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*  Fullerenes in popular culture
The following is a list of references to fullerenes in popular culture. A fullerene is a molecule of carbon in the form of a ... in its logo to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the discovery of the fullerenes. Nanotechnology in fiction Fullerene, ... Fullerenes are also used to store and contain antimatter for use in explosives such as golf ball sized nukes or fulerene doped ... Fullerene prominently features as a material of choice in "future" sections of S.S.D.D webcomic. In "current" time timeline, ...
*  Prato reaction
In fullerene chemistry this reaction refers to the functionalization of fullerenes and nanotubes. The amino acid sarcosine ... fullerene in 82% yield based on C60 conversion. In one application a liquid fullerene is obtained when the pyrrolidone ... Tsuge's work was applied to fullerenes by Maurizio Prato, thus gaining the name. It is known that the Prato reaction is very ... Just as in other fullerene reactions like the Bingel reaction or Diels-Alder reactions this reaction can be reversed. A thermal ...
*  Thomas Ebbesen
Research Laboratories in Japan in 1988 where his research shifted first to novel carbon materials such as fullerenes (C60), ...
*  Carbon nanotube nanomotor
This technique is a variant of the standard arc-discharge technique used for the synthesis of fullerenes in an inert gas ...
*  Carbide
... where the metal atom is encapsulated within a fullerene molecule metallacarbohedrenes(met-cars) which are cluster compounds ... graphite intercalation compounds alkali metal fullerides endohedral fullerenes, ...
*  Rhondite
Each helix is actually made up of small spheres called buckyballs or fullerenes. Each fullerene sphere contains metallic atoms ... The mixture is slightly cooled then maintained for time sufficient for the carbon present to form fullerenes and fullerene ...
*  Vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays
Other examples of carbon precursors include cyclohexane, fullerene, methanol, and ethanol. The pyrolysis of these gases into ... On the other hand, cyclic hydrocarbons such as benzene, xylene, cyclohexane, fullerene, produce relatively curved/hunched CNTs ...
*  Synthesis of carbon nanotubes
Fullerenes and carbon nanotubes are not necessarily products of high-tech laboratories; they are commonly formed in such ... that was intended to produce fullerenes. However the first macroscopic production of carbon nanotubes was made in 1992 by two ...
*  Carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics
Including porphyrin and C60 fullerene, organization of photoactive donor polymer and acceptor fullerene on electrode surfaces ... The multiple chiralities of s-SWCNTs are used as the hole transport material along with the fullerene component PC71BM to ... The multiple chiralities of s-SWCNTs are used as the hole transport material along with the fullerene component PC71BM to ... Relative to the best of polymer-fullerene heterojunction solar cells that have PCEs of about 10%, polychiral nanotube and ...
*  Higher fullerenes
... are fullerene molecules consisting of more than 70 carbon atoms. They adopt cage-like structures made up of ... Fullerenes are extracted from the specially prepared soot using organic solvents followed by chromatography. Milligram amounts ... Both monoclinic and face-centered cubic (fcc) phases are known for better-characterized C60 and C70 fullerenes. Katz, 369-370 W ... The crystal structure contains toluene molecules packed between the spheres of the fullerene. However, evaporation of the ...
*  Lower fullerenes
Any fullerene with hexagons, pentagons and no other polygons must exactly have 12 pentagons. These fullerenes obey the rule a ... Lower fullerenes are fullerene molecules consisting of fewer than 60 carbon atoms. They are cage-like fused-ring structures ... Errera graph, the dual graph of one of the C30 fullerenes [1] Media related to Fullerenes at Wikimedia Commons. ...
*  Fullerene
The smallest fullerene is the dodecahedral C20. There are no fullerenes with 22 vertices. The number of fullerenes C2n grows ... Fullerene production processes comprise the following five subprocesses: (i) synthesis of fullerenes or fullerene-containing ... The higher fullerenes C76 to C84 have a variety of colors. C76 has two optical forms, while other higher fullerenes have ... Small band gap fullerenes are highly reactive and bind to other fullerenes or to soot particles. Solvents that are able to ...
*  C70 fullerene
... is the fullerene molecule consisting of 70 carbon atoms. It is a cage-like fused-ring structure which resembles a ... A related fullerene molecule, named buckminsterfullerene (C60 fullerene), consists of 60 carbon atoms. It was first ... Fullerenes are sparingly soluble in many aromatic solvents such as toluene and others like carbon disulfide, but not in water. ... Fullerenes are extracted from the soot using a multistep procedure. First, the soot is dissolved in appropriate organic ...
*  Exohedral fullerene
or fullerene ligands. Fullerene ligands Endohedral fullerene "Capturing the Labile Fullerene[50] as C50Cl10". Science. 304 ( ... Exohedral fullerenes, also called exofullerenes, are fullerenes that have additional atoms, ions, or clusters attached their ... fullerene with a Non-IPR C60 Cage". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 132 (43): 15093-15095. doi:10.1021/ja108316e. ...
