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*  Dengue fever
... antibodies there may be cross-reactivity with other flaviviruses which may result in a false positive after recent infections ... After a primary infection, IgG reaches peak levels in the blood after 14-21 days. In subsequent re-infections, levels peak ... While artificially induced infections with Wolbachia is effective, it is unclear if naturally acquired infections are ... IgM becomes undetectable 30-90 days after a primary infection, but earlier following re-infections. IgG, by contrast, remains ...
*  West Nile fever
... is a viral infection typically spread by mosquitoes. In about 75% of infections people have few or no symptoms ... It is common in serologic testing for cross-reactions to occur among flaviviruses such as dengue virus (DENV) and tick-borne ... Jozan, M; Evans R; McLean R; Hall R; Tangredi B; Reed L; Scott J (Fall 2003). "Detection of West Nile virus infection in birds ... A positive test for West Nile IgG in the absence of a positive West Nile IgM is indicative of a previous flavavirus infection ...
*  Emerging infectious disease
... or be reemerging infections, like drug resistant tuberculosis. Nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections, such as methicillin- ... Heartland virus Flaviviruses: Omsk Hemorrhagic Fever virus, Alkhurma virus, Kyasanur Forest virus (reclassified from B to C) ... Emerging infections account for at least 12% of all human pathogens. EIDs are caused by newly identified species or strains (e. ... Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 3(4), 414-422. Benson, M. A., Ohneck, E. A., Ryan, C., Alonzo, F., Smith, H., Narechania, ...
*  Flavivirus
... sfRNA is implied in multiple pathways that compromise host defenses and promote infection by flaviviruses. The flaviviruses can ... 5 Xishuangbanna Aedes flavivirus Aedes flavivirus Aedes cinereus flavivirus Aedes vexans flavivirus Culex theileri flavivirus ... Flaviviridae Rfam entry for Flavivirus 3'UTR stem loop IV Rfam entry for Flavivirus DB element Rfam entry for Flavivirus 3' UTR ... Subgenomic flavivirus RNA (sfRNA) is an extension of the 3' UTR and has been demonstrated to play a role in flavivirus ...
*  Saint Louis encephalitis
The majority of infections result in mild illness, including fever and headache. When infection is more severe the person may ... Twiddy SS, Holmes EC (2003). "The extent of homologous recombination in members of the genus Flavivirus". J. Gen. Virol. 84 (Pt ... Fatality ranges from 3-30%. Aged people are more likely to have a fatal infection. In the United States an average of 128 cases ...
*  Transverse myelitis
Viral infections, include herpes simplex and herpes zoster, cytomegalovirus, and Epstein-Barr. Flavivirus infections include ... In an article in the Lancet, Ford suggested that acute myelitis could be a post-infection syndrome in most cases (i.e. a result ... The inflammation can be caused by infection, immune system disorders, or damage to nerve fibers, by loss of myelin sheaths. ... Viral association of transverse myelitis could result from the infection itself or from the response to it. Bacterial causes ...
*  Dengue virus
"Regulation of cell survival and death during Flavivirus infections". World Journal of Biological Chemistry. 5 (2): 93-105. doi: ... It is a mosquito-borne single positive-stranded RNA virus of the family Flaviviridae; genus Flavivirus. Five serotypes of the ... In recent years, many studies have shown that flaviviruses, especially dengue virus has the ability to inhibit the innate ... Despite the prior assumptions, D7 can modulate the host cell and act against the virus to prevent virus infection. ...
*  Cuxtal Ecological Reserve
"Characterization of Epitope-blocking Elisa for Differential Diagnoses of Secondary Flavivirus Infections". Dissertations ... Five of the birds showed evidence of infection with West Nile Virus. Near the village of San Ignacio Tesip, an interactive park ...
*  Yellow fever
As for other flavivirus infections, no cure is known for yellow fever. Hospitalization is advisable and intensive care may be ... This infection of vectors without a previous blood meal seems to play a role in single, sudden breakouts of the disease. Three ... Infection was reduced in mosquitoes with the wMel strain of Wolbachia. Yellow fever has been researched by several countries as ... In these cases, the infection lasts only three to four days. In 15% of cases, however, people enter a second, toxic phase of ...
