Fossil fuel divestment[edit]. In October 2014, the Australian National University sold its shares in Santos and several other ... "South Australian Senator Sarah Hanson-Young waging campaign against Santos and fossil fuels". The Advertiser. Retrieved 23 ... companies in the nation's most reported case of fossil fuel industry divestment. Santos responded by claiming that gas is ...
Fossil fuel financing[edit]. RBS was challenged over its financing of oil and coal mining by charities such as Platform London ...
Comparison with fossil-fuel turbines. Advantages. Wind turbines produce electricity at between two and six cents per kilowatt ... Despite these diverse developments, developments in fossil fuel systems almost entirely eliminated any wind turbine systems ... and are used in many countries to lower energy costs and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. One study claimed that, as of 2009[ ... of electricity while fossil fueled power stations are responsible for about 5.2 fatalities per GWh. In 2009, for every bird ...
Fossil fuel use[edit]. With the high degree of mechanization of the military large amounts of fossil fuels are used. Fossil ... The United States Department of Defense (DoD) is a government body with the highest use of fossil fuel in the world.[30] ... Accordingly, the US military is estimated to be the number one fossil fuel consumer in the world[36] ... Military activity uses solvents, fuels and other toxic chemicals which can leach toxins into the environment that remain there ...
Fossil fuels[edit]. The use of fossil fuels produces VOC's either directly as products (e.g., gasoline) or indirectly as ... One VOC that is a known human carcinogen is benzene, which is a chemical found in environmental tobacco smoke, stored fuels, ...
In fossil fuels[edit]. Odours occur as well in chemical processing of coal or crude oil into precursor chemicals (feedstocks) ... Fossil fuels, coal, petroleum, and natural gas, which are derived from ancient organisms, necessarily contain organosulfur ... Many methylated, dimethyl, diethyl benzothiophene derivatives are present in diesel and fuel oils which make fuel oils very ... said to be pollutants within most common fossil fuels, especially coal. The most common organosulfur compound present in all ...
Fossil fuels[edit]. The use of fossil fuels produces VOC's either directly as products (e.g., gasoline) or indirectly as ... "Light-Duty Vehicles and Light-Duty Trucks: Clean Fuel Fleet Exhaust Emission Standards (EPA-420-B-16-006, March 2016)" (PDF). ... One VOC that is a known human carcinogen is benzene, which is a chemical found in environmental tobacco smoke, stored fuels, ... burning of all types of fuels, storage and transportation of oils, fitment finish, coating for furniture and machines, cooking ...
Fund Managers Have a Duty to Dump Fossil Fuels". Financial News. Retrieved 30 December 2015. Gasoline and diesel fuel prices in ... Ritchie, Hannah; Roser, Max (2 October 2017). "Fossil Fuels". Our World in Data. Retrieved 6 March 2020. Martin, Douglas (16 ... Cost competitiveness of fuel sources Efficient energy use Elasticity (economics) Energy crisis Food vs fuel Gasoline usage and ... "Rising oil prices fuel fears of damage to global economy". The Guardian. 25 September 2018. "Former BP geologist: peak oil is ...
Fossil fuels • Sea level rise • Greenhouse gas • Ocean acidification • Shutdown of thermohaline circulation • Environmental ... Trail ethics Phase-out of fossil fuel vehicles Environmental aspects of the electric car Hydrogen economy Scrappage program ...
Many medical groups called to protect people from "public health emergency" and moving on from fossil fuels.[54] ... Paleoclimatic records indicate that during glacial maxima Australia was extremely arid,[13] with plant pollen fossils showing ... The chance of reaching the climatic conditions that fuels the fires became more than 4 times bigger since the year 1900 and ... "the amount of fuel-reduction burning done on public land each year should be more than doubled".[49] ...
"If the outcomes observed in the spot market persist then it can be unequivocally concluded that both fossil fuel generators and ... The carbon price was set at AUD$23 per tonne of emitted CO2-e on selected fossil fuels consumed by major industrial emitters ... Because the Australian carbon tax did not apply to all fossil fuels usage, it only had an effect on some of the emitters of ... However, changes to the fuel tax regime were proposed to effectively impose a carbon tax on business liquid and gaseous fuel ...