*  Fullerene chemistry
Fullerene purification is key to fullerene science and determines fullerene prices and the success of practical applications of ... Fullerene purification is the process of obtaining a fullerene compound free of contamination. In fullerene production mixtures ... Fullerene Separation from a Fullerene Mixture: Selective Complexation of Fullerenes with 1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene ( ... Non-IPR fullerenes have thus far only been isolated as endohedral fullerenes such as Tb3N@C84 with two fused pentagons at the ...
*  Endohedral hydrogen fullerene
This particular fullerene was synthesised in an unusual way in three steps starting from pristine C60 fullerene: cracking open ... Endohedral hydrogen fullerene (H2@C60) is an endohedral fullerene containing molecular hydrogen. This chemical compound has a ... Ordinarily the payload of endohedral fullerenes are inserted at the time of the synthesis of the fullerene itself or is ... Filling cracked-open fullerene now takes 8 hours at 190 °C at 760 atmospheres (77 MPa) of hydrogen and release between 150 °C ...
*  Transition metal fullerene complex
A transition metal fullerene complex is a coordination complex wherein fullerene serves as a ligand. Fullerenes are typically ... Most transition metal fullerene complex are derived from C60, although other fullerenes also coordinate to metals as seen with ... Illustrative Fullerene Complexes [[Ph3P]2Pt]6(η2-C60) Ru3(CO)9(C60) Platinum complex of isoxazoline-modified fullerene. C60 ... Exohedral fullerene Endohedral fullerene Alan L. Balch, Joong W. Lee, Bruce C. Noll, Marilyn M. Olmstead (1994). "Multiple ...
*  Polymer-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells
Typically, a polymer-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cell has a layered structure. The primary function of a solar cell is ... Specifically, fullerene derivatives act as electron acceptors for donor materials like P3HT (poly-3-hexyl thiophene-2,5-diyl), ... Polymer-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells are a type of solar cell researched in academic laboratories. Photovoltaic ... In particular, polymer-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells are promising because of their potential in low processing ...
*  Nanomaterials
Fullerenes have since been found to occur in nature. More recently, fullerenes have been detected in outer space. For the past ... "Fullerenes". Encyclopædia Britannica. Buseck, P.R.; Tsipursky, S.J.; Hettich, R. (1992). "Fullerenes from the Geological ... The fullerenes are a class of allotropes of carbon which conceptually are graphene sheets rolled into tubes or spheres. These ... The first fullerene molecule to be discovered, and the family's namesake, buckminsterfullerene (C60), was prepared in 1985 by ...
*  Timeline of carbon nanotubes
Fullerenes discovered. Howard G. Tennent of Hyperion Catalysis issued a U.S. patent for graphitic, hollow core "fibrils". ... 3 February 1992). "Are Fullerene Tubules Metallic?". Physical Review Letters. 68 (5): 631-634. Bibcode:1992PhRvL..68..631M. doi ...
*  National Historic Chemical Landmarks
"Discovery of Fullerenes". National Historic Chemical Landmarks. American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2012-10-28. "NMR and MRI: ... in the 1950s Discovery of fullerenes by Richard Smalley, Robert Curl, James R. Heath, Sean O'Brien, and Harold Kroto at Rice ...
*  Buckminsterfullerene
... the fullerenes. Buckminsterfullerene is the most common naturally occurring fullerene. It can be found in small quantities in ... which has boosted the fullerene research and is even today applied for the commercial production of fullerenes. The discovery ... These endohedral fullerenes are usually synthesized by doping in the metal atoms in an arc reactor or by laser evaporation. ... Fullerenes are extracted from the soot with organic solvents using a Soxhlet extractor. This step yields a solution containing ...
*  Hydrogen ion cluster
Sattler, Klaus D. (2010). "Electron Impact Ionization of Hydrogen Clusters Embedded in Helium". Clusters and Fullerenes. ...
*  Carbon
Fullerenes are a synthetic crystalline formation with a graphite-like structure, but in place of hexagons, fullerenes are ... The properties of fullerenes (split into buckyballs, buckytubes, and nanobuds) have not yet been fully analyzed and represent ... "Fullerenes(An Overview)". Archived from the original on 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2007-12-08. Ebbesen, T. W., ed. (1997). Carbon ... The names "fullerene" and "buckyball" are given after Richard Buckminster Fuller, popularizer of geodesic domes, which resemble ...
*  Ion source
628-. ISBN 978-0-08-086020-6. Smalley, Richard (1997). "Discovering the fullerenes". Reviews of Modern Physics. 69 (3): 723-730 ... was developed by Richard Smalley at Rice University in the 1980s and was central to the discovery of fullerenes in 1985. In ...