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*  Flap structure-specific endonuclease 1
The protein is a member of the XPG/RAD2 endonuclease family and is one of ten proteins essential for cell-free DNA replication ... a novel PCNA associated factor with increased expression in tumor tissues". Oncogene. 20 (4): 484-9. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1204113 ... flap pocket of human flap endonuclease 1 is critical for substrate binding and catalysis". J. Biol. Chem. 284 (33): 22184-94. ... Flap endonuclease 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the FEN1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene removes 5' ...
*  Microsurgery
The composite tissue is transferred (moved as a free flap of tissue) to the region on the patient requiring reconstruction (e.g ... Traumatic foot/ankle soft tissue wound from motor vehicle accident Anterio-lateral thigh flap free-tissue transfer ... Free tissue transfer is a surgical reconstructive procedure using microsurgery. A region of "donor" tissue is selected that can ... congenital tissue absence). The vessels that supply the free flap are anastomosed with microsurgery to matching vessels (artery ...
*  Replantation
... length of the replanted extremity can be preserved by vascular grafts for blood supply and pedicled or free soft tissue flaps ... Dry ice should not be used as it can result in freezing of the tissue. There are so called sterile "Amputate-Bags" available ... Severe crush injuries, multilevel injuries, avulsion injuries, and in some cases jagged tearing of tissue, can preclude ... A microsurgeon needs all available parts of human tissue to cover the wound at the stump and thus to prevent further shortening ...
*  Reconstructive surgery
... tissue expansion and free flaps.[citation needed] Cosmetic surgery procedures include breast enhancement, reduction and lift, ... Cellular and tissue engineering is crucial to know for reconstructive procedures.[citation needed] An overview on the ... nasal reconstruction using the paramedian flap, as well as tummy tuck (abdominoplasty).[citation needed] Many of these ...
*  History of syphilis
Before the invention of the free flap, only local tissue adjacent to the defect could be harvested for use, as the blood supply ... was a vital determining factor in the survival of the flap. Tagliacozzi's technique was to harvest tissue from the arm without ... In 1905, Schaudinn and Hoffmann discovered Treponema pallidum in tissue of patients with syphilis. One year later, the first ... and the flap could finally be separated from the arm during a second procedure.[citation needed] As the disease became better ...
*  Rotation flap
This term is often used in contrast with the term "free flap" where the transferred tissue is completely detached. Weerda, ... ISBN 1-58890-076-2. Flap (surgery) Free flap Perforator flaps List of plastic surgery flaps Rotation flap @ eMedicine Images on ... If the flap is too small, the residual defect can be covered by mobilizing the surrounding tissue. A drawback of rotation flaps ... Rotation flaps provide the ability to mobilize large areas of tissue with a wide vascular base for reconstruction. The flap ...
*  Eric M. Genden
ISBN 1-58890-508-X. Genden, Eric M. (2006). Microvascular free tissue transfer : the anatomy and application of free flaps in ... Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol, 2004 PMID 15535142 Reconstruction of the hard palate with the radial forearm free flap: Outcomes and ... Head and Neck, 2004 PMID 15350027 Sensory topography of the oral cavity and the impact of free flap reconstruction: A ... Am J Otolaryngol, 2004 PMID 15334400 Complications of free flap transfers for head and neck reconstruction following cancer ...
*  Tissue expansion
"Cost-effectiveness of a topically applied pre-operative tissue expansion device for radial forearm free flaps: A cohort study1 ... "Healing time of radial forearm free flap donor sites after preoperative tissue expansion: Randomized controlled trial". Journal ... or other tissues. Other biological phenomena such as tissue inflammation can also be considered expansion (see tissue ... This tissue expander is removed after a few months and microvascular flap reconstruction or the insertion of a permanent breast ...
*  Free flap
Soft tissue flaps include the radial forearm free flap and the ALT (anterolateral thigh) free flap amongst others. Composite ... free flaps include the fibular free flap, the DCIA free flap, the scapular free flap and the composite radial free flap amongst ... The terms free flap, free autologous tissue transfer and microvascular free tissue transfer are synonymous terms used to ... Flap (surgery) Rotation flap TRAM flap Microsurgery List of plastic surgery flaps Perforator flaps Dolan, Robert (2003). Facial ...