Fossil Fuel Industry. *Electricity sector in Australia. *Coal in Australia. *Petroleum industry in Western Australia ... Paleoclimatic records indicate that during glacial maxima Australia was extremely arid,[29] with plant pollen fossils showing ...
Coal is the principal fossil fuel used in power generation not only in Australia but in many other countries. Links between ... In 2013/14, 430.9 million tonnes of coal was mined, of which 375.1 million tonnes was exported.[18] Coal provides fuel for ... "Climate concerns fuel coal mine opposition campaign". 7:30 Report. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 23 January ...
Many medical groups called to protect people from "public health emergency" and moving on from fossil fuels.[53] ... The chance of reaching the climatic conditions that fuels the fires became more than 4 times bigger since the year 1900 and ... Paleoclimatic records indicate that during glacial maxima Australia was extremely arid,[158] with plant pollen fossils showing ... Examples would be investing in clean fuel and using renewable energy such as wind and solar power. ...
... mainly by burning far less fossil fuel. Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees C is technically possible if no new fossil fuel ... and does not include fossil fuel related cancer and other indirect deaths created by the use of fossil fuel consumption in its ... It produces MOX fuel from spent fuel derived from several countries. More than 32,000 tonnes of spent fuel had been reprocessed ... "Academic: Fossil fuel back-ups 'may be the price to pay' for renewables". Spencer R. Weart (2012). The Rise of Nuclear Fear. ...
Former fossil fuels exporters are expected to lose power, while the positions of former fossil fuel importers and countries ... "Reduce Fossil Fuels". NRDC. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016. Carter, Jimmy (23 January ... In 2005, Sweden announced plans to end its dependence on fossil fuels by the year 2020. From around 2015 onwards, there was ... Some authors argue that compared to the geopolitics of fossil fuels, renewable energy may cause more small-scale conflicts but ...
Furthermore, it is symmetrical, with the peak of production reached when half of the fossil fuel that will ultimately be ... Nuclear Energy and the Fossil Fuels, M.K. Hubbert, Presented before the Spring Meeting of the Southern District, American ... M. King Hubbert (June 1956). "Nuclear Energy And The Fossil Fuels" (PDF). Shell Development Company. Archived from the original ... Whipple, Tom (2006-03-08). "Nuclear Energy and the Fossil Fuels". Energybulletin.net. Archived from the original on 2008-08-11 ...
"Eating Fossil Fuels". EnergyBulletin.net. 2003-10-02. Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2012-01-31. The Oil ... The energy for the Green Revolution was provided by fossil fuels in the form of fertilizers (natural gas), pesticides (oil), ... statement by 15,364 scientists from 184 countries indicated that increasing levels of greenhouse gases from use of fossil fuels ... and hydrocarbon-fueled irrigation. David Pimentel, professor of ecology and agriculture at Cornell University, and Mario ...
"Eating Fossil Fuels". EnergyBulletin.net. Archived from the original on 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2013-07-23. Peak Oil: the threat ... The energy for the Green Revolution was provided by fossil fuels in the form of fertilizers (natural gas), pesticides (oil), ... The term fossil water is sometimes used to describe aquifers whose water is not being recharged. Fisheries: At least one ... Cheap natural gas has also led to Ethanol fuel produced with a net EROEI of less than 1, although figures in this area are ...
This would largely confine use of fossil fuels to either domestic cooking needs (such as for kerosene burners) or where carbon ... Part III Stabilization p. 183 Jaccard, M. (2005). Sustainable Fossil Fuels. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0- ... and because of current costs of alternative fuels, these policy responses largely rest on faith of technological change. ...
The specific fossil fuel input to fertilizer production is primarily natural gas, to provide hydrogen via steam reforming. ... The largest consumer of fossil fuels in modern agriculture is ammonia production (for fertilizer) via the Haber process, which ... Majorca is an island currently[when?] diversifying its energy supply from fossil fuels to alternative sources and looking back ... Hubbert, Marion King (June 1956). Nuclear Energy and the Fossil Fuels 'Drilling and Production Practice' (PDF). Spring Meeting ...
In 2003 he wrote their often cited article on peak oil and food production titled Eating Fossil Fuels. In 2005 he ended his ... "Eating Fossil Fuels". FromTheWilderness.com. October 3, 2003. Archived from the original on June 6, 2004. Pfeiffer, Dale Allen ... In 2006, he expanded the Eating Fossil Fuels article into a book. Pfeiffer believed that energy depletion will have a major ... Eating Fossil Fuels: Oil, Food and the Coming Crisis in Agriculture (2006), New Society Publishers Blood Moon (Tales of da ...
