophrenia show ...
*  Causes of schizophrenia
The unusual functional laterality in speech production (e.g. right hemisphere auditory processing) found in some individuals ...
*  Laterality
Functional and structural differences between left and right brain hemispheres can be found in many other vertebrates and also ... This has been called the "laterality-valence hypothesis". One sub-set of laterality in animals is limb dominance. Preferential ... testing for laterality can be a useful predictor of a successful guide dog. Knowing a guide dog's laterality can also be useful ... known as the acoustic laterality theory, the physical properties of certain speech sounds are what determine laterality to the ...
*  Fish jaw
The teeth of plankton-feeders such as the basking shark are small and non-functional. Cartilaginous jaws and their teeth Jaw ... development and a genetic locus for jaw laterality in Lake Tanganyika scale-eating cichlids". BMC Biology. 8 (1): 8. doi: ... Mehta, R. S.; Wainwright, P. C. (2008). "Functional morphology of the pharyngeal jaw apparatus in moray eels" (PDF). Journal of ... doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2012.01540.x. Wainwright, P. C. (2006). "Functional Morphology of the Pharyngeal Jaw Apparatus". In ...
*  Parasitoid
Stewart, Thomas A.; Albertson, R. Craig (2010). "Evolution of a unique predatory feeding apparatus: functional anatomy, ... development and a genetic locus for jaw laterality in Lake Tanganyika scale-eating cichlids". BMC Biolog y. 8 (1): 8. doi: ...
*  Lake Tanganyika
Stewart, T.A.; Albertson, R.C. (2010). "Evolution of a unique predatory feeding apparatus: functional anatomy, development and ... a genetic locus for jaw laterality in Lake Tanganyika scale-eating cichlids". BMC Biology. 8 (1): 8. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-8-8 ...
*  Father Tongue hypothesis
2002). "Sex differences in functional brain activation during a lexical visual field task". Brain & Language. 80: 97-105. doi: ... 2006). "Sex differences in cerebral laterality of language and visuospatial processing". Brain & Language. 98: 150-158. doi: ... 1995). "Sex differences in the functional organization of the brain for language". Nature. 373 (6515): 607-609. doi:10.1038/ ... 2003). "Sex differences in semantic language processing: A functional MRI study". Brain & Language. 84: 264-272. doi:10.1016/ ...
*  Dichotic listening test
... reflecting a significant sex difference in the magnitude of laterality effects, with men obtaining larger laterality effects ... In 1994, M. F. Green tried to relate "the functional integration of the left hemisphere in hallucinating and nonhallucinating ... After reviewing many studies, it was concluded that "...dichotic listening should be considered a test of functional inter- ... ISBN 978-0-521-79640-8. Kimura, Doreen (1967). "Functional Asymmetry of the Brain in Dichotic Listening". Cortex. 3 (2): 163- ...
*  Dichotic listening
... reflecting a significant sex difference in the magnitude of laterality effects, with men obtaining larger laterality effects ... Kimura D (1967). "Functional asymmetry of the brain in dichotic listening". Cortex. 3: 163-178. doi:10.1016/s0010-9452(67)80010 ... In 1994, M.F. Green and colleagues tried to relate "the functional integration of the left hemisphere in hallucinating and ... After reviewing many studies, it was concluded that "...dichotic listening should be considered a test of functional inter- ...
*  Justine Sergent
Sergent, J. (1992). Functional neuroanatomy of face and object processing : A positron emission tomography study. Brain, 115(1 ... doi:10.1037/h0084170 Sergent, J. (1987). Information processing and laterality effects for object and face perception. In G. W ... "Justine Sergent was one of the first researchers that brought forth evidence towards the functional neuroanatomy of face ... Sergent, J., MacDonald, B., & Zuck, E. (1994). Structural and functional organization of knowledge about faces and proper names ...
*  Neuroscience of multilingualism
Functional neuroimaging methods such as PET and fMRI are used to study the complex neural mechanisms of the human language ... Most neuroimaging studies show no laterality differences between monolingual and bilingual speakers, supporting the hypothesis ... Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), representations of L1 and L2 have been found in spatially isolated parts of ... Functional imaging methods have revealed that holding proficiency constant leads to age of acquisition not having a large ...
*  Art and emotion
doi:10.2190/em.27.1.f. Xenakis, Ioannis; Arnellos, Argyris; Darzentas, John (1 August 2012). "The functional role of emotions ... Powell, W. Ryan; Schirillo, James A. (1 August 2011). "Hemispheric laterality measured in Rembrandt's portraits using pupil ...
*  Michael Corballis
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.10.016 Milivojevic, B., Hamm, J. P., & Corballis, M. C. (2009). "Functional neuroanatomy of ... Human Laterality, Academic Press Inc (1984) The Lopsided Ape: Evolution of the Generative Mind, Oxford University Press, USA ( ...
