Perching damselfly use simple colour and size cues to trigger flight". Animal Behaviour. 145: 29-37. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav. ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Fullard, James H. & Napoleone, Nadia (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution ... of auditory defences in the Macrolepidoptera". Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349-368. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753 Site with a ...
In flight, its call is a typical goose honking. A mid-sized goose, it measures 71-76 cm (28-30 in) in total length and weighs ... Weigmann, C.; Lamprecht, J. (1991). "Intraspecific Nest Parasitism in Bar-headed Geese, Anser indicus". Animal Behaviour. 41 (4 ... Flight is very metabolically costly at high-altitudes because birds need to flap harder in thin air to generate lift. Studies ... While this decreases the power output required for flight in thin air, birds at high altitude still need to flap harder than ...
2003). Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight. Chicago: University of Chicago. Scoble, M. J. (1995). The Lepidoptera ... Animal Behaviour. 80 (2): 231-239. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.04.023. S2CID 53147646. Boggs, Carol L., Ward B. Watt, and Paul R ...
Retrieved 2011-11-01.[permanent dead link] Fullard, James H.; Napoleone, Nadia (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the ... evolution of auditory defences in the Macrolepidoptera". Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753. S2CID ...
In 1914 he published Animal Flight about soaring flight in birds, based on observations he made, particularly of gulls and ... Animal flight; a record of observation. Illife and sons, London Study of Bird Flight (1911) Nationalism and the communal mind ( ... He continued his research in the dynamics of animal flight. He was an Associate Fellow of the Aeronautical Society of Great ... Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) W. S. (1915). "Review: Hankin on Animal Flight" (PDF). Auk. 32 (2): 245-247. doi:10.2307 ...
Fullard, James H.; Napoleone, Nadia (2001-08-01). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the ... Macrolepidoptera". Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349-368. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753. S2CID 53182157. Fullard, James H. (1984-11-01 ...
Bajec, Iztok Lebar; Heppner, Frank H. (October 2009). "Organized flight in birds". Animal Behaviour. 78 (4): 777-789. doi: ... NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center initiated the NASA Autonomous Formation Flight program, which involved a Formation Flight ... "NASA - Dryden Flight Research Center - News Room: News Releases: NASA'S AUTONOMOUS FORMATION FLIGHT: FOLLOW THE LEADER AND SAVE ... Play media A V formation is the symmetric V-shaped flight formation of flights of geese, swans, ducks, and other migratory ...
"Organized flight in birds" (PDF). Animal Behaviour. 78 (4): 777-789. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.07.007. S2CID 53180059. Ibáñez ... Olfaction was used to transmit emotion between animals, through pheromones modelled as particles in a free expansion gas. ... such as schools of fish or herds of animals. It was for instance used in the 1998 video game Half-Life for the flying bird-like ... "On the use of Virtual Animals with Artificial Fear in Virtual Environments". New Generation Computing. 25 (2): 145-169. doi: ...
Webster, Frederic A.; Griffin, Donald R. (1962). "The role of the flight membranes in insect capture by bats". Animal Behaviour ... Geist, V.; Kleiman, D. G.; McDade, M. C. (2004). Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia Mammals II. 13 (2nd ed.). Gale. pp. 387-393 ... Shi, Zhengli; Hu, Zhihong (2008). "A review of studies on animal reservoirs of the SARS coronavirus". Virus Research. 133 (1): ... Norberg, U. M.; Rayner, J. M. V. (1987). "Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia; Chiroptera): Wing adaptations, ...
The forest tent caterpillar moth is nocturnal, taking flight soon after nightfall and returning to rest before dawn. It is not ... Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349-368. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753. S2CID 53182157. McClure, Melanie; Ralph, Melissa; Despland, Emma ... Females start preparing for flight by fanning their wings. Frequently, fanning begins during mating and is often the first sign ... Fullard, James H.; Napoleone, Nadia (August 2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the ...
Adult P. rapae can move many kilometers in individual flights. Adults have been observed to fly as much as 12 km in one flight ... ISBN 978-0-8047-1205-7. Gilbert, N. (June 1984). "Control of Fecundity in Pieris rapae: I. The Problem". Journal of Animal ... Flight behavior of an ovipositing female of P. rapae follows the Markov process. Females foraging for nectar will readily ... Small differences in flight patterns have been observed in Canadian and Australian P. rapae, indicating that there may be ...