2 is for the processing ("upgrading") of fossil fuels, and in the production of ammonia. The key consumers of H. 2 in the ... 2 production from fossil fuels.[115] Hydrogen used in transportation would burn relatively cleanly, with some NOx emissions,[ ... the two largest uses being fossil fuel processing (e.g., hydrocracking) and ammonia production, mostly for the fertilizer ... Deuterium is also a potential fuel for commercial nuclear fusion.[51]. *3. H is known as tritium and contains one proton and ...
Publicly-owned NB Power operates 13 of New Brunswick's generating stations, deriving power from fuel oil and diesel (1497 MW), ...
The Puerto Rican government has made plans to reduce dependency on costly imported fossil fuels,[53] but lacks funds to make ... Additional indirect costs of imported fossil fuels are paid through power purchase agreements for the 30% of the country's ... it has opted to power its electric plants with fossil fuels: less than 3% of all energy is produced through renewable energy ... of all energy in Puerto Rico through several power plants dependent on fossil fuels. 58% of PREPA's budget goes directly to ...
In fossil fuelsEdit. Main article: Suess effect. Many man-made chemicals are derived from fossil fuels (such as petroleum or ... "The Basics: 14C and Fossil Fuels". NOAA ESRL GMD Education and Outreach. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. ... This makes 14C an ideal tracer of carbon dioxide coming from the combustion of fossil fuels. Scientists can use 14C ... of fossil fuel oxidation to the total carbon dioxide in a given region of the Earth's atmosphere.[41] ...
Fossil fuel dependenceEdit. Further information: Agriculture and petroleum and Peak oil's effects on agriculture ... Food versus fuelEdit. Main article: Food versus fuel. Farmland and other agricultural resources have long been used to produce ... Eating Fossil Fuels. EnergyBulletin Archived June 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ... The energy for the Green Revolution was provided by fossil fuels in the form of fertilizers (natural gas), pesticides (oil), ...
"Fossil Fuels on SoundCloud". "Come Again on SoundCloud". "Lemaitre - Machine". Control (feat. Jerry Folk), retrieved 1 June ...
The range of content included fossil fuels, renewable energies (including Hydrogen), End-Use (Buildings, Industry and Transport ... coal and fossil fuels; and renewable energy technologies (e.g., solar energy, wind energy, biomass, geothermal, hydro). The ... coal and fossil fuels; and renewable energy technologies (e.g., solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, hydro). Energy Science and ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Backer, Terry (2005-02-01). "Freedom from fossil fuels". State Legislatures. The Free ... titled Freedom From Fossil Fuel. In the article, he criticized the federal government and past administrations for their ... The Caucus was formed to investigate the status of world petroleum based fuel supply, the impact of escalating cost on the ... failure to prepare the nation's infrastructure for a contraction of the conventional fossil fuel supply and the resulting ...
Natural gas could be considered the least environmentally harmful fossil fuel, because it has the lowest CO2 emissions per unit ... "LNG fuel unlikely to be fuel of choice for Europe". Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2015.. ... An alternative fuelling centre tracking site shows 84 public truck LNG fuel centres as of Dec 2016.[40] It is possible for ... "An innovative vision for LNG Fuel System for MD Diesel Dual Fuel Engine(DDF+LNG)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on ...
The isotopic ecology of fossil vertebrates and conservation paleobiology (PDF). The Paleontological Society Papers. 15. pp. 95- ... This energy flow diagram illustrates how energy is lost as it fuels the metabolic process that transform the energy and ... Paleoecological studies can reconstruct fossil food-webs and trophic levels. Primary producers form the base (red spheres), ... Paleoecological web - a web that reconstructs ecosystems from the fossil record.[57] ...
"Fossil Hominid Sites of Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, and Environs". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 March 2007.. ... fueled with wood and charcoal, allowed early humans to cook their food to increase its digestibility, improving its nutrient ...