*  Perforator flaps
Regarding the nomenclature, one is free to add the type of transfer to the name of a flap. A free flap is defined as a tissue ... flaps Inferior gluteal (IGAP) flaps Flap (surgery) DIEP flap List of plastic surgery flaps Breast reconstruction Free flap ... For more information on free flaps, see also free flap. Pedicled perforator flaps can be transferred either by translation or ... DIEP flap), superior gluteal (SGAP) flaps and inferior gluteal (IGAP) flaps. Treatment of tissue defects caused after a trauma ...
*  History of rhinoplasty
... and his technically innovative free-graft nasal reconstruction (with a tissue-flap harvested from the patient's arm), and ... In time, the 5th-century BC Indian rhinoplasty technique - featuring a free-flap graft - was rediscovered by Western medicine ... published an illustrated report describing a forehead pedicle-flap rhinoplasty that was a technical variant of the free-flap ... they raised mucoperichondrial tissue flaps, and resected the cartilaginous and bony septum (including the vomer bone and the ...
*  Rhinoplasty
... and his technically innovative free-graft nasal reconstruction (with a tissue-flap harvested from the patient's arm), and ... the Paramedian forehead flap, and the Septal mucosal flap. I. The bilobed flap The design of the bilobed flap derives from the ... a nasolabial flap cannot be thinned as easily as an axial skin-flap. After the nasolabial flap has been emplaced, the flap ... Septal mucosal flap The septal mucosal tissue flap is the indicated technique for correcting defects of the distal half of the ...
*  Flap (surgery)
Local flaps Local flaps are created by freeing a layer of tissue and then stretching the freed layer to fill a defect. This is ... Rotation flap DIEP flap z-plasty Breast reconstruction List of plastic surgery flaps Perforator flaps Song, David H.; Ginard ... This rectangle is freed from the deeper tissues and then stretched (or advanced) forward to cover the wound. The flap is ... Regional or interpolation flaps are not immediately adjacent to the defect. Instead, the freed tissue "island" is moved over or ...
*  Frank Hölzle
Free flap monitoring using simultaneous non-invasive laser Doppler flowmetry and tissue spectrophotometry. J Craniomaxillofac ... Free flap monitoring using simultaneous non-invasive laser Doppler flowmetry and tissue spectrophotometry. J Craniomaxillofac ... A novel laser-Doppler flowmetry assisted murine model of acute hindlimb ischemia-reperfusion for free flap research. PLoS One. ... Hölzle studied medicine and dentistry at the Free University of Berlin, at the Humboldt University of Berlin, at the University ...
*  Treacher Collins syndrome
The use of microsurgical methods, like the free flap transfer, has improved the correction of facial soft tissue contours. ... No soft tissue or muscle deficiency S1: Minimal tissue or muscle deficiency S2: Moderate tissue or muscle deficiency S3: Severe ... The contour of the facial soft tissues generally requires correction at a later age, because of the facial skeletal maturity. ... Another technique to improve the facial soft tissue contours is lipofilling. For instance, lipofilling is used to reconstruct ...
*  Reconstructive ladder
Tissue expansion Rung 7: Random flap Rung 8: Axial flap Rung 9: Free flap Flap (surgery) Perforator flaps List of plastic ... surgery flaps ABC of wound healing: BMJ 2006;332;710-712 Reconstructive surgery, D. E. Boyce, K. Shokrollahi sBMJ Orthop Clin ...
*  Endoscopic endonasal surgery
The local or regional vascularized flaps are pieces of tissue relatively close to the surgery site that have been mostly freed ... with a free graft repair or with a vascularized flap repair. The free grafts use secondary material like cadaver flaps or ... These flaps are then stretched or maneuvered onto the desired location. When technology advanced and larger defects could be ... The tumor normally results in acral enlargement, arthropathy, hyperhidrosis, changes in facial features, soft tissue swelling, ...
*  Flap
... a surgical technique involving movement of vascularized tissue Free flap, a specific kind of surgical flap Flap consonant, a ... Flap may refer to: Flap, a minor character in the film Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland Flap, a boss character in the ... a hinged flap that allows a cat or other small pet to enter or leave a room or building Sluice or flap gate, a pressure driven ... FLAP) Brouhaha, a general state of social agitation Flap (aeronautics), a hinged surface on the trailing edge of an airplane ...