Davis, J.Michael (1975). "Socially induced flight reactions in pigeons". Animal Behaviour. 23: 597-601. doi:10.1016/0003-3472( ... In its flight, behaviour, and voice, which is more of a dovecot coo than the phrase of the wood pigeon, it is a typical pigeon ... Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia COPYRIGHT 2004 The Gale Group Inc. Retrieved 26 April 2017. Peters, Anne; Klonczinski, Eva; ... California Wildlife Center cautions about backyard invaders Power Requirements for Horizontal Flight in the Pigeon Columba ...
In analyses of flight sequences, flight velocities, flight trajectories, and time spent hovering, it was found that the flight ... Animals can show similarity in swimming, walking, or flying of their model animals. The complex interaction between mimics, ... Researchers compared the flight patterns of palatable non-mimetic, palatable mimetic, and unpalatable butterflies by looking at ... The drone flies and their models both exhibit loops in their flight paths, which is surprising for the drone flies because they ...
Hertz, Paul E.; Huey, Raymond B.; Nevo, Eviatar (1982). "Fight versus flight: Body temperature influences defensive responses ... long head has the eyes fairly near the front with a distinctive pair of ear openings some way behind in line with the animal's ... of lizards". Animal Behaviour. 30 (3): 676-679. doi:10.1016/S0003-3472(82)80137-1. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, ...
Fullard, James H.; Napoleone, Nadia (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the ... at a casual glance resemble the eyes of a predatory animal, such as a cat. An underwing moth, well camouflaged in its daytime ... Macrolepidoptera" (PDF). Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349-368. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753. S2CID 53182157. Archived from the ...
2001). "Invertebrates". Animal The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. DK Publishing, Inc. p. 571. ISBN 978-0-7894 ... in Scriber (1991) Fullard, James H. & Napoleone, Nadia (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences ... Roof, Jennifer (1999). "Papilio glaucus". Animal Diversity Website. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Retrieved 19 ... in the Macrolepidoptera" (PDF). Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349-368. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753. S2CID 53182157. Archived from ...
volume= has extra text (help) "Dryocampa rubicunda (rosy maple moth)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2017-10-03. Packard, ... Fullard, James H.; Napoleone, Nadia (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the ... it has small wings which it has to pump full of fluid in order to expand them and allow for flight. Adult rosy maple moths are ... Macrolepidoptera" (PDF). Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349-368. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 ...
Fullard, James H.; Napoleone, Nadia (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the ... Macrolepidoptera" (PDF). Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349-368. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753. S2CID 53182157. Archived from the ...
Hawking bats, that is, those seeking moths in flight, attacked intact, clicking C. tenera less frequently than surgically muted ... Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349-368. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1753. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-15. CS1 maint: ... James H. Fullard & Nadia Napoleone (2001). "Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the ...
"Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the Macrolepidoptera" (PDF). Animal Behaviour. 62 (2): 349- ... Animal Behaviour1994: 1179-1187. Animal Behaviour. Web. Ravenscroft, N. O. M (1994). "The Ecology of the Chequered Skipper ... When it is flight season males are known to spread their home farther away from each other. By laying her eggs in a nitrogen- ... When it is flight season males are known to spread their home farther away from each other. The life cycle of the chequered ...
A bee in flight.. Animal locomotion, which is the act of self-propulsion by an animal, has many manifestations, including ... Terrestrial animals must push the solid ground; swimming and flying animals must push against a fluid (either water or air).[4] ... Newton's third law of motion is widely used in the study of animal locomotion: if at rest, to move forwards an animal must push ... Drag may also present a problem in flight, and the aerodynamically efficient body shapes of birds highlight this point. Flight ...
The fur is short and dull, and significantly paler, sometimes even whitish, on the underside of the animal. The tail is 2.7 to ... Like most bats, the Yuma Myotis will locate insects in flight by emitting ultrasonic sounds known as echolocation, then they ... Sims, Kelly (2000). "Myotis yumanensis". Animal Diversity Web. Boyles, J.G.; Dunbar, M.B. & Whitaker, J.O. (October 2006). " ... Hayward, B. & Davis, R. (May 1964). "Flight speeds in western bats". Journal of Mammalogy. 45 (2): 236-242. doi:10.2307/1376986 ...
... while the mean flight range is 1.89 kilometres (1.17 mi). Flight activity is dependent on the light intensity and temperature; ... this can be devastating to livestock and is the most economically important arthropod borne animal diseases in the United ... The max flight range for male C. variipennis is 0.8 kilometres (0.50 mi) and for females 4.0 kilometres (2.5 mi), ... "The Flight Range of Culicoides variipennis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)". The Canadian Entomologist. 113.5 419-426. Holbrook, ...