... and scientists like Roberts believe flying windmills could put an end to dependence on fossil fuels. At 15,000 feet, winds are ... Flex-fuel vehicles are assisting in this transition because they allow drivers to choose different fuels based on price and ... Determination of Qin from the Fuel Heating Value [online]. [Cit. 2008-02-17]. Dostupné online. ... Ford, Daimler Chrysler a GM patria medzi automobilky, ktoré predávajú autá, nákladné autá a minivany typu „Flexi-fuel". Tieto ...
Fossil fuels. *Sedimentology. Hidden categories: *CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. ... Fossil. References[edit]. *^ a b Marshak, Stephen, 2009, Essentials of Geology, W. W. Norton & Company, 3rd ed. ISBN 978- ... Grains of sediment, rock fragments and fossils can be replaced by other minerals during diagenesis. Porosity usually decreases ... In order to assess the potential impact of diagenesis on archaeological or fossil bones, many factors need to be assessed, ...
Fossil-fuel power station *Cogeneration. *Integrated gasification combined cycle. *Electric power. *Nuclear power *Nuclear ...
... of those caused by burning fossil fuels.[169] Palm oil cultivation has also been criticized for other impacts to the ... Some of these lemurs typically weighed over 150 kilograms (330 lb), and fossils have provided evidence of human butchery on ... "Population explosion fuelling rapid reduction of wildlife on African savannah, study shows". The Independent. Retrieved April ... "Once a Dream Fuel, Palm Oil May Be an Eco-Nightmare". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 January 2017 ...
Three fossil fuel industry groups, the American Petroleum Institute, American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers, and the ... Some fossil fuel and industry groups intervened as defendants but were later dropped at their request after Trump's election. ... "These fossil-fuel groups joined a historic climate lawsuit. Now, they want to get out of it". The Washington Post. Retrieved ... "Why The Fossil Fuel Companies Won't Defend The Government In Court On Climate". Pacific Standard. Retrieved 2018-10-23.. ...
"Dried Camel Dung as fuel".. *^ "Panda Poop Might Help Turn Plants Into Fuel". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2013-09-10. ... A coprolite is fossilized feces and is classified as a trace fossil. In paleontology they give evidence about the diet of an ... Further information: Dry animal dung fuel. Dry animal dung is burned and used as a fuel source in many countries around the ... "Bacteria Eat Human Sewage, Produce Rocket Fuel". news.nationalgeographic.com.. *^ Harhangi, HR; Le Roy, M; van Alen, T; Hu, BL ...
Evidence of whale falls in present-day and fossil records shows that deep sea whale falls support a rich assemblage of ... which was used as lamp fuel and a lubricant, baleen or whalebone, which was used for items such as corsets and skirt hoops,[89] ...
"GEOL 331 Vertebrate Paleontology II: Fossil Tetrapods". www.geol.umd.edu.. *^ Ryosuke Motani; Nachio Minoura; Tatsuro Ando ( ... The benefit of a low resting metabolism is that it requires far less fuel to sustain bodily functions. By using temperature ... van Tuninen, M.; Hadly, E.A. (2004). "Error in Estimation of Rate and Time Inferred from the Early Amniote Fossil Record and ... The sister group to Archosauromorpha is Lepidosauromorpha, containing lizards and tuataras, as well as their fossil relatives. ...
Fossil fuel * sw:Fossil fuel. France * sw:France. Francisco de Goya * sw:Francisco de Goya. Frank Lloyd Wright * sw:Frank Lloyd ...
... neo-Malthusians point out that fossil fuels provided the energy for the Green Revolution, in the form of natural gas-derived ... "Population explosion fuelling rapid reduction of wildlife on African savannah, study shows". The Independent. Retrieved April ... "Global food crisis looms as climate change and fuel shortages bite". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 18, 2013.. CS1 ... fertilizers, oil-derived pesticides, and hydrocarbon-fueled irrigation, and that many crops have become so genetically uniform ...
A fossil of the oldest ancestor of the Tyrannosaurus was found in Gloucestershire; Mary Anning was a famous fossil collector ... vehicle leasing and fuel cards), and Allstar (fuel card); also nearby are Cartus Europe, Catalent Pharma Solutions UK and MAN ... Nearby on Lydiard Fields in Lydiard Tregoze is Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells, which in 2002 was the world's first production site ...
The state of Hawaiʻi has substantial geothermal resources, which could dramatically reduce fossil fuel use and energy prices ...