*  Plastic surgery
Plastic surgeons use microsurgery to transfer tissue for coverage of a defect when no local tissue is available. Free flaps of ... Von Graefe modified the Italian method using a free skin graft from the arm instead of the original delayed pedicle flap. The ... Microsurgery is generally concerned with the reconstruction of missing tissues by transferring a piece of tissue to the ... Scar tissue formation after surgery can be problematic on the delicate hand, causing loss of dexterity and digit function if ...
*  Hair transplantation
... in which a band of tissue with its original blood supply is shifted to the continue bald area, and free grafts dates back to ... Post-operative hiccups have also been seen in around 5% of transplant patients.[citation needed] The use of both scalp flaps, ... A single-, double-, or triple-bladed scalpel is used to remove strips of hair-bearing tissue from the donor site. Each incision ... The advantage over strip harvesting is that FUE harvesting negates the need for large areas of scalp tissue to be harvested, so ...
*  Scalp reconstruction
A skin graft needs healthy, vascularised tissue beneath it to take, otherwise it will become necrotic. Free flaps are usually ... When bulk is needed for a better contour a free flap is used, or as shown in the pictures, a regional flap. thumb If the skin ... This includes pedicled flaps as the trapezius or supraclavicular flap or tissue expansion of nearby regions. Alternatively, the ... Another advantage is that free flaps provide a more robust vascular supply to the wound compared to pedicled flaps, controlling ...
*  Burt Brent
Brent, B., Acland, R. D., and Upton, J.: "Extremity Repair with Temporal Fascial Free Flaps." In Brent, B. (Ed.): The Artistry ... Brent, B,: "Nipple-Areola Reconstruction Following Mastectomy: Mimicry with Assorted Tissue Grafts and Tattoo Pigments." In ... Brent, B., and Byrd, H. S.: "Secondary Ear Reconstruction with Cartilage Grafts Covered by Axial, Random, and Free Flaps of ... Brent, B., And Finseth, F.: "Microsurgical Ear and Scalp Reconstruction with a Fasciocutaneous Free Flap." In Brent, B. (Ed.): ...
*  G. Patrick Maxwell
PMID 9703095 Maxwell GP; Stueber, K; Hoopes, JE (September 1978). "A free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap: case report". ... Maxwell is credited with a significant advancement in the design of tissue expanders used for breast reconstruction by co- ... "Ipsilateral pedicled TRAM flaps: the safer alternative?" Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000 Jan;105(1):77-82. PMID 10626973 Maxwell GP ... Maxwell was the surgeon and co-author of the first successful report of microsurgical transfer of the latissimus muscle flap, ...
*  Gingival graft
A free gingival graft is a dental procedure where a small layer of tissue is removed from the palate of the patient's mouth and ... Coronally and apically positioned flaps, although technically not grafting procedures, are other forms of a pedicle grafts in ... A subepithelial connective tissue graft takes tissue from under healthy gum tissue in the palate, which may be placed at the ... The aim may be to cover exposed root surfaces or merely to augment the band of keratinized tissue. The soft tissue in the oral ...
*  Breast reconstruction
Both TRAM and DIEP/SIEA use the abdominal tissue between the umbilicus and the pubis. The DIEP flap and free-TRAM flap require ... Abdominal flaps The abdominal flap for breast reconstruction is the TRAM flap (Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous flap) ... Local Tissue Flaps - a nipple may be created by raising a small flap in the target area and producing a raised mound of skin. ... Local Tissue Flaps With Use of AlloDerm - as above, a nipple may be created by raising a small flap in the target area and ...
*  Crassadoma
There are flaps of shell known as auricles on either side of the straight hinge. The general colour is brown with the inside of ... Juveniles are free living, are able to swim and can attach themselves temporarily to the substrate by byssus threads. By the ... Additional shell material is laid down by the mantle tissue to compensate for this. Other sponges, such as the yellow boring ... Although the small juveniles are free-swimming, they soon become sessile, and are cemented to the substrate. These scallops ...
*  Free flap breast reconstruction
... possible necrosis of the tissues harvested to create the free-flap. Therapeutically, the free-flap breast reconstruction ... Technique The design of the DIEAP free flap is like the design of the TRAM flap; yet, the DIEAP flap consists only of skin, ... In case other free flaps are not possible. Contraindications Analogous to the TFL-flap technique. Technique The ALT flap ... List of plastic surgery flaps Breast reconstruction Free flap Flap (surgery) Cordeiro, Peter G. (9 October 2008). "Breast ...