Flight. Asher is one of the best vampires Anita has seen at flying. Animal to Call. In Danse Macabre, Asher developed the ...
1970 Animal architecture. Edited by Roger Caras. Foreword by Roger Tory Peterson. 1971 Birds in flight. Edited by Roger Caras. ... 1989 Animal families of the wild: animal stories / by Roger Caras ... [et al.]; edited by William F. Russell; with art by John ... 1974 Venomous animals / by Roger Caras; foreword by Roger Tory Peterson. 1974 Venomous animals of the world [by] Roger Caras. ... 1987 Animals in their places: tales from the natural world / Roger A. Caras. 1987 Private lives of animals / commentary by ...
Animal Rage followed Clark as he tries to stop an animal rights activist when she tries to hurt the people harming animals in ... Little's Flight featured Clark trying to lend emotional support to a young girl who has full-sized wings. The next Aspect novel ... ISBN 0-446-61215-4. David Weiss & Bobby Weiss (February 2, 2003). Smallville: Animal Rage. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0- ... Krystal Clark (July 28, 2010). "Smallville Season 10 Trailer - Flight and Tights?". Screencrave.com. Archived from the original ...
Taylor, L.R. (1974). "Insect migration, flight periodicity and the. boundary layer". Journal of Animal Ecology. 43 (1): 225-238 ... Animal migration Kennedy, J.S. (1985) Migration, behavioural and ecological. In: Rankin, M.A. (ed.) Migration: Mechanisms and ... The air speeds in this region are typically lower than the flight speed of the insect. These 'boundary-layer' migrants include ... In an experiment on the monarch butterfly, it was shown that a magnet changed the direction of initial flight of migrating ...
The Female also seems to be very fond of animals, as she freed Jamie the hamster out of his wrapping after he emerged from the ... Due to the idiocy of Soldier Boy, a Waffen-SS platoon found the camp by following Soldier Boy's flight (as part of the Battle ... Pre-Wiz was "dealt with" by being consigned to a shipping container and dumped from a cargo plane mid-flight, off the coast of ... I'm serious, you animal. There's blood on one of those seats". Homelander makes these remarks in friendly conversation and ...
Wheeler, William Morton (1916). "The marriage-flight of a bull-dog ant (Myrmecia sanguinea F. Smith)" (PDF). Journal of Animal ... Barrows, Edward M. (2011). Animal behavior desk reference: a dictionary of animal behavior, ecology, and evolution (3rd ed.). ... but there is one case of a nuptial flight occurring from May to July. Ideal conditions for nuptial flight are hot stormy days ... The nuptial flight begins at different times for each species; they have been recorded in mid-summer to autumn (January to ...
Board of Education US Supreme Court decision revealed a pattern later characterized as white flight, the hypersegregation of ... Other schools are built around elite-sporting programs or teach agricultural skills such as farming or animal breeding. ... the state of Missouri to fund the creation of magnet schools in the Kansas City Public Schools to reverse the white flight that ...
"Animal Cognition. 18 (1): 393-397. doi:10.1007/s10071-014-0794-4. PMID 25123853. Retrieved 5 December 2017.. ... The primary flight feathers are replaced over a period of three months. Juvenile birds undergo a partial moult beginning about ... Short buoyant flights and chases follow. Magpies prefer tall trees for their bulky nest, firmly attaching them to a central ... Bekoff, M. (2009). "Animal emotions, wild justice and why they matter: Grieving magpies, a pissy baboon, and empathic elephants ...
Small animal imagingEdit. PET technology for small animal imaging: A miniature PE tomograph has been constructed that is small ... "Time-of-flight" is used to improve the overall performance. Time-of-flight PET makes use of very fast gamma-ray detectors and ... animal diagnosis. Because of cost as well as the marginal utility of detecting cancer metastases in companion animals (the ... Time-of-flight (TOF) PET: For modern systems with a higher time resolution (roughly 3 nanoseconds) a technique called " ...
... animal matter and 62.4% plant matter, most notably the grass Echinochloa crus-galli, and nonlaying females ate 37.0% animal ... "Attempted Rape Flight", and Stanley Cramp and K.E.L. Simmons (1977) speak of "rape-intent flights".[86] Male mallards also ... eat water plants and small animals, and are social animals preferring to congregate in groups or flocks of varying sizes. This ... "Animal Diversity Web. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2017.. ...
"Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan. Retrieved 2013-08-21.. *^ a b c d e f g h Estes, R. D. (2004). The Behavior Guide ... Bassi, J. (2013). Pilot in the Wild: Flights of Conservation and Survival. South Africa: Jacana Media. pp. 116-8. ISBN 978-1- ... The animal is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovida] and was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard ... In some animals, the auditory bullae are highly deformed, and in others, the radius and ulna are fused.[13] ...
Martin Walters & Jinny Johnson (2007). The World of Animals. Bath, Somerset: Parragon. ISBN 978-1-4054-9926-2. .. .mw-parser- ... such as shipwrecks or a flaperon suspected to be from Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.[30][31] ... The geological history of barnacles can be traced back to animals such as Priscansermarinus from the Middle Cambrian (on the ... Inside the carapace, the animal lies on its stomach, with its limbs projecting downwards. Segmentation is usually indistinct, ...
Other animal species. See also: Tool use by animals, Structures built by animals, and Ecosystem engineer ... Scientific advancement and the discovery of new concepts later allowed for powered flight and advancements in medicine, ... The use of basic technology is also a feature of other animal species apart from humans. These include primates such as ... evidence of burnt animal bones at the Cradle of Humankind suggests that the domestication of fire occurred before 1 Ma;[26] ...
Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th century, not only animal and plant products were used as medicine, ... flight was more commonly counseled, and in urban Italy quarantines were organized on a much wider level than in urban Egypt or ... Conservation medicine studies the relationship between human and animal health, and environmental conditions. Also known as ... Before this, medical doctors treated both humans and other animals. Modern scientific biomedical research (where results are ...
The town takes its name from the River Otter on which it stands, the river taking its name from the animal. The 'St Mary' ... accident had been primarily caused by the crew's mistaken belief that there was sufficient fuel on board to complete the flight ...
Waterspouts and tornadoes have been advanced as an explanation for instances of raining fish and other animals.[109] ... "Flight Briefing Notes: Adverse Weather Operations Optimum Use of Weather Radar" (PDF). SKYbrary. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-11-19 ... "Q: You've probably heard the expression, "it's raining cats and dogs." Has it ever rained animals?". USA Today. Retrieved 2009 ...
Usually organisms that have a higher rate of reproduction than their competitors have an evolutionary advantage. Consequently, organisms can evolve to become simpler and thus multiply faster and produce more offspring, as they require fewer resources to reproduce. A good example are parasites such as Plasmodium - the parasite responsible for malaria - and mycoplasma; these organisms often dispense with traits that are made unnecessary through parasitism on a host.[7] A lineage can also dispense with complexity when a particular complex trait merely provides no selective advantage in a particular environment. Loss of this trait need not necessarily confer a selective advantage, but may be lost due to the accumulation of mutations if its loss does not confer an immediate selective disadvantage.[8] For example, a parasitic organism may dispense with the synthetic pathway of a metabolite where it can readily scavenge that metabolite from its host. Discarding this synthesis may not necessarily allow ...
Deceased relatives were usually put to rest in the open, where the bodies were eaten by animals and birds. Nowadays, bodies are ... and even to take a flight of fancy." It can be seen from Mongolian perspective as "the look in the eye of a horse that is ...
Animal pollination[change , change source]. Beetle pollination. Beetle-pollinated flowers are usually large, greenish or off- ... A lot of nectar is produced to fuel the high metabolic rates needed to power their flight. ... Instead, they produce a precursor of the fly's sex pheromone.[8][9] Flies which normally visit dead animals or dung are ... What happens is basically the same as sexual reproduction in animals. Each pollen grain is haploid: it has half of the DNA ( ...
In animals[edit]. Invertebrates[edit]. Insects[edit]. Communication is very important for animals all throughout the animal ... This display behaviour consists of various flight patterns, wing and colour displays, and particular vocalizations.[7] As a ... Display behaviour is a set of ritualized behaviours that enable an animal to communicate to other animals (typically of the ... As a result, animals have certain environmental and social cues that they can use to decide when is the most beneficial time to ...
Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat ... Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions ... They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their ... These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There ...
"Animal Planet :: Ferocious Crocs". Animal.discovery.com. 2008-09-10. Retrieved March 16, 2010.. ... These same displays are used in territorial disputes and during courtship.[120] If danger arises so suddenly that flight is ... a b Colbert, E.H. & Morales, M. (2001): Colbert's Evolution of the Vertebrates: A History of the Backboned Animals Through Time ... The oldest known animal that may have been an amniote is Casineria (though it may have been a temnospondyl).[35][36][37] A ...