Brocks JJ; Logan GA; Buick R; Summons RE (1999). "Archean molecular fossils and the early rise of eukaryotes". Science. 285 ( ... releasing energy to fuel the cell's activities. One compound acts as an electron donor and one as an electron acceptor. The ... Although probable prokaryotic cell fossils date to almost 3.5 billion years ago, most prokaryotes do not have distinctive ... morphologies and fossil shapes cannot be used to identify them as archaea.[44] Instead, chemical fossils of unique lipids are ...
Carbon-neutral fuel. *Carbon offset. *Carbon tax. *Emissions trading. *Fossil fuel phase-out ...
... wood is used in making furniture and wood flooring,[28] as well as a flavoring fuel for smoking meats, giving grilled ... The first fossil examples of the family appear during the Cretaceous. Differentiation between the subfamilies of ...
Fossil fuels lobby. *European Women's Lobby. *Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Model. *Issue versus express advocacy ...
This has to do with the amount of fossil fuel the production of fuel crops involves. In addition, the intensive use of ... Main articles: Biomass § Environmental damage, and Ethanol_fuel § Air_pollution. Biofuels are similar to fossil fuels in that ... rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and ... Methanol is currently produced from natural gas, a non-renewable fossil fuel. In the future it is hoped to be produced from ...
However, much of the critique towards CCS is that it may strengthen the dependency on depletable fossil fuels and ... In oxy‐fuel combustion, the main difference from conventional air firing is that the fuel is burned in a mixture of O2 and ... Azar, Christian; Lindgren, Kristian; Larson, Eric; Möllersten, Kenneth (2006). "Carbon Capture and Storage from Fossil Fuels ... This means that we can reduce our reliance on fossil fuel. Even though co-firing will have some energy penalty, it still offers ...
... is fossil-fuel derived.[61] By 2025, nuclear power is projected to supply 42%, while fossil-fuel-derived generation is ...
The action was also to highlight what is seen as an expansion to the fossil fuel economy, by corporations and government, and ... Valley Climate Action glued their hands to the doors of BHP Billiton's headquarters in protest of the use of coal as a fuel. ...
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (1997). Profile of the Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation Industry (Report). ... This allows for the use of less enriched fuel. For the main cooling system, normal water is preferably employed through the use ...
2MW-1 for fossil-fuel-based technologies.) *^ a b Winsley, Peter (2007). "Biochar and bioenergy production for climate change ... This high oxygen content results in non-volatility, corrosiveness, immiscibility with fossil fuels, thermal instability, and a ... "Renewable Fuels from Algae Boosted by NREL Refinery Process - News Releases , NREL". www.nrel.gov. Retrieved 16 October 2016.. ... Pyrolysis oil, sometimes also known as bio-crude or bio-oil, is a synthetic fuel under investigation as substitute for ...
In 1907, it was placed by Carl Ernst Otto Kuntze in the otherwise fossil genus Steinhauera, but doubt as to whether the giant ... The suppression of fires leads to ground fuel build-up and the dense growth of fire-sensitive white fir, which increases the ... Older fossil specimens reliably identified as giant sequoia have been found in Cretaceous era sediments from a number of sites ... sequoia is related to the fossil originally so named makes this name invalid. ...
... to the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere while running tree maintenance equipment powered by fossil fuels. ... If cars are shaded in parking lots, evaporative emissions from fuel and volatilized plastics will be greatly reduced. ... of hydrocarbon emissions are from evaporative emissions that occur when the fuel delivery systems of parked vehicles are heated ...
As fossil fuel generation becomes less attractive it will be increasingly unattractive to exceed a carbon cap because the ... Projects have also been developed for a wide variety of other emissions reductions such as reforestation, fuel switching, ...
Carbon-neutral fuel. *Carbon offset. *Carbon tax. *Emissions trading. *Fossil fuel phase-out ...
Petroleum diesel, also called petrodiesel,[7] or fossil diesel is the most common type of diesel fuel. It is produced from the ... Water in fuel can damage a fuel injection pump; some diesel fuel filters also trap water. Water contamination in diesel fuel ... Diesel fuel /ˈdiːzəl/ in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark ... Fuel is typically supplied via a fuel pump. If the pump breaks down in an open position, the supply of fuel will be ...