*  Emotional lateralization
The valence-specific laterality effect in free viewing conditions: The influence of sex, handedness, and response bias. Brain ... Functional asymmetry of emotions in primates: new findings in chimpanzees. Brain Research Bulletin. 57: 561-564, 2002. Vytal, K ... Below are a few regions and structure involved in emotional processing that show functional lateralization. Using a PET scan, ... The vast majority of the data comes from functional imaging, skin conductance response (SCR), standardized tests ranging from ...
*  Divided visual field paradigm
Laterality, 11, 373-393. Jeffery, G. (2001). Architecture of the optic chiasm and the mechanisms that sculpt its development. ... A critical assumption has been that differences in performance with lateralized stimuli nearly always reflect functional ... Banich, M.T. (2003). The divided visual field technique in laterality and interhemispheric integration. In K. Hughdahl (Ed.), ... if a cerebral hemisphere has functional advantages with some aspect of a particular task, an experimenter might observe ...
*  Split-brain
Due to the functional mapping of the corpus callosum, a partial callosotomy has less detrimental effects because it leaves ... In: Human Laterality, Davidson RH, Hugdahl K, eds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 491-532 Nebes RD, ed. (1990): The ... There is little functional plasticity observed in partial and complete callosotomies; however, much more plasticity can be seen ... There is little functional plasticity observed in partial and complete callosotomies on adults, the most neuroplasticity is ...
*  Face perception
In 2007, Philip Njemanze, using a novel functional transcranial Doppler (fTCD) technique called functional transcranial Doppler ... Smith WM (July 2000). "Hemispheric and facial asymmetry: gender differences". Laterality. 5 (3): 251-8. doi:10.1080/713754376. ... September 2000). "Functional delineation of the human occipito-temporal areas related to face and scene processing. A PET study ... Data from magnetic resonance imaging and functional magnetic resonance imaging has shown that a smaller volume of the fusiform ...
*  Brain asymmetry
Split-brain Laterality Lateralization of brain function Alien hand syndrome Michael Gazzaniga Roger Wolcott Sperry Marjorie ... Neuroanatomical differences between the left and right sides of the brain Lateralized functional differences: lateralization of ...
*  Emotion in animals
Functional approaches rely on understanding what roles emotions play in humans and examining that role in animals. A widely ... Barnard, S., Matthews, L., Messori, S., Podaliri-Vulpiani, M. and Ferri, N. (2015). "Laterality as an indicator of emotional ... Mendl, M., Burman, O.H.P. and Paul, E.S. (2010). "An integrative and functional framework for the study of animal emotion and ... Dawkins suggests that merely mechanistic or functional research will provide the answer on its own, but suggests that a mixture ...
*  Psychology of art
Laterality and movement in visual art includes aspects such as interest, weight, and balance. Many studies have been conducted ... The center bias manifests can explain the preference for the most important or functional part of an object to occupy the ... ten Cate, Carel (2002). "Posing as Professor: Laterality in Posing Orientation for Portraits of Scientists". Journal of ... laterality and movement. Top-down influences identified as being related to art appreciation include prototypicality, novelty, ...
*  Musical hallucinations
Positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) show that musical hallucinations activate a ... the specific location and laterality (left vs. right temporal cortex) was variable. Many cases of focal brain lesions had ...
*  Mind-blindness
Brain lesion studies show that there are differences seen in the laterality of brain that account for mind-blindness. It is ... Gallagher, Helen L.; Frith, Christopher D. (1 February 2003). "Functional imaging of 'theory of mind'". Trends in Cognitive ...
*  Betty Edwards
Dietrich and Kanso did a meta-review of 72 experiments and found no conclusive support for the hemisphere laterality of ... ISBN 978-1-58542-920-2. Dual-coding theory Functional specialization (brain) Lateralization of brain function Roger Sperry ...
*  Visual N1
Both the right and left hemispheres generate an N1, but the laterality of the N1 depends on whether a stimulus is presented ... Functional dissociation of P1 and N1 components. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 75(6): 528-542. Callaway, E ...
*  Transcranial Doppler
Functional TCD uses pulse-wave Doppler technology to record blood flow velocities in the anterior, middle, and posterior ... Laterality. 12 (1): 31-49. doi:10.1080/13576500600886796. PMID 17090448. Meinders, JM; Kornet, L; Brands, PJ; Hoeks, AP (2001 ... Functional transcranial Doppler sonography (fTCD) is a neuroimaging tool for measuring cerebral blood flow velocity changes due ... The tests are also used for research in cognitive neuroscience (see Functional transcranial Doppler, below). Two methods of ...