The tetrapods, including all large- and medium-sized land animals, have been among the best understood animals since earliest ... Amniotes include the tetrapods that further evolved for flight-such as birds from among the dinosaurs, and bats from among the ... Tetrapods (/ˈtɛtrəpɒdz/; from Greek τετρα- tetra- 'four' and πούς poús 'foot') are four-limbed animals constituting the ... Most of the animal's strength was used to just lift its body off the ground for walking, which was probably slow and difficult ...
... often being compared to animals or robots due to their sexuality.[25][9][26] ...
Johan the Young Scientist • Raindrop the Water Adventure • Nanami's Animal Antic • Quiz Me Science • Once Upon Time Series • ... Masinis - muncul di episode Do not lean out of the window, First flight dan Oggywood ...
With these findings, animal model research has served to identify what these roles are - with regards to animal development and ... In animal experiments, exposure to prenatal stress has been shown to cause a hyper-reactive HPA stress response. Rats that have ... Though animal models allow for more control of experimental manipulation, the effects of early life stress on HPA axis function ... Prenatally stressed animals also show abnormally high blood glucose levels and have fewer glucocorticoid receptors in the ...
Chard claims to be the birthplace of powered flight, in 1848 when the Victorian aeronautical pioneer John Stringfellow first ... animals) equipment. The Fire Service College is in Moreton-in-Marsh near Moreton-in-Marsh station. Northcot Brick is at ... which was the former 300-acre site of the Cheltenham Division of Smiths Industries that made flight control systems and flight ... flight control systems or AFCS), in Northway; also on the estate is Steinhoff UK, who own Sleepmasters and Bensons for Beds. ...
... often riding on camels or other animals from the zoo, in Warsaw, Poznań[119] and other cities. The Wise Men pass out sweets, ... Flight into Egypt. *Star of Bethlehem. *Biblical Magi *Adoration of the Magi ...
"In Defense of Animals. Retrieved 1 August 2016.. *^ Kelly, Denise; Rae, Joan; Menzel, Krista (2007). "The True Nature of ... Some parrots have a strong, direct flight. Most species spend much of their time perched or climbing in tree canopies. They ... The journal Animal Cognition stated that some birds preferred to work alone, while others like to work together as with grey ... The Politics of Species: Reshaping our Relationships with Other Animals. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 33. ISBN 978- ...
The flight of these birds is strong and direct, but has an undulating quality, similar to the relatively unique flight-style of ... similarly by all woodpeckers-provide good homes in future years for many forest song birds and a wide variety of other animals ... They show white on the wings in flight. ...
Additionally, they have keen eyesight for detecting food at a distance or during flight, strong feet equipped with talons for ... Although the term bird of prey could theoretically be taken to include all birds that primarily consume animals,[3] ... The evolution of migration in animals seems to be a complex and difficult topic with many unanswered questions. ... ornithologists typically use the narrower definition followed in this page.[citation needed] Examples of animal-eating birds ...
Journal of Animal Ecology, 77(6), 1092-1098. *^ Salo, P. (2009). On lethal and nonlethal impacts of native, alien and ... but usually the much larger eagle is unable to capture ducks in flight. While somewhat less swift in flight, healthy geese can ... Often pairs will duet during early spring, in flight or from a perch. When perched, the male calls kyi-kyi-kyi-kli-kliek-yak ... Wood, Gerald (1983). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. ISBN 978-0-85112-235-9. .. ...
Height was a constraint in selecting animals for flight. This was because a Soviet vestibule experiment required that the ... flight restraint couches oscillate vertically within the animal capsules. The monkeys were conditioned to sit in the restraint ... At the start of the flight or control experiments, the rats were at gestation day 13 of their 21-day cycle.[3] ... Payloads are separated by bullets ( · ), launches by pipes ( , ). Manned flights are indicated in bold text. Uncatalogued ...
A 2017 poll conducted by Gatwick Airport also identified the film as the fourth-best to watch while in flight.[146] When UK ... Robbins observed caged animals at a zoo, spent an afternoon in solitary confinement, spoke with prisoners and guards,[34] and ... "Top 10 films to watch on a flight revealed". NME. Archived from the original on September 23, 2017. Retrieved September 23, ...
Their flight is strong and direct and most are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat ... Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions ... These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. ... Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. ...
The noise is best described as either a quick clicking or 'burring' sound, varying from animal to animal. ... such as flight, freezing, or avoidance of a threatening stimulus. ... A working rat is a rat trained for specific tasks as a working animal. In many cases, working rats are domesticated brown rats ... An investigation for infection with the spirochaete Leptospira interrogans did not find any infected animals, suggesting that ...