*  West Nile virus
"Flavivirus infection from mosquitoes in vitro reveals cell entry at the plasma membrane". Virology. 435 (2): 406-414. doi: ... Like most other flaviviruses, WNV is an enveloped virus, but has icosahedral symmetry. Flavivirus envelopes consist of a ... The flavivirus lipid membrane has been found to contain cholesterol and phosphatidylserine, but other elements of the membrane ... St Leger J, Wu G, Anderson M, Dalton L, Nilson E, Wang D (2011). "West Nile virus infection in killer whale, Texas, USA, 2007 ...
*  CCR5
The best evidence for this proposed antagonistic pleiotropy is found in flavivirus infections. In general many viral infections ... a flavivirus). In addition, functional CCR5 may be required to prevent symptomatic disease after infection with West Nile virus ... Human-to-human infection of bubonic plague does not occur, though it can occur in pneumonic plague, which infects the lungs. ... After infection with West Nile Virus, CCR5 Δ32 mice had markedly increased viral titers in the central nervous system and had ...
*  Antiviral drug
"Inhibition of Flavivirus Infections by Antisense Oligomers Specifically Suppressing Viral Translation and RNA Replication". ... A very early stage of viral infection is viral entry, when the virus attaches to and enters the host cell. A number of "entry- ... Most antivirals are used for specific viral infections, while a broad-spectrum antiviral is effective against a wide range of ... Most antivirals are considered relatively harmless to the host, and therefore can be used to treat infections. They should be ...
*  2015-16 Zika virus epidemic
Zika infections in adults can cause Guillain-Barré syndrome. Symptoms are similar to other flaviviruses such as dengue fever or ... An IgM-positive result in a dengue or Zika ELISA test can only be considered indicative of a recent flavivirus infection. ... Zika infections in adults can result in Guillain-Barré syndrome. Prior to this outbreak, Zika was considered a mild infection, ... "As first imported case of Zika virus infection identified in Taiwan, Taiwan CDC to list Zika virus infection as Category II ...
*  Yellow fever vaccine
... component of the innate immune response has been shown to be particularly important in protection from Flavivirus infection. In ... Yellow fever is a viral infection that occurs in Africa and South America. Most people begin to develop immunity within ten ... This includes in those with HIV infection but without symptoms. Mild side effects may include headache, muscle pains, pain at ...
*  NITD008
It was developed as a potential treatment for flavivirus infections, and shows broad spectrum antiviral activity against many ... In vitro antiviral activity of adenosine analog NITD008 against tick-borne flaviviruses. Antiviral Res. 2016 Jun;130:46-9. doi ... and histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat represents an immunotherapy strategy to ameliorate West Nile virus infection. ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C02)
... flavivirus infections MeSH C02.782.350.250.214 --- dengue fever MeSH C02.782.350.250.214.200 --- dengue hemorrhagic fever MeSH ... deltaretrovirus infections MeSH C02.782.815.200.260 --- enzootic bovine leukosis MeSH C02.782.815.200.470 --- htlv-i infections ... rubulavirus infections MeSH C02.782.580.600.680.500 --- mumps MeSH C02.782.580.830 --- rhabdoviridae infections MeSH C02.782. ... cardiovirus infections MeSH C02.782.687.207 --- common cold MeSH C02.782.687.359 --- enterovirus infections MeSH C02.782. ...
*  Uganda Virus Research Institute
The department focuses on the study of insect vectors in the transmission of arbo-virus infections, and the study of other ... "Human Cases of Hemorrhagic Fever in Saudi Arabia Due To a Newly Discovered Flavivirus, Alkhurma Hemorrhagic Fever Virus". ... This department focuses on the comprehensive study of how the human body protects itself against infection. The department ... Emerging Infections in Asia: 179-192. ISBN 978-0-387-75721-6. Retrieved 24 October 2016. Kaddumukasa, M. A.; Mutebi, J.-P.; ...
*  2013-2014 Zika virus outbreaks in Oceania
"Zika virus infection outbreak, Brazil and the Pacific region" (PDF). Stockholm: European Centre for Disease Prevention and ... but four who were tested gave positive results in IgG serology assays for flaviviruses, suggesting an asymptomatic Zika virus ... In December 2013, an American traveler to Mo'orea was diagnosed with Zika virus infection in New York after an 11-day history ... A total of 8,723 suspected cases of Zika virus infection were reported, as well as more than 30,000 estimated clinical visits ...
*  Zika fever
... cytomegalovirus infection, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection, and herpes simplex virus. Some tests should be ... Like other flaviviruses it could potentially be transmitted by blood transfusion and several affected countries have developed ... Infections in pregnant women can spread to the baby. Diagnosis is by testing the blood, urine, or saliva for the presence of ... It may involve infection of the primary neural stem cells of the fetal brain, known as neural progenitor cells. The main roles ...
*  Powassan encephalitis
... is a form of arbovirus infection that results from tick bites. It can occur as a co-infection with Lyme disease since both are ... Powassan encephalitis, caused by the Powassan virus (POWV), as flavivirus also known as the deer tick virus, ...
*  Spondweni virus
These methods will also aid in the prevention of misdiagnosis of Spondweni viral infection with other viral infections and ... Similar to other flaviviruses, SPONV has a positive-sense single stranded RNA genome, which is approximately 11 kilobases in ... since there is a large problem with misdiagnosis as other viral infections like Zika. The majority of SPONV infections have ... The degree of infection and dissemination of both strains differs by primary vector species. In regards to Chuku strain, there ...
*  Viral envelope
Enveloped viruses can cause persistent infections. Classes of enveloped viruses that contain human pathogens: Herpesviruses ... Poxviruses Hepadnaviruses Flavivirus Togavirus Coronavirus Hepatitis D Orthomyxovirus Paramyxovirus Rhabdovirus Bunyavirus ...
*  Fc receptor
Some viruses such as flaviviruses use Fc receptors to help them infect cells, by a mechanism known as antibody-dependent ... FcεRI is the Fc receptor on granulocytes, that is involved in allergic reactions and defense against parasitic infections. When ... Fc receptor-like molecule Anderson R (2003). "Manipulation of cell surface macromolecules by flaviviruses". Advances in Virus ... Microbes and Infection / Institut Pasteur. 3 (2): 131-9. doi:10.1016/s1286-4579(00)01360-5. PMID 11251299. Maverakis E, Kim K, ...
*  NS1 antigen test
The medical use of the NS1 antigen test can be defined to diagnose dengue infections and is effective to 1st day detection. ... Additionally, NS1 assay is useful for differential diagnostics in regards to flaviviruses. NS1 is present in the serum of ... infected persons directly at the onset of clinical symptoms in primary dengue infection and produces a strong humoral response ...
*  IFITM1
These virus include flaviviruses (dengue virus and West Nile virus), filoviruses (Marburg virus and Ebola virus) coronaviruses ... IFITM proteins also are able to inhibit several other enveloped viruses infection that belong to different virus families. ... "IFITM3 inhibits influenza A virus infection by preventing cytosolic entry". PLoS Pathog. 7 (10): e1002337. doi:10.1371/journal. ... arenaviruses and murine leukaemia virus infection. Potential mechanisms.IFITM proteins inhibit viral membrane and cellular ...
*  Entebbe bat virus
The infection of a bat with Entebbe Bat Virus is unknown due to the fact that it no longer needs a vector of transfer. The ... In flavivirus virions, the fusion peptide is buried in dimmers of the fusion glycoprotein E. At low pH, the dimmers are ... Entebbe bat virus is an infectious disease caused by a Flavivirus and is closely related to yellow fever. Entebbe bat virus is ... Since Enebbe Bat Virus is in the Genus Flavivirus, the structure is Icosadedral-like with a Pseudo T=3 symmetry with a diameter ...
*  Omsk hemorrhagic fever
The infection is found in western Siberia, in places including Omsk, Novosibirsk, Kurgan, and Tyumen. The virus survives in ... Omsk hemorrhagic fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever caused by a Flavivirus. It is found in Siberia. It is named for an outbreak ... Omsk hemorrhagic fever is caused by the Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus (OHFV), a member of the Flavivirus family. The virus was ... August 2003). "Analysis of the complete genome of the tick-borne flavivirus Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus". Virology. 313 (